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very highest, drawing thence the fol- O North and South,

Its victims both, lowing order:

Can ye not cry, By direction of Maj.-Gen. McClellan,

"Let Slavery die!” the permit given to the Hutchinson Family

And Union find in Freedom? to sing in the camps, and their pass to cross the Potomac, are revoked, and they will not

What though the cast-out spirit tear be allowed to sing to the troops."

The nation in his going? As the then freshly uttered stanzas We, who have shared the guilt, must share of John G. WHITTIER, which thus

The pang of his o’erthrowing! caused the peremptory, ignominious Whate'er the loss, suppression and expulsion of the

Whate'er the cross,

Shall they complain Hutchinsons, are of themselves a

Of present pain memorable and stirring portion of

Who trust in God's hereafter? the history of our time, they may fitly—as they will most worthily-close For who that leans on His right arm this volume:

Was ever yet forsaken?

What righteous cause can suffer harm “ EIN FESTE BURG IST UNSER GOTT." 12 If He its part has taken? (Luther's Hymn.)

Though wild and loud WE wait beneath the furnace-blast

And dark the cloud, The pangs of transformation:

Behind its folds Not painlessly doth God recast

His hand upholds And mold anew the nation.

The calm sky of To-Morrow! Hot burns the fire

Above the madd’ning cry for blood, Where wrongs expire;

Above the wild war-drumming, Nor spares the hand

Let Freedom's voice be heard, with good That from the land

The evil overcoming. Uproots the ancient evil.

Give prayer and purse The hand-breadth cloud the sages feared

To stay the Curse Its bloody rain is dropping;

Whose wrong we share, The poison-plant the fathers spared

Whose shame we bear, All else is overtopping.

Whose end shall gladden Heaven! East, West, South, North,

In vain the bells of war shall ring It curses earth;

Of triumphs and revenges, All justice dies,

While still is spared the evil thing And fraud and lies

That severs and estranges. Live only in its shadow.

But blest the ear What gives the wheat-field blades of steel? That yet shall hear What points the rebel cannon?

The jubilant bell What sets the roaring rabble's heel

That rings the knell On th' old star-spangled pennon?

Of Slavery forever! What breaks the oath

Then let the selfish lip be dumb, Of th' men o' th' South?

And hushed the breath of sighing: What whets the knife

Before the joy of peace must come For the Union's life ?

The pains of purifying. Hark to the answer: SLAVERY!

God give us grace, Then waste no blows on lesser foes,

Each in his place, In strife unworthy freemen:

To bear his lot. God lifts to-day the vail, and shows

And, murmuring not, The features of the demon!

Endure and wait and labor!

12 'Our God is a strong fortress,' (or castle.)


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victions of the Presbyterian Church, and must It is stated on page 119 that "the Synod of operate to mar its peace and seriously hinder its Kentucky adopted a report on Slavery which prosperity, as well as bring reproach on our holy condemned' slaveholding broadly and thorough- religion; and we do hereby call on the Presby

tery to review and rectify their position.

Such ly," etc. That statement is not literally accurate.

doctrine and practice cannot be permanently The Synod met at Danville, in the Autumn of

tolerated in the Presbyterian Church. May they 1835, and appointed a Committee of ten-five speedily melt away under the illuminating and ministers and five elders—who were instructed mellowing influence of the Gospel and grace of

God our Saviour ! to "digest and prepare a plan for the moral and

"We do not, indeed, pronounce a sentence of religious instruction of our slaves, and for their

indiscriminate condemnation upon all our brethfuture emancipation," etc. The Committee did

ren who are, unfortunately, connected with the its duty faithfully, and the report in due time system of Slavery. We tenderly sympathize appeared—its character being such as is indicated with all those who deplore the evil, and are in the text. The result was duly submitted to

honestly doing all in their power for the present

well-being of their slaves, and for their comthe Synod at its next meeting, at Bardstown, in

plete emancipation. We would aid, and not 1836; but no action was taken thereon, beyond embarrass, such brethren. And yet, in the lannoting on the Synod's records the reception of guage of the General Assembly of 1818, we the report, which had meantime been printed, would 'earnestly warn them against unduly exand had excited some feeling among the slave tending the plea of necessity; against making

it a cover for the love and practice of Slavery, holders.

or a pretense for not using efforts that are lawII.

ful and practicable to extinguish this evil.' The statement on page 120, respecting the

Upon the announcement of this vote, Rev. attitude of the New School Presbyterian Church

James G. Hamner, of the Synod of Virginia toward Slavery, is held by members of that

presented the protest of twenty-two Southern Church to require qualification, in view of its

members of the Assembly against this doctrine more recent action on the subject. The mate

of the Report, saying: rial facts are as follows:

"We protest-Because, while past General At the session of the General Assembly at Assemblies have asserted that the system of Cleveland, Ohio, for 1857, a report on Slavery Slavery is wrong, they have heretofore affirmed of the Committee on Bills and Overtures, after

that the slaveholder was so controlled by State having been debated with great animation for

laws, obligations of guardianship, and humanity,

that he was, as thus situated, without censure the better part of a week, was finally adopted

or odium as the master. This averment in the (June 3d), by the decisive majority of 169 yeas testimony of past Assemblies has so far satisto 26 nays. This report is largely devoted to a fied the South, as to make it unnecessary to do recital of the former testimonies of the Presby- more than protest against the mere anti-Slavery terian Church on the general subject, and is

part of such testimony. leveled at the new Southern doctrine that Sla

"We protest, then, now, That the present act

of the Assembly is such an assertion, without very is essentially beneficent and just-a doc

authority from the word of God, or the organic trine notoriously at variance with that originally law of the Presbyterian body. maintained by this Church. The Report says:

“We protest that such action is, under preWe are especially pained by the fact that

sent conditions, the virtual exscinding of the the Presbytery of Lexington, South, have given South, whatever be the motives of those who official notice to us that a number of ministers

vote the deed. and ruling elders, as well as many church-mem

"We protest, that such indirect excision is bers, in their connection, hold slaves 'from

unrighteous, oppressive, uncalled for the exprinciple' and 'of choice,' believing it to be,

ercise of usurped power-destructive of the according to the Bible, right,' and have, without

unity of the Church-hurtful to the North and any qualifying explanation, assumed the respon

the South and adding to the peril of the Union sibility of sustaining such ministers, elders, and

of these United States." church-members, in their position. We deem it

From the date of this action which seems to our duty, in the exercise of our constitutional have been but a more explicit reaffirmance of authority, 'to bear testimony against error in

the older testimonies of the Church against Sladoctrine, or immorality in practice, in any church,

very, and to have stopped far short of declaring Presbytery, or Synod,' to disapprove and earnestly condemn the position which has been thus

slaveholding inconsistent with the Christian assumed by the Presbytery of Lexington, South,

character--the New School Presbyterian Church as one which is opposed to the established con- had hardly a foothold in the Slave States.


County, and several others, were present. As I entered, the conversation ceased. They were evidently discussing the propriety of firing upon. Fort Sumter. Two or three of them withdrew to a corner of the room; and I heard Gilchrist say to the Secretary of War, 'It must be done. Delay two months, and Alabama stays in the Union. You must sprinkle blood in the faces of the people.

The Secretary of War in question was Mr. Leroy Pope Walker, also a citizen of Huntsville, who made, the evening after Fort Sumter's surrender, a public proclamation that the Rebels would have possession of Washington City within a month. He was an original Secessionist; while Senator Clemens, with most of the people of their county (Madison), clung to the Union, so long as they could with safety. That Mr. Clemens has fabricated such a statement with regard to two of his neighbors, by whom it might so easily be refuted, if untrue, will hardly be suggested.

III. The Albany Evening Journal of May 20th, 1861, commenting on a very abusive attack on Gov. Seward, in a then recent Richmond Whig, with regard to his assurances to or through Judge Campbell, respecting Fort Sumter, says:

“If the Secretary of State were at liberty to reply to ex-Judge Campbell, revealing all that passed between them on several occasions, not only no imputation of insincerity would rest upon the Secretary, but the facts would seriously affect Judge Campbell's well-established reputation for candor and frankness. These revelations would furnish no evidence of either the * falsehood' or duplicity' of Governor Seward; for there was nothing of either in his conversations.

"We violate no confidence in saying that Judge Campbell balanced long between Loyalty and Secession; the preponderance, up to a late day, being in favor of the Union. If he at any time looked with favor or satisfaction upon Secession, he was much and generally misunderstood. If he did not seriously contemplate remaining in the Union and upon the Bench, he was misunderstood. If, during that period of mental trial, he was acting in harmony with the leading enemies of the Union, he was grossly misunderstood.

"T Gov. Seward conversed freely with Judge Campbell, we do not deny; nor do we doubt, that, in those conversations, at one period, he intimated that Fort Sumter would be evacuated. He certainly believed so; founding his opinion upon a knowledge of Gen. Scott's recommendation. Subsequently, the President deemed it his duty to authorize an effort to reënforce and provision that fortress. We do not know whether Gov. Seward met Judge Campbell after that change of purpose; but he was not at liberty, if they did meet, to reveal what was so well kept.

“But, whatever Gov. Seward said or intimated to Judge Campbell, was true at the time it was said.

“That Judge Campbell reported to the Confederate President half that he said or intimated, is more than doubtful."

IV. The statement on pages 449–50, that the original attack on Fort Sumter was impelled by a stringent, imperative political necessity—that hostilities were inaugurated, to prevent the else inevitable crumbling away and utter collapse of the Confederacy--has received additional confirmation since that portion of this work was stereotyped, through an averment of Hon. Jere. Clemens, late U.S. Senator from Alabama, who, in a Union meeting held at the city of his residence, Huntsville, Ala., March 13, 1864, said:

- Before I declare this meeting adjourned, I wish to state a fact in relation to the commencement of the war: Some time after the ordinance of Secession was passed, I was in Montgomery, and called upon President Davis, wko was in that city. Davis, Memminger, the Secretary of War, Gilchrist, the member from Lowndes

V. That the speedy capture and occupation of Washington by the Confederates were confidently anticipated by their chiefs, as among the earliest and most inevitable results of the War they were inaugurating, has, perhaps, been sufficiently established in due course; but, since the Governors of Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Missouri, with others, boldly and broadly charged President Lincoln with wantonly inaugurating civil war, by his Proclamation calling out 75,000 militia for the defense of the Federal metropolis, it may be proper to accumulate evidence on this head. Here is what Wm. H. Russell, The Times's correspondent, who was in the South when Sumter was reduced, records in his Diary,' under the date of April 20th, 1861, just after dining at Charleston with W. H. Trescott, W. Porcher Miles, Gov. Manning, and other pioneers of Disunion :

"The Secessionists are in great delight over Gov. Letcher's proclamation, calling out troops and volunteers; and it is hinted that Washington will be attacked, and the nest of Black Republican vermin, which haunt the capital, be driven out.

VI. It is stated on page 348, that the North Carolina Convention, which ultimately passed an Ordinance of Secession, was the same which the people of that State originally elected to keep her in the Union, and decided should not meet. The fact appears to have been otherwise that the Convention which did the deed was a new one, elected just after the reduction of Fort Sumter, and under the popular conviction that Mr. Lin, coln was .waging an unprovoked war on the South.'



ALTON, Ill., LOVEJOY's speech at the Court House

of, 138; Federal property taken thither from St. Louis,
ABACO, The Island of, 176; 598.

490. See LOVEJOY, and The St. Louis Observer.
ABOLITIONISTS, Convention of in 1823–4, 113; AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY, The, 73.

irreverent and infidel' tendencies of, 121; they oppose AMERICAN SOCIETY for promoting National Uni-
Clay for President in 1844, 167.

ty, The, 439; programme of, 439-40.
ABOLITION SOCIETY of Pennsylvania, The, 107. ANDERSON, MAJ. ROBERT, evacuates Fort Moul-
ABORIGINES, The, Enslavement of, 27; do. by trie and occupies Fort Sumter, 407-8; The Charleston
the Puritans, 30.

Courier accuses him of commencing civil war, 403
ACADEMIES, etc., number of, by the 8th Census, 23.

attempt to relieve him by the Star of the West, 412

confers with Col. Lamon, 442; is notified that he will
ADAMS, CHARLES FRANCIS, nominated for Vice-

be attacked, 443; surrenders the fort, 448; his report to
President by the 'Freesoilers,' 191.

the Secretary of War, 449; is in command in Kentucky;
ADAMS, Ex-Gov., one of South Carolina's Com- solicits reënforcements from Fremont, 587; 612; 613.
missioners to Washington, 411.

ANDERSON, RICHARD C., of Ky., appointed to at-
ADAMS, GREEN, of Kentucky, 194.

tend the Panama Congress, 268-9.
ADAMS, JOHN, allusion to, 33; 35; 42; letter ANDREW, Gov. John A., of Mass., a delegate

from, to Robt. G. Evans, 51; letter to Jefferson on the to the Chicago Convention, 321; his correspondence
Missouri Restriction, 80; 81; becomes President in with Mayor Brown, of Baltimore, 465-6.

1797, 83; his Treaty with the Indians in 1798, 102. ANDREWS, T. A., of Phila., letter refusing the use
ADAMS, JOHN QUINCY, his firm stand in behalf

of his ball to George W. Curtis, 367.
of the Georgia Indians, 103; attempts to purchase

ANNAPOLIS, Md., landing of Gen. Butler at, 469.
Texas, 149; unites in an anti-Annexation Address, ANTHONY, HENRY B., of R. I., his speech on the
159; allusion to, 248; 250; favors the Panama Con-

crisis, 381-2; allusion to, 404.
gress, 267-8; 357.

ARCHY, a fugitive slave in California, 218.

ARISTA, GEN., defeated at Palo Alto, 187.
ADRAIN, GARNET B., of N. J., Resolution, 374.

ARKANSAS, legislative enslavement of free ne-
AGRICULTURE, 19; 20-21; statistics of" by 8th groes in, 73; withdraws from the Democratic National

U. S. Census, 22; value of implements of, by do., 23. Convention, 315; 341 ; secession of, and vote thereon,
AIKEN, WILLIAM, (Gov.) of S. C., 241.

348; population in 1860, 351; progress of secession in;

Convention votes not to secede, 486: Ordinance of se-
AIKEN, U. S. CUTTER, surrendered to the South

cession passed; the nature of her tenure to her soil
Carolinians, 410; reäppears as the Petrel, 599.

action of the conservatives, '487; seizure of Fort Smith,
ALABAMA, 123; Legislature of favors Annexa- 488; testimony of Gen. Gantt in regard to Union senti-

tion, 157; the Union' party triumph in, 211; Legisla- ment in, 515.
tive instructions to her delegates to the Democratic ARKANSAS TERRITORY, organization of, 75; 108.
National Convention, 312-13; statement and withdraw-
al of the delegation, 313–14; secession meeting in, 330;

ARMSTRONG, COMMANDER, orders the surrender
her Commissioner at the South Carolina Convention,

of the Pensacola forts, 412.
344; Governor of, sends a dispatch to the Convention,

ATCHISON, DAVID R., his advice to the Border
345; secession of, and vote thereon, 347; population in

Ruffians, 237; surrounds Lawrence with an army of
1860, 351; “Declaration of Causes” at Mobile, 355; of- Missourians, 243; 244; 283; defeats a small Union
fors volunteers to South Carolina, 410; seizure of Fed- force in Northern Missouri, 587.
eral property in, 412, surrender of the "U. S. cutter ATHERTON, CHARLES G., of N. H., offers resolu-
Cass to, 413.

tions to reject petitions for the abolition of Slavery in
ALABAMA, The Privateer, is fitted out at Liver-

the District of Columbia, 146.
pool, for Rebel service, 603.

ATLANTIC STATES, The, poverty of at close of
ALAMO, THE, battle of, 150.

Revolution, 18; obstacles to transportation in, 19.
ALBANY, N. Y., 'Peace Convention at, 388-96.

AUGHEY, REV. JOHN A., of Miss., reference to,

350; extract from his “Iron Furnace," 514.
Albany Argus, The, editorial of, sympathizing AUGUSTA, Ga., seizure of the Federal Arsenal,
with and justifying 'the South,' 395; against coërcion,

411; a letter from, in testimony of the common use of
396; on the President's call for troops, 456-7.

deadly weapons by the Southrons, 500.
Albany Evening Journal, The, editorial of, in fa- Augusta (Ga.). Chronicle, The, extract from, 123;
vor of 'Conciliation,' 360-61; citation from, 632.

citation from, “Death to the Abolitionist," 128; cita-
ALEXANDER I. of Russia, arbitrates between tion from, 347.
Great Britain and the United States, 176.

ALEXANDRIA, Va., originally included in the AUSTIN, STEPHEN F., 148; 150.

District of Columbia, 142; retaken by Unionists, 533. AVERY, WILLIAM W., of N. C., 278; his resolves
ALIEN AND SEDITION LAWS, 82–3; are denounced in the Democratic National Convention, 309–10; his
by Jefferson, in his “Resolutions of '98," 84.

speech there, 311; 318.
ALLEGHANY SUMMIT, Va., battle at, 527.

AVIS, CAPT. JOHN, referred to in one of John
ALLENTOWN, Pa., military organization at, in Brown's letters, 296; his treatinent of oli Brown, 289.
1860, for defense of Southern Rights,' 396.

AYRES, CAPT., engaged at Blackburn's Ford, 539.


BERRIEN, JOHN M., of Ga., 268.
BADGER, GEORGE E., of N. C., wants liberty to BIG BETHEL, Va., battle of, 529 to 531.
take his "old mammy” to Kansas, 231; 232.

BIG SPRINGS, Kansas, Free-State meeting at, 240.
BAKER, COL. EDWARD D., 422; reënforces Col. BING, JULIUS, at Bull Run, 547 ;. 550.
Devens at Ball's Bluff, 622; his death, 623; orders from

BINGHAM, JOHN A., of Ohio, 570.
Gen. Stone to, 624.
BAGBY, ARTHUR P., of Ala., on Annexation, 174.

BIRNEY, JAMES G., candidate for President, 167.
BAILEY, GODARD, an account of his defalca-

BLACK JACK, Kansas, battle of, 244.
tions at Washington, 410-11,

BLACK, JEREMIAH S., his opinion of Secession,
BALDWIN, ROGER S., of Conn., 397; 398; 404. 371-2; appointed Secretary of State, 411.
BALDWIN, HENRY, of Pa., his vote on the Mis-

BLAIR, COL. FRANK P., 490; has an interview
souri Compromise, 80.

with Gen, Price, 491; his strictures on Gen. Scott, 5413

9; 555; offers a resolve to expel John B. Clark, 562.
BALLOU, MAJOR, killed at Bull Run, 545; 552.
BALL'S Bluff, Battle of, 621 to 624; bravery of BLAIR, MONTGOMERY, in Lincoln's Cabinet, 428.
the Federal troops at, 625.

BLAKEY, GEO. D., in Chicago-Convention, 321.
BALTIMORE, Dem. Convention of 1844 at, 164;

BLUE MILLS LANDING, Mo., Union defeat at, 587.
Convention of 1848 at, 191; Conventions at, in 1852, BOCOCK, THOS. S., of Va., 304-5.
222-3; Whig Convention of 1856 at, 247; Seceders' and BOLIVAR HIGHTS, captured by the Federals, 620.
Douglas Conventions at, 317–18; other Conventions at,
318-19; 407; 420 ; President Lincoln's passage through,

BOONEVILLE, Mo., Rebels defeated at, 574.
421; 461; Secession meeting at, 462; the mobbing of BOOTH, SHERMAN M., case of, at Milwaukee, 215.
the Federal troops, 463-4; great Union meeting at, BORDER RUFFIANS, one of their resolutions, 235;

471; Gen. Butler takes possession of, 471; 472; 528–9. further resolves, 236; 237; 238; numerous outrages by,
Baltimore Exchange, The, endeavors to incite a 242 to 245; their manner of voting, 249 ; are taught
mob against President Lincoln, 420.

piety by John Brown, 286; allusion to, 490.
Baltimore Republican, The, 420.

BOREMAN, ARTHUR J., chairman of the Wheel
Baltimore Sun, The, 428.

ing Convention, 518.
Bangor Union, The, citation from, 392; on the BORLAND, SOLON, of Ark., 226; he seizes Fort
President's call for troops, 456.

Smith, 488.
BANKS, GEN. N. P., elected Speaker, 241; suc- BOSTON, memorializes Congress on the Mis-

ceeds Gen. Patterson, 539; 620; at Ball's Bluff, 624. souri question, 78; respectable Pro-Slavery mob at,
BAPTISTS, The, and Slavery, 119 to 121.

127; repugnance to the Bugitive Slave Law, 215.

Boston Courier, The, on Secession, etc., 356.
BARBOUR, PHILIP P, of Va., his remarks on the Boston Post, The, on the President's calls, 457.
Missouri question, 110.

BOTELER, A. R., of Va., 372.
BARBOURSVILLE, Ky., captured by Zollicoffer, 614. BOYCE, W. W., of S. C., speech at Columbia, 332.
BARBOURSVILLE, Va., captured by Gen. Cox, 524. BOYD, COL., reënforces Price at Lexington, 587.
BARBER, Thos. W., shot dead in Kansas, 243. BOYD, LINN, of Ky., 208; chosen Speaker, 226;

again chosen, 250.
BARNWELL, R. W., of S. C., a Commissioner to BRADLEY, DR., of Plymouth, Mass., 125.
Washington, 411.

BRAGG, GEN. BRAXTON, his order as to Fort
BARRINGER, DANIEL M., of N. C., in the · Peace Pickens, 436; 601; attacks Wilson's Zouaves, etc., 602.
Conference, 401.

BRAINE, LIEUT., commanding the Monticello, 601.
BARRON, COM. S., surrenders at Hatteras, 600,

BRANCH, ADJT., (Rebel,) killed at Bull Run, 545.
BARROW, WASHINGTON, Commissioner to the

BRANSON, JACOB, arrested by Sheriff Jones, 242.
Confederacy from Gov. Harris, 482.
BARRY, MAJOR, on the battle of Bull Run, 545.

BRECKINRIDGE, JOHN C., nominated for Vice-
BARRY, MR., of Miss., withdraws from the Dem.

President, 246; elected, 248; vote for, in the Douglas

Convention, 318; nominated for President, 319; 322;
Convention at Charleston, 314.

review of the canvass, 323 to 326; classified table of the
BARTOW, GEN., killed at Bull Run, 543; 545. Presidential vote, 328; allusion to, 376; 402; declares
BATES, EDWARD, of Mo., 247; in the Chicago

Lincoln duly elected, 419; 421; 437; is answered by
Convention, 321; in President Lincoln's Cabinet, 423.

Douglas, 441; vote cast for him in Kentucky, 492, 56

5; flees to the Confederacy, 614; his Address, 615.
BATON ROUGE, La., Arsenal seized at, 412; 490.
BAYARD, JAMES A., (father,) 107.

BRECKINRIDGE, SENATOR, Jefferson's letter to, 85.
BAYARD, JAMES A., (son,) 315; presides at the

Seceders' Convention, 317, on Secession, 350; 437; 562.

BRESHWOOD, CAPT., surrenders the cutter Mc-
BEAUFORT, S. C., captured by Federals, 605.

Clellan to the Rebels, 413.
BEAUREGARD, GEN. G. P. T., 442; demands the

BRIGGS, Gov. GEO. N., of Mass., 106; appoints

Samuel Hoar as Commissioner to Charleston, 180.
surrender of Fort Sumter, 443; proclamation by, 534;
commands the Rebels at Bull Run, 539; his official

BRIGHT, JESSE D., of Ind., 197.
report, 511 to 546; 551.

BECK WITH, MAJOR, at Lexington, Mo., 588. BRODHEAD, JOHN, his letter to Jeff. Davis, 278.
BEDFORD, Pa., fugitive-slave arrests near, 216. BROLASKI, CAPT., (Union,) killed at Belmont, 597.
BEE, GEN,(Rebel,) killed at Bull Run, 543; 545. BROOKS, JAMES, speech on the Mexican War, 200.
BELL, JOHN, his election to Congress, in 1827, BROOKS, PRESTON S., assails Senator Sumner, 209.
aided by negro votes, 179; 207; nominated for Presi.

BROWN, AARON V., sends T. W. Gilmer's letter
dent, 319; 325; 482; vote cast for him in Ky., 492.

to Gen. Jackson, 158.
BELL, JOSHUA F., of Ky., 338.
BELMONT, Mo., battle of, 594 to 597; The Chicago

BROWN, ALBERT G., of Miss., visits Buchanan,

277; his interview, 278; 373.
Journal's report, 595–6; other reports, etc., 597.
BENDIX, COL., (Union,) 529; 530.

BROWN, B. GRATZ, at Chicago Convention, 32).
BENHAM, Gen., 525; on Floyd's retreat, 526.

BROWN, COL., (Union,) at Chicamicomico, 600.
BENNING, HENRY L., in Dem. Convention, 315.

BROWN, COL. HARVEY, at Fort Pickens, 601.
BENTON, COL. THOMAS, 106; 159; speech against

the Annexation treaty, 164-5; his repugnance to An

BROWN, FREDERICK, killed by Martin White, 284.
nexation overcome, 174; 207; on the Dred Scott deci.. BROWN, Gov. JOSEPH E., of Ga., speech at Con-
sion, 258-9; allusion to, 488

vention, 337; his Message, urging Secession, 347.


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