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FREMONT STARTS WESTWARD-PRICE RETREATS. 589
the Home Guards left the outer de- / or near the Missouri, where lay his fenses and retired within the line of chief strength. inner intrenchments, saying they But Price was too crafty for this. would fight no longer, and raising By good lnck, as well as good genethe white flag over the center of our ralship, he had struck us a damaging works. Col. Mulligan, who had been blow, and was determined to evade twice wounded this day, called his its return. On the very day that officers around him, and they decided Fremont left St. Louis, he put his that nothing remained but to surren- force in motion southward and southder. Of course, no terms could now westward. He, of course, made feints be made. Price agreed that the pri- of resuming the offensive, threatening vates on our side should be paroled — the forces closing upon him from he having none too much food for his three sides, as if about to precipitate own; but the officers must be retained his full strength upon this or that as prisoners of war, with all arms and particular foe, which, with his imequipments.
mense superiority in cavalry, was not The losses during this fight were a difficult feat. Our troops, of course, probably much the greater on the fell back or advanced cautiously; side of the Rebels; Price, indeed, and, meantime, his infantry and armakes them barely 25 killed and 75 tillery were making the best possible wounded; but this probably includes time southward. Pollard says he only returns from such portion of his in two days crossed the Osage with forces as were regularly organized 15,000 men in two common flatand mustered; while nearly half his boats, and that Fremont was fifteen men were irregulars, of whom no ac- days in building pontoon bridges, and count was taken. Our loss was 40 crossing after him. This is untrue; killed and 120 wounded.
but a General who lived from hand Gen. Fremont, who had good rea- to mouth on the country he traversed, son to believe that Sturgis had al- moving but few and light guns, with ready reënforced Mulligan, and that very little ammunition, and who was Lane and Pope had done or would careful to destroy whatever means of do so that day, enabling him to hold transit he no longer wished to use, his position, directed Davis by tele- breaking down bridges and burning graph, on the 18th, to push forward boats, could easily outstrip his more 5,000 men to the crossing of Lamine heavily laden pursuer. Creek by the Pacific Railroad, with a Price continued his flight to Neoview to intercept Price’s retreat at sho, in the south-west corner of the the Osage. Late on the 22d, he re- State, where he found McCulloch, ceived from Pope the sad tidings of with 5,000 Arkansas Confederates; Mulligan's surrender; and, on the and where Jackson assembled the 27th, he left St. Louis for Jefferson fag-end of his old Legislature, and City, expecting that Price would try had an Ordinance of Secession forto maintain himself at some point on mally passed by it--a most super
through the cheek and another through the arm, This charge was one of the most brilliant and and with but fifty of the eighty he had led reckless in all history, and to Capt. Gleason beforth. The hospital was in their possession. | longs the glory."
fluous ceremony, since Missouri had | Adjt. Gen. Thomas and suite, who already been admitted into the Con- came away discouraged and dissatisfederacy, on his own application, and fied. The heavy Autumn rains had he had exactly as good a right to take set in some days before, and turned her out of the Union as his Legislative the rich soil of the prairies into a deep, remnant had-that is, none at all. adhesive mire, wherein the wheels of Price, though powder was none too artillery and other heavily laden carabundant with him, wasted one hun- riages sunk to the hubs, rendering dred good cannon-charges in honor the movement of cannon, munitions, of this ridiculous performance. After and provisions, exceedingly slow and stopping ten days at Neosho, Price, difficult. Fremont's army-by this finding that Fremont was in pursuit, time swelled to 30,000 men, includretreated to Pineville, in the extreme ing 5,000 cavalry and 86 guns-was south-west corner of the State; and, still very inadequately provided with dreading to be pressed further, be transportation for half its numbers. cause many of his Missourians had Meantime, his order emancipating the enlisted expressly for the defense of slaves of Rebels had excited a furitheir own State, and would naturally ous and powerful opposition, resultobject to following him into another, ing in a deafening clamor for his rehad decided (says Pollard) not to moval, which was urgently pressed abandon Missouri without a battle on the President, it was understood,
Gen. Fremont pushed westward by the two members of his Cabinet from Jefferson City, some thirty best entitled to be heard with regard miles, to Tipton, then the western to affairs in Missouri. Gen. Cameron terminus of the Pacific Railroad, carried an order relieving him from nearly due south of Booneville, where command, which he was instructed he spent some time in organizing and to present or withhold, at his discreequipping his green army, preparatory tion. He did not present it, but to a pursuit of Jackson and Price, brought away an unfavorable impreswho, it was reasonably supposed, sion, which was embodied and emwould not surrender their State with phasized in Adjt. Gen. Thomas's reout a battle ; and we had, by this port. Those who accompanied Gens. time, had quite enough of fighting Cameron and Thomas on this visit, without due concentration and pre and who were on terms of intimacy paration on our side. Here he was with them throughout, reported, on visited, Oct. 13th, by Gen. Cameron, their return, that Fremont's campaign Secretary of War, accompanied by was a failure—that he could never
13 Mr. Isaac N. Shambaugh, a representative Senate. Instead of this, there were present at of De Kalb county in this Legislature, and a fol the October session referred to sat Neosho] but lower hitherto of Jackson, in an address to his
35 members of the House of Representatives and constituents dated January 21, 1862, says:
10 members of the Senate. A few days after
ward, when we had adjourned to Cassville, ono "It is doubtless known to most of you that additional Senator and five additional Representthe House of Representatives of our State con atives made their appearance; and, these being sists of 133 members, and the Senate of 33 mem- | all that were at any time present, it need scarcebers, and that, in order to constitute a quorum ly be added that all the pretended legislation at constitutionally competent to the transaction of either place was a fraud, not only upon the peoany business, there must be present at least 67 | ple of the State, but upon the Government of the members of the House and 17 members of the Confederate States, as well as the United States."
ZAGON YI'S CHARGE AT SPRINGFIELD.
get his army across the Osage-cer- | 'Prairie Scouts,' led by Maj. Frank tainly not to Springfield; and that J. White, who had recently distinsouthern Missouri was virtually given guished himself by a forced march over to Rebel possession.
of sixty miles on Lexington, which These gloomy apprehensions were he captured without loss on the morndestined to be signally dispelled. | ing of the 16th, taking 60 or 70 prisGen. Fremont moved southward im-oners, considerable property, and remediately thereafter, reaching War leasing a number of Unionists capsaw on the 17th. Thither Sigel had tured with Mulligan, including two preceded him. Five days thereafter, colonels. Lexington and its vicinity the bridging of the Osage had been being strongly Rebel, Maj. White completed, and the army, as it crossed, abandoned it on the 17th, and moved pressed rapidly forward.
southerly by Warrensburg and WarMeantime, on the 21st, a spirited saw to the front, which they struck fight had occurred at Fredericktown, at Pomme de Terre river, fifty-one in the south-east, which section had miles north of Springfield. Still hitherto been overrun almost at will pushing ahead, Maj. White was by Rebel bands directed by Jeff. joined, on the 24th, by Maj. ZagoThompson, one of Jackson's briga- nyi, of the 'Fremont Body-Guard,' diers, termed the “Swamp Fox” by who assumed command, and, marchhis admirers. Capt. Hawkins, of the ing all night, resolved to surprise and Missouri (Union) cavalry, having been capture Springfield next day. Maj. ordered thither on a reconnoissance White, being very ill, was left at a from Pilot Knob, on the north-east, farm-house to recover; but in a few engaged and occupied Thompson hours started in a wagon, with a while Gen. Grant, commanding at guard of six men, to overtake his Cape Girardeau, on the Mississippi, command, and soon found himself in sent a superior force, under Col. a Rebel camp a prisoner, and in imPlummer, to strike him from the minent danger of assassination. He east. Meantime, Col. Carlile, with had moved on the direct road to a considerable body of infantry, Springfield, while Zagonyi had made moved up from Pilot Knob to sup- a détour of twelve miles to the right, port Hawkins. When all these ad- hoping thus to surprise the enemy in vanced, the disparity in numbers Springfield, who, he was advised, was so great as to preclude a serious were fully 2,000 strong. contest; so that Thompson, though The two commands combined numstrongly posted, was overpowered, bered hardly 300 sabers, when, on and, after two hours' fighting, con- reaching the outskirts of Springfield, strained to fly, leaving 60 dead be- they found 1,200 infantry and 400 hind him, including Col. Lowe, his cavalry well posted on the crown of second in command. Thompson was a hill, prepared for and awaiting hotly pursued for twenty miles, and them. Zagonyi did not quail. To his banditti thoroughly demoralized his officers he said: “Follow me, and and broken up.
do like me!" to his soldiers—. The advance of Gen. Fremont's
"Comrades, the hour of danger has come: army was preceded by a squadron of your first battle is before you. The enemy is 2,000 strong, and you are 300. If any of | quick as, thought, with thrilling cheers, the you would turn back, you can do so now." noble hearts rush into the leaden torrent
which pours down the incline. With unaNot a man stepped from the ranks. bated fire, the gallant fellows press through. He then added :
The fierce onset is not even checked. The
foe do not wait for them--they waver, break, "I will lead you. Let the watchword be, and fly. The guardsmen spur into the midst * The Union and Fremont! Draw sabers!
of the rout, and their fast-falling swords By the right flank-quick trot-march !”.
work a terrible revenge. Some of the bold
est of the Southrons l'etreat into the woods, With a ringing shout, the thin bat
and continue a murderous fire from behind talion dashed eagerly forward. trees and thickets. Seven guard horses fall A miry brook, a stout rail-fence, a
upon a space not more than twenty feet
square. As his steed sinks under him, one narrow lane, with sharpshooters judi of the officers is caught around the shoulders ciously posted behind fences and trees by a grape-vine, and hangs dangling in the
air until he is cut down by his friends. The ---such were the obstacles to be over
Rebel foot are flying in furious haste from come before getting at the enemy. the field. Some take refuge in the fairA fence must be taken down, the
| ground; some hurry into the cornfields; but
the greater part run along the edge of the lane traversed, the sharpshooters de
wood, swarm over the fence into the road, fied, before a blow could be struck. and hasten to the village. The guardsmen All was the work of a moment; but
follow. Zagonyi leads them. Over the
loudest roar of battle rings his clarion voice when that moment had passed, seven -Come on, Old Kentuck !14 I'm with you!' ty of their number were stretched and the flash of his sword-blade tells his men
where to go. As he approaches a barn, a dead or writhing on the ground.
man steps from behind the door and lowers Maj. Dorsheimer, an Aid to Fre his rifle; but, before it has reached a level, mont, who came up soon after, thus
Zagonyi's saber-point descends upon his head,
and his life-blood leaps to the very top of describes the close of the fight:
the huge barn-door.
“The conflict now rages through the vil“The remnant of the Guard are now in the lage in the public square, and along the field under the hill; and, from the shape of streets. Up and down, the Guards ride in the ground, the Rebel fire sweeps with the
squads of three or four, and, wherever they roar of a whirlwind over their heads. A line
see a group of the enemy, charge upon and of fire upon the summit marks the position scatter them. It is hand to hand. No one of the Rebel infantry; while nearer, and on
but has a share in the fray." the top of a lower eminence to the right, stand their horse. Up to this time, no
Zagonyi wisely evacuated the town guardsman has struck a blow, but blue coats and bay horses lie thick along the bloody at night-fall, knowing that by night lane. Their time has come. Lieut. May
he was at the mercy of the Rebels, thenyi, with 30 men, is ordered to attack the cavalry. With sabers flashing over their
if they should muster courage to reheads, the little band of heroes spring to turn and attack him. Of his 300 ward their tremendous foe. Right upon the
men, 84 were dead or wounded. center they charge. The dense mass opens, the blue-coats force their way in, and the Maj. White, who had escaped from whole Rebel squadron scatter in disgraceful his captors, taking captive in turn flight through the cornfields in the rear. The boys follow them, sabering the fugitives.
their leader, arrived next morning, Days afterward, the enemy's horse lay thick | at the head of a score of improvised among the uncut corn.
Home Guards, to find himself 'mon“Zagonyi holds his main body until Maythenyi disappears in the cloud of Rebel cay- arch of all he surveyed. He had 24 alry; then his voice rises through the air.men, of whom he stationed 22 as 'In open order-charge! The line opens out to give play to their sword-arm. Steeds pickets on the outskirts, and held the respond to the ardor of their riders; and, balance in reserve. At noon, he re
14 Of the Guard, 100 were Kentuckians.
FREMONT SUPERSEDED BY HUNTER.
ceived a Rebel flag of truce, asking ing; but Hunter came up that night, permission to bury their dead; which, and the command was turned over he said, must be referred to Gen. Si- to him by Fremont. gel, from whom he, the next hour, It does not seem that their advices forwarded the permission required. 15 of the Rebels' proximity were wellWhite drew in a part of his pickets, founded. Pollard asserts that they stationed them between the village were then at Pineville, some fifty and the bloody field of yesterday's miles from Springfield; but adds conflict, and the Rebels quietly buried that Gen. Price had made preparatheir dead. He did not venture to tions to receive Fremont, determined remain through the night, but fell not to abandon Missouri without a back upon Sigel, who reached Spring-battle. It must therefore be regarded field by a forced march of thirty as a national misfortune that the miles, on the evening of the 27th. order superseding Gen. Fremont arAsboth came up with another divis- rived at this time; for it is not posion on the 30th; and Lane, with the sible that his army-superior in numKansas brigade, was not long behind bers and in equipment to the Rebels, him. But Hunter, McKinstry, and and inspired by enthusiastic devotion Pope, with their respective divisions, to its chief-could have been beaten. were still struggling with the badness Gen. Fremont departed for St. of the roads from thirty to forty miles Louis early next morning, accomback. Pope arrived November 1st, panied by his Body-Guard as a spehaving marched seventy miles in two cial escort. That Guard, it is sad to days; and McKinstry came in just say, though enlisted for three years, behind him.
and composed of the very best maOn the morning of Nov. 2d, aterial, were mustered out of service, messenger brought to Springfield an by order of Gen. McClellan, soon order from Gen. Scottie removing afterward. Fremont from his command, and di- That Gen. Fremont-placed in so recting him to turn it over to Gen. important a command, and franticHunter, who had not yet arrived. ally entreated for reënforcements This was sad news to the great bulk from so many sides at once—commitof the army, which had been col ted some errors of judgment, is very lected and equipped with such effort; probable. It may be he should have which had driven the Rebels almost divined earlier than he did that Price out of Missouri without loss; and would not strike at Jefferson City which confidently expected to meet or Booneville, which he seemed to and beat them within the State, and threaten, but would take the safer to chase the fragments of their army course of swooping down on Lexingthrough Little Rock, and, ultimately, ton, so much further west. It may to New Orleans. Hunter not having be that he should have foreseen that yet arrived, and the enemy being re- the ferry-boats at Lexington, instead ported in force at Wilson's Creek, it of being kept out of the reach of the was determined in council to march Rebels, would be allowed to fall into out and give him battle next morn-their hands; and that neither Davis,
35 Sigel was then forty miles distant.
16 Scott was himself retired the day before.