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GEN. BUTLER'S EXPEDITION TO HATTERAS.

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ran below. In a few moments, the was repeated, two months later, by two quarter-boats of the Perry were the Petrel, formerly the U. S. revenue alongside, and their crews leaped upon cutter Aiken, but turned over to the flyaway's deck; when all remain South Carolina by her officers in the ing mystery as to her character was infancy of Secession. Running out thoroughly dispelled. Her men at of Charleston on a cruise, the Petrel once stepped forward and surrendered soon encountered the St. Lawrence, their side-arms; and, perceiving there gunboat, and, mistaking her for a was no bloodshed, the leaders soon merchantman, fired at her as a sumemerged from the cabin, and did mons to surrender. The St. Lawlikewise. All were promptly trans- rence at once returned the compliferred to the Perry, and returned in ment with a broadside, sinking the her to Charleston bar; whence they Rebel craft off-hand, with five of were dispatched, on the 7th, as pris- her crew. The residue, thirty-six in oners, in what had been their own number, were sent to Fort Mifflin, vessel, to New York, where they on the Delaware, as prisoners. arrived, in charge of Midshipman McCook and a prize crew, on the Gen. Benj. F. Butler sailed, Au15th. They were arraigned and some gust 26, 1861, from Fortress Monroe, of them tried as pirates, but not con- as commander of a military and navicted-Mr. Jefferson Davis, by a val force whose destination was secret. letter to President Lincoln, dated It consisted of the fifty-gun frigates Richmond, July 6th, declaring that Minnesota, Wabash, and Cumberhe would retaliate on our prisoners land, with four smaller national vesin his hands any treatment that might sels and two steam transports, carrybe inflicted on them. No answer ing 800 soldiers, with two tugs laden was returned to this letter; but with supplies; the Naval force under the privateer's crew were ultimately, the command of Com. Stringham. exchanged, like other prisoners of Arriving the second night off the war.

entrance through Hatteras Inlet to The Savannah's rough experience | Pamlico Sound, it was found defend

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HATTERAS.
Explanations to the plan of the Bombardment of Forts Hatteras and Clark.
A. United States troops and marines.

3. Minnesota. B. Masked Batteries.

4 and 5. Susquehanna and Monticello, during the C. Scouting parties awaiting the bombardment

afternoon of the bombardment. D. Small Boats.

6, 7, and 8. Steamers Pawnee, Harriet Lane, and 1. Cumberland. 2. Wabash.

Monticello, protecting the landing of troopa

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Lopen, a Fort Carry 40 m

ed by the new Forts Hatteras and quarters ran into the inlet as a Cont. Clark, mounting five and ten guns federate shelter, and fell an easy prey respectively, with five more ready for to our arms. mounting on the more important | No effort being made by the Conwork; the whole defended by 700 federates to retake this important poConfederates, under Com. S. Barron, sition, Gen. Butler, with most of our late of the Federal Navy; the infan- vessels, had departed on other sertry consisting of the 7th North Car- vice; when Col. Hawkins, commandolina, Col. Martin.

ing at Hatteras, dispatched, late in The forts were found far less for- September, the 20th Indiana, Col. midable than they doubtless would Brown, to the petty hamlet on the have been a few weeks later. The Hatteras Bank, known as Chicamicobombardment was commenced at 10 mico, near Cape Hatteras, and some A. M., of the 28th; Fort Hatteras re- fifteen or twenty miles north-east of plying, with signal industry, to little the Inlet. The excuse for this perilpurpose; its gunners being evidently ous division of his forces was the proinexperienced and unskilled. Fort tection of the native residents, who Clark had little or nothing to say; claimed to be Unionists. A few days and was next morning found to have thereafter (Sept. 29th), the propeller been already abandoned.

Fanny, which had transported the The Sound being still open, a heav- regiment to Chicamicomico, and was ily laden transport reënforced Fort now proceeding through the Sound, Hatteras during the night; but this carrying thither a full cargo of stores did no good. The bombardment hav- and 40 men, was pounced upon by ing been reöpened by our ships -on three armed steamers from the main the morning of the 29th, and it being land, and easily captured; and, six evident that to continue the contest days thereafter, Col. Brown discovwas simply to condemn his men to ered 'five Rebel steamers emerging useless slaughter, Com. Barron, at from Croatan Sound, with evident 11 A. M., raised the white flag, and, intent to attack him. To this end, on consultation, offered to surrender they landed a superior force above the fort with its contents, on condi his position, and then proceeded to tion that the garrison should be land a detachment further down, inallowed to retire. Gen. Butler de- tending to cut off his retreat and clined the proffer; but proposed, in compel his surrender. Col. Brown, his turn, to guarantee to officers and however, destroyed his tents and men, on capitulation, the treatment stores, and made a rapid march to of prisoners of war; and this was ul- the Hatteras Lighthouse, with a loss timately accepted. The spoils were of about 50 stragglers taken prison715 prisoners, 25 cannon, 1,000 stand ers. Col. Hawkins, by this time fulof arms, and a considerable quantity ly apprised of the Rebel movement, of provisions and stores. Our loss soon started, with six companies, to

ras next to nothing. And the se- the rescue; while the Susquehanna cret of the expedition had been so and Monticello, our only two fighting well kept that, for several days there- vessels at the Inlet, moved up to the after, blockade-runners from various | vicinity of the Lighthouse, to take a

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THE U. S. FRIGATE ST. LAWRENCE SINKING THE PRIVATEER “PETREL,” AUG. 1, 1861.

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· PENSACOLA HARBOR-CAPTURE OF THE JUDAH. 601 hand in the business. Doubling Cape | tearing them to pieces and destroying Hatteras next morning, the Monti- all on board. Had our land forces cello, Lieut. Braine, came upon the efficiently coöperated, most of the main Rebel force at 11 P. M., and Rebels might have been taken; as it opened upon them with shells, put- was, Col. Brown returned unmolested ting them instantly to flight, with to the fort. great slaughter. The bank or beach between the ocean and the Sound, | Fort Pickens, on the western exbeing less than a mile wide, afforded tremity of Santa Rosa Island, comlittle protection to the fugitives, who manding the main entrance to Pensustained an incessant fire from the sacola harbor, was saved to the Union, Monticello for two hours; and two of as we have seen,' by the fidelity and our shells are said to have penetrated prompt energy of Lieut. Slemmer. two Rebel sloops laden with men, It was reënforced soon after the fall

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MAP OF FORT PICKENS, PENSACOLA, ETC. of Sumter, and its defense confided to bombardment, which, on our side, Col. Harvey Brown. A formidable was eagerly awaited. Rebel force, ultimately commanded 1 Com. William Mervine, commandby Gen. Braxton Bragg, was assem-. ing the Gulf Blockading Squadron, bled, early in the war, at Pensacola, having observed that a schooner and long threatened an attack or named the Judah was being fitted

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*Page 412.

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