The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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Conscripts made up slightly over 50 percent of the British Army and
approximately 70 percent of the American Army . On British conscripts , see Ilana
Ruth Bet - EI , “ Experience Into Identity : The Writings of British Conscript
Soldiers , 1916 ...
The rhythms of life in the military dulled soldiers ' awareness of the religious
calendar . Corporal Lewis Koplik put it bluntly , “ . . . there is one point I object to "
regarding life in the Army " and that is you can ' t tell the Sabbath from any other
dantly clear that the good and efficient officer as understood by the regular army
standard cannot possibly be literary , married , artistic or religious in any way . "
19 The British chaplain R . Bulstrode ' s straight - arrow personality apparently ...
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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