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command of both Floyd's and Wise's forces stationed there and taking over troops, swelling his army to 20,000 a hundred prisoners. All who remen. Rosecrans, after remaining sev- sisted were killed by the guerrillas, eral days in his front at Big Sewell, re- who left hastily next morning, with treated thirty miles to the Gauley, all the plunder they could carry. and was not pursued; Gen. Lee being Col. Zeigler, of the 5th [loyal] Virsoon after recalled to take a command ginia, who arrived early next mornon the coast, and Gov. Wise ordered ing, ordered the houses of the Secesto report at Richmond.
sionists to be burned, on the assumpGen. Lee, before leaving the North, tion that they had instigated the had made a strong reconnoissance Rebel raid, and furnished the inforin force rather than a serious attack, mation which rendered it safe and on the position held by Gen. Reynolds successful; and, the leading citizens on Cheat Mountain, in Randolph being mostly rebels, the village was county, not far from the arena of mainly consumed. This destruction Garnett's and of Pegram's disasters. was generally condemned as barbarThere was skirmishing on the 12th, ous, though the charge was probably 13th, and 14th of September, during true, and would have justified any which Col. John A. Washington, one penalty that might have been inflicted of Gen. Lee's aids, was killed, with on those only who supplied the innearly one hundred other Rebels.
hundrad other Rebels 1 formation. The Union loss was nearly equal to Rosecrans having posted himself this, mainly in prisoners. Reynolds's at Gauley Mount, on New River, force was about half that of his assail three miles above its junction with ants, but so strongly posted that Lee the Gauley, Floyd and Wise, after found it impossible to dislodge him, Lee's departure, took position on the and retired to his camp at Green- opposite (south) side of New River, brier. Here Reynolds, whose forces and amused themselves by shelling were equal, if not superior, to those the Union teamsters engaged in supin his front, after Lee's departure for plying our army. Here Rosecrans the South, paid a return visit to the attempted to flank and surprise them, Rebels, now commanded by Gen. H. but was first defeated by a great flood R. Jackson, of Georgia, on the 3d in the river, rendering it impassable; of October. Reynolds, in turn, found and next by the failure of Gen. Benhis adversary's position too strong to ham to gain Floyd's rear and obbe carried by assault, and retreated struct his retreat, as he had been orunpursued, after a desultory contest dered to do. The attack in front was of several hours.
duly made, but Floyd retreated unOn the 10th of November, at 8 molested by Benham, and but faintly P. M., Col. Jenkins, with his regiment pursued. On the 14th, his rear-guard of Rebel cavalry, which had been en- of cavalry was attacked and driven gaged for some time in guerrilla war- by Benham; its Colonel, St. George fare, dashed into the village of Guy- Croghan, being killed. No further andotte, on the Ohio river, near the pursuit was attempted. Floyd reKentucky line, surprising the Union treated to Peterstown, more than
18 November 12th.
fifty miles southward. And thus | son, were neither surprised nor disdied out the campaign in the south- mayed; and the attack in front, led ern part of West Virginia.
by Col. James A. Jones, of the 25th In the north-east, Gen. Kelly, who Ohio, though gallantly made, did not held and guarded the Alleghany sec- succeed. The Rebels, finding themtion of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- selves superior in numbers as well as road, starting from New Creek on position, attacked in turn, and were the night of October 25th, advanced likewise repulsed, as also in an atrapidly to Romney, the capital of tempted flank movement. Still, MilHampshire county, driving out a roy, having lost 150 men, with his Rebel battalion and capturing two ranks still further depleted by the cannon, sixty prisoners, several hun skulking of his räw troops, had begun dred stand of arms, with all the camp to retreat before Col. Moody, at 8 equipage, provisions, and munitions. | A. M., commenced his flank attack, By this spirited dash, West Virginia which was of course a failure. Milwas nearly cleared of armed Rebels. | roy retreated unpursued to his old
Gen. R. H. Milroy, who had suc- camp. But, not discouraged, he disceeded Gen. Reynolds in command patched Major Webster, of the 25th at Cheat Mountain, attempted, soon Ohio, with 800 men, on the last day afterward, a similar dash on the of the year, to break up a Rebel post Rebels in his front, strongly posted at Huntersville, fifty miles south, on at Alleghany Summit, twenty-two the Greenbrier. The weather was miles distant, on the turnpike to cold; the ground covered with snow; Staunton. To this end, he moved yet the march was made in three forward with 3,200 men, nearly half days, the Rebel force driven out, and of which were directed to make a six buildings, filled with provisions détour by the old Greenbrier road, to and forage, destroyed by fire; the assault the enemy's left. The com- expedition returning without loss or bination failed. The flank move- accident. Here closed the campaign ment, under Col. Moody, of the 9th of 1861 in Western Virginia, with Indiana, was not effected in time. scarcely a Rebel uniform or picket The Rebel forces, consisting of four to be seen, on that side of the Alleregiments, under Col. Edward John-ghany Mountains.ao
19 December 12th.
not including, McDowell, Mercer, Monroe, Green20 Though the crest of the main ridge of the brier, and Pocahontas--thirty-nine in all, with a Alleghanies is the natural and proper line of de
total population in 1860 of 280,691, whereof marcation between the Old Dominion' and new,
6,894 were slaves. The Constitution of WEST or West Virginia, and pretty accurately discrim
VIRGINIA expressly included the five counties inates the Counties wherein Slavery and Seces above named, making the total population sion did, from those wherein they did not, at any 315,969, of whom 10,147 were slaves. It furtime, predominate, yet three or four Counties ther provided that the counties of Pendleton, Monroe, Greenbrier, &c.---which geographically | Hardy, Hampshire, Frederick, Berkeley, Jefferpertain to West Virginia, have, either voluntarily son, and Morgan, might also be embraced within or under duress, adhered to Old Virginia and the new State, provided their people should, by the Rebellion.
vote, express their desire to be--which they,
excepting those of Frederick, in due time, did NOTE.--The originally proposed State of Ka- | raising the population, in 1860, of the new State nawha included within her boundaries only the to 376,742, and entitling it to three representaCounties of Virginia lying north and west of, but | tives in Congress.
EAST VIRGINIA-BULL RUN.
hadse skeptical as to of Civil War, it that Virginia ha
If the North had been, or at least | 27th of April, a proclamation anhad seemed, obstinately apathetic, be- nouncing the blockade of the coast cause skeptical as to the probability of Virginia and North Carolina ; or the imminence of Civil War, it due evidence having been afforded was fully and suddenly undeceived that Virginia had formally and North by the developments that swiftly fol- Carolina practically adhered to the lowed the bombardment of Fort Rebellion. Some weeks were reSumter, but especially by the occur- quired to collect and fit out the vesrences in Baltimore and the attitude sels necessary for the blockade of of Maryland. For a few weeks, all even the chief ports of the Rebel petty differences seemed effaced, all States; but the month of May saw partisan jealousies and hatreds for this undertaking so far completed as gotten." A few conservative presses to make an entrance into either of sought to stem the rushing tide; a those ports dangerous to the blockfew old Democratic leaders struggled ade-runner. On the 3d, the Presito keep the party lines distinct and dent made a further call for troops rigid; but to little purpose. Twelve this time requiring 42,000 additional States, whose Legislatures happened volunteers for three years; beside to be sitting in some part of April adding ten regiments to the regular or May, 1861, tendered pecuniary army - about doubling its nominal aid to the Government, amounting, strength. A large force of volunin the aggregate, to nearly Nineteen teers, mainly Pennsylvanians, was Millions of Dollars; while some Five organized at Chambersburg, Pa., Millions were as promptly contribu- under the command of Major-Gen. ted, in the cities and chief towns of Robert Patterson, of the Pennsylthe North, to clothe and equip volun- vania militia; while Gen. Butler, teers. Railroads and steamboats having completed the taming of were mainly employed in transporting Baltimore, by planting batteries on men and munitions to the line of the the highest points and sending a few Potomac or that of the Ohio. Never of her more audacious traitors to before had any Twenty Millions of Fort McHenry, was made a Majorpeople evinced such absorbing and General, and placed in command of a general enthusiasm. But for the de- Department composed of tide-waplorable lack of arms, Half a Million ter Virginia with North Carolina. volunteers might have been sent into George B. McClellan, John C. Frecamp before the ensuing Fourth of mont (then in Europe), and John A. July.
Dix had alreadys been appointed President Lincoln issued, on the Major-Generals in the regular army ? Richmond and Norfolk, the 8th; Charleston, Savannah, the 28th.
May 16th. the 11th; New Orleans and Mobile, the 27th ; ! May 1st and speedily thereafter.