The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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25 Sayre ' s eloquent preaching notwithstanding , after the sinking of the
Lusitania , a majority of the American clergy , excluding those from Irish and
German congregations , supported military preparedness . 26 When the United
full magazine at random among some " retreating Germans “ and prayed
godspeed for every shot . ... This was the aforementioned British soldier Basil
Lawrence , who wrote of his experiences while assaulting the German lines in
June 1917 .
Heckroth found the idea that the possibility that God was with the German cause
disorienting because he had assumed that God “ was with us . " 57 The British
officer Christopher Stone could not pray for victory because " that involves the ...
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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