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nor Pope, nor Sigel, nor Smith, nor there was no such exigency. We Lane, would be enabled to reach that were too strong to be beaten; and point in season to save Mulligan; might have routed Price near Pinethough the series of blunders and ville, chasing the wreck of his army fatalities by which all succor was into Arkansas, thus insuring a disperprecluded, could not happen twice in sion of large numbers of the defeata century. Had he known that the ed Missourians to their homes; and Rebels would not attack Louisville, then 5,000 men, well intrenched, nor Cairo, nor make a demonstration, could have held Springfield against by way of Cape Girardeau, on St. all gainsayers, until the next Spring. Louis, backed by an insurrection in Butour second retreat, so clearly wanthat city, he might have stripped that ton and unnecessary, disheartened the vital point of troops, and rushed Unionists and elated the Secessionists everything to the relief of Mulligan. of all southern Missouri. It made He certainly had reason to believe our predominance in any part of that that Pope's promise to push 4,000 State appear exotic and casual, not men to Lexington by the 18th or natural and permanent. It revived 19th would be fulfilled; and that all the elements of turbulence, anthese, with the forces of Sturgis and archy, and rapine, which the unconSmith, and those that Davis might | tested ascendency of our cause, under have sent at any time after he had Fremont, had temporarily stilled. learned that the Rebels were concen- The Secession strongholds along and trating on Lexington, would be suf- even above the Missouri river were ficient. Had even the imperative galvanized into fresh activity in guercall for five regiments to be dis- rilla outrages and murders, by the patched to Washington been for unexpected tidings that we had borne, it is probable that Mulligan abandoned southern Missouri without would have been saved.

a blow, and were sneaking back to But none of his errors, if errors our fastnesses along the lines of comthey were, can compare in magnitude pleted railroads, and within striking with that which dictated a second distance of St. Louis. abandonment of Springfield and retreat to Rolla by our army, five days Gen. Henry W. Halleck succeeded after Hunter had assumed command to the command of the Missouri deNo doubt, this was ordered from partment, November 12th. But meanWashington; but that order was time, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, in commost mistaken and disastrous. We mand at Cairo, had made a spirited had already once abandoned south- demonstration on the little steamboat western Missouri; and, even then, landing known as Belmont, on the Lyon had wisely and nobly decided Missouri side of the Mississippi, opthat it were better to risk a probable | posité Columbus, Ky. Columbus was defeat than to give up å Union- then the head-quarters of the Secesloving people to the mercy of their sion force observing and threatening enemies, without making a deter- Cairo, while the Rebellion, protected mined effort to save them. But now by similar demonstrations of Con

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17 This order, when partially executed, was withdrawn, but too late for the emergency.

GEN. GRANT'S FIGHT AT BELMONT.

595

federate strength at different points ried the camp, capturing several guns, throughout the State, was greedily and driving the enemy completely absorbing and annexing Kentucky, over the bluff down to the bank of without encountering any forcible the river. The tents of the Rebels opposition from her "loyal' authori- were promptly fired, and their blanties. Requesting Gen. Smith, com- kets, and camp equipage destroyed manding the Union garrison at Pa- with them. But, by this time, Maj. ducah, to make a feint of attacking Gen. Polk, commanding in ColumColumbus from the north-east, Gen. bus, had been thoroughly waked up, Grant, sending a small force of his and, perceiving his camp across the own down the Kentucky side of the river in possession of our forces, had great river to Ellicott's Mills, twelve trained some of his heaviest guns to miles from Columbus, embarked (Nov. bear from the hights on that side of 6th) 2,850 men, mainly Illinoisans, upon four steamboats, convoyed by the gunboats Tyler and Lexington, and dropped down the river to Island No. 1, eleven miles above Columbus, where they remained until 7 A. M. of 15 the 7th, when they proceeded to Hunter's Point, some two to three miles above the ferry connecting Columbus with Belmont, where the whole array was debarked on the Missouri shore, formed in line of battle, and pushed forward as rapidly as possible, to overwhelm the somewhat inferior force of Rebels encamped at Belmont. This movement was rather annoyed than checked by a small Rebel detachment promptly thrown forward to impede its progress; but by 11 o'clock our little army was formed westward of and facing the Rebel camp, which was found well protected by a strong the river upon the position of our vicabatis nearly surrounding it on every torious régiments, which was much side but that of the river. Fighting lower, and thoroughly exposed to their way through this with great gal their fire, which our men had no lantry, though stoutly resisted by the means of effectively returning. 18 Rebels, the Unionists reached and car Meantime, he had sent over three re

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BATTLE OF BELMONT,

CO

18 The Chicago Journal has a letter from its reached Lucas Bend, the point fixed upon for Cairo correspondent, from which we extract the debarkation. This is about three miles north of following spirited account of the battle:

Columbus, Ky., on the Missouri side.

“The enemy were encamped on the high "The design was to reach Belmont just before I ground back from the river, and about two and daylight; but, owing to unavoidable delays in a half miles from the landing. From their posiembarking, it was 8 o'clock before the fleet | tion, they could easily see our landing, and had

giments, under Gen. Pillow, to the Col. Tappan, who originally held the immediate relief of his routed and place. Of course, our exhausted and sorely pressed fugitives ; while three largely outnumbered soldiers could others, under Gen. Cheatham, had do nothing better than to cut their been landed between our soldiers and way through the fresh troops obstructtheir boats, with intent to cut off their ing their return to their boats, which retreat; and, finally, as his fears of a they did with great gallantry and direct attack on Columbus were dis | success, bringing off all their own pelled, Polk himself crossed over guns, with the two best of those they with two additional regiments, mak had captured from the Rebels, and ing eight in all, or not less than 5,000 gaining their boats about 5 P.M., with men, who were sent as reënforce- a loss of two caissons, some ammuniments to the three regiments, under tion and baggage, and of about 400 ample time to dispose of their forces to receive this battery, and were straining every nerve to us, which they did with all dispatch. They also capture it. They express considerable disan. sent a detachment of light artillery and infantry pointment that the prize was snatched from out to retard our march, and annoy us as much them. They turned away in search of new lauas possible.

rels; and, in charging into the very midst of the "A line of battle was formed at once on the camp, were drawn into an ambuscade, where levee, Col. Fouke taking command of the center, they were again suffering terribly, though mainCol. Buford of the right, and Col. Logan of the taining their ground unflinchingly, when the 31st left.

came to their assistance. "The advance from the river bank to the "An impetuous and irresistible charge was Rebel encampment was a running fight the en then made, that drove the Rebels in all directire distance, the Rebels firing and falling back tions, and left the field in possession of the Fedeall the way; while our troops gallantly received | ral forces. The Rebel camps were fired, and, their fire without flinching, and bravely held on with all their supplies, ammunition, baggage, their course, regardless of the missiles of death etc., were totally destroyed. that were flying thick and fast about them. The "The discovery, on the Kentucky side, that way was of the most indifferent character, lying we were in possession of their camp, led to an through woods with thick underbrush, and only opening of the Rebel batteries from that direchere and there a path or a rough country road. tion upon us. Their fire was very annoying;

"The three divisions kept within close dis-l the more so as we were not in a position to retance of each other, pressing over all obstacles turn it. and overcoming all opposition; each striving for “Just at this juncture, the report was brought the honor of being first in the enemy's camp. | to Gen. Grant, by Lieut. Pittman, of the 30th This honor fell to the right division, led by Col. Illinois, who had, with his company (F), been on Buford. It was the gallant 27th Illinois, who, scouting duty, that heavy reënforcements were with deafening cheers, first waved the Stars and coming up to the Rebels from the opposite side Stripes in the midst of the Rebels' camping of the river., Indeed, the report was also made ground.

that the enemy were pouring over the river in "The scene was a terribly exciting one-mus immense numbers, and the danger was imminent ketry and cannon dealing death and destruction that our retreat would be cut off. The order to on all sides; men grappling with men in a fear fall back to the boats was therefore given, but ful death-struggle; column after column rushing not a moment too soon. eagerly up, ambitious to obtain a post of danger; “The way was already filled with Rebel officers riding hither and thither in the thickest troops; and, as we had fought our way up to the of the fight, urging their men on, and encouraging | encampment, so we were obliged to fight back to them to greater exertions; regiments charging | our boats, and against desperate odds. But the into the very jaws of death with frightful yells men were not lacking in courage, and fought like and shouts, nepre effective, as they fell upon the veterans, giving ample evidence of their deterears of the enemy, than a thousand rifle-balls mination. Every regiment of Federal troops and, in the midst of all, is heard one long, loud, suffered more or less severely in their return continuous round of cheering as the Star-Spangled | march; but the general opinion prevails that the Banner is unfurled in the face of the foe, and | Rebels suffered far greater losses than we. defiantly supplants the mongrel colors that had, "Wherever they made a stand, we put them to but a moment before, designated thz spot as flight; and, although we lost many brave men, Rebel ground.

either killed, wounded, or taken prisoners, we "The 22d boys have the honor of having si- | made at least two of their men bite the dust for lenced and captured a battery of twelve pieces, every one that fell from our ranks. Our regiwhich had been dealing destruction with marked ments all reached their boats, though with consuccess. The 30th had been badly cut up by | siderably thinned ranks.”

UNION AND REBEL LOSSES AT BELMONT. 597 Zilled, wounded, and taken prisoners. 19 | Wright,22 of the 13th Tennessee, and Col. Dougherty, of the 22d Illinois, Maj. Butler, of the 11th Louisiana, was severely wounded and taken pris- killed. oner. Col. Lauman, of the 7th Iowa, It is morally certain that the Rebel and Maj. McClurken, of the 30th Il- loss in this action was the greater; linois, were also badly wounded ;. yet, for lack of proper combinations, while among the killed were Lieut. and because of the fact that, of the Col. Wentz, of the 7th Iowa, Capts. 10,000 men we might and should Brolaski, Markle, and Lieut. Dough-have had in the action, less than erty. Gens. Grant and McClernand, 4,000 were actually present, the preswho evinced the most reckless bra- tige of victory inured to the Rebels, very throughout, each had his horse who chased our weary men to their shot under him. The 22d Illinois boats, and fired at them, as they, lost 23 killed and 74 wounded, in- having cut their cables in their haste, cluding Capts. Challenor and Abbott, steamed up the river. When our who were taken prisoners. The 7th gunboats, gaining a proper distance Iowa lost 26 killed and 80 wounded, from the shore, obtained the range including nearly all its field officers.20 | of the exulting Rebels on the bank, The entire Rebel loss” was from 600 the latter promptly desisted and reto 1,000; among them, Col. John V. | tired.

19 Gen. Grant, in his official report, dated Cairo, ) of those gunboats at 1 killed and 2 wounded; Nov. 12th, says:

and, with regard to the general result, says: "Our loss was about 84 killed, 150 wounded “My opinion is, after careful inquiry, as strag. many of them slightly-and about an equal glers are still coming in, that our loss of killed, number missing."

wounded, and missing, will amount to 500 perA letter preserved in The Rebellion Record, sons, together with 25 baggage wagons, 100 dated Camp McClernand, Cairo, Nov. 8th, says:

horses, 1,000 overcoats, and 1,000 blankets." "The Memphis returned at midnight. The

21 Pollard, with unusual candor, says: expedition that went down upon her with flags of truce report the whole number of our dead,

"The list of our (Rebel) killed, wounded, and found and buried by them upon the battle-field, | missing, numbers 632." at 85. This includes all. The Rebels acknowl

A Rebel account of the battle by an eye-witedge their loss to be 350 killed."

ness, printed in The Memphis Appeal, gives the A private in Taylor's battery writes:

official loss in four regiments at 364, and says "After we got out into the river, and in range, we opened with three of our guns, together with

the loss in the others has not been announced ; the gunboats: and the way we dropped the

but if in the same ratio, it must have been over shell among them was a caution. The firing a thousand. And yet The Memphis Avalanche did not cease till sundown."

bulletin says: This private sums up the battle as follows:

"Capt. John Morgan estimates the loss of our " To recapitulate: We had about 4,000 men; 1

entire army at about 100 killed, and less than attacked about 3,000 at Belmont, and drove them | 200 wounded." from the field; when they were reënforced by 4,000 from above and 3,000 below, together 22 Col. Wright had for some years been a Demowith cavalry and four batteries from Columbus,

cratic member of Congress, and an intimate and their heavy guns from the bluffs opposite

friend, as well as compatriot, of Hon. Philip B. playing down upon our men all the time; they could look right down on the battle from the

Fouke, a Democratic member from Tennessee. shore, where Pillow was said to be in command." When they parted, at the close of the session of

The Memphis Avalanche's (Rebel) account of 1860–61, Wright said to his friend: "Phil., I the battle says:

expect the next time we meet, it will be on the “We have 91 prisoners and over 100 of their battle-field.” Sure enough, their riext meeting wounded in our hands."

was in this bloody struggle, where Wright fell 20 Capt. Foote's official report of the participa- | mortally wounded, and 60 of his men were taken tion of his gunboats in this affair, states the loss prisoners by Col. Fouke's regiment,

XXXVI.

ON THE SEABOARD AND OCEAN.

U

On Sunday, June 2d, 1861, while | Davis to capture all vessels belonging the Minnesota, then blockading the to loyal citizens of the United States. harbor of Charleston, was looking There was plainly nothing to be said ; after a suspicious vessel that was ob- so the Yankee skipper said nothing; served to the southward, a little but was held a prisoner on board his schooner of some fifty tuns, carrying captor, while a prize-crew of eight an ugly-looking 18-pounder mounted well-armed men was sent on board on a swivel amidships, and manned the Joseph, directed to take her with by twenty-two men, of whom not her men into Georgetown, S. C. more than half could find room at 1 At 5 P. M., of that day, a brig hove once under the shelter of her deck, in sight; and the Confederate schoonslipped out from under the lee of Fort er at once made all sail directly Sumter, by the north channel, taking toward her, expecting, by the easy first a northward course, so as to allay capture of a second richly laden mersuspicion on board the blockader, but chantman, to complete a good day's intending to stretch boldly across the work, even for June. On nearing Gulf Stream to Great Abaco, and lie her, however, he was astonished in in wait near the Hole-in-the-Wall for turn by a show of teeth—quite too unarmed Yankee merchantmen traf many of them for his one heavy ficking between Northern ports and grinder. Putting his craft instantly Cuba.

about, he attempted, by sharp sailShe was lucky at the outset, almost ing, to escape; but it was too late. beyond her hopes; falling in, when He was under the guns of the U. S. scarcely a day at sea, with the brig brig Perry, Lieut. E. G. Parrott comJoseph, of Rockland, Me., laden with manding, which at once set all sail for sugar from Cardenas, Cuba, for Phil. a chase, firing at intervals, as signals adelphia. Setting an American flag that her new acquaintance was exin her main rigging, to indicate her pected to stop. The Savannah-for wish to speak the stranger, the priva- that word, displayed in raised letters teer easily decoyed the Joseph within on the front part of her trunk cabin, speaking distance, when he ordered seemed to be, or at least to have been, her captain to lower his boat and her name—did not appear to comprecome on board. This command hav- hend; for she sent four shots at the ing been readily obeyed, the mer- Perry, one of which passed through chantman was astounded by the in- her rigging. So the chase continued formation, fully authenticated by the till 8 o'clock P. M., when the Perry 18-pounder aforesaid, that he was a had hauled so close to the puzzling prize to the nameless wasp on whose little craft as to order her by trumdeck he stood, which had unquestion- pet to heave to, when the schooner able authority from Mr. Jefferson | lowered all her sails, and her officers

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