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SHERMAN IN COMMAND-REBEL STRATEGY. 615 of his seat in the Senate, and the disso- not fully compensate the Rebellion lution of the Union; demonstrating, for the loss of its boldest and most after his fashion, the unconstitution unscrupulous champion in the Fedality of struggling to uphold the Con eral Congress. stitution; the atrocity of the despo-| Gen. W. T. Sherman, early in Octism which had ventured to arrest a tober, succeeded Gen. Anderson in few of the many traitors actively at command of the district of Kentucky. work to subvert the National Gov- The Rebels, with an art which they ernment; and charging the Legisla- | had already brought to perfection, ture of his State with “woeful sub- imposed on him, with success, as on serviency to every demand of Fede- Gen. McClellan and other of our ral despotism and woeful neglect of commanders, a most exaggerated noevery right of the Kentucky citizen," tion of the amount of their forces ; so etc., etc. Here is a specimen of his that, when Kentucky might easily rhetoric:

have been cleared of armed foes by a

concerted and resolute advance, Sher“I would speak of these things with the simple solemnity which their magnitude de

man was telegraphing furiously to mands; yet it is difficult to restrain the ex- the War Department for large reënpression of a just indignation while we smartfonomo

forcements; and, when visited at under such enormities. Mr. Lincoln has thousands of soldiers on our soil, nearly all Louisville, on the 18th, by Secretary from the North, and most of them foreign- Cameron and Adit.-Gen. Thomas, he ers, whom he employs as his instruments to

gravely informed them that he should do these things. But few Kentuckians have enlisted under his standard ; for we are not need 200,000 men to recover and hold yet accustomed to his peculiar form of lib- Kentucky: when, in fact, there were erty.

I will not pursue the disgraceful subject. not 40,000 Rebels in arms within the Has Kentucky passed out of the control of limits of that State. her own people? Shall hirelings of the pen, i

| Pollard, writing of the early part recently imported from the North, sitting in grand security at the Capital, force public of November, says: opinion to approve these usurpations and point out victims? Shall Mr. Lincoln,

"Despite the victory of Belmont, our sitthrough his German mercenaries, imprison ( uation in Kentucky was one of extreme or exile the children of the men who laid | weakness, and entirely at the mercy of the the foundations of the Commonwealth, and enemy, if he had not been imposed upon compel our noble people to exhaust them by false representations of the number of selves in furnishing the money to destroy our forces at Bowling Green. their own freedom? Never, while Ken *** “ About the middle of September, tucky remains the Kentucky of old !--never, Gen. Buckner advanced, with a small force while thousands of her gallant sons have the of about 4,000 men, which was increased, by will and the nerve to make the State sing to

the 15th of October, to 12,000; and, though the music of their rifles!"

other accessions of force were received, it

continued at about the same strength until It is clear that Mr. Breckinridge,

the end of November, measles and other dis

eases keeping down the effective force. The in his exodus from Kentucky, had per

enemy's force then was reported to the War petrated a serious blunder. As a de Department at 50,000; and an advance was claimer in the Senate, in chorus with

impossible." Vallandigham, Voorhees, and May, The Unionists of south-eastern Kenhe was worth far more to the Con- tucky were mustering and organizing federacy than as a Brigadier in its under Col. Garrard at a point known military service; and even the elec- as Camp Wild-Cat, when Zollicoffer tion of Garret Davis in his stead did / advanced (Oct. 20th) with seven regiments and a light battery, to attack either party in this affair was inconand disperse them. Gen. Schoepf, siderable—not over 100—but the who had just reached the camp, as conduct of our soldiers was faultless, sumed command of the Union forces and their patient endurance of faprior to the attack, which was made tigue, exposure, and privation, most on the morning of the 21st. The commendable. Williams—who apRebels were superior in numbers; pears to have admirably timed and but the Unionists had a strong posi- managed his retreat-reported his tion, and very easily beat off their force stronger at Pound Gap on the, assailants, who made two attacks to 13th than it was at Piketon on the 8th. no purpose, and were repulsed and driven away without serious loss on The heroic Unionists of East Teneither side.

nessee, who had anxiously expected A considerable Rebel force, under and awaited the arrival of a Union Col. John S. Williams, having been force since the opening of the strugcollected at Piketon, the capital of gle, were led to believe, after our Pike, the easternmost county of Ken successes at Camp Wild-Catand other tucky, at the head of the Big Sandy, points, that its appearance would not Gen. Wm. Nelson, commanding the much longer be delayed. Many of Union forces in Eastern Kentucky, them stole through the woods and started from Prestonburg, Nov. 8th, over the mountains to join it and in quest of them. Having not less hasten its march; while many of than 3,000 men, while Williams re- those who remained at home conports his full strength at 1,010, Nel- spired to burn the more important son had, at 11 o'clock, A. M., of the railroad bridges throughout their sec7th, dispatched Col. Apperson, of the tion, in order to preclude the arrival 33d Ohio, with nearly half his force, of reënforcements to their Rebel opto gain the rear of Piketon by a cir pressors during the struggle supposed cuitous route through that rugged, to be just at hand. They succeeded almost roadless region, so as to inclose in burning three or four, but failed the Rebels between two fires, and with regard to others; and all of compel their surrender. It was first them who were captured by the Rebtelegraphed that this movement had els while engaged in or escaping from proved a perfect success; but Wil- these attempts were promptly conliams, who seems to have been thor- signed to an ignominious death. oughly posted throughout, retarded The hopes of the loyal Tennesseans Nelson's direct advance by smart, were strangely and utterly blasted. judicious skirmishing in the positions Gen. Schoepf, in command of our assuring him the greatest advantage, army which, after the repulse of the while he hurried off the cattle and Rebel attack on Camp Wild-Cat, conother spoils industriously collected fronted Zollicoffer, after advancing from that poor, thinly-settled region, two or three days in the direction of on the road to Pound Gap, whither Cumberland Gap, was induced, by a he retreated on the 9th-his rear- favorite stratagem of the Rebels, to guard of 400 leaving Piketon just as believe that an overwhelming ConNelson was entering it. The loss of federate force was advancing on his

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KENTUCKY TAKEN IN BY THE CONFEDERACY. 617. right flank from Bowling Green, anders; and this Council proceeded to about to pounce upon and annihilate appoint Commissioners to negotiate him. There was not a shadow of for the admission of Kentucky into foundation for this story: the Rebels the Southern Confederacy! No cavat Bowling Green were glad enough ils as to the authority of these gento keep still, and not expose their tlemen to speak for Kentucky were weakness, knowing well that Sher- raised at Richmond; and, on the man might and would have crushed 16th of December, The Louisville them, had he been aware of it; yet, Courier (now issued at Nashville) without waiting to verify this absurd gravely announced that said Council report, Gen. Schoepf faced about and had this day chosen a full delegation raced two days toward the Ohio, as to the Confederate Congress, comif for dear life, strewing the road posed as follows: with wrecked wagons, dead horses, Henry C. Burnett, George W. Ewing, baggage, etc., and leaving East Ten

John Thomas, Dr. D. V. White,

Thomas L. Burnett, John M. Elliott, nessee to her fate. The bitter disap S. H. Ford,

Thomas B. Monroe, pointment and agony of her gallant Thomas B. Johnson, George B. Hodge. sons in his army, who but now con- How it happened that two of these fidently supposed themselves about persons—Messrs. Henry C. Burnett to see the old flag floating in triumph and Thomas B. Monroe-were, that from the spires of Knoxville and same day, sworn in as Senators' from Jonesville, can but faintly be realized. Kentucky at Richmond, it is not easy

to understand ; but it is of no conseOn the 18th of November, the quence. They had probably been Kentucky Secessionists held a Con appointed, several days before, by vention at Russellville, in the south "Governor' Johnson. Suffice it that, ernmost of her counties, behind their since then, Kentucky has been reguprincipal camp at Bowling Green, larly represented in the Confederate and organized what they termed a Congress, though no popular election “Provisional Government-perhaps thereto was ever held on her soil, and from their inability to make any pro- no shadow of consent ever given by vision for its support. Geo. W. John her to such delegation of power. Of son, of Scott county, was here chosen late, her representatives in that ConGovernor ;$ the party having had gress have been chosen by the Kenenough of popular elections, in which tuckians serving in the Rebel armies; they never had any success or made which, though not very regular, a respectable figure. They chose, seems straightforward and businesslikewise, a “Legislative Council,” like. They represent bayonets; let which they clothed with ample pow- them be chosen accordingly.10

CTY

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* Johnson being killed in the battle at Shiloh 10 The Louisville Journal of Oct. 12th sharply next Spring, he was somehow succeeded in his | said: shadowy Governorship by Richard Hawes-a “Hundreds of those exceedingly sensitive weak old man who, some quarter of a century Kentuckians, who so eloquently proclaimed that before, had twice represented, as a Whig, the they could never take up arms against the SouthLexington district in Congress.

ern States, inasmuch as those States were Ken

tucky's sisters, have now taken up arms for the So announced next morning in The Norfolk conquest of Kentucky herself! Isn't that enough Day-Book.

to make the devil laugh?”.

XXXVIII.

THE POTOMAC-BALL’S BLUFF-DRANESVILLE.

The disaster at Bull Run, and the months' men should not be disbanded amazing imbecility betrayed in al- and sent home without having been lowing several of the regiments there of the least positive service had ever routed to continue their panic-stricken, desired or expected any such conflict disorderly flight over the bridges into as this. It was Gen. Scott who had Washington, whence many soldiers, given the orders under which Gen. and even officers, dispersed to their McDowell advanced and fought on respective homes, had dispelled all Sunday, the 21st of July. Gen. lingering illusions as to the capacity Cameron, the Secretary of War, who of Gen. Scott for the conduct of was at Centerville during the prea great war. Though it was still ceding day, saw plainly that our redeemed a military necessity to con- giments at the front were not so many ceal the failure of his faculties, to ex- as they should be, and returned hascuse his blunders, and even, in some tily that evening to Washington to instances, to eulogize his abilities as procure a countermand of the order well as magnify his services, the ur for battle; but arrived too late to see gent, imperative need of replacing Gen. Scott and obtain it. Badly as him by a younger and more vigorous Patterson had behaved, he had recommander was felt by every intel ported, on the 18th, by telegraph to ligent Unionist. It was he, Winfield Scott, his flank movement to CharlesScott, and none other, who had pre- | town; which, any one could see, left cipitated a third of our forces, on or Gen. Johnston at perfect liberty to near the line of the Potomac, into a hasten, with all his available force, decisive conflict with seven-eighths of to the aid of Beauregard at Manassas. the Rebel strength in Virginia, in And, on the 20th-the day before defiance of every dictate of prudence Bull Run he had telegraphed to and of common sense. Neither the Scott that Johnston had actually dePresident, nor the Secretary of War, parted on that errand.' Though Gen. nor Gen. McDowell, nor the maligned Scott remained nominally in chief and detested Radicals--who were nat command until the last day of Octourally anxious that our 75,000 three-ber, he was practically superseded

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Gen. Scott, in commenting on Gen. Patter the reënforcement sent thither from Winchester, son's testimony in a deliberately written state- though urged to do so by one or more member ment, made to the Committee on the Conduct of

of of the Cabinet. Now, it was, at the reception of

that news, too late to call off the troops from the the Far, says:

attack; and, beside, though opposed to the moveif As connected with this subject, I hope I ment at first, we had all become animated and may be permitted to notice the charge made sanguine of success; and it is not true that I was against me, on the floor of Congress, that I did urged by anybody in authority to stop the atnot stop Brig. Gen. McDowell's movement upon , tack; which was commenced as early, I think, Manassas Junction after I had been informed of as the 18th of July."

GEN. MCCLELLAN IN COMMAND AT WASHINGTON.

619

forthwith by the formation of a new each succeeding week was morally cermilitary department of Washington tain to diminish. They did not, howand of north-eastern Virginia, which ever, attempt to cross the Potomac in Gen. George B. McClellan was sum force, nor even to provoke another moned, by telegraph, from that of battle on its south bank; but, having Western Virginia to preside over. advanced their lines, soon after their This change was officially announced victory, to Munson's Hill, a few miles on the 25th of July; on which day from Alexandria, they only remained Gen. McClellan arrived at Philadel- there until a night attack had been phia, and there received a most en planned on our side; when, promptly thusiastic ovation. He proceeded next forewarned by traitors, they hastily morning to Washington.

withdrew to Fairfax. It does not Gen. McClellan found the army appear that the main body of their intrusted with the defense of the army ever deliberately took position capital reduced, by defeat, desertions, this side of Centerville. and the mustering out of most of the Gen. McClellan commenced by three-months' men, to 50,000 infantry, ordering the officers and men of his 1,000 cavalry, and 650 artillery, with army out of Washington, where too 30 field-guns. The city was pro many, especially of the former, had tected, on the Virginia side of the hitherto been indulged in idling away Potomac, by hastily-constructed but their time, to the neglect of their dusubstantial earthworks, on which ties and the damage of their morals. some heavy guns were mounted. Col. Andrew Porter, of the 16th reBut, if the Rebels had chosen to ford gulars, was appointed Provost Marthe Potomac a few miles above, either shal to carry this order into effect. Washington or Baltimore lay at their The organization of the Army into mercy, provided they could defeat brigades was soon afterward effected; this army in the open field. They and these brigades were ultimately * did not, however, see fit to risk so formed into divisions. But the formbold a movement; though military ation of army corps was, for some reacritics believe that, for the two weeks son, postponed and delayed, until succeeding their victory at Bull Run, finally it was peremptorily directed it might have been attempted with by the President. reasonable prospect of success. They Meantime, the patient, loyal, earncould probably have thrown across est North, soon recovering from the the river a force nearly or quite equal shock of its astounding discomfiture, in numbers to that which defended had been soberly but resolutely raisWashington, whereof at least 5,000 ing new regiments and new batteries would necessarily have been retained for a more determined and more enin the earthworks on the Virginia ergetic prosecution of the struggle side; while the prestige of their re- forced upon it by slaveholding treason. cent victory, and the consequent de- Every State, county, and township, moralization of our troops, secured to addressed itself zealously to the work the Rebels decided advantages, which of recruiting and equipping; so that,

2 July 30th, 1861. Aug. 4th. 4 Oct, 15th. 6 March 8th, 1862.

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