The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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While undergoing his initial training in the ranks in fall of 1914 , Hankey
contemplated the relative importance of God and self : " For most men the world
is centered in self , which is misery : to have one ' s world centered in God is the
trust in Almighty God . ” “ I prayed for myself . . . , " wrote Burrage , “ but I never '
trusted ' in God in the sense that I expected as a right that He should do as I
asked . " Burrage felt that it was fine to “ beg " for God ' s mercy , but entirely
tually Bowser and Jack recovered their religious faith , 124 but their spiritual
struggles show how the war could lead some religious soldiers into questioning
God ' s nature and very existence . Even men of the cloth were not immune to ...
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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