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R. S., 4489.
Dec. 21, 1898.

R. S., 4440.
Dec. 21, 1898.
Sec. 3.

pilot, he shall be subject to a fine of one hundred dollars,
or to the revocation of his license. (See act June 9,
1910, p. 350.]
70. Master's license.

Whenever any person applies to be licensed as master
of any steam vessel, or of a sail vessel of over seven hun- Sec. 2.
dred tons, the inspectors shall make diligent inquiry as to
his character, and shall carefully examine the applicant
as well as the proofs which he presents in support of his
claim, and if they are satisfied that his capacity, experi-
ence, habits of life, and character are such as warrant the
belief that he can safely be intrusted with the duties and
responsibilities of the station for which he makes applica-
tion, they shall grant him a license authorizing him to
discharge such duties on any such vessel for the term of
five years; but such license shall be suspended or revoked
upon satisfactory proof of bad conduct, intemperate hab-
its, incapacity, inattention to his duties, or the willful
violation of any provision of this title (R. S., 4399-4500]
applicable to him. [See act June 9, 1910, p. 350.]
71. Mate's license.

Whenever any person applies for authority to be employed as chief mate cf ocean or coastwise steam vessels or of sail vessels of over seven hundred tons, or as second or third mate of ocean or coastwise steam vessels, who shall have charge of a watch, or whenever any person applies for authority to be employed as mate of river steamers, the inspectors shall require satisfactory evidence of the knowledge, experience, and skill of the applicant in lading cargo and in handling and stowage of freight, and if for license as chief mate on ocean or coastwise steamers, or of sail vessels of over seven hundred tons, or as second or third mate of ocean or coastwise steamers, who shall have charge of a watch, shall also examine him as to his knowledge and ability in navigation and managing such vessels and all other duties pertaining to his station, and if satisfied of his qualifications and good character they shall grant him a license authorizing ħim to perform such duties for the term of five years upon the waters upon which he is found qualified to act; but such license shall be suspended or revoked upon satisfactory proof of bad conduct, intemperate habits, unskillfulness, or want of knowledge of the duties of his station or the willful violation of any provision of this title [R. S., 4399-4500]. [See act June 9, 1910, p. 350.] 72. Engineer's license.

Whenever any person applies for authority to perform R. 8., 4441. the duties of engineer of any steam-vessel, the inspectors shall examine the applicant as to his knowledge of steammachinery, and his experience as an engineer, and also the proofs which he produces in support of his claim; and if,

R. S., 4442.

upon full consideration, they are satisfied that his character, habits of life, knowledge, and experience in the duties of an engineer are all such as to authorize the belief that he is a suitable and safe person to be intrusted with the powers and duties of such a station, they shall grant him a license, authorizing him to be employed in

such duties for the term of five years, in which they shall May 28, 1896. assign him to the appropriate class of engineers; but such

license shall be suspended or revoked upon satisfactory proof of negligence, unskillfulness, intemperance, or the willful violation of any provision of this Title [R. S., 4399-4500]. Whenever complaint is made against any engineer holding a license authorizing him to take charge of the boilers and machinery of any steamer, that he has, through negligence or want of skill, permitted the boilers in his charge to burn or otherwise become in bad condition, or that he has not kept his engine and machinery in good working order, it shall be the duty of the inspectors

, upon satisfactory proof of such negligence or want of skill, to revoke the license of such engineer and assign him to a lower grade or class of engineers, if they find him fitted therefor. [See act June 9, 1910, p. 350.] 73. Pilot's license.

Whenever any person claiming to be a skillful pilot of steam-vessels offers himself for a license, the inspectors shall make diligent inquiry as to his character and merits, and if satisfied, from personal examination of the applicant, with the proof that he offers that he possesses the

requisite knowledge and skill, and is trustworthy and May 28, 1896. faithful, they shall grant him a license for the term of

five years to pilot any such vessel within the limits pre-
scribed in the license; but such license shall be suspended
or revoked upon satisfactory evidence of negligence un-
skillfulness, inattention to the duties of his station, or
intemperance, or the willful violation of any provision
of this title (R. S., 4399-4500]. [See act June 9, 1910,
p. 350.]
74. Master or mate acting as pilot.

Where the master or mate is also pilot of the vessel, he
shall not be required to hold two licenses to perform such
duties, but the license issued shall state on its face that
he is authorized to act in such double capacity. [See act
June 9, p. 350.)
75. Oath of officer,

Every master, chief mate, engineer, and pilot, who receives a license, shall, before entering upon his duties, make oath before one of the inspectors herein provided for, to be recorded with the certificate, that he will faithfully and honestly, according to his best skill and judgment, without concealment or reservation, perform all the duties required of him by law.

R. S., 4448.

R. S., 4445.

Every applicant for license as either master, mate, Mar. 23, 1900. pilot, or engineer under the provisions of this title [R. S. 4399-4500] shall make and subscribe to an oath or affirmation, before one of the inspectors referred to in this title, to the truth of all the statements set forth in his application for such license.

Any person who shall make or subscribe to any oath or affirmation authorized in this title and knowing the same to be false shall be deemed guilty of perjury.

Every licensed master, mate, pilot, or engineer who shall change, by addition, interpolation, or erasure of any kind, any certificate or license issued by any inspector or inspectors referred to in this title shall, for every such offense, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars or by imprisonment at hard labor for a term not exceeding three years. 76. Removal of master.

Any person or body corporate having more than onehalf ownership of any vessel shall have the power to remove a master, who is also part owner of such vessel, as such majority owners have to remove a master not an owner. This section shall not apply where there is a valid written agreement subsisting by virtue of which such master would be entitled to possession, nor in any case where a master has possession as part owner, obtained before the ninth day of April, eighteen hundred and seventy-two.

R. S., 4250.

PART V.-MERCHANT SEAMEN.

77. Definitions.

99. Wages and clothing exempt from 78. Exemption from militia duty.

attachment. 79. Naturalization and citizenship of

100. Desertion of seamen abroad. seamen.

101. Desertion of foreign seamen in

the United States. 80. Shipping officers. 81. Illegal shipments.

102. Repeal of treaties and conven

tions. 82. Owners or masters may ship sea

103. Arbitration before shipping commen in certain cases.

missioner. 83. Apprentices.

104. Soliciting lodgers. 84. Agreement to ship in foreign 105. Return of seamen from foreign trade,

ports, Alaska, and insular ports. 85. Period of engagement.

106. Effects of deceased seamen. 86. Penalty for shipment without 107. Offenses and punishments. agreement.

108. Corporal punishment prohibited. 87. Shipment in foreign ports before 109. Procedure. consuls.

110. Form of articles of agreement. 88. Crew list.

111. Account of apprentices on board. 89. Failure to produce crew.

112. Scale of provisions to be allowed 90. Papers relating to crew.

and served out to crew during 91. Shipment of seamen in the coast

the voyage. ing or near-by foreign trade. 113. Certificate of discharge. 92. Agreement in coasting trade not 114. Sick and disabled seamen. before commissioner.

115. Jurisdiction over American sea93. Agreement with fishermen.

men in foreign ports and for94. Discharge in foreign trade.

eign seamen in American ports. 95. Discharge in foreign ports.

116. Seamen's witness fees. 96. Wages.

117. Manning of merchant vessels. 97. Vessels exempt from libel for 118. Undermanning. wages.

119. Fellow-servant clause. 98. Advances and allotments of 119(a). Merchant seamen at Panama wages.

Canal Zone.

77. Definitions.

In the construction of this Title [R. S., 4501_4613], R. S., 4612. every person having the command of any vessel belonging to any citizen of the United States shall be deemed to be the master” thereof; and every person (apprentices excepted) who shall be employed or engaged to serve in any capacity on board the same shall be deemed and taken to be a “seaman;" and the term “vessel ” shall be understood to comprehend every description of vessel navigating on any sea or channel, lake or river, to which the provisions of this Title may be applicable, and the term

owner" shall be taken and understood to comprehend all the several persons, if more than one, to whom the vessel shall belong. 78. Exemption from militia duty.

Pilots, mariners actually employed in the sea service of Jan. 26, 1903. any citizen or merchant within the United States, and all Sec. 2. persons who are exempted by the laws of the respective

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