Child-labor Bill: Hearings Before the Committee on Labor, House of Representatives, Sixty-third Congress, Second Session, on H.R. 12292, a Bill to Prevent Interstate Commerce in the Products of Child Labor, and for Other Purposes, Volúmenes1-2
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1914 - 82 páginas
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administrative amendment American answer apply argument authority become believe bill BRINTON carried cent CHAIRMAN child labor clause committee considered Constitution contracts cotton dangerous decisions direct District duty effect employed employees employment enforcement establishments exclude exercise exists exploited expressed extent fact factory Federal Government foreign give going hours a day important industry injure inspection inspector instance interstate commerce Justice kind legal age legislation LEWIS limit lottery manufacturing matter means measure merce mills mines moral North Carolina objection PALMER particular pass Pennsylvania person possible power of Congress power to regulate present principle prohibit proposition protect provision quarries question reason reference regard regulate commerce REPRESENTATIVES require Secretary ship shipment South standard statement Supreme Court Swift thing tion transportation true United violation Virginia
Página 32 - Bureau shall investigate and report . . . upon all matters pertaining to the welfare of children and child life among all classes of our people...
Página 14 - ... The people have declared that, in the exercise of all powers given for these objects, it is supreme. It can, then, in effecting these objects, legitimately control all individuals or governments within the American territory. The constitution and laws of a state, so far as they are repugnant to the constitution and laws of the United States, are absolutely void. These states are constituent parts of the United States. They are members of one great empire. — for some purposes sovereign, for...
Página 15 - The limitations which this statute places upon her contractual powers, upon her right to agree with her employer as to the time she shall labor, are not imposed solely for her benefit, but also largely for the benefit of all.
Página 19 - And here is the limit between the sovereign power of the State and the federal power. That is to say, that which does not belong to commerce is within the jurisdiction of the police power of the State; and that which does belong to commerce is within the jurisdiction of the United States.
Página 44 - Q. Was it an opinion in America before 1763, that the parliament had no right to lay taxes and duties there? A. I never heard any objection to the right of laying duties to regulate commerce; but a right to lay internal taxes was never supposed to be in parliament, as we are not represented there.
Página 49 - Gibbons v. Ogden, 9 Wheat. 1, 196, 6 L. ed. 23, 70, where he said: "We are now arrived at the inquiry, What is this power? It is the power to regulate; that is, to prescribe the rule by which commerce is to be governed. This power, like all others vested in Congress, is complete in itself, may be exercised to its utmost extent, and acknowledges no limitations other than are prescribed in the Constitution.
Página 15 - That the constitutional power of Congress to regulate commerce among the States and with foreign nations comprehends power to regulate contracts between the shipper and the carrier of an interstate shipment by defining the liability of the carrier for loss, delay, injury or damage to such property, needs neither argument nor citation of authority.
Página 20 - Our dual form of government has its perplexities, State and nation having different spheres of jurisdiction, as we have said, but it must be kept in mind that we are one people, and the powers reserved to the States and those conferred on the nation are adapted to be exercised, whether independently or concurrently, to promote the general welfare, material and moral.
Página 9 - ... and sixteen years have been employed or permitted to work more than eight hours in any day, or more than six days in any week, or after the hour of seven o'clock PM or before the hour of 6 o'clock AM?
Página 16 - That body [Congress] has the right not only to pass laws which shall regulate legitimate commerce among the states and with foreign nations, but has full power to keep the channels of such commerce free from the transportation of illicit or harmful articles, to make such as are injurious to the public health outlaws of such commerce and to bar them 18 from the facilities and privileges thereof.