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R. S., 4189.

R. S.,4190.

R. S., 4191,

thing, willfully neglects to do or perform the same, according to the true intent and meaning of this Title, he shall, if not subject to the penalty and disqualification prescribed in the preceding section, be punishable by a fine of five hundred dollars for the first offense, and by a like fine for the second offense, and shall thenceforth be rendered incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under the United States.

Whenever any certificate of registry, enrollment, or license, or other record or document granted in lieu thereof, to any vessel, is knowingly and fraudulently obtained or used for any vessel not entitled to the benefit thereof, such vessel, with her tackle, apparel, and furniture, shall be liable to forfeiture.

No sea-letter or other document certifying or proving any vessel to be the property of a citizen of the United States shall be issued, except to vessels duly registered, or enrolled and licensed as vessels of the United States, or to vessels which shall be wholly owned by citizens of the United States, and furnished with or entitled to sea-letters or other custom-house documents.

Every person who knowingly makes, utters, or publishes any false sea-letter, Mediterranean passport, or certificate of registry, or who knowingly avails himself of any such Mediterranean passport, sea-letter, or certificate of registry, shall be liable to a penalty of not more than five thousand dollars, and, if an officer of the United States, shall thenceforth be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under the authority of the United States. 65. Offenses against enrollment and license laws.

Every collector, who knowingly makes any record of enrollment or license of any vessel, and every other officer, or person, appointed by or under them, who makes any record, or grants any certificate or other document whatever, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this Title [R. S., 4311-4390], or takes any other or greater fees than are by this Title allowed, or receives for any service performed pursuant to this Title, any reward or gratuity, and every surveyor, or other person appointed to measure vessels, who willfully delivers to any collector or naval

officer a false description of any vessel, to be enrolled or · licensed, in pursuance of this Title, shall be liable to a

penalty of five hundred dollars, and be rendered incapable of serving in any office of trust or profit under the United States.

Every person, authorized and required by this Title [R. S., 4311-4390] to perform any act or thing as an officer, who willfully neglects or refuses to do and perform the same, according to the true intent and meaning of this Title, shall, if not subject to the penalty and disqualifications prescribed in the preceding section, be liable to a penalty of five hundred dollars for the first offense,

R. S., 4373,

R. S., 4374.

and of a like sum for the second offense, and shall, after conviction for the second offense, be rendered incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under the United States.

Every person who forges, counterfeits, erases, alters, or R. S., 4375. falsifies any enrollment, license, certificate, permit, or other document, mentioned or required in this Title [R. S., 4311-4390], to be granted by any officer of the revenue, such person, so offending, shall be liable to a penalty of five hundred dollars.

Every person who assaults, resists, obstructs, or hinders R. S., 4376. any officer in the execution of any act or law relating to the enrollment, registry, or licensing of vessels, or of this Title [R. S., 4311-4390], or of any of the powers or authorities vested in him by any such act or law, shall, for every such offense, for which no other penalty is particularly provided, be liable to a penalty of five hundred dollars.

PART IV.-OFFICERS OF MERCHANT VESSELS.

66. Citizenship of officers.
67. Duration of licenses.
68. Service during war.
69. Officer's license.
70. Master's license.
71. Mate's license.

72. Engineer's license.
73. Pilot's license.
74. Master or mate acting as pilot.
75. Oath of officer.
76. Removal of master,

R. S., 4131.

May 28, 1896.
Sec. 1.

66. Citizenship of officers.

All the officers of vessels of the United States who shall have charge of a watch, including pilots, shall in all cases be citizens of the United States. [Metlakahtla Indians excepted by act, March 4, 1907.1

The word “ officers” shall include the chief engineer and each assistant engineer in charge of a watch on vessels propelled wholly or in part by steam; and after the first day of January, eighteen hundred and ninety-seven, no person shall be qualified to hold a license as a commander or watch officer of a merchant vessel of the United States who is not a native-born citizen, or whose naturalization

as a citizen shall not have been fully completed. June 26, 1884. In cases where on a foreign voyage, or on a voyage Sec. 1.

from an Atlantic to a Pacific port of the United States, any such vessel is for any reason deprived of the services

of an officer below the grade of master, his place, or a May 28, 1896. vacancy. caused by the promotion of another officer to

such place, may be supplied by a person not a citizen of the United States until the first return of such vessel to its home port; and such vessel shall not be liable to any penalty or penal tax for such employment of an alien

officer, Aug. 18, 1914. The President of the United States is hereby author

ized, whenever in his discretion the needs of foreign commerce may require, to suspend by order, so far and for such length of time as he may deem desirable, the provisions of law prescribing that all the watch officers of vessels of the United States registered for foreign trade shall be citizens of the United States.

3

Sec, 2.

Executive or- The provisions of law prescribing that the watch offider, Sept. 4, 1914. cers of vessels of the United States registered for foreign

trade shall be citizens of the United States are hereby suspended so far and for such length of time as is herein provided, namely: All foreign-built ships which shall be

admitted to United States registry under said act may

retain the watch officers employed thereon, without regard to citizenship, for seven years from this date, and such watch officers shall be eligible for promotion. Any vacancy occurring among such watch officers within two years from this date may be filled without regard to citizenship; but any vacancy which may occur thereafter shall be filled by a watch officer who is a citizen of the United States. The provisions of law prescribing that the watch Executive, or

der , officers of vessels of the United States registered for the 1917. foreign trade shall be citizens of the United States, are hereby suspended so far and for such length of time as is herein provided, namely,

All citizens or subjects of nations which are or which may hereafter be engaged in the present war against the Imperial German Government or any of its allies, and all such citizens or subjects of neutral nations as shall satisfy the Secretary of Commerce that their attitude toward the purposes of the United States in the war it is now waging is not detrimental to the successful prosecution of the war, may, for the duration of the war be permitted to act as watch officers of vessels of the United States registered for the foreign trade, if otherwise qualified: Provided, That if it shall appear to the satisfaction of the Secretary of Commerce that any such citizen or subject, whether of a belligerent or neutral nation, has committed any act inimical to the United States in the conduct of the war, the said Secretary may, in each such case, withdraw the exemption provided for herein, and such exemption shall not again apply to any such alien citizen or subject. And the Secretary of Commerce is hereby authorized to prescribe such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry this order into effect.

67. Duration of licenses.

All licenses issued to such officers shall be for a term May 28, 1896. of five years, but the holder of a license may have the Oct. 22, 1914. same renewed for another five years in the manner prescribed in the rules and regulations of the Board of Supervising Inspectors: Provided, however, That any officer holding a license, and who is engaged in a service which necessitates his continuous absence from the United States, may make application in writing for renewal and transmit the same to the board of local inspectors, with his certificate of citizenship, if naturalized, and a statement of the applicant, verified before a consul or other officer of the United States authorized to administer an oath, setting forth the reasons for not appearing in person; and upon receiving the same the board of local inspectors that originally issued such license shall renew the same and shall notify the applicant of such renewal: Provided further, That no license as master, mate, or pilot of

any class of vessel shall be renewed without furnishing a satisfactory certificate of examination as to color blindness. And in all cases where the issue is the suspension or revocation of such licenses, whether before the local boards of inspectors (of steam vessels), as provided for in section forty-four hundred and fifty of the Revised Statutes, or before the supervising inspector, as provided for in section forty-four hundred and fifty-two of the Revised Statutes, the accused shall be allowed to appear by counsel and to testify in his own behalf.

68. Service during war. May 28, 1896. Sec. 2.

No master, mate, pilot, or engineer of steam vessels licensed under title fifty-two [R. Š., 4399-4500] of the Revised Statutes shall be liable to draft in time of war, except for the performance of duties such as required by his license; and, while performing such duties in the service of the United States, every such master, mate, pilot, or engineer shall be entitled to the highest rate of wages paid in the merchant marine of the United States for similar services; and, if killed or wounded while performing such duties under the United States, they, or their heirs, or their legal representatives shall be entitled to all the privileges accorded to soldiers and sailors serying in the Army and Navy, under the pension laws of the United States.

R. S., 4438.
Dec. 21, 1898.

May 28, 1908.
Sec. 2.

69. Officer's license,

The boards of local inspectors shall license and classify Jan. 25, 1907. the masters, chief mates, and second and third mates, if

in charge of a watch, engineers, and pilots of all steam vessels, and the masters of sail vessels of over seven hundred gross tons, and all other vessels of over one hundred gross tons carrying passengers for hire. It shall be unlawful to employ any person, or for any person to serve, as a master, chief mate, engineer, or pilot of any steamer or as master of any sail vessel of over seven hundred gross tons, or of any other vessel of over one hundred gross tons carrying passengers for hire, who is not licensed by the inspectors; and anyone violating this section shall be liable to a penalty of one hundred dollars for each offense. [See act June 9, 1910, p. 350.

Every master, mate, engineer, and pilot who shall receive a license shall, when employed upon any vessel, within forty-eight hours after going on duty, place his certificate of license, which shall be framed under glass, in some conspicuous place in such vessel, where it can be seen by passengers and others at all times: Provided, That in case of emergency such officer may be transferred to another vessel of the same owners for a period not exceeding forty-eight hours without the transfer of his license to such other vessel; and for every neglect to comply with this provision by any such master, mate, engineer, or

R. S., 4446.
Feb. 19, 1907.

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