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386.... On arriving at the regimental or garrison parade, the commander of the old guard will send the detachments composing it, under charge of the non-commissioned officers, to their respective regiments. Before the men are dismissed, their pieces will be drawn or discharged at a target. On rejoining their companions, the chiefs of squads will examine the arms, &c., of their men, and cause the whole to be put away in good order.
387.... When the old guard has marched off fifty paces, the officer of the new guard will order his men to stack their arms, or place them in the arm-racks.
388. ... The commander of the guard will then make himself acquainted with all the instructions for his post, visit the sentinels, and question them and the non-commissioned officers relative to the instructions they may have received from other persons of the old guard.
389.... Sentinels will be relieved every two hours, unless the state of the weather, or other causes, should make it necessary or proper that it be done at shorter or longer intervals.
390.... Each relief, before mounting, is inspected by the commander of the guard or of its post. The Corporal reports to him, and presents the old relief on its return.
391. ... The countersign, or watchword, is given to such persons as are entitled to pass during the night, and to officers, non-commissioned officers, and sentinels of the guard. Interior guards receive the countersign only when ordered by the commander of the troops.
392... The parole is imparted to such officers only as have a right to visit the guards, and to make the grand rounds; and to officers commanding guards.
393. ...As soon as the new guard has been marched off, the officer of the day will repair to the office of the commanding officer and report for orders.
394.... The officer of the day must see that the officer of the guard is furnished with the parole and countersign before retreat.
395.... The officer of the day visits the guards during the day at such times as he may deem necessary, and makes his rounds at night at least once after 12 o'clock.
396.... Upon being relieved, the officer of the day will make such remarks in the report of the officer of the guard as circumstances require, and present the same at head-quarters.
397....Commanders of guards leaving their posts to visit their
sentinels, or on other duty, are to mention their intention, and the probable time of their absence, to the next in command.
398. ... The officers are to remain constantly at their guards, except while visiting their sentinels, or necessarily engaged elsewhere on their proper duty.
399.... Neither officers nor soldiers are to take off their clothing or accoutrements while they are on guard.
400. ... The officer of the guard must see that the countersign is duly communicated to the sentinels a little before twilight.
401. ... When a fire breaks out, or any alarm is raised in a garrison, all guards are to be immediately under arms.
402.... Inexperienced officers are put on guard as supernumeraries, for the purpose of instruction.
403....Sentinels will not take orders or allow themselves to be relieved, except by an officer or non-commissioned officer of their guard or party, the officer of the day, or the commanding officer; in which case the orders will be immediately notified to the commander of the guard by the officer giving them.
404.... Sentinels will report every breach of orders or regulations they are instructed to enforce.
405.... Sentinels must keep themselves on the alert, observing every thing that takes place within sight and hearing of their post. They will carry their arms habitually at support, or on either shoulder, but will never quit them. In wet weather, if there be no sentry-box, they will secure arms.
406....No sentinel shall quit his post or hold conversation not necessary to the proper discharge of his duty.
407.... All persons, of whatever rank in the service, are required to observe respect toward sentinels.
408. ...In case of disorder, a sentinel must call out the guard ; and if a fire take place, he must cry—“ Fire!" adding the number of his post. If in either case the danger be great, he must discharge his firelock before calling out.
409.... It is the duty of a sentinel to repeat all calls made from posts more distant from the main body of the guard than his own, and no sentinel will be posted so distant as not to be heard by the guard, either directly or through other sentinels.
410.... Sentinels will present arms to general and field officers, to the officer of the day, and to the commanding officer of the post. To all other officers they will carry arms.
411.... When a sentinel in his sentry-box sees an officer approaching, he will stand at attention, and as the officer passes will salute him,
by bringing the left hand briskly to the musket, as high as the right shoulder.
412. ... The sentinel at any post of the guard, when he sees any body of troops, or an officer entitled to compliment, approach, must call_"Turnout the guard !” and announce who approaches.
413.... Guards not turn out as a matter of compliment after sunset; but sentinels will, when officers in uniform approach, pay them proper attention, by facing to the proper front, and standing steady at shouldered, arins. This will be observed until the evening is so far advanced that the sentinels begin challenging.
414.... After retreat (or the hour appointed by the commanding officer), until broad daylight, a sentinel challenges every person who approaches him, taking, at the same time, the position of arms port. He will suffer no person to come nearer than within reach of his bayonet, until the person has given the countersign.
415....A sentinel, in challenging, will call out—" Who comes there?" If answered—“Friend, with the countersign," and he be instructed to pass persons with the countersign, he will reply—“Advance, friend, with the countersign!" If answered—“ Friends !" he will reply—“Halt, friends! Advance one with the countersign!" If :swered—“Relief,” “Patrol,” or “ Grand rounds,” he will reply “Halt ! Advance, Sergeant (or Corporal), with the countersign !" and satisfy himself that the party is what it represents itself to be. If he have no authority to pass persons with the countersign, if the wrong countersign be given, or if the persons have not the countersign, he will cause them to stand, and call—“Corporal of the guard !"
416.... In the daytime, when the sentinel before the guard sees the officer of the day approach, he will call" Turn out the guard ! Officer of the day." The guard will be paraded, and salute with presented
417.... When any person approaches a post of the guard at night, the sentinel before the post, after challenging, causes him to halt until examined by a non-commissioned officer of the guard. If it be the officer of the day, or any other officer entitled to inspect the guard and to make the rounds, the non-commissioned officer will call“ Turn out the guard !” when the guard will be paraded at shouldered arms, and the officer of the guard, if he thinks necessary, may demand the countersign and parole.
418. ... The officer of the day, wishing to make the rounds, will take an escort of a non-commissioned officer and two men. When the rounds are challenged by a sentinel, the Sergeant will answer “Grand rounds !” and the sentinel will reply—" Halt, grand rounds!
Advance, Sergeant, with the countersign !" Upon which the Sergeant advances and gives the countersign. The sentinel will then cry“Advance, rounds !" and stand at a shoulder till they have passed.
419.... When the sentinel before the guard challenges, and is answered—“Grand rounds," he will reply—-* Halt, grand rounds! Turn out the guard ; grand rounds !” Upon which the guard will be drawn up at shouldered arms. The officer commanding the guard will then order a Sergeant and two men to advance; when within ten paces, the Sergeant challenges. The Sergeant of the grand rounds answers—“Grand rounds!” The Sergeant of the guard replies “ Advance, Sergeant, with the countersign!” The Sergeant of the rounds advances alone, gives the countersign, and returns to his round. The Sergeant of the guard calls to his officer—" The courtersign is right !” on which the officer of the guard calls—"Advance, rounds !" The officer of the rounds then advances alone, the guard standing at shouldered arms. The officer of the rounds passes along the front of the guard to the officer, who keeps his post on the right, and gives him the parole. He then examines the guard, orders back his escort, and, taking a new one, proceeds in the same manner to other guards.
420.... All material instructions given to a sentinel on post by persons entitled to make grand rounds, ought to be promptly notified to the commander of the guard.
421. ...Any General officer, or the commander of a post or garrison, may visit the guards of his command, and go the grand rounds, and be received in the same manner as prescribed for the officer of the day.
ORDERS AND CORRESPONDENCE. 422. ... The orders of commanders of armies, divisions, brigades, regiments, are denominated orders of such army, division, &c., and are either general or special. Orders are numbered, general and special, in separate series, each beginning with the year.
423.... General orders announce the time and place of issues and payments; hours for roll-calls and duties; the number and kind of orderlies, and the time when they shall be relieved; police regulations, and the prohibitions required by circumstances and localities; returns to be made, and their forms ; laws and regulations for the army ; promotions and appointments; eulogies or censures to corps or individuals, and generally, whatever it may be important to make known to the whole command.