The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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While we lack a precise date for the shift in the views of the American clergy ,
there can be no doubt that many American clerics also portrayed the Great War
as a Holy War . Henry Churchill King , President of Oberlin College , wrote , “ It is
During the period of American neutrality , and especially after American entry into
the war , Boll and his family were harassed and had their loyalty questioned . Boll
later served in the American Army , and , perhaps because of his ethnic ...
THE PERCEPTION OF THE AMERICAN YMCA American members of the YMCA
were objects of a derision akin to that directed at some British chaplains . While
British troops attested to the “ wonderful work " done by the British YMCA in non ...
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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