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GOV. SEWARD CLOSING THE CANVASS OF 1860.

327

ever

vehement, and energetic, as had ever low the music of the clanging bells; and, been known. Her drawn battle of strange to say, they will all bring you into

one common chamber. When you get tliere, the year before, and the perfect ac- you will hear only this emotion of the hucord in this contest of the anti-Re- man heart appealed to, Fear, -fear that, if publican parties, gave grounds for you elect a President of the United States

according to the Constitution and the laws hope, if not confidence, that she

confidence, that she to-morrow, you will wake up next day, and might now be carried against Lin- find that you have no country for him to

preside over! Is not that a strange motive coln, especially as the City was ex- for an American patriot to appeal to ? And, pected to give a far larger majority in that same hall

, amid the jargon of three

discordant members of the 'Fusion' party, for “Fusion" than she had

you will hear one argument; and that arguyet given for any man or party. ment is, that, so sure as you are so perverse Abundance of money for every pur

as to cast your vote singly, lawfully, honest

ly, as you ought to do, for one candidate pose doubtless contributed to the ani- for the Presidency, instead of scattering it mation of the struggle on this side, among three candidates, so that no Presiwhile painful apprehensions of South- dent may be elected, this Union shall come

down over your heads, involving you and ern revolt, in case Lincoln should be us in a common ruin ! elected, rendered the "merchant

- Fellow-citizens, it is time, high time,

that we know whether this is a Constituprinces," whose wealth was largely, tional government under which we live. It if not wholly, locked up in the shape is high time that we know, since the Union of Southern indebtedness, ready to

is threatened, who are its friends, and who

arė its enemies. The Republican party, who bleed freely for even a hope of pre- propose, in the old, appointed, constitutional venting a result they so dreaded as way, to choose a President, are every man fatal to their business, their prosperi- ists, wherever they may be, are those who

of them loyal to the Union. The disloyalty, and their affluence.

are opposed to the Republican party, and Gov. Seward—who had made a po- I dent." I know that our good and esteemed

attempt to prevent the election of a Presilitical tour through the North-West neighbors—(Heaven knows I have cause to during the Autumn, wherein his

wherein his respect, and esteem, and honor, and love speeches in behalf of the Republican them, as I do; for such neighbors as even

my Democratic neighbors, no other man cause and candidates were of a re. ever had)-I know that they do not avow, markably high order, alike in origin- nor do they mean to support, or think they

are supporting, disunionists. But I tell them, ality, dignity, and perspicuity-closed that he who proposes to lay hold of the pilthe canvass, the night before Elec- lars of the Union, and bring it down into tion, in an address to his townsmen at ruin, is a disunionist ; and that every man

who quotes him, and uses his threats and Auburn, which concluded with these his menaces as an argument against our extruthful and memorable words:

ercise of our duty, is an abettor, unconscious

though he may be, of disunion; and that, “Now here is the trinity in unity and when to-morrow's sun shall have set, and unity in trinity of the political church, just the next morning's sun shall have risen on now come to us by the light of a new reve- the American people, rejoicing in the eleclation, and christened 'Fusion. And this tion of Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency, 'Fusion' party, what is the motive to which those men who to-day sympathize with, upit appeals? You may go with me into the hold, support, and excuse the disunionists, streets to-night, and follow the 'Little will have to make a sudden choice, and Giants,' who go with their torchlights, and choose whether, in the language of the their flaunting banners of Popular Sover- Senator from Georgia, they will go for treaeignty ;' or you may go with the smaller and son, and so make it respectable, or whether more select and modest band, who go for they will go with us for Freedom, for the Breckinridge and Slavery; or you may fol-Constitution, and for eternal Union."

XXII.

SECESSION.

2,112

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TREE STATES.
STATES.

LINCOLN. Douglas. Breckinridge. Bell.
62,811 26,693 6,368 2,046
37,519 25,881

441 106,353 34,372 5,989 22,331 Rhode Island.. 12,244 *4,000 *1,000 2,707 43,972 15,522 14,641

3,291 33,808 6,849 218 1,969 New York..

353,804 *203,329 *50,000 *50,000 .

58,324 *30,000 30,000 *2,801 . 268,030 *78,871 *100,000 12,776 231,610 187,232

11,405

12.194 Indiana.... 139,033 115,509

12,295 5,306 Illinois. 172,161 160,215

2,404

4,913 Michigan,

$8,480
65,057

805 405 Wisconsin,

56,110 65,021 SSS 161 Minnesota.. 22,069 11,920 743

62 70,409 55,111 1,048 1,748 39,173

38,516 34,334 6,817 5,270 3,951 5,006 183

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The choice of Presidential Elec- those of Missouri (9) and 3, as aforetors, which formerly took place at said, from New Jersey. But, though the discretion of the several States nowhere in the Electoral, Mr. Dougwithin a limited range, is now re- las was second in the Popular, vote, quired, by act of Congress, to be as will be seen by the following made on the same day throughout- table, wherein the. “Fusion” vote is namely, on the Tuesday next suc- divided between the parties which ceeding the first Monday in Novem-contributed to it, according to the ber. This fell, in 1860, on the 6th best estimate that can now be made of the month; and it was known, be- of their strength respectively: fore that day had fully expired, that ABRAHAM LINCOLN had been clearly Maine.. designated by the People for their New Hampshire.. next President, through the choice by Connecticut. his supporters of a majority of the Vermont whole number of Electors. Every New Jersey Free State but New Jersey had cho this sen the entire Lincoln Electoral ticket; and in New Jersey the refusal of part of the Douglas men to sup- California. port the "Fusion” ticket (composed Oregon of three Douglas, two Bell, and two Breckinridge men), had allowed four * “Fusion" yote apportioned according to the estima

ted strength of the several contributing parties. of the Lincoln Electors to slip in over the two Bell and the two Breckinridge Electors on the regular Dem- Maryland ocratic ticket. The three Lincoln

[Chosen by the Legislature.] Electors who had to confront the full Georgia.. vote of the coalesced anti-Republican Mississippi parties were defeated by about 4,500 Tennessee * majority. And, although this was not ascertained that night, nor yet Florida.. the fact that California and Oregon had gone with the other free States, yet there were 169 Lincoln Electors

* This anti-Breckinridge vote was cast for å “Fusion":

Electoral ticket, but almost entirely by old Whigs' or chosen (out of 303) outside of these three States; with these, Mr. Lincoln

Lincoln over Douglas, 566,036; Do. over Bell, 1,211,486; had 180, to 123 for all others. Of do over Breckinridge, 1,007,628.

Total Free States..1,$31,150 1,129,049 279,211 130,151

SLAVE STATES.
STATES,

LINCOLN. Douglas. Breckinridge. Bell.
Delaware...

3,815 1,023 7,337 3,864 2,294 5,966

42,482

41,760 Virginia..

1,929 16,290 74,323 74,681 North Carolina... (no ticket)

2,701

43.539 44,990 South Carolina...

(110 ticket) 11,590 51,889 42,586 (no ticket) 13.651 48,831 27,875 (no ticket) 3,283

40,797 25,040 1,364 25,651 53,143 66,058 (no ticket) 11,350 64,209

69,274 Missowi.

17,028

58, 801

31.317 55,372 Arkansas.

(no ticket) 5,227 28,732 20,094 Louisiana

(no ticket)

7,625

22,681 20,204 (no ticket) 367 8,513 5,437 Texas ..

(no ticket) (no ticket) 47,548 415,438

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Total Slave States.. 26,430 163,525 570,871 515,973

Grand Totál......1,857,610 1,291,574 850,082 646,124

Bell men.

Lincoln has less than all his opponents combined, by these, Breckinridge had 72; Bell 39

Breckinridge had in the Slave States over Bell, 54,898;

do. over Douglas, 407,346; do. over Douglas' and Lin(from Virginia, Kentucky, and Ten

Breckinridge lacks of a majority in the Slave States, nessee); and Douglas barely 12

930,170.

coln, 380,916.

135,057.

THE SOUTI ON LINCOLN'S ELECTION.

329

From an early stage of the can- , events, throughout the Slave Stateş vass, the Republicans could not help next to the all but impossible sucseeing that they had the potent aid, cess of their own candidate--preferin their efforts, of the good wishes red that of the Republicans. In for their success of at least a large the Senate throughout the preceding proportion of the advocates of Breck- Session, at Charleston, at Baltimore, inridge and Lane. The toasts drunk and ever since, they had acted prewith most enthusiasm at the Fourth- cisely as they would have done, had of-July celebrations throughout South they preëminently desired Mr. LinCarolina pointed to the probable coln's success, and determined to do election of Mr. Lincoln as the neces- their best to secure it. sary prelude to movements whereon

And now, a large majority of Linthe hearts of all Carolinians were in coln Electors had been carried, rentent. Southern “Fire-Eaters” can- dering morally certain his choice by vassed the Northern States in behalf the Electoral Colleges next month, . of Breckinridge and Lane, but very and his inauguration on the 4th of much to the satisfaction of the friends March ensuing. So the result conof Lincoln and Hamlin. The “Fu- templated and labored for by at sion” arrangements, whereby it was least two of the four contending parhoped, at all events, to defeat Lin- ties in the canvass had been secured. coln, were not generally favored by What next? the “Fire-Eaters" who visited the North, whether intent on politics, In October, 1856, a Convention of business, or pleasure; and, in some. Southern Governors was held at Rainstances, those who sought to com- leigh, N. C., at the invitation of Gov. mend themselves to the favor of their Wise, of Virginia. This gathering Southern patrons or customers, by was kept secret at the time; but it an exhibition of zeal in the “Fusion” was afterward proclaimed by Gov. cause, were quietly told: “What you wise that, had Fremont been elected, are doing looks not to the end we de- he would have marched at the head sire: we want Lincoln elected.” In of twenty thousand men to Washingno Slave State did the supporters of ton, and taken possession of the CapiBreckinridge unite in any “Fusion" tol, preventing by force Fremont's movement whatever; and it was a inauguration at that place. very open secret that the friends In the same spirit, a meeting of of Breckinridge' generally--at all the prominent politicians of South

1 The Washington Star, then a Breckinridge ism, as being far more dangerous to the South organ, noticing, in September, 1860, the conver- than the election of Lincoln; because it seeks to sion of Senator Clingman, of North Carolina,

create a Free-Soil party there; while, if Lin

coln triumphs, the result cannot fail to be a from the support of Douglas to that of Breckin

South united in her own defense--the only key ridge, said:

to a full' and—we sincerely believe-a peaceful “While we congratulate him on the fact that and happy solution of the political problem of his eyes are at length open to the (to the South) the Slavery question.' dangerous tendency of the labors of Douglas, Columns like the above might be quoted from we hail his conversion as an evidence of the

the Breckinridge journals of the South, showtruth of our oft-repeated declaration, that, ere the first Monday in November, every honest

ing that they regarded the success of Douglas and unselfish Democrat throughout the South as the great peril, to be defeated at all hazwill be found arrayed against Douglas-Freesoil- | ards.

4

we were tried.

Carolina was held at the residence of very existence, depends upon our action. Senator Hammond, near Augusta, peril, to the Roman consuls, to take care

It was the old injunction, in times of great on the 25th of October, 1860. Gov. that the Republic sustained no detriment; Gist, ex-Gov. Adams, ex-Speaker this charge and injunction is now addressed

All that is dear and precious to this Orr, and the entire delegation to people-life, fortune, name, and history-all Congress, except Mr. Miles, who was is committed to our keeping for weal or for kept away by sickness, were present, woe, for honor or for shame. Let us do our

part, so that those who come after us shall with many other men of mark. By acknowledge that we were not unworthy of this cabal, it was unanimously re- the great trusts devolved upon us, and not solved that South Carolina should unequal to the great exigencies by which

Above all things, let us be secede from the Union in the event of one mind. We are all agreed as to our of Lincoln's then almost certain elec- wrongs. Let us sacrifice all differences of tion. Similar meetings of kindred upon the altar of patriotism, and for the

Similar meetings of kindred opinion, as to the time and mode of remedy, spirits were held simultaneously, or sake of the great cause. soon afterward, in Georgia, Alabama, human power can withstand or break down

will be our strength, physical and moral. No Mississippi, Florida, and probably a united people

, standing upon their own other Slave States. By these meet- soil and defending their homes and firesides.

May we be so united, and may the great ings, and by the incessant interchange Governor of men and of nations inspire our of messages, letters, and visits, the en- hearts with courage, and inform our undertire slaveholding region had been standings with wisdom, and lead us in the

way of honor and of safety." prepared, so far as possible, for disunion in the event of a Republican, Gov. Gist (whose term expired if not also of a Douglas, triumph. with the current year) communicated

to both Houses his Annual Message, The Legislature of South Carolina immediately on their organization. does not regularly meet until the It is as follows: fourth Monday in November; but, the recent act of Congress requiring - Gentlemen of the Senate

and flouse of Representatives : a choice of Presidential Electors prior

“ The act of Congress, passed in the year to that time, Gov. Gist had good 1846, enacts that the electors of President reason for calling the Legislature of and Vice-President shall be appointed on the 1860 to meet in advance of the regu- month of November, of the year in which

Tuesday next after the first Monday of the lar day. It met, according to his they are to be appointed. The annual summons, at Columbia, on Monday, meeting of the Legislature of South Carolina,

by a constitutional provision, will not take Nov. 5 (the day before the choice of place until the fourth Monday in November Presidential Electors throughout the instant. I have considered it my duty, Union), when Mr. W. D. Porter, of under the authority conferred upon me to

convene the Legislature on extraordinary Charleston, was chosen President of occasions, to convene you, that you may, on the Senate. On taking the Chair, to-morrow, appoint the number of Electors

of President and Vice-President to which he said :

Under ordinary circumstances, your hides the future from our sight; but we duty could be soon discharged by the elechave all an instinctive feeling that we are on tion of Electors representing the choice of the eve of great events. His Excellency,

His Excellency, the people of the State; but, in view of the the Governor, in the terms of his call

, has threatening aspect of affairs, and the strong summoned us to take action, if advisable, probability of the election to the Presidency for the safety and protection of the State. of a sectional candidate, by a party commitHeretofore, we have consulted for its conve- ted to the support of measures, which, if nience and well-being; now, its destiny, its carried out, will inevitably destroy our

"EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, "COLUMBIA, S. C., Nov. 5, 1860.

this State is entitled.

"I do not seek now to lift the veil that

GIST AND CHESNUT URGE SECESSION.

331

equality in the Union, and ultimately reduce officers chosen by themselves, and hold the Southern States to mere provinces of a

themselves in readiness to be called on upon consolidated despotism, to be governed by a the shortest notice. With this preparation fixed majority in Congress hostile to our in- for defense, and with all the hallowed memostitutions, and fatally bent upon our ruin, I ries of past achievements, with our love of would respectfully suggest that the Legisla- liberty, and hatred of tyranny, and with the ture remain in session, and take such action knowledge that we are contending for the as will prepare the State for any emergency safety of our homes and firesides, we can that may arise.

confidently appeal to the Disposer of all "That an exposition of the will of the human events, and safely trust our cause in people may be obtained on a question in- His keeping.

WM. H. GIST.' volving such momentous consequences, I would earnestly recommend that, in the Mr. James Chesnut, Jr., one of the event of Abraham Lincoln's election to the United States Senators from South Presidency, a Convention of the people of this State be immediately called, to consider Carolina, was among the large numand determine for themselves the mode and ber of leading politicians in attendmeasure of redress. My own opinions of

ance at the opening of the legislative what the Convention should do are of little moment; but, believing that the time session. He was known as a zealous has arrived when every one, however hum- advocate of Secession, and as such ble he may be, should express his opinions in unmistakable language, I am constrained

was serenaded on the evening of Noto say that the only alternative left, in my vember 5th, aforesaid. Being called judginent, is the secession of South Carolina out to speak, Mr. Chesnut (as reportfrom the Federal Union. The indications from many of the Southern States justify ed by telegraph to The Charleston the conclusion that the secession of South Courier) said: : Carolina will be immediately followed, if not adopted simultaneously, by them, and "Before the setting of to-morrow's sun, ultimately by the entire South. The long- in all human probability, the destiny of this desired coöperation of the other States hav- confederated Republic would be decided. ing similar institutions, for which so many He solemnly thought, in all human probaof our citizens have been waiting, seems to bility, that the Republican party would be near at hand; and, if we are true to our- triumph in the election of LINCOLN as Presiselves, will soon be realized. The State has, dent. In that event, the lines of our enewith great unanimity declared that she has mies seem to be closing around us; but the right peaceably to secede, and no power they must be broken. They might see in on earth can rightfully prevent it.

the hurried paths of these starched men of "If, in the exercise of arbitrary power, livery the funeral cortege of the Constitution and forgetful of the lessons of history, the of the country. Peace, hope, independence, Government of the United States should at- liberty, power, and the prosperity of Sovetempt coërcion, it will become our solemn reign States, may be draped as chief mournduty to meet force by force; and, whatever ers; still, in the rear of this procession, may be the decision of the Convention, rep- there is the light of the glorious past, from resenting the Sovereignty of the State, and which they might rekindle the dying blaze amenable to no earthly tribunal, it shall, of their own altars. We see it all—know it during the remainder of my administration, all—feel it all; and, with heaven's help, we be carried out to the letter, regardless of will meet it all. any hazard that may surround its execution. 'It was evident that we had arrived at the

“I would also respectfully recommend a initial point of a new departure. We have thorough reorganization of the Militia, so two ways before us, in one of which, wheas to place the whole military force of the ther we will or not, we must tread; for, in State in a position to be used at the shortest the event of this issue, there would be no notice, and with the greatest efficiency. repose. In both lie dangers, difficulties, and Every man in the State, between the ages troubles, which no human foresight can of eighteen and forty-five, should be well foreshadow or perceive; but they are not. armed with the most efficient weapons of equal in magnitude. One is beset with humodern warfare, and all the available means miliation, dishonor, émeutes, rebellionsof the State used for that purpose.

with submission, in the beginning, to all, "In addition to this general preparation, and at all times, and confiscation and slavery I would recommend that the services of ten in the end. The other, it is true, has its thousand volunteers be immediately accept- difficulties and trials, but no disgrace. Hope, ed; that they be organized and drilled by duty, and honor, shine along the path. Hope

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