The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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201 ROBERT GRAVES AND THE MODERNIST OFFENSIVE Born in 1895 ,
Robert Graves was related , on his mother ' s side , to the eminent German
historian Leopold von Ranke . 202 The relationship is ironic ; far from following
his great ...
Similar to Owen , Graves has skillfully altered the outcome of a biblical event as a
means of protesting the war . That protest was Graves ' intention is confirmed by
the poem ' s title , a reversal of the normal name sequence , and by the final ...
Ibid . , 53 . 201 . This sentence was written before I read Donald Crosby ' s
Battlefield Chaplains . The similarity between this sentence and that contained in
Crosby ' s book ( 27 ) is coincidental . 202 . Richard Perceval Graves , Robert
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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