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to the right-Barnes's First Brigade (Sweetser in temporary command) being in reserve. Less than a mile's march, stretching across the turnpike, brought them against a part of Ewell's force, well posted on a wooded acclivity. A sharp engagement at once ensued for an hour; but the pressure of the enemy in full strength upon our two brigades, and especially upon Ayres's on the left, could not longer be resisted, and our forces fell back, leaving two pieces of artillery, with nearly all the horses killed, in the enemy's hands. Wadsworth's Fourth Division, and Robinson's Second Division, of the Fifth Corps, at once relieved Griffin's Division, after its well-fought battle, and held the enemy in check. After an hour's firing by infantry and artillery, the enemy moved off to another point in our line. Our loss, principally confined to Ayres's and Bartlett's Brigades, was in the region of one thousand men,

At eleven o'clock, word was sent to General Sedgwick that skirmishing in front of the Sixth Corps was becoming heavy. He accordingly galloped down the Germania plankroad about a mile, dashed into the forest at the head of his staff, and penetrated to the front through the tangled underbrush and knotted trunks and ragged foliage of a thick chapparal. Through, and beyond this, far in front, the deep occasional boom of a gun might be heard amid the quickening rattle of the skir mish firing, but the denseness of the wood prevented any knowledge of what was going on at any distance. There was a volley at last-General Griffin's Division of the Fifth Corps had opened the fight.

"Forward! by the right flank, forward!" rings along the lines. Yonder in front are the gleaming bayonets of our first line of battle; back, just in rear, is the second line, the anxious eyes of the soldiers peering through the trees.

And through a thicket blind and almost interminable, over abatis of fallen trees, through swamps and ditches and brush-heaps, and oncea glorious breathing-space-across a half-acre of open field, the obedient troops move on. The "bizz" of the balls, which had been occasional, now comes thicker and faster, while the crashing volleys are more distinct; and as the advancing lines approach a forest, a little way ahead, there is heard a crackling, roaring tumult, mingled with wild cheers.

The Fifth Corps has begun the fight in earnest-Griffin is pressing on. Wadsworth and Robinson and Crawford are going in the latter, on the left, supported by Getty, is advancing towards the enemy at Parker's Store. Behind Crawford and Getty, who are on the Orange Court-House road, is the junction of that and the Brock road, up which, from the direction of Chancellorsville. Hancock is advancing to make connection. That is the vital point--that junction; to be held against all odds unto the death, else the army is severed. To hold the enemy all along the line in check, to prevent his massing any forces in our front upon that point, the Fifth Corps is pressing on, and the Sixth Corps is about to enter.

It was at this moment that Griffin fell back, and Crawford's Division, that had been sent forward to Parker's Store, retreated with loss. Hancock, who, in obedience to orders, had checked his advance, was rapidly marching across to close the gap in the line of battle. He

arrived in season-but with no time to spare-and found the advance of the enemy already inserting themselves in the interval. Getty's Division, of the Sixth Corps, had been temporarily detached and moved to the left, to the right of the Orange Court-House plank road. The advance, the First Brigade, of Mott's Fourth Division of the Second Corps, had barely formed junction with Getty, when A. P. Hill was upon them with great force.

Birney formed on Getty's right, Mott and Barlow on the left of the line, and Gibbon's Division was held in reserve. The enemy were checked, but their concentration continued. Troops were sent to the left from the Fifth Corps, and by four o'clock Hancock was in command of half the army in action.

And now, from left to right the sound of the shock of battle arises anew. To relieve the pressure upon the Second Corps, an advance of the whole line is necessary. Hancock is advancing, Sedgwick is advancing, Warren is preparing. Like a great engine, dealing death, the Second Corps and its supports move forward, taking equal death in return. Companies fall, regiments are thinned, brigades melt away. Stricken in the head by a bullet, General Alexander Hayes, commanding the Second Brigade of Birney's Division, has rolled from his horse, dead. General Getty is wounded; Colonel Carroll, commanding the Third Brigade of the Second Division, is wounded; a host of line officers are stricken low; the enemy fights like a demon, but the fight

moves on.

Sedgwick moves on, breaking the enemy's line for a moment, and taking four or five hundred prisoners. There are ripples of disaster on all the line, but they are quickly repaired. Slowly, for the enemy is stubborn; slower yet on the extreme right towards the river, for the enemy there has massed another force and strives to break our flank. He finds a rock, and, though he checks our advance, though hundreds of soldiers sink in death before him, he does not come on.

And as the day dies, and the darkness creeps up from the west, alhough no cheer of victory swells through the Wilderness from either ide, we have accomplished this much at least, with much sore loss: he concentration of our army, the holding of the junction of the Orange Court-House and Brock roads, the turning back of the enemy's right ank from our path towards Richmond, and the average gain of a halfile of ground.

In some respects, however, we had gained decided advantages. irst, General Grant had learned the position and strength of Lee's rmy-a knowledge of the greatest value. Second, he had been able O gather his troops well in hand, putting them into a more substanal line than at the opening of the engagement. Finally, there was longer any doubt as to the policy of calling General Burnside from e further side of the river-the enemy's force being obviously all in ir front. The Ninth Corps, under General Burnside, came to the ld of battle on Thursday, after a forced march, and was distributed, occasion required, on the right, right centre, and left centre. But r line remained substantially as during the day, stretching northwest d southeast over a line nearly parallel to that from Germania Ford

to Chancellorsville, and with head-quarters not much in advance of the Wilderness.

The enemy had intrenched himself in our front on an extended ridge, approachable only through a thickly-wooded swamp of considerable width, protected by a front and flank fire; and during the night the sound of axes showed that he was engaged upon new defences.

The Union troops were consolidated and posted anew, the three corps retaining their respective positions-Warren in the centre, Sedgwick on the right, Hancock on the left, the latter still having the lion's share of troops, gathered from all the corps. On the extreme right of Sedgwick, and nearest the river, was Shaler's Fourth Brigade. of the First Division, and in succession to the left eame Seymour's, Neill's, Upton's, Russell's, and Smith's. Warren's Corps prolonged the line through the forest and across the Locust Grove road to within half a mile of the Orange Court-House road. Across this road and far to the left the troops led by Hancock were disposed-Carroll's and Hayes's (now Crocker's) Brigades on the right, and Ward's and Owens's Brigades on the left of the thoroughfare. The three brigades of Getty's Division of the Sixth Corps, cammauded by Eustis, Wheaton, and Grant, were in support. Mott's Division of the Second Corps adjoined on the left-the whole left of this line being under command of Birney. The divisions of Gibbons and Barlow formed the left of the line, under command of Gibbons. Our cavalry were operating still farther on the left, and the left flank of the army was for the first time in a position strongly supported by artillery.

The Second Corps had strongly intrenched itself on the Brock road with logs and abatis, and the rest of the line was protected by light earthworks. The weak point in the line was a gap between the centre and left, to stop which a part of Burnside's Corps was sent forward. This was not done without much delay that was nearly fatal to the army, Orders were issued for both Sedgwick on the extreme right and Hancock on the left to attack at five A. M. on the morning of Friday, May 6th. The enemy, however, made an attack twenty minutes earlier, but without much vigor. He was repulsed by the Sixth Corps, which gained a few hundred yards without any material advantage.

Meantime, Hancock, at five o'clock, moved to the attack with such vigor, that by eleven o'clock he had gained a mile of ground from Brock road towards Parker's Store, and had got possession of some of the enemy's rifle-pits. This advance increased the gap between the Second and Fifth Corps, and Burnside's man were still absent. Hancock had in his front the divisions of Heth and Wilcox, of Hill's Corps, which had suffered greatly on the previous day, and were to have been relieved at night. They stood gallantly for a while; but at last, shrinking before the compact masses hurled upon them, they commenced a retreat, which from a walk grew into a run, from a run into a demoralized rout. At this moment the corps which Longstreet had so long led advanced along the plankroad. Into their leading files dashed at headlong speed and in wild disarray the broken ranks of Heth and Wilcox, mingled with field-pieces, ambulances, caissons, runaway horses, and shouting officers striving to bear up against the

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