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PORTERFIELD'S APPEAL TO WEST VIRGINIA.

521

Will you

war.

to those in Camp Carlile that even- monwealth will at all times be protected by ing, the 1st Virginia, 1,100 strong,. who array themselves against the State will

me and those under my command. Those Col. Kelly, crossed to Wheeling early be treated as her enemies, according to the next morning, closely followed by the laws thereof. 16th Ohio, Col. Irvine. The 14th in the name of our common mother

, to stand

“ Virginians! allow me to appeal to you, Ohio, Col. Steedman, crossed simul- by the voice of your State, and especially to taneously, and quietly occupied Par- repel invasion from any and every quarter.

Those who reside within the State, who inkersburg, the terminus of the North- vite invasion, or who in any manner assist, western branch of the Baltimore and aid, or abet invaders, will be treated as eneOhio road. A rebel force, then hold- whether native-born or adopted, will refuse

A rebel force, then hold- mies to Virginia. I trust that no Virginian, ing Grafton, which connected the to defend his State and his brothers against branch aforesaid with the main or

invasion and injury. Virginians! be true

and, in due time, your common mother will Wheeling division of the railroad, come to your relief. had meditated a descent on Wheel- “Already, many of you have rallied to the ing; but, finding themselves antici- support of the honor of your State, and the

maintenance of your liberties. pated and outnumbered, they ob- continue to be freemen, or will you submit structed and destroyed the railroad to be slaves? Will you allow the people of

other States to govern you? Have you forwest of them, so that the Unionists gotten the precepts of Madison and Jefferdid not reach Grafton till the morn

son? 10

Remember that “the price of liberty ing of the 30th. On the 31st, both is eternal vigilance. Virginia has not made

War has been made upon her and her tracks having been repaired, a force time-honored principles. Shall she be vinof seven or eight thousand men was

dicated in her efforts to maintain the libercollected at this point, under the im- in submission to tyranny and oppression ?

ties of her people? or shall she bow her head mediate command of Gen. Morris; It seems to me that the true friend of rathe Rebels having been pushed back, tional liberty cannot hesitate. Strike for

your State

Strike for your liberties! without resistance, to Philippi, the Rally! rally at once in defense of your capital of Barbour county, some fif- mother !" teen miles southward, and entirely off the line of the railroad. From this that Philippi be captured by surprise,

Gen. McClellan having ordered place, Col. G. A. Porterfield, as commander of the Virginia Rebel forces, of June 2d. Two brigades of two

the attempt was made on the night issued the following proclamation :

regiments each approached the Rebel “Fellow-CITIZENS : I am in your section camp by different roads. They were of Virginia, in obedience to the legally con- to have enveloped the town by 4 A.M. stituted authorities thereof, with the view of the 3d; but the roads were bad, of protecting this section of the State from invasion by foreign forces

, and to protect the the night intensely dark and stormy, people in the full enjoyment of their rights and the division under Col. Kelly, civil, religious, and political. In the per- which had to make the longer march exercise every charitable forbearance, as I -twenty-two miles-did not, because have hitherto done. I shall not inquire it could not, arrive in season.

The whether any citizens of Virginia voted for or against the Ordinance of Secession. My Rebels, only six or eight hundred in only inquiry shall and will be as to who are number, could make no successful the eneinies of our mother-the Commonwealth of Virginia. My duty now compels stand against the forces already in me to say to all, that the citizens of the Com- their front, and were evidently preparing for a hurried retreat. The ing the road to Philippi; while a Unionists, under Cols. Dumont and smaller detachment, under Col. John Lander, opened with artillery and Pegram, was intrenched upon the promptly charged with infantry, when summit and at either base of Rich the dismayed Rebels, after a moment- Mountain," where passes the turnary resistance, fled. Col. Kelly's pike from Beverly westward to Buckdivision came in at this instant, and hannon-his position being a strong fell upon the Rebels, who were ut- one, three or four miles distant from the terly demoralized and dispersed. Col. Rebel main body. McClellan, after Kelly received a severe wound from reconnoitering, and determining by a pistol-shot through the lungs, and scouts the position of the enemy, detwo Unionists were killed. The Reb- cided, first, to attack and crush Peels lost sixteen killed and ten gram; and, to this end, sent Col. prisoners, with all their provisions, Rosecrans to make a détour of eight munitions, and tents, and nearly all miles through the mountains, and their arms. Porterfield, gathering gain the turnpike two or three miles up such portion of his forces as he in the rear of Pegram. This was succould find, retreated hastily to Bev- cessfully accomplished; but a dragerly, and thence to Huttonsville; oon, dispatched by McClellan with where the Rebel array was rapidly orders to Rosecrans, was captured increased by conscription, and Gov. during the day, and the plan of Wise placed in command.

19 The omission of Washington's name here is most appropriate and significant.

attack discovered. The Rebels were Gen. McClellan arrived at Grafton found intrenched on the top of the on the 23d, and at once issued a mountain, with three cannon. Roseproclamation severely condemning crans, who had marched since daythe guerrilla warfare to which the light through forests and thickets of Rebels were addicted. On the 25th, laurel, under a cold, pelting rain, by he issued a second address to his sol- mountain bridle-paths, and, in part, diers, exhorting them to forbear pil through trackless woods, had, of lage and outrage of every kind, re- course, no artillery. He approached membering always that the people the Rebel position about noon, and were their friends. His forces were was immediately opened upon by rapidly augmented, till they amount- their guns, which made much noise ed, by the 4th of July, to over 30,000 to little purpose. The vigorous musmen; while the Rebels in his front ketry fire, soon opened on either side, could hardly muster 10,000 in all. was little more effective, because He therefore resolved to advance. of the rain, the inequalities of the The Rebel main force, several thou- ground, and the density of the low, sand strong, under Gen. Robert S. Gar- bushy forest. But the Unionists were nett, was strongly intrenched on Lau- largely superior in numbers, and, rel Hill, a few miles north of Beverly, after half an hour of this random the capital of Randolph county, hold-firing, were ordered to fix and charge

11 "Rich Mountain is a gap in the Laurel Hill (that is, where the Beverly and Fairmount turnRange, where the Staunton and Western turn- pike crosses it, and where the enemy is inpike crosses it between Buckhannon and Beverly, trenched) as Beverly is. It is also about twentyand about four or five miles out of the latter five miles from Buckhannon."-Wheeling Intelliplace. It is about as far from Laurel Hill proper gencer,

CAPTURE OF PEGRAM.-DEATH OF GARNETT.

523

bayonets, which orders were promptly with their pursuers also. Rain fell and vigorously obeyed. The Rebels incessantly, swelling the unbridged at once took to flight, leaving their rivulets to torrents. Skirmishes were cannon, wagons, tents, provisions, and frequent; and four companies of a stores, with 135 dead.

Georgia regiment, being cut off from Gen. McClellan remained through- the main body, were taken prisoners. out the day inactive in front of Col. Pe- At length, having crossed the Cheat gram's position, awaiting advices from at a point known as Carrick's Ford, Rosecrans, that failed to reach him. which proffered an admirable position Pegram, better advised of Rosecrans' for defense, Garnett turned to fight; operations, and justly alarmed for his and, though the Union forces rapidly own safety, attempted to escape dur- came up in overpowering numbers, ing the following night, but found it and opened a heavy fire both of musimpossible, and was compelled, after ketry and artillery, yet the strong a day's hiding in the forest, to surren- and sheltered position of the Confedder12 his remaining force--about 600 erates enabled them for some time to men-at discretion.

hold the ford, twice repulsing efforts Gen. McClellan pushed on to Bev- to cross it. Col. Taliaferro, comerly, which he entered early next manding the Rebel rearguard, finally morning, flanking Gen. Garnett's po- withdrew by order, having exhausted sition at Laurel Hill, and compelling his cartridges and lost about thirty him to a precipitate flight northward. men. The position had by this time Six cannon, two hundred tents, sixty been flanked by Col. Dumont, with wagons, and over one hundred pris- his 7th Indiana, who had fairly gained oners, were the trophies of this suc- the crest on the right, when he was cess. The Rebel loss in killed and ordered to turn it on the left; and, wounded was about 150; the Union marching down the bluff and through about 50. Gen. Garnett, completely the middle of the stream, between flanked, thoroughly worsted, and fear- the two armies firing over their fully outnumbered, abandoned his heads, the regiment, forcing its way camp at Laurel Hill without a strug- through the tangled thicket of laugle, crossing the Laurel Mountains rel, appeared on the right flank of eastward, by a by-road, into the nar- the Rebels, who thereupon fled. The row valley of Cheat river, traversed road crosses the stream again a quarby one wretched road, which he took ter of a mile below; and here a descare to make worse for his pursuers perate attempt was made by Garnett by felling trees across it at every op- to rally his forces for another strugportunity. It rained incessantly. gle; but in vain. They received and This valley is seldom more than a returned one volley, when they startwooded glen; whence he hoped to ed to run—they being, at least, 3,000, escape across the main ridge of the and the Indianians, directly upon Alleghanies eastward into Hardy them, barely 600; but there were county. Provisions and supplies of enough more not far behind. Gen. every kind were scarce enough with Garnett exerted himself desperately the fugitives, and, for the most part, to hold his men, without success; and,

12 July 12th.

13

while so doing, was shot through the moving eastward to the Kanawha, body by Sergt. Burlingame, and fell and up that river. At Scarytown, dead without a groan. A slight, boy- some miles below Charleston, a deish Georgian-probably an Aid - tachment of 1,500 Ohio troops, unalone stood by him to the last, and der Col. Lowe, was resisted by a shared his fate. Gen. McClellan, smaller Rebel force, well posted, unwith a large portion of his force, had der Capt. Patton, and repulsed, with not united in this chase, but had

a loss of 57 men. Five officers, inmoved southerly from Beverly, sev- cluding two Colonels, who went heederal miles, to Huttonsville; whence, lessly forward, without their comon the next day," he telegraphed to mands, to observe the fight; rode Washington that

into the Rebel lines, and were cap

tured. The Rebels abandoned the " Gen. Garnett and his forces have been routed, and his baggage and one gun taken. place that night, leaving their leader His army are completely demoralized. Gen. dangerously wounded to become a Garnett was killed while attempting to rally prisoner. his forces at Carricksford, near St. George. “ We have completely annihilated the en

Gen. Cox pushed steadily forward, emy in Western Virginia.

reaching Charleston, the capital of Our loss is about thirteen killed, and not Kanawha county, on the 25th. Gov. more than forty wounded; while the enemy's loss is not far from two hundred killed; Wise, who commanded the Rebels in and the number of prisoners we have taken this quarter, had expected here to will amount to at least one thousand. We make a stand; but, discouraged by have captured seven of the enemy's guns in all.

the tidings which had reached him, "A portion of Garnett's forces retreated; some days before, of Garnett's disasbut I look for their capture by Gen. Hill, who is in hot pursuit.”

ters, continued his flight up the river.

Gen. Cox pursued, reaching, on the This expectation was not realized. | 29th, Gauley bridge, which Wise had The pursuit was only continued two burned to impede pursuit. The peomiles beyond the ford; when our ple of that valley, and, indeed, of weary soldiers halted, and the resi- nearly all Western Virginia--being due of the Rebels, under Col. Ram- Unionists-complained that the Rebsey, turning sharply to the right, els mercilessly plundered them of made their way across the mountains, everything eatable; which was and joined Gen. Jackson at Monterey. doubtless true to a great extent, and,

A strong Union force, under Gen. for the most part, unavoidable. In Cox, made an advance from Guyan- the race up the Kanawha valley, dotte simultaneously with Gen. Mc- Wise succeeded, to the last, in keepClellan's on Beverly, capturing Bar- ing ahead, which was the only miliboursville after a slight skirmish, and tary success he ever achieved. He

13 The Cincinnati Gazette's correspondent, ' Agate,' in describing the battle, says:

"Among the enemy's wounded was a young Massachusetts boy, who had received a shot in the leg. He had been visiting the South, and had been impressed into the Rebel service. As soon as the battle began, he broke from the Rebei ranks, and attempted to run down the hill and cross over to our side. His own lieu

tenant saw him in the act, and shot him with a
revolver. Listen to such a tale as that I did, by
the side of the sad young sufferer, and tell me
if your blood does not boil hotter than ever be-
fore, as you think, not of the poor deluded fol-
lowers, but of the leaders, who, for personal am-
bition and personal spite, began this infernal
rebellion."
14 July 14th.

July 17th

15

THE AFFAIR OF CARNIFEX FERRY.

525

retreated to Lewisburg, the capital | lantly executed, resulting in a short, of Greenbrier, one of the few coun- but severe action, wherein the advanties west of the main ridge of the tage of position was so much on the Alleghanies which, having a conside- side of the Confederates that their rable number of slaves, and having loss must have been considerably less been settled entirely from Old Vir- than ours, which was about two hunginia, has evinced a preponderating dred, including Col. Lowe, of the devotion to the Rebel Cause

12th Ohio, killed, and Col. Lytle, of Here he was reinforced, and out- the 10th, severely wounded, as was ranked, about August 1st, by Gen. Lieut.-Col. White, of the 12th. Col. John B. Floyd, who, under the influ- McCook's Ohio brigade (Germans) at ence of the inspiring news from Bull one time received an order to storm Run, and the depletion of the Fede- the Rebel intrenchments, and welral forces by the mustering out of comed it with a wild delight, which service of the three months' men, was

showed how gladly and thoroughly it soon able to assume the offensive. would have been obeyed; but it was Keeping well to the right of New

an order which Rosecrans had not River--the main affluent which unites given, and which, after a careful obnear Gauley bridge with the Gauley servation of the works, he counterto form the Kanawha-he surprised manded. Instead of assaulting, he the 7th Ohio, Col. Tyler, while at directed a more thorough reconnoisbreakfast at Cross Lanes, near Sum- sance to be made, and the troops to mersville,and routed it with a loss be so posted as to be ready for deof some 200 men. Moving thence cisive work early in the morning. southerly to Carnifex Ferry, he was But, when daylight dawned, the endeavoring to gain the rear of Gen. enemy were missing. Floyd, disapCox, who was still south of him, pointed in the expected support of when he was himself attacked by Wise, and largely outnumbered, had Gen. Rosecrans, who, at the head of wisely withdrawn his forces, under nearly 10,000 men, came rapidly cover of the night, abandoning a pordown upon him from Clarksburg, tion of his equipage, much baggage, nearly a hundred miles northward. and a few small arms, but no cannon." Most of the Union troops had marched He rapidly retreated some thirty seventeen miles that day, when, at miles to Big Sewell Mountain, and 3 o'clock P. M. of the 10th, they drew thence to Meadow Bluff, whither he up in front of Floyd's strong and was not closely followed. well-fortified position on the north Wise strengthened the position on bank of the Gauley; just below the Big Sewell, named it Camp Defiance, mouth of Meadow river. Rosecrans and there remained. ordered a reconnoissance in force by Gen. Lee, arriving from the North Benham, which was somewhat too gal with a considerable Rebel force, took

16 The capital of Nicholas county,

17 Pollard says of this conflict:

"The successful resistance of this attack of the enemy, in the neighborhood of Carnifex Ferry, was one of the most remarkable incidents of the campaign in Western Virginia. The force

of Gen. Floyd's command was 1,740 men; and from 3 o'clock P. M. until night-fall it sustained, with unwavering determination and the most brilliant success, an assault from an enemy between eight and nine thousand strong, made with small-arms, grape, and round-shot, from howitzers and rifled cannon."

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