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to March 3, 1872: Compensation, $370,000; mileage, $37,041 20; stationery and newspapers, $9,250; total, $416,291 20; average per Senator, $5,625 55§f.
Under same act, from March 4,1872, to March 3, 1873, during which year members of the Senate received mileage for attending the special session of the Senate, held in May, 1872, the following amounts were paid: Compensation, $370,000; mileage, $59,002 80; newspapers and stationery, $9,250; total, $438,252 80; average per Senator, $5,922 33Jf
Total compensation and allowance of Senators under act of March 3, 1873: Compensation, $555,000; traveling expenses, based upon the certificates of forty-six Senators, (twenty-eight having presented none,) amounting to $4,607 95, giving an average of $100 17x74=$7,412 58; total, $562,412 58; average per Senator, $7,600 17.
Mileage paid to Senators in ThirtyNinth and Forty-Second Congresses.
In connection with this, the following statements, prepared by the Secretary of the Senate, and laid before that body by Senator Cameron, January 9, 1874, of the amounts of mileage paid in dollars (cents omitted) at particular dates under the acts of 1856 and 1866, are given. The act of 1856 fixed mileage at forty cents per mile each way, and the act of 1866 fixed it at twenty cents per mile each way:Act Of 1856—First Session, Thirty-ninth Congress, Decemrer, 1865.
California—Conness, 13,906 miles, $5,562; McDougall, 13,706 miles,$5,482. Connecticut— Dixon, 700 miles, $280; Foster, 750 miles, $300. Delaware—Riddle, 220 miles, $88; Saulsbury, 400 miles, $160. Illinois—Trumbull, 3,100 miles, $1,240; Yates, 3,368 miles, $1,347. InDiana—Hendricks, 2,516 miles, $1,006; Lane, 2,616 miles, $1,046. Iowa—Grimes, 3,960 miles, $1,584; Kirkwood, 4,016 miles, $1,606. KanSas—Lane, 5,400 miles, $2,160; Pomeroy, 5,400 miles, $2,160. Kentucky—Davis, 1,644 miles, $657; Guthrie, 1,098 miles, $439. Maine—Fessenden, 1,230 miles, $492; Morrill, 1,350 miles, $540. Maryland—Creswell, 200 rnilps, $80; Johnson, 84 miles, $33. Massachusrtts—Sumner, 924 miles, $369; Wilson, 924 miles, $369. Michigan—Chandler, 2,162 miles, $864; Howard, 2,274 miles, $909. Minnesota—Norton, 4,660miles, $1,864; Ramsey, 4,760miles, $1,904. Missouri—Henderson,2,474miles,$989; Brown, 2,474 miles, $989. Nevada—Nye, 14,056 miles, $5,622; Stewart, 14,056 miles, $5,622. New Hampshire—Clark, 1,028 miles, $411; Cragin, 1,192 miles, $476. New Jersey—Wright, 460 miles, $184; Stockton, 360 miles, £144. Npjw York—Harris, 780 miles, $312; Morgan, 464 miles, $185. Ohio—Sherman, 1,326 miles, $530; Wade, 1,194 miles, $477. Oregon—Nesmith, 14,920 miles, $5,968; Williams, 14,920 miles, $5,968. Pennsylvania—Buckalew, 416 miles, $166; Cowan, 688 miles, $275. Rhode Island— Anthony, 900 miles, $360; Sprague, 900 miles, $360. Tennesser—Patterson, 874 miles, $349, Fowler, 2,000 miles, $800. Vermont—Foot, 1.000 miles, $400; Poland, 1,200 miles,
West Virginia—Van Winkle, 814 miles, $325; Willey, 688 miles, $275. Wisconsin—Doolittle, 2,860 miles, $1,144; Howe, 3,210 miles, $1,284. Act Of 1866—Second Session, Forty Second Congress, December, 1871.
Alabama—Goldthwaite, 1,792 miles, $353; Spencer, 1,490 miles, $298. Arkansas—Clayton, 3,000 miles, $600; Rice, 3,000 miles, $600. California—Cas erly, 6,716 miles, $1,343; Cole, 6.716 miles,$1,343. Connecticut—Buckingham, 744 miles, $148; Ferry, 580 miles, $116. DelaWare—Bayard, 224 miles, $44; Saulsbury, 318 miles,$63. Florida—Gilbert, 2,200 miles, $140; Osborn, 2,600 miles, $520. Georgia—Hill, 1,528 miles, $305; Norwood, 1,384 miles, $276 IlliNios—Logan, 2,000 miles, $400; Trumbull, 1,700 miles, $310. Indiana—Morton, 1,796 miles, $359; Pratt, 1.464 miles, $292. Iowa—Harlan, 2,556 miles, $511; Wright, 2,324 miles, $464. Kansas—Caldwell, 2,928 miles, $585; Pomeroy, 2,800 miles, $560. Kentucky—Davis, 1,644 miles, $328; Stevenson. 1,564 miles, $312. LouisIana—Kellogg, 3,486 miles, $697; West, 3,164 miles, $632. Maine—Hamlin, 1,440 miles, $288; Morrill, 1,350 miles, $270. Maryland—Hamilton, 250 miles, $50; Vickers, 200 miles, $40. Massachusetts—Sumner, 912 miles, $184; Wilson, 920 miles, $184. Michigan—Chandler, 1,822 miles, $364; Ferry, 1,800 miles, $360. Minnesota—Ramsey, 3,264 miles, $652; Windom, 3,094 miles, $618. Mississippi—Ames, 3,600 miles, $720; Alcorn, 2,100 miles, $420. Missouri—Blair, 2,064 miles, $412; Schurz, 2,004 miles, $412. Nebraska—Hitchcock, 2,684 miles,$536; Tipton,2,736miles,$547. Nevada— Nye, 4,872 miles, $974; Stewart, 5,856 miles, $1,171. New Hampshire —Cragin, 1,192 miles, $238; Patterson, 1,200 miles, $240. New JerSey—Frelinghuysen, 444 miles. $88; Stockton, 350 miles, $70. New York—Conkling, 956 miles, $191; Fenton, 1,360 miles, $272. North Carolina—Pool, 632 miles, $126; Ransom. 456 miles, $91. Ohio—Sherman, 1,106 miles, $221; Thurman, 1,068 miles, $213. Oregon—Corbett, 8,116 miles, $1,623; Kelly, 8,116 miles, $1,623. Pennsylvania—Cameron, 240 miles, $48; Scott, 444 miles: $83. Rhode Island—Anthony, 838 miles, $167; Sprague, 820 miles, $164. South Carolina—Robertson, 1,042 miles, $208; Sawyer, 1,176 miles, $235. Tennesser—Brownlow, 1,030 miles, $206; Cooper, 1,550 miles, $310. Texas—Flanagan, 5,000 miles, $1,000; Hamilton, 4 200 miles, $840. Vermont—Edmunds, 1,070 miles, $214; Morrill, 1,022 miles, $204. Virginia—Johnson, 736 miles,$147; Lewis, 326 miles, $65. West Virginia—Boreman, 810 miles, $162; Davis, 456 miles, $91. Wisconsin— Carpenter, 1,854 miles, $370; Howe, 2,184 miles, $436.
The act of 1873 abolished all mileage allowances, and substituted for them an allowance of "actual traveling expenses." The act of 1874, repealing the act of 1873, restored the former mileage allowance of twenty cents per mile, which existed prior to 1873.
Mileage to Representatives in FortySecond Congress.
The following statements show the mileage paid to Representatives and Delegates during the Forty-Second Congress, (under act of 1866,) at twenty cents mileage each way, (cents omitted.) Those who were not members of the FortyFirst Congress received mileage for each of the three sessions of that Congress. The re-elected members received mileage for but two sessions. E. L. Acker, $188; G. M. Adams, $714; J. A. Ambler, $355; 0. Ames, $392; S. Archer, $56; W. E. Arthur, $734; J. T. Averill, $1,599; M. K. Armstrong, $1,740; *A. Boarman, $649; *E. W. Beck, $304; |T. Boles, $974: N. P.Banks, $108; J. A. Barber, $1,244; H. W. Barry, $968; J. Beatty, $469; J. B. Beck, $568: J. N. Bighy, $930; B. T. Bisgs, $104; J. A. Bingham, $360; J. T. Bird, $160 ■ A. Blair, $568; J. G. Blair, $1,350; E. M. Braxton, $72; J. Brooks, $188: J. M. Bright, $876; *G. M. Brooks, $184; C. W. Bucklev, $687; J. Buffinton, $329; H. C. Burchard, $770; S. S. Burdett, $1,040; B. F. Butler, $396; R. R. Butler, $315; J. G. Blaine, $516; S. N. Bell, $621; W. H. Barnum, $296; fj. L. Bevendge, $682: *F. C. Bunnell, $132; W. T. Clark, $736; R. P. Caldwell, $1,104; L. D Campbell,$763; J.M.Carroll,$520; F.Clarke, $471; C. L. Cobb, $240; J. Coburn, $563; A. Comingo, $1,620; O. D. Conger, $612; fA. Crocker, $360; A. R. Cotton, $1,178; S. S. Cox, $188; J. M. Crebs, $869;"|J. V. Creely,$112; J. Critcher,$120; E. Crossland, $1,382; J.B.Chaffee, $2,384; W. II. Claggett, $2,356; J. C. Conner, $1,792; J. M. Coghlan, $2,536; C. B. Darrall, $1,317; J. J. Davis, $398; H. L. Dawes, $345; R. C. De Large, $698; O.J. Dickey, $130; W. C. Donnan, $1,320; P. M. Dox, $570; D. M. DuBose, $883; R. H. Duell, $664; R. T. W. Duke, $93; M. H. Dunnell, $1,518; *0. J. Dodds, $244; B. F. Eames, $518; 0. A. Eldredge, $815; R. B. Elliott, $688; S. Elv, jr., $282; fj. Edwards, $1,314; *C. C. Esty"$180; J. F. Farnsworth,$705; C. B. Farwell, $1,010; G. A. Finkelnburg, $825; S. C. Forker, $200; C. Foster, $756; H. D. Foster, $417; W. P. Frye, $739; W. D. Foster, $668; D. C. Giddings, $1,572; J. M. Galiegos, $1,939: J. A. Garfield, $452; A. E. Garrett, $1,008; J. L. Getz, $160; E. I. Golladav,$968; M.Goodrich, $660; S. Griffith, $566; S. Garfielde, $3,517; W. S. Herndon $1,900; S. 0. Houghton. $2,636: J. Hancock, $1,664; R. J.Haldeman,$96; E.Hale, $593; G. A. Halsey, $264; S. Hambleton, $112; W. A. Handley, $1,000; J. M. Hanks, $1,436; A. C. Harmer, $117; J. C. Harper, $548; G. E. Harris, $764; J. T. Harris, $187; H. E. Havens, $1,608; J. B. Hawley, $817; *J. R. Hawley, $138; J. B. Hay, $771; C. Hays, $684; G. W. Hazelton, $1,191; J. W. Hazelton, $192; F. Hereford, $325; J. Hill, $208; G. F. Hoar, $340; W. S. Holman,$540; S. Hooper, $380; W. H. Hooper, $1,920; E. A. Hibbard, $655; W. T. Jones, $2,394; W. D.Kelley, $115; C. W. Kendall, $3,313; M. C. Kerr, $695; J. H. Ketcham, $252; J.W. Killinger,$180; A. King, $1,224; T. Kinsella, $282; S. W. Kellogg, $272; C.N. Lamison, $762; W. H. Lamport, $433; W. E. Lansing, $618; J. M. Leach,$429; J. H. Lewis, 8709; D.P.Lowe, $1,584; J. Lynch, $464; J J. McCleery, $649; M. D. Manson, $990; S. S. Marshall, $796; H. Maynard, $409; W. McClelland, $511; J. R. McCormick, $893; G. W.
McCrary, $872; J. C. McGrew, $233; H. D. McHenry, $1,230; A. T. Mclntyre, $1,069; E. McJunkin, $516; G. C. McKee, $1,080; J. F. McKinney, $768; T. W. McNeely, $920; *U. Mercur, $146; C. L. Merriam,$627; W.M.Merrick, $42; B. F. Meyers, $326; A. Mitchell, $1,112; J. Monroe, $668; J. H. Moore, $750; F. Morey, $1,202; G. W. Morgan, $421; J. L. Morphis, $744; L. Myers, $112; R. C. McCormick, $3,480; S. A. Merritt, $3,678; J. S. Negley.8299; W. E. Niblack, $694; *S. L. Niblack, $1,075; J. Orr, $1,430; J. Packard, $720; J. B. Packer, $141; F. W. Palmer, $956; I. C. Parker, $1,690; E. D. Peck, $556; J. M. Pendleton, $458; L. W. Perce, $1,212; fA. F. Perry, $488; E. Perry, $462; J. A. Peters, $571; J. H. Piatt, jr., $116; L. P. Poland, $446; C. H. Porter, $112; C. N. Potter, $204; W. P. Price, $680; E. H. Prindle, $626; H. W. Parker, $567; J. II. Rainev, $504; S. J. Randall, $112; W. B. Read, $1,104; E. Y. Rice, $1,110; J.M.Rice, $638; J. Ritchie, $100; E. H. Roberts, $573; W. R. Roberts, $282; J. C. Robinson, $1,174; J. Rogers, $770; fS. H. Rogers, $250; R. B. Roosevelt, $282; J. M. Rusk, $1,388; A. A. Sargent, $2,454; P. Sawyer, $829; G. W. Scofield, $320; J. E. Seeley, $409; W. L. Sessions, $536; J. P. C. Shanks, $574; L. A. Sheldon, $1,253; S. Shellabarger, $692; H. Sherwood, $426; F. E Shober, $300; L. D. Shoemaker, $360; J. H. Slater, $3,900; H. W. Slocum, $188; J. H. Sloss, $950; H.B.Smith,$355; J. A.Smith,$472; W.C. Smith, $494 ; O. P. Snyder, $1,906; R. M. Speer, $267; fT. J. Speer, $640; W. P. Sprague, $624; B. N.Stevens, $1,158; J. E. Stevenson, $488; J. B. Storm, $396; W. L. Stoughton, $602; W. H. H. Stowell, $288; C. St. John, $381; J. G. Sutherland, $958; T. Swann, $32; J. H. Sypher, $1,253; H. H.Starkweather, $300; *J. L. Strong, $138; f H. Snapp, $705; J. Taffe, $1,070; W. Terry, $375; C. R. Thomas, $422; D. Townsend,$288; W. Townsend, $132; B.S.Turner, $1,036; J. H. Tutbill, $384; G. Twichell, $380; J. N. Tyner, $663; W. H. Upson, $408 P. Van Trump, $416; W. W. Vaughan, $1,218; D. W. Voorhees, $640; A. M. Waddell, $450; S. Wakeman, $790; M. M. Walden, $1,424; H. Waldron,$S40; A. S. Wallace,$384; J.T.Wal.s, $1,220; J. M.Warren, $468; * W.B. Washburn, $163; E. Wells, $825; W. A. Wheeler,$517: R. H. Whiteley, $736; W. C. Whitthorne, $990; C. W. Willard,"'$447; W. Williams, (Indiana,)$586; W. Williams, (New York,) $814; J. M. Wilson, $856; J. T. Wilson, $503; B. Winchester, $651; F.Wood, $188; P. M. B. Young, 660.—Total, $196,557.
Traveling Allowances in Forty-Third Congress. Following is a statement of the amount of actual expenses in dollars (cents omitted) paid to Representatives and Delegates of the Forty-Third Congress for attending the first session:
♦ One session.
+ Two sessions.
J Mr McCleery died between the first and second sessions, and never qualified; but mileage for the first session and his pay from March 4,1871, to November 5,1871, (the date of his death.) were paid to his heirs at law, under a resolution of the House passed January 12,1872.
C. N. Potter, $40; H. O. Pratt, $84; W. J. Purman,$176; J.H.Rainey,$96; S. J. Randall, $9; A. J. Ransier, $50; J. T. Rapier, $78; M. Rawls, $72; W. H. Ray, $86; W. B. Read, $70; J. B. Rice, $38; H. L.Richmond, $39; W. M. Robbins, $45; E. H. Roberts, $47; W. R. Roberts, $24; J. C. Robinson, $80; J. W. Robinson, $40; S.Ross, $36; J. M. Rusk, $111; H. B. Sayler, $50; J. G. Schumaker, $17; G. W. Scofield,$14; H. J. Scudder,$22; W. L. Sessions, $42; J. P. C. Shanks, $55; C. C. Sheats, $81; L. A. Sheldon, $116; I. R. Sherwood, $50; L. D. Shoemaker, $28; J. H. Sloss,$86; W. B. Small, $45; J.S. Smart, $48; A. H. Smith, $12; G.L.Smith, $200; J. Q. Smith, $40; W. A. Smith, $40; O. P. Snyder, $160; M. I. Southard, $35; W. P. Sprague, $40; E. O. Stanard, $70; E. D Standeford,$51; A. H.Stephens, $241; C. St. John, $27; W. H. Stone, $70; J. B. Storm, $27; W. H. H. Stowell, $68; H. B. Strait, $117; J. H. Sypher, $157; W. R. Steele, $220; A. W. Taylor, $24; C. R. Thomas, $41; J. M. Thornburgh, $44; L. Todd,$14; W.Townsend,$14; L. Tremain, $40; J.N. Tyner,$53; R. B.Vance, $63; A. M. Waddell, $44; H.Wraldron, $50; A. S.Wallace, $64; J. T.Walls, $140; J. D.Ward, $36; M.L.Ward, $19; E. Wells, $70; W. A. Wheeler, $55; A. White, $90; R. H. Whiteley, $100; W.C.Whitthorne,$77; D. Wilber,$57; C. W. Willard,$53; G. Willard, $48; C. G. Williams, $85; J. M. S. Williams, $45; W.Williams, $58; W. B. Williams, $51; A. H.Willie, $196; E. K. Wilson, $25; J. Wilson, $70; J. M. Wilson, $57; S. K. Wolfe, $53; F.Wood, $17; S. L.Woodford, $27; L. D. Woodworth, $36; J. D. Young, $73; approximated expenses of 39members who have not submitted an account, $3,137.—Total, $23,476.
[The last two statements were embodied in the remarks of Hon. A. Herr Smith, March 19, 1874, and will be found in the Congressional Record of March 20.]
Bill for the Abolition of Mileage. In House.
January 19, 1874—Mr. Macdougall introduced the following bill, (H. R. 1243;) which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Mileage:
Be it enacted, c£c, That after the passage of this act all allowance for mileage to Senators, Representatives, and Delegates be, and the same is hereby, abolished.
Sec. 2. That in lieu thereof each Senator, Representative, and Delegate shall be entitled to receive his actual traveling expenses to and from Washington once each way for each session of Congress.
April 15—Mr. Bundy, from the Committee on Mileage, reported the bill without amendment, and demanded the previous question on the engrossment and third reading of the bill.
Mr. E. Hale moved the point of order that the bill takes money from the Treasury.
The Speaker ruled that the bill could now be considered in the House.
The House refused to second the demand for the main question.
Mr. Maynard moved to recommit the bill.
Mr. Randall moved to lay the bill upon the table, but subsequently withdrew the motion.
Mr. P. M. B. Young renewed it.
The motion to lay the bill on the table was disagreed to—yeas 63, nays 170:
Yeas—Messrs. Averill, Barber, H. P. Bell, Bradley, Buckner, Burchard, J. B. Clark, S. A. Cobb, Convin, Oounse, Crutchfield, Darrall, Donnan, Eldredge, Farwell, Garfield, Oiddings, Hagans, E. Hale, R. S. Hale, Hancock, J. B. Hawley, Hays, G. W. Hazelton, Herndon, E. R. Hoar, G. F. Hoar, Hodges, Houghton, Hubbell, Hunter, Hurlbut, Kendall, Knapp, Lamar, J. R. Lynch, Marshall, Martin, A. S. McDill, McKee, Morey, Nesmith, Orth, Packard, Parsons, Pelham, Purman, Rainey, Rusk, Sawyer, I. W. Scudder, Shanks, Sheats, Sheldon, Sloss, G L. Smith, Strait, Sypher, Walls, J. M. S. Williams, Williams of Indiana, Willie, P. M B. Young— 69.
Nays—Messrs. Adams, Albert, Albright, Archer, Arthur, Atkins, Banning, Barnum, Barrere, Bass, /. B. Beck, Begole, Berry, Biery, Bland, Blount, Bowen, Bromberg, Brown, Buffinton, Bundy, Burleigh, Burrows, R. R. Butler, /. II. Caldwell, Cannon, Cason, Cessna, Clayton, Clements, Clymer, C. L. Cobb, Coburn, Comingo, Conger, Cook, Cotton, Cox, Crittenden, Crooke, Crossland, Curtis, Danford, /. /. Davis, Dawes, DeWitt, Duell, Dunnell, Durham, Eames, Eden, Fort, C. Foster, Freeman, PVye, Gunckel, Hamilton, B. W. Harris, H. R. Harris, J. T. Harris, Harrison, Hatcher, J. R. Hawley, J. W. Hazelton, Hereford, Holman, Hooper, Hoskins, Howe, Hunton, Hyde, Jewett, Kasson, Kelle}r, Kellogg, Lamison, Lamport, Lansing, Lawson, Lofland, Lowe, Luttrell, Magee, Maynard, McCrary, J. W. McDill, MacDouga'll, McJunkin, McNulta, Mellish, Merriam, Milliken, Mills, Mitchell, Monroe, L. Myers, Neal, W. E. Niblack, Nunn, O'Neill, Orr, Packer, P*ge, H. W. Parker, I. C. Parker, Pendleton, E. Perry, Phelps, Pierce, Pike, J. H. Piatt, T. C. Piatt, Poland. Randall, Rapier, Ray, Mead, J. B. Rice, Richmond, Robbins, E. H. Roberts, W. R. Roberts, J. W. Robinson, Ross, H. B. Sayler, M. Sayler, J. O. Schumaker, Scofield, H. J. Scudder, Sener,Sessions, I. R. Sherwood, L. D. Shoemaker, Smart, A. H. Smith, H. B. Smith, J. Q. Smith, Southard, Speer, Sprague, Stanard, Starkweather, St. John, Stone, Storm, G. R. Thomas, W. Townsend, Tremain, Tyner, Vance, Waddell, Waldron, Wallace, J. D. Ward, M. L. Ward, Wells, Wheeler, Whitehead, WhiteHouse, Whiteley, Whitthorne, Wilber, C. W. Willard, G. Willard, C. G. Williams, J. Wilson, Wood, Woodford, Woodworth, /. D. Young—170.
Mr. Bundy demanded the previous question on the motion to recommit.
The House seconded the demand—yeas 92, •nays 61, and the main question was ordered.
The motion to recommit was disagreed to;
the bill ordered to be engrossed and read a third time; and being so engrossed was so read.
The bill was then passed—yeas 187, nays 49, not voting 54:
Yeas—Messrs. Adams, Albert, Albright, Archer, Arthur, Atkins, Banning, Barber, Barnum, Barrere, Bass, /. B. Beck, Begole, H. P. Bell, Berry, Biery, Bland, Blount, Bowen, Bright, Brown, Buffinton, Bundy, Burleigh, Burrows, R. R. Butler, J. H Caldwell, Cannon, Cason, Cessna, A. Clark, /. B. Clark, Clements, Clymer, C. L. Cobb, Coburn, Comingo, Conger, Cook, Cox, Crittenden, Crooke, Crossland, Crounse, Crutchfield, Curtis, Danford, J. J. Davis, DeWitt, Dobbins, Duell, Du-nnell. Durham, Eames, Eden, Farwell, Field, Fort, C. Foster, Freeman, Frye, Garfield, Gunckel, Hagans, Hamilton, Harmer, H. R. Harris, I. T. Harris, Harrison, Hatcher, Havens, J. R. Hawley, J. W. Hazelton, Hereford, Hodges, Holman, Hoskins, H miter, Hunton, Hyde, Jewett, Kasson, Kelley, Kellogg, Lamison, Lamport, Lansing, Lawson, Lofland, Lowe, Luttrell, Magee, McCrary, J. W. McDill, MacDougall, McJunkin, McNulta, Mellish, Merriam, Milliken, Mills, Mitchell, Monroe, L. Myers, Neal, W. E. Niblack, Nunn, O'Neill, Orr, Orth, Packer, Page, H. W. Parker, I. C. Parker, Parsons, Pelham, Pendleton, E. Perry, Phelps, Pierce, Pike, J. H. Piatt, T. C. Piatt, Poland, Potter, Pratt, Randall, Rapier, Ray, J. B. Rice, Richmond, Bobbins, E. H. Roberts, W. R. Roberts, J. W. Robinson, Ross, H. B. Sayler, M. Sayler, J. G. Schumaker, Scofield, H. J. Scudder, Sener, Sessions, I. R. Sherwood, L. D. Shoemaker, Smart, A. H. Smith, H. B. Smith, J. Q. Smith, Southard, Speer, Sprague, Stanard, Standeford, Starkweather, St. John, Stone, Storm, Swann, C. R. Thomas, C. Y. Thomas, W. Townsend, Tremain, Tyner, Vance, Waddell, Waldron, Wallace, J. D. Ward, M. L. Ward, Wells, Wheeler, Whitehead, Whitehouse, Whiteley, Whitthorne, Wilber, C. W. Willard, G. Willard, C. G. Williams, J. Wilson, J. M. Wilson, Wood, Woodford, Woodworth, /. D. Young, P. M. B.Young—187.
Nays—Messrs. Averill, Barry, Bradley, BromBerg, Burchard, Clayton, S. A. Cobb, Corwin, Darrall, Donnan, Eldredge, Giddings, Gooch, E. Hale, R. S. Hale, Hancock, B. W. Harris, J. B. Hawley, Hays, G. W. Hazelton, Herndon, E. R. Hoar, G. F. Hoar, Hooper, Houghton, Howe, Hubbell, Hurlbut, Kendall, Knapp, J. R. Lynch, Marshall, Martin, A. S. McDill, McKee, Morey, Nesmith, Packard, Purman, Read, Rusk, Sawyer, Shanks, Sloss, Strait, Walls, J. M. S. Williams, Williams of Indiana, Willie—49.
April 15—The bill was read twice and referred to the Committee on Civil Service and Retrenchment, and was not acted upon.
INJUDICIAL DECISIONS AND OPINIONS.
The Louisiana Slaughter-house Cases.
Supreme Court Of The United States.
Nos. 8, 9, and 10—December Term, 1872.
The Butchers' Benevolent Association
Paul Esteben, L. Ruch, J. P. Rouede,
The Butchers' Benevolent Association of New Orleans, Plaintiff in Error,
The charter of the slaughter-house company, a corporation created by a statute of Louisiana, contained, among other exclusive privileges, the right to establish and maintain stockyards and landing-places and slaughter-houses for the city of New Orleans, at which all stock must be landed and all animals intended for food must be slaughtered.
This grant of privilege, guarded by proper limitation of the prices to be charged, and imposing the duty of providing ample conveniences, with permission to all owners of stock to land, and of all butchers to slaughter, at those places, was a police regulation for the health and comfort of the people, (the statute locating them where health and comfort required,) within the power of the State Legislatures, unaffected by the Constitution of the United States previous to the adoption of the thirteenth and fourteenth articles of amendment.
The Parliament of Great Britain and the State legislatures of this country have always exercised the power of granting exclusive rights, when they were necessary and proper to effectuate a purpose which had in view the public good; and the power here exercised is of that class, and has until now never been denied.
It is now claimed that such power is forbidden by the thirteenth article of amendment and by the first section of the fourteenth article.
An examination of the history of the causes which led to the adoption of those amendments, and of the amendments themselves, demonstrates that the main purpose of all the three last amendments was the freedom of the African race, the security and perpetuation of that freedom, and their protection from the oppressions of the white men who had formerly held them in slavery.
In giving construction to any of those articles,
it is necessary to keep this main purpose steadily in view, though the letter and spirit of those articles must apply to all cases coming within their purview, whether the party concerned be of African descent or not.
While the thirteenth article of amendment was intended primarily to abolish African slavery, it equally forbids Mexican peonage or the Chinese cooly trade, when they amount to slavery or involuntary servitude; and the use of the word servitude is intended to prohibit all forms of involuntary slavery of whatever class or name.
The first clause of the fourteenth article was primarily intended to confer citizenship on the negro race, and secondly to give definitions of citizenship of the United States and citizenship of the States, and it recognizes the distinction between citizenship of a State and citizenship of the United States by those definitions.
The second clause protects from the hostile legislation of the States the privileges and immunities of citizens of the United States as distinguished from the privileges and immunities of citizens of the States.
These latter, as defined by Justice Washington in Corfield vs. Coryell, and by this court in Ward vs. Maryland, embraced generally those fundamental civil rights for the security and establishment of which organized society is instituted, and they remain, with certain exceptions mentioned in the federal Constitution, under the care of the State governments, and of this class are those set up by plaintiffs.
The privileges and immunities of citizens of the United States are those which arise out of the nature and essential character of the national government, the provisions of its Constitution, or its laws and treaties made in pursuance thereof; and it is these which are placed under the protection of Congress by this clause of the fourteenth amendment.
It is not necessary to inquire here into the full force of the clause forbidding a State to enforce any law which deprives a person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, for that phrase has been often the subject of judicial construction, and is, under no admissible view of it, applicable to the present case.
The clause which forbids a State to deny to any person the equal protection of the laws was clearly intended to prevent the hostile discrimination against the negro race so familiar in the States where he had been a slave, and for this purpose the clause confers ample power in Congress to secure his rights and his equality before the lav/. Mr. Justice Miller delivered the opinion of the court as follows: These cases are brought here by writs of error
to the Supreme Court of the State of Louisiana. They arise out of the efforts of the butchers oi
New Orleans to resist the Crescent City Live