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with speed, and will buy arms to-day in

66 From St. Louis to Cairo was an easy New-York. Our troops have not been paid, day's journey by water, and transportation and some regiments are in a state of mutiny; abundant. To Springfield, was a week's and the men whose term of service is ex- march; and, before I could have reached it, pired generally refuse to reënlist. I lost a fine Cairo would have been taken, and with it, regiment last night, from inability to pay I believe, St. Louis. thein a portion of the money due. This "On my arrival at Cairo, I found the force regiment had been intended to move on a under Gen. Prentiss reduced to 1,200 men ; critical post last night. The Treasurer of consisting mainly of a regiment which had the United States has here $300,000 en- agreed to await my arrival. A few miles tirely unappropriated. I applied to him below, at New Madrid, Gen. Pillow had yesterday for $100,000 for my Paymaster, landed a force estimated at 20,000, which Gen. Andrews, but was refused. We have subsequent events showed was not exaggernot an hour for delay. There are three ated. Our force, greatly increased to the courses open to me: One, to let the enemy enemy by rumor, drove him to å hasty repossess himself of some of the strongest treat, and permanently secured the popoints in the State, and threaten St. Louis, sition. which is insurrectionary. Second: to force “I returned to St. Louis on the 4th, hav, a loan from Secession banks here. Third :

Third : , ing, in the mean time, ordered Col. Stephento use the money belonging to the Govern- son's regiment from Booneville, and Col. ment, which is in the Treasury here. Montgomery from Kansas, to march to the course, I will neither lose the State, nor per- relief of Gen. Lyon. mit the enemy a foot of advantage. I have “Immediately upon my arrival from infused energy and activity into the depart-Cairo, I set myself at work, amid incessant ment, and there is a thoroughly good spirit demands upon my time from every quarter, in officers and men. This morning, I will principally to provide reënforcements for order the Treasurer to deliver the money in

Gen. Lyon. his possession to Gen. Andrews, and will "I do not accept Springfield as a disaster send a force to the Treasury to take the belonging to my administration. Causes, money, and will direct such payments as wholly out of my jurisdiction, had already the exigency requires. I will hazard every- prepared the defeat of Gen. Lyon before my thing for the defense of the department you arrival at St. Louis." have confided to me, and I trust to you for support.

Adj. Gen. Harding, whom Gen. * With respect and regard, I am yours truly, Fremont found, by appointment of

• Major General Commanding:

Gen. Lyon, in practical command at "To the PRESIDENT of the United States."

St. Louis, says: Gen. Fremont, in his testimony the situation of Gen. Lyon's column, and

" Gen. Fremont was not inattentive to before the Committee on the Con- went so far as to remove the garrison of duct of the War, thus explains his Booneville in order to send him aid. Dar

ing the first days of August, troops arrived action in the premises :

in the city in large numbers. Nearly all of A glance at the map will make it appa

them were unarmed; all were without rent that Cairo was the point which first transportation. Regiment after regiment demanded immediate attention. The force lay for days in the city without any equipunder Gen. Lyon could retreat, but the po

ments, for the reason that the Arsenal was sition at Cairo could not be abandoned; the exhausted, and arms and accouterments had question of holding Cairo was one which to be brought from the East. From these involved the safety of the whole Northwest. men, Gen. Lyon would have had reënforceHad the taking of St. Louis followed the ments, although they were wholly undefeat of Manassas, the disaster might have practiced in the use of the musket and knew been irretrievable; while the loss of Spring- nothing of movements in the field; but, in field, should our army be compelled to fall

the mean time, the battle of the 10th of Auback upon Rolla, would only carry with it gust was fought.” the loss of a part of Missouri--a loss greatly

News of Gen. Lyon's repulse and to be regretted, but not irretrievable. “Having reënforced Cape Girardeau and death reached St. Louis on the 13th.

. Ironton, by the utmost exertions I succeeded Gen. Fremont thereupon decided to in getting together and embarking with a force of 3,800 men, five days after my ar

fortify that city with all possible rival in St. Louis.

dispatch, as a permanent and central



base of operations; to fortify and to be confiscated to the public use; and garrison, likewise, Cape Girardeau, declared free men.

their slaves, if any they have, are hereby Ironton, Rolla, and Jefferson City; “All persons who shall be proven to have using for this purpose hired labor so destroyed, after the publication of this order,

railroad tracks, bridges, or telegraphs, shall far as possible, so that his raw re

suffer the extreme penalty of the law. cruits, even though unarmed, might "All persons engaged in treasonable corbe drilled and fitted for service so

respondence, in giving or procuring aid to

the enemies of the United States, in disrapidly as might be; when, on the turbing the public tranquillity by creating receipt of sufficient arms, he would and circulating false reports or incendiary take the field at the head of a nu

documents, are in their own interest warned

that they are exposing themselves. merous and effective army, and speed- “All persons who have been led away ily regain all that should have, mean

from their allegiance are required to return

to their homes forthwith; any such absence, time, been lost. He now issued the

He now issued the without sufficient cause, will be held to be following stringent and stirring gene- presumptive evidence against them. ral order:

“The object of this declaration is to

place in the hands of the military authorities “ HEAD-QUARTERS OF THE WESTERN DEP’T, the power to give instantaneous effect to

“St. Louis, August 31st. existing laws, and to supply such deficiencies “Circumstances, in my judgment, of suf- as the conditions of war demand. But it is ficient urgency, render it necessary that the not intended to suspend the ordinary tribuCommanding General of this department nals of the country, where the law will be should assume the administrative power of administered by the civil officers in the usual the State. Its disorganized condition, the manner and with their customary authority, helplessness of the civil authority, the total while the same can be peaceably exercised. insecurity of life, and the devastation of “The Commanding General will labor property by bands of murderers and ma- vigilantly for the public welfare, and, in his rauders, who infest nearly every county in efforts for their safety, hopes to obtain not the State, and avail themselves of the pub- only the acquiescence, but the active suplic misfortunes and the vicinity of a hostile port, of the people of the country.” force to gratify private and neighborhood

“J. O. FREMONT, Maj.-Gen. Com." vengeance, and who find an enemy wherever they find plunder, finally demand the se

This order, so far as it declared the verest measures to repress the daily increasing crimes and outrages which are driving slaves of Rebels to be free, was suboff the inhabitants and ruining the State. In this condition, the public safety and the sequently overruled and annulled by success of our arms require unity of pur

President Lincoln, as will hereafter pose, without let or hindrance to the prompt be seen. administration of affairs.

Gen. Price, very naturally, did not “In order, therefore, to suppress disorders, to maintain, as far as now .practi

see fit to await the fulfillment of cable, the public peace, and to give security Gen. Fremont's programme. Though and protection to the persons and property abandoned by McCulloch, with the

, do declare established martial law throughout bulk of the Confederate army, he the State of Missouri. The lines of the moved northward from Springfield army of occupation in this State are, for the present, declared to extend from Leaven about the middle of August, receivworth, by way of the posts of Jefferson ing reënforcements continually, and, City, Rolla, and Ironton, to Cape Girardeau, deflecting to the west as he advanced, on the Mississippi river. All persons who shall be taken with arms in their hands, pushed back a far inferior force of within these lines, shall be tried by Court- Unionists under Gen. Lane, after a Martial, and, if found guilty, will be shot. The property, real and personal, of all per- | little brush, at the crossing of a sons in the State of Missouri who shall take stream known as Dry Wood, and up arms against the United States, or shall

sent a detachment to and occupied be directly proven to have taken active part with their enemies in the field, is declared Fort Scott, on the edge of Kansas, which was found evacuated. Thence, city, and, in confident expectation of advancing north by east unopposed, being soon relieved, awaited and dehe reached Warrensburg on the 10th fied the overwhelming numbers of of September, and, on the 11th, drew the Rebels, who were rapidly swelled up before Lexington." Here Col. Mul- by the arrival of Gen. Harris from ligan, of the Irish (Chicago Brigade, the north side of the river, and by at the head of 2,780 Union soldiers, reënforcements and volunteers from with barely forty rounds of ammu- all quarters, until they numbered not nition, and eight small guns, had less than 25,000, with 13 guns. taken post on a hill northeast of the Col. Mulligan's position, naturally

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strong, included a large college and | No general, determined assault was its grounds, comprising an area of at made—Gen. Price not caring to rush least fifteen acres, and had been his raw levies upon substantial breasthastily but effectively fortified by works, and evidently perceiving that earthworks, which were somewhat the garrison must soon be forced to strengthened after the commence surrender. ment of the siege. An industrious Gen. Fremont, at St. Louis, was cannonade was opened from four apprised, on the 13th, of Mulligan's different points on the beleaguered arrival at Lexington; and another Unionists, but with little effect. Some dispatch on the same day informed outer works were taken, and some him that Price was reported near Rebel sharpshooters took possession Warrensburg with 5,000 to 15,000 of a dwelling which overlooked men; also that Gen. Jeff. C. Davis, our intrenchments, but were readily commanding, at Jefferson City, a disdriven out by an intrepid charge. trict which included Lexington, was

11 A young city of five or six thousand inhabit- est point on the North Missouri Railroad, or on ants, the capital of Lafayette County, situated that portion of the Pacific Road yet completed. on the south bank of the Missouri

, 240 miles The river was then at so low a stage as to be west of St. Louis, and 50 or 60 from the near- | navigable only by boats of an inferior class.


5 87

giving vigilant attention to Price's “Reliable information from the vicinity movements. That same day brought, be 11,000 at Warrensburg and 4,000 at

of Price's column shows his present force to by telegraph, pressing demands for Georgetown, with pickets extending toward more troops from Gen. Grant, com

Syracuse. Green is making for Booneville, manding at Cairo; and the next- of force from this part of Missouri risks

with a probable force of 3,000. Withdrawal the 14th-brought peremptory orders the State ; from Paducah, loses Western from Gen. Scott to send 5,000 well- Kentucky. As the best, I have ordered two

regiments from this city, two from Kenarmed infantry to Washington with- tucky, and will make up the remainder from out a moment's delay.” Gen. Robert the new force being raised by the Governor

of Illinois." Anderson, commanding in Kentucky, was also calling urgently on Gen.

The Rebels of north-eastern MisFremont, his immediate superior, for souri-reported at 4,500_led by Cols. reënforcements to save Louisville, Boyd and Patton, marched from St. then threatened by the Rebels, who Joseph, on the 12th, toward Lexingwere rapidly annexing' Kentucky. ton, where they doubtless had been Gen. Fremont had at that time scat- | advised that they would find Price tered over his entire department, and on their arrival. Two parties of confronted at nearly every point by Unionists started in pursuit from difformidable and often superior num- ferent points on the North Missouri bers of Rebels, a total of 55,693 men; Railroad, directed to form a junction whereof over 11,000 occupied Fort at Liberty, Clay county. Lieut. Col. Holt and Paducah, Ky., warding off Scott, of the Iowa 3d, reached that the menaced advance of the Rebels point at 7 A. M., on the 17th, and, not in force on Cairo and St. Louis ; some meeting there the expected coöpera10,000 more held Cairo and import- ting force from Cameron, under Col. ant points in its vicinity; while Gen. Smith, pushed on to Blue Mills LandPope, in North Missouri, had 5,500; ing, on the Missouri, where he atGen. Davis, at Jefferson City, 9,600, tacked the Rebels-now commanded and there were 4,700 at Rolla, and by Gen. David R. Atchison-and 3,000 at Ironton; leaving less than was promptly and thoroughly routed. 7,000 at St. Louis. Gen. Lane, on Col. Smith, who had been delayed by the frontier of Kansas, had 2,200; rains and bad roads, reached Liberty and these, with a good part of Pope's by dark, and there met Scott's beaten command under Gen. Sturgis, and a and demoralized regiment. They large proportion of Davis's at Jeffer- now moved together to the Landing son City, were disposable for the re- (on the 18th); but found that the Relief of Lexington, toward which point bels had all crossed the river and they were directed and expected to pushed on to Lexington, thirty miles move so rapidly as possible. On the distant. Smith thereupon returned 13th, two regiments were ordered to St. Joseph; and Gen. Sturgis, from St. Louis to Jefferson City, and who was advancing by another route two others from that point to Lexing- to the relief of Lexington, being conton. Fremont, pressed on every side, fronted by a superior Rebel force thus responded by telegraph, on the under Gen. Parsons, likewise retreat15th, to the requisition upon him for ed northward, with the loss (Pollard five regiments for Washington City: says) of all his tents and camp equip


age. Gen. Pope had telegraphed preclude the receipt of reënforceGen. Fremont, on the 16th, from ments. Rations became short; and Palmyra, as follows:

the Missouri Home Guard, who con

stituted a good part of our forces, " The troops I sent to Lexington will be there the day after to-morrow [18th], and were early dispirited, refused to fight, consist of two full regiments of infantry, and clamored for a surrender. Our four pieces of artillery, and 150 irregular artillery had very little and very bad

These, with the two Ohio regiments, which will reach there on Thursday [19th], ammunition; while the Illinois caywill make a reënforcement of 4,000 men and alry, composing a sixth of our forces, four pieces of artillery."

had only their pistols to fight with. Unhappily, all these calculations | Great numbers of the horses that had proved futile. No part of Gen. Pope's been brought within our intrench4,000 men and four pieces of artillery ments had been killed by the Rebel reached the beleaguered and sorely cannon, creating a stench which was pressed Mulligan; nor did any of the scarcely tolerable. The Rebels made reënforcements ordered to his support four charges without success; but from all quarters. On the 17th, he finally, at 2 P. M., Friday, the 20th, was cut off from the river by the they pushed up a movable breastenemy, and thus deprived of water-work of hemp-bales, two deep, along save such as was poured upon him a line of forty yards in length, to from the skies, which his unsheltered within ten rods of our works. Maj. soldiers caught in their blankets, and Beckwith, of the Home Guards—8th then wrung out into camp-dishes, to Missouri, whose Colonel (White) had assuage their thirst. The ferry-boats been killed during that day's fighting were likewise seized by the Rebels, -raised a white flag, and the defense to prevent his escaping, as well as to

The Rebels ceased firing;

was over. 12


12 Col. Mulligan, in his official account of the tained our chaplain and surgeon and 120 wounded siege, says:

It could not be allowed to remain in the At 9 A. M., of the 18th, the drums beat to possession of the enemy. A company of the arms, and the terrible struggle commenced. The Missouri 13th [Dutch] was ordered forward to reenemy's force had been increased te 28,000 men take the hospital. They started on their erand 13 pieces of artillery. They came on as one rand, but stopped at the breastworks, 'going not dark, moving mass; men armed to the teeth, as out, because it was bad to go out.' A company far as the eye could reach--men, men, men were of the Missouri 14th was sent forward; but it visible. They planted two batteries in front, also shrank from the task, and refused to move one on the left, one on the right, and one in the outside the intrenchments. The Montgomery rear, and opened with a terrible fire, which was Guard, Capt. Gleason, of the Irish brigade, were answered with the utmost bravery and deter- then brought out. The Captain admonished mination. Our spies had informed us that the them that the others had failed; and, with a Rebels intended to make one grand rout, and brief exhortation to uphold the name they bore, bury us in the trenches of Lexington. The bat- gave the word to 'charge. The distance was teries opened at 9 o'clock; and for three days eight hundred yards. They started out from they never ceased to pour deadly shot upon us. the intrenchments, first quick, then double-quick, About noon, the hospital was taken. It was then on a run, then faster. The enemy poured situated on the left, outside of the intrenchments. a deadly shower of bullets upon them; but on I had taken for granted, never thought it neces- they went, a wild line of steel, and, what is betsary to build fortifications around the sick man's ter than steel, human will. They stormed up couch. I had thought that, among civilized the slope to the hospital door, and, with irrenations, the soldier sickened and wounded in sistible bravery, drove the enemy before them, the service of his country would, at least, be hurling them far down the hill beyond. At the sacred. But I was inexperienced, and had yet head of those brave fellows, pale as marble, but to learn that such was not the case with Rebels. not pale from fear, stood that gallant officer, They besieged the hospital, took it, and from Capt. Gleason. He said, “Come on, my brave the balcony and roof their sharpshooters poured boys!' and in they rushed.

oys!' and in they rushed. But, when their a deadly fire within our intrenchments. It con- brave captain returned, it was with a shot

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