The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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CHRISTS ALL ” Soldiers ' relationships with Christ ranged from the mundane to
the profound . The repetitive rhythm of everyday trench life often led to an
identification with the figure of Christ . Indeed , the parallel between suffering
Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Richard Schweitzer. erick Trevenen Edwards , a student who left the seminary to
join the American Army , envisioned Christ as a ranker : “ I want [ Christ ) pictured
In his stimulating work on the war and the emergence of modern culture , Modris
Eksteins pointed out that in the postwar period Harry Crosby referred to Charles
Lindbergh as the " new Christ . " 8 Yet the modernist interpretation of the war ...
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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