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as provided for in section forty-five hundred and fortyfive: Provided always, That it shall be lawful for the court before which any proceeding shall be instituted for the recovery of any pecuniary penalty imposed by this act, to mitigate or reduce such penalty as to such court shall appear just and reasonable; but no such penalty shall be reduced to less than one-third of its original amount: Provided also, That all proceedings so to be instituted shall be commenced within two years next after the commission of the offense, if the same shall have been committed at or beyond the Cape of Good Hope or Cape Horn, or within one year if committed elsewhere, or within two months after the return of the offender and the complaining party to the United States; and there shall be no appeal from any decision of any of the district courts, unless the amount sued for exceeds the sum of five hundred dollars.


R. S., 4612.


110. Form of articles of agreement.

(Date and place of first signature of agreement, including name of shipping-office.)

It is agreed between the master and seamen or mariners of the of which

is at present master, or whoever shall go for master, now bound from the port of

(here the voyage is to be described, and the places named at which the vessel is to touch, or if that cannot be done, the general nature and probable length of the voyage is to be stated.)

And the said crew agree to conduct themselves in an orderly, faithful, honest, and sober manner, and to be at all times diligent in their respective duties, and to be obedient to the lawful commands of the said master, or of any person who shall lawfully succeed him, and of their superior officers in everything relating to the vessel, and the stores and cargo thereof, whether on board, in boats, or on shore; and in consideration of which service, to be duly performed, the said master hereby agrees to pay the said crew, as wages, the sums against their names respectively expressed, and to supply them with provisions according to the annexed scale. And it is hereby agreed that any embezzlement, or willful or negligent destruction of any part of the vessel's cargo or stores, shall be made good to the owner out of the wages of the person guilty of the same; and if any person enters himself as qualified for a duty which he proves himself incompetent to perform, his wages shall be reduced in proportion to his incompetency. And it is also agreed that if any member of the crew considers himself to be aggrieved by any breach of the agreement or otherwise, he shall represent the same to the master or officer in charge of the vessel, in a quiet and

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orderly manner, who shall thereupon take such steps as the case may require. And it is also agreed that here any other stipulations may be inserted to which the parties agree, and which are not contrary to law).

In witness whereof the said parties have subscribed their names hereto, on the days against their respective signatures mentioned. Signed by

master, on the

day of eighteen hundred and

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Time of

June 26, 1884,
Sec. 10.

Dec. 21, 1898.
Sec. 24,

Signature of crow.


Wages per month.


Wages per run.

Place and time of entry.
Whole wages.

on board.
Time at which he is to be
Shipping commissioner's
In what capacity.

signature or initials.
Allotment payable to-
Wages due.
| Conduct qualifications.

Amount of allotment.







NOTE.—In the place for signatures and descriptions of men engaged after the first departure of the ship, the entries are to be made as above, except that the signatures of the consul or vice-consul, officer of customs, or witness before whom the man is engaged, is to be substituted for that of the shipping-master. 111. Account of apprentices on board.

Christian and surname of apprentice in full.

Date of regis-
try of inden-


R. S., 4612.

Port at which
indenture was


Date of regis-
ter of assign-


Port at which assignment was


112. Scale of provisions to be allowed and served out to crew

during the voyage.

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..quarts.. Biscuit.

. pound.. Beer, salt.

-pounds.. Pork, salt..

-pound.. Flour..

-pound. Canned meat.

. pound.. Fresh bread.

..pounds.. Fish, dry, preserved, or fresh....pound.. Potatoes or yams.

-pound.. Canned tomatoes.

-pound.. Pease

..pint.. Beans..

pint.. Rice.

..pint.. Coffee (green berry).

ounce.. Tea..

ounce.. Sagar..

ounces.. Molasses,

.pint.. Dried fruit..

.ounces. Pickles..

.pint.. Vinegar.

..pint.. Corn meal.

ounces.. Onions.

ounces. Lard.

.ounce. Butter..

.ounce.. Mustard, pepper, and salt sufficient for


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One pound of flour daily may be substituted for the daily ration of biscuit or fresh bread; two ounces of desiccated vegetables for one pound of potatoes or yams; six ounces of hominy, oatmeal, or cracked wheat, or two ounces of tapioca, for six ounces of rice; six ounces of canned vegetables for one-half pound of canned tomatoes; one-eighth of an ounce of tea for three-fourths of an ounce of coffee; three-fourths of an ounce of coffee for one-eighth of an ounce of tea; six ounces of canned fruit for three ounces of dried fruit; one-half ounce of lime juice for the daily ration of vinegar; four ounces of oatmeal or cracked wheat for one-half pint of corn meal; two ounces of pickled onions for four ounces of fresh onions.

When the vessel is in port and it is possible to obtain the same, one-and-one-half pounds of fresh meat shall be substituted for the daily rations of salt and canned meat; one-half pound of green cabbage for one ration of canned tomatoes; one-half pound of fresh fruit for one ration of dried fruit. Fresh fruit and vegetables shall be served while in port if obtainable. The seamen shall have the option of accepting the fare the master may provide, but the right at any time to demand the foregoing scale of provisions. The foregoing scale of provisions shall be inserted in every article of agreement, and shall not be reduced by any contract, except as above, and a copy of the same shall be posted in a conspicuous place in the galley and in the forecastle of each vessel. [Fishing or whaling vessels or yachts exempt-Dec. 21, 1898, sec. 26.]

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I certify that the above particulars are correct, and that the above-named seaman was discharged accordingly. Dated — day of , eighteen hundred and (Signed)

Master. (Countersigned)

Seaman. Given to the above-named seaman in my presence this day of eighteen hundred and (Signed)



114. Sick and disabled seamen.

The President is authorized to receive donations of real R. S., 4801. or personal property, in the name of the United States, for the erection or support of hospitals for sick and disabled seamen.

The term “ seaman,” wherever employed in legislation Mar. 3, 1875. relating to the marine-hospital service, shall be held to include any person employed on board in the care, preservation, or navigation of any vessel, or in the service, on board, of those engaged in such care, preservation, or navigation.

No person employed in or connected with the naviga- B. S., 4804. tion, management, or use of canal-boats engaged in the coasting-trade shall by reason thereof be entitled to any benefit or relief from the marine-hospital fund.

Sick and disabled seamen of foreign vessels and of ves- Mar. 3, 1875. sels (not subject to hospital-dues] may be cared for by

1435620_19- -7

Sec. 6.

R. S., 4805.


Sec. 5.

the marine-hospital service at such rates and under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe.

Sick foreign seamen may be admitted to the marine hospitals within the United States, if it can with convenience

be done, on the application of the master of any foreign Mar. 3, 1875. vessel to which any such seaman may belong. Each sea

man so admitted shall be subject to a charge of [seventyfive cents per day for each day he may remain in the hospital, which shall be paid by the master of such foreign vessel to the collector of the collection-district in which such hospital is situated. And the collector shall not grant a clearance to any foreign vessel until the money so due from her master shall be paid. The officer in charge of each hospital is hereby directed, under penalty of fifty dollars, to make out the accounts against each foreign seaman that may be placed in the hospital

under his direction, and render the same to the collector. Mar. 3, 1875.

Insane patients of said [marine hospital] service shall be admitted into the Government Hospital for the Insane upon the order of the Secretary of the Treasury, and shall be cared for therein until cured or until remored by the same authority; and the charge for each such patient shall not exceed four dollars and fifty cents a week, which

charge shall be paid out of the marine-hospital fund. Aug. 4, 1894.

The privilege of admission to and temporary treatment in the marine hospitals under the control of the Government of the United States be, and is hereby, extended to the keepers and crews of the Life-Saving Service under the same rules and regulations as those governing sailors and seamen, and for the purposes of this Act members of the Life-Saving Service shall be received in said hospitals and treated therein, and at the dispensaries thereof, as are seamen of American registered vessels; but this Act shall not be so construed as to compel the establishment of hospitals or dispensaries for the benefit of said keepers and crews, nor as establishing a home for the same when permanently disabled. 115. Jurisdiction over American seamen in foreign ports and

foreign seamen in American ports. R. S., 4079. Whenever it is stipulated by treaty or convention be

tween the United States and any foreign nation that the consul-general, consuls, vice-consuls, or consular or commercial agents of each nation, shall have exclusive jurisdiction of controversies, difficulties, or disorders arising at sea or in the waters or ports of the other nation, between the master or officers and any of the crew, or between any of the crew themselves, of any vessel belonging to the nation represented by such consular officer, such stipulations shall be executed and enforced within the jurisdic

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