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Their duty It shall be the duty of the said commissioners to and powers. meet at the places where the said land offices are by
this act established, respectively, on or before the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and five; and each board shall, in their respective districts, have power to hear, in a summary manner, all matters respecting such claims; also to compel the attendance of witnesses, to administer oaths, and examine witnesses, and such other testimony as may be adduced, and to decide thereon according to jus
tice and equity, which decision shall be laid before To report, Congress in the manner herein after directed, and be their proceed.
- subject to their decision thereon. The said boards, ings to Con.. gress. respectively, shall have power to appoint a clerk, May appoint whose duty it shall be to enter in a book to be kept clerks, their for that purpose, full and correct minutes of their Books and proceedings and decisions, together with the evidence papers to be on which such decisions are made ; which books and lodged in the papers, on the dissolution of the boards, shall be de. offices of the
posited in the respective offices of the registers of the registers of the land offi- land offices; and the said clerk shall prepare two ces: transcripts of all the decisions made by the said com. Clerks to pre missioners in favor of the claimants to land, both of pare transcripts of the
f the which shall be signed by the said commissioners, and decisions of one of which shall be transmitted to the surveyor ge. the boards. neral, and the other to the secretary of the treasury ; to be done
"" and the lands, the claims to which shall have been with them. thus affirmed by the commissioners, shall not be Commission, otherwise disposed of, until the decision of Congress
to make thereupon shall have been made. It shall likewise report to the
retard of be the duty of the said commissioners to make to the the treasury secretary of the treasury, a full report of all the claims of the claims filed with the register of the proper land office, as rejected by a
above directed, which they may have rejected, tothe substance gether with the substance of the evidence adduced in of the evi support thereof, and such remarks thereon as they dence addu.
may think proper; which reports, together with the ced in their
transcripts of the decisions of the commissioners in To be by him favor of claimants, shall be laid by the secretary of laid before the treasury before Congress at their next ensuing Congress.
: session. Each of the commissioners and clerks aforeCompensa
the said, shall be allowed a compensation of five huncommission- dred dollars in full for his services as such; and each ers and clerks. of the said clerks, shall, previous to his entering or
tion to the
the duties of his office, take and subscribe the fol. lowing oath or affirmation, to wit: “I,
Official oath do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will truly of the clerks and faithfully discharge the duties of a clerk to the board of commissioners for examining the claims to land, as enjoined by an act of Congress, intituled, “ An act making provision for the disposal of the public lands in the Indiana territory; and for other purposes."
Sec. 4. The lands lying within the districts of VIII. 102. Vincennes, Kaskaskias and Detroit, which are claim. 3d March, ed by virtue of French or British grants, legally and Lands in the fully executed, or by virtue of grants issued under districts of the authority of any former act of Congress, by ei
&c. claimed ther of the governors of the North West or Indiana territories, and which had already been surveyed by or British a person authorised to execute such surveys, shall, grants, &c. whenever it shall be found necessary to re-survey the
resurveyed at same, for the purpose of ascertaining the adjacent the expense vacant lands, be surveyed at the expense of the Uni- of the United ted States ; any act to the contrary notwithstanding. States. Sec. 5. Persons claiming lands in either of the said
Claimants of three districts, either under legal grants derived from lands to the French or British governments, or by virtue of notice in wriactual possession and improvement, or for any other ting to the reaccount whatever, may until the first day of. Novem- 5
their claims, bér next, give notice in writing, to the register of the and have evi. land office of their claims, and have the evidence of dence recordthe same recorded, in the manner and on payment of ed. the fees provided by the act* to which this act is a supplement; and the right of any person neglecting to give such notice in writing of his claim, and to have the evidence of the same recorded, shall become void and forever be barred.
The commissioners appointed for the purpose of Powers, dúexamining the claims of persons claiming lands in the ties, &c. &c. said three districts, shall, in their respective districts, missioners, have the same powers, and perform the same duties in relation to the claims thus filed, as if notice of the same had been given before the first day of January last ; and as was provided by the act to which this act
* Viz: The preceding act of 26th March, 1804.
is a supplement, in relation to the claims thereiu deand of the scribed. It shall be the duty likewise of the clerk of clerk. each board, to prepare two transcripts of all the deci.
sions made by the said commissioners in favor of the
claimants, and to transmit one to the surveyor general Further du- and one to the secretary of the treasury. It shall also ties of the
m. be the duty of the said commissioners, respectively, commissioners.
to make to the secretary of the treasury a report of all the claims filed with the register of the land office, which they may have rejected, together with the substance of the evidence adduced in support thereof, and such remarks thereon as they may think proper; and they shall, in relation to any such rejected claims which were founded on possession and actual settlement and improvement, particularly state the date of
the improvement and the quantity, situation and bounTheir reports daries of the land claimed Those reports, together
and be with the transcripts of the decisions of the commis.' fore, and revised by
sioners, in favor of claimants, shall be laid by the seCongress. cretary of the treasury before Congress at their next
session : and the lands, the claims to which shall have been affirmed by the commissioners, as well as those, the claims to which, though rejected by the commis. sioners, were derived from actual possession, improvement and settlement, shall not be otherwise dis. posed of until the decision of Congress thereupon
shall have been made. Each of the said commissionCompensations of the ers, and each of the clerks of the respective boards, commission. shall be allowed an additional compensation of five
clerks hundred dollars, in full for his services as such in reand registers of land olli lation to such claims; and each of the registers of the
land offices for the said three districts, shall be allowed a further sum of five hundred dollars, as a compensa. tion in full for translating and recording, or causing to be translated and recorded, grants, deeds or other evidences of claims in the French language.
Sec. 1. The governor and the judges of the terriIX. 43. 21st April. tory of Michigan, shall be, and they, or any three of 1806. them, are hereby authorised to lay out a town, includ. A town to be ing the whole of the old town of Detroit, and ten
thousand acres adjacent, excepting such parts as the
President of the United States shall direct to be rė, the governor served for the use of the military department, and and judges of shall hear, examine and finally adjust all claims to lots Tides to lots
Michigan therein, and give deeds for the same. And to every to be adjustperson, or the legal representative or representatives ed and settled of every person, who not owing or professing allegi.
B, Lots to be ance to any foreign power, and being above the age of given to acseventeen years, did, on the eleventh day of June, one tual settlers thousand eight hundred and five, when the old town of the town
of Detroit of Detroit was burnt, own or inhabit a house in the when it was same, there shall be granted by the governor and the burnt, if they judges aforesaid, or any three of them, and where were citizens they shall judge most proper, a lot not exceeding the quantity of five thousand square feet.
Sec. 2. The land remaining of the said ten thousand Land acres, after satisfying claims provided for by the pre- posed of to be çeding section, shall be disposed of by the governor sold. and judges aforesaid, at their discretion, to the best advantage, who are hereby authorised to make deeds to purchasers thereof; and the proceeds of the lands so disposed of, shall be applied by the governor and judges aforesaid, towards building a court house and Court. jail in the town of Detroit ; and the said governor and buili with the
and jail to be judges are required to make a report to Congress, in proceeds. writing, of their proceedings under this act.
of the United States.
Sec. 1. All the decisions made by the commission- IX. 79. ers appointed for the purpose of examining the claims 3d March, of persons claiming lands in the district of Detroit,
n the district 01 Detroit, Decisions of in favor of such claimants as entered in the transcript commission, of decisions which have been transmitted by the said ers in favor commissioners, to the secretary of the treasury, ac. °
ants in Decording to law, be, and the same are hereby confirm- Troit district
confirmed. Sec. 2. To every person or persons in the actual Persons unpossession, occupancy and improvement, of any tract der certain or parcel of land, in his, her, or their own right, at circumstan
ces in the the time of the passing of this act, within that part of occupation of the territory of Michigan, to which the Indian title land in Mi. has been extinguished, and which said tract or parcel chigan, to
which Indian of land was setuled, occupied and improved, by him,, her or them, prior to and on the first day of July, one extinguished,
confirmed in thousand seven hundred and ninety-six, or by some of estates of
as other person or persons, under whom he, she or they inheritance, hold or claim the right to the occupancy or possession in fee simple. thereof, and which said occupancy or possession has
been continued to the time of the passing of this act; the said.tract or parcel of land thus possessed, occupied and improved, shall be granted, and such occupant or occupants shall be confirmed in the title to the same, as
an estate of inheritance, in fee simple ; Provided howProviso.
ever, That no other claims shall be confirmed, by vir. tue of this section, than such as have been entered with the register of the land office of Detroit, within the time, and in the manner provided by law, and by the commissioners aforesaid, have been inserted in their report, transmitted as aforesaid ; nor shall more than one tract or parcel of land be thus granted to any one person, and the same shall not contain more than
the quantity claimed, nor more than six hundred and Proviso. forty acres : And provided also, That the same shall
not extend to any tract heretofore reserved, or which may by the President of the United States, be set aside for public uses, in the town of Detroit and its vicinity, or on the island of Michilimackinac.
Sec. 3. The secretary of the territory of Michigan, Secretary of Michigan, together with the register and receiver of public mo. and the regis- nies of the land office of Detroit, shall be commissionter and re. ers for the purpose of ascertaining and deciding on ceiver of public monies of the rights of persons claiming the benefit of this act: the land of and the said commissioners shall, previous to entering fice of De on the duties of their appointment, respectively take
and subscribe the following oath or affirmation, before commissioners for claims, some person qualified to administer the same: I, &c. do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will impartially Their oath of exercise and discharge the duties imposed upon me, office.
by an act of Congress, entitled “ An act regulating the grants of land in the territory of Michigan.” And it shall be the duty of the said commissioners to meet at the town of Detroit, on or before the first day of July next, and they shall not adjourn to any other place, or for any longer time, than three days, until
the first day of January next, or until they shall have Powers and completed the business of their appointment. And
ne the said commissioners, or a majority of them, shall commission
have power to hear and decide in a summary manner,