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the woods. Reconnoissances in the afternoon discovered that the main body of the enemy had fallen back some distance. Preparations were at once made for a further advance, but in view of the exertions of the last few days, a brief respite for rest was allowed. The following passage, written by an eye-witness, gives a graphic description of the scene at head-quarters at this moment: The lieutenant-general here, at the foot of a tree, one leg of his trowsers slipped above his boots, his hands limp, his coat in confusion, his sword equipments sprawling on the ground; not even the weight of sleep erasing that persistent expression of the lip which held a constant promise of something to be done. And there, at the foot of another tree, is General Meade a military hat, with the rim turned down about his ears, tapping a scabbard with his fingers, and gazing abstractedly into the depths of the earth through eye-glasses that should become historic. General Humphreys, chief of staff a spectacled, iron-gray, middle aged officer, of a pleasant smile and manner, who wears his trowsers below, after the manner of leggins, and is in all things independen and serene, paces yonder to and fro. That rather thick-set officer, with closely-trimmed whiskers, and the kindest of eyes, who never be trays a harsh impatience to any comer, is Adjutant-General Williams. General Hunt, chief of artillery, a hearty-faced, frank-handed man, whose black hair and whiskers have the least touch of time, lounges at the foot of another tree, holding lazy converse with one or two members of his staff. General Ingalls, chief quartermaster of the army, than whom no more imperturbable, efficient, or courteous presence is here, plays idly and smilingly with a riding-whip, tossing a telling word or two hither and thither. Staff officers and orderlies and horses thickly strew the grove."

Amid these reposing men drops an occasional shell from the enemy, and as the day draws to a close there are signs of renewed activity. At dusk an order was issued for the whole army to move towards Spottsylvania Court-House, cid Todd's Tavern. The Fifth Corps marched in advance, the Sixth Corps next, Hancock and Burnside following. The Sixth Corps marched on the Chancellorsville road, reaching Piney Branch Church towards the latter part of Sunday forenoon, the 8th. A part of our troops stretched across and occupied Fredericksburg, the Twenty-second New York Cavalry entering that city at eight o'clock on Saturday evening. A dépôt for our wounded was established there, and a basis for supplies arranged. Hancock's and Burnside's Corps pressed on, on Saturday night, resuming the chase again at daylight on Sunday morning, and camping at noon twenty miles away southerly from the Old Wilderness battle-field. The Fifth Corps, remaining till dark on the battle-ground, marched all Saturday night, though exhausted by the events of the four days and nights preceding, taking the Brock road past Todd's Tavern, towards Spottsylvania.

Meanwhile the enemy's cavalry was on the alert, and Stuart reported to Lee that Grant had resumed his flank movement, and that under cover of the thick woods he was throwing a force forward in the direction of Spottsylvania Court-House, on the direct road to Rich

mond. Orders were immediately issued for Anderson's Corps (late Longstreet's) to march at eleven o'clock at night for that place, and preparations were immediately made to put the whole army in motion for the same destination on the following day. The distance from the battle-field, which is near the western boundary of Spottsylvania County, to the Court-House, is fifteen miles. Warren's Corps left the Wilderness Tavern with Bartlett's Brigade in the advance as skirmishers. These pushed forward with confidence, but incautiously advancing, when near Spottsylvania Court-House, beyond the main body, were assailed by a heavy fire and driven back with severe loss. General Robinson fell, wounded in the leg. A line of battle was then formed, with Griffin on the right, Robinson on the left, and on his left Crawford's and Wadsworth's (now Cutler's) Divisions. The troops in the rear were brought up, and a portion of the Sixth Corps formed on the right. Meantime, Ewell's Corps had joined Longstreet's (now Anderson's) at Spottsylvania Court-House, where Lee had succeeded in throwing his army in advance of Grant's movement to the same place. Hill's Corps had not yet arrived, but was hourly expected. These events of the 7th were officially given to the public as follows:

"WASHINGTON, Monday, May 9—4. P. M. A bearer of dispatches from General Meade's head-quarters has just reached here. He states that Lee's army commenced falling back on the night of Friday. Our army commenced the pursuit on Saturday. The rebels were in full retreat for Richmond by the direct road. Hancock passed through Spottsylvania Court-House at daylight yesterday. Our head-quarters at noon yesterday were twenty miles south of the battlefield. We occupy Fredericksburg. The Twenty-second New York Cavalry occupied that place at eight o'clock last night. The dépôt for our wounded is established at Fredericksburg.

"EDWIN M. STANTON, Secretary of War."

Sunday night, the 8th, found the Union army intrenched, facing the enemy northwest of Spottsylvania Court-House in an irregular line. Monday, the 9th, was occupied by the two armies in getting into posiion and preparing for battle. There was more or less skirmishing hroughout the day, and some artillery firing, which began at dawn. There were some changes in the disposition of the troops. The eneny's sharpshooters were very busy, depriving the Union army of many valuable officer. General W. H. Morris, of the Sixth Corps, and umbers of others, were killed or wounded. The most severe loss was hat of General Sedgwick, who, accompanied by his staff, had walked

*

John Sedgwick was born in Connectient, ville campaign, he stormed and captured Marye's out 1815, and graduated at West Point in 1537 Heights, in the rear of Fredericksburg, and subwas brevetted captain and major for gallant sequently, after hard fighting against overwhelmnduct in the Mexican war, and at the outbreaking numbers, succeeded in crossing the Rappathe rebellion held the position of lieutenantlonel of the Second United States Cavalry. He s soon after promoted to the coloneley of the urth Cavalry, and on August 31st was commis-ned a brigadier-general of volunteers. As comnder of the Third Division of Sumner's Corps, participated in the Peninsular campaign, and ticularly distinguished himself at Fair Oaks. was wounded at Antietam, was promoted in cember, 1862, to be a major-general of volunrs, and in February, 1863, took command of Sixth Army Corps. During the Chancellors

hannock with his command. He had an honor-
able share in the Gettysburg campaign, and in
November, 1863, was publicly thanked by General
Meade for a well-executed manoeuvre on the Rapi-
dan, by which we captured a whole rebel division,
with several guns and colors. He died in the
manner described in the text, leaving a reputation
as a brave, judicions, and accomplished officer,
second to that of no man in the army.
eral times held temporary command of the Army
of the Potomac, and more than once declined the
supreme command.

He sev

to Chancellorsville, and with head-quarters not much in advance of the Wilderness.

The enemy had intrenched himself in our front on an extended ridge, approachable only through a thickly-wooded swamp of considerable width, protected by a front and flank fire; and during the night the sound of axes showed that he was engaged upon new defences.

The Union troops were consolidated and posted anew, the three corps retaining their respective positions-Warren in the centre, Sedgwick on the right, Hancock on the left, the latter still having the lion's share of troops, gathered from all the corps. On the extreme right of Sedgwick, and nearest the river, was Shaler's Fourth Brigade of the First Division, and in succession to the left eame Seymour's, Neill's, Upton's, Russell's, and Smith's. Warren's Corps prolonged the line through the forest and across the Locust Grove road to within half a mile of the Orange Court-House road. Across this road and far to the left the troops led by Hancock were disposed-Carroll's and Hayes's (now Crocker's) Brigades on the right, and Ward's and Owens's Brigades on the left of the thoroughfare. The three brigades of Getty's Division of the Sixth Corps, cammauded by Eustis, Wheaton, and Grant, were in support. Mott's Division of the Second Corps adjoined on the left--the whole left of this line being under command of Birney. The divisions of Gibbons and Barlow formed the left of the line, under command of Gibbons. Our cavalry were operating still farther on the left, and the left flank of the army was for the first time in a position strongly supported by artillery.

The Second Corps had strongly intrenched itself on the Brock road with logs and abatis, and the rest of the line was protected by light earthworks. The weak point in the line was a gap between the centre and left, to stop which a part of Burnside's Corps was sent forward. This was not done without much delay that was nearly fatal to the army, Orders were issued for both Sedgwick on the extreme right and Hancock on the left to attack at five A. M. on the morning of Friday, May 6th. The enemy, however, made an attack twenty minutes earlier, but without much vigor. He was repulsed by the Sixth Corps, which gained a few hundred yards without any material advantage.

Meantime, Hancock, at five o'clock, moved to the attack with such vigor, that by eleven o'clock he had gained a mile of ground from Brock road towards Parker's Store, and had got possession of some of the enemy's rifle-pits. This advance increased the gap between the Second and Fifth Corps, and Burnside's man were still absent. Hanrock had in his front the divisions of Heth and Wilcox, of Hill's Corps, which had suffered greatly on the previous day, and were to have been relieved at night. They stood gallantly for a while; but at last, shrinking before the compact masses hurled upon them, they commenced a retreat, which from a walk grew into a run, from a run into a demoralized rout. At this moment the corps which Longstreet had so long led advanced along the plankroad. Into their leading files dashed at headlong speed and in wild disarray the broken ranks of Heth and Wilcox, mingled with field-pieces, ambulances, caissons, runaway horses, and shouting officers striving to bear up against the

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