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HEARINGS
4.5. Congreso. Horre BEFORE THE
SCOMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

CARD DIVISION
EIGHTIETH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

THE OPERATION OF THE TRADE AGREEMENTS ACT
AND THE PROPOSED INTERNATIONAL

TRADE ORGANIZATION

PART 1
MARCH 26, 28, AND 29, 1947

Printed for the use of the Committee on Ways and Means

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COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS

HAROLD KNUTSON, Minnesota, Chair man DANIEL A. REED, New York

ROBERT L, DOUGHTON, North Carolina ROY O. WOODRUFF, Michigan .

JERE COOPER, Tennessee THOMAS A. JENKINS, Ohio

JOHN D. DINGELL, Michigan BERTRAND W. GEARHART, California MILTON H. WEST, Texas RICHARD M. SIMPSON, Pennsylvania

WILBUR D. MILLS, Arkansas ROBERT W. KEAN, New Jersey

NOBLE J. GREGORY, Kentucky CHARLES L. GIFFORD, Massachusetts

A. SIDNEY CAMP, Georgia CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska

WALTER A. LYNCH, New York NOAH M. MASON, Illinois

AIME J. FORAND, Rhode Island THOMAS E. MARTIN, Iowa

HERMAN P. EBERHARTER, Pennsylvania
ROBERT A. GRANT, Indiana
HAL HOLMES, Washington
HUBERT S. ELLIS, West Virginia
JOHN W. BYRNES, Wisconsin

JAMES A. TAWNEY, Clerk
T. J. POLSKY, Assistant Clerk

A5755
copy 2

CONTENTS

36

Statement by-

Page

Clayton, Hon. William L., C'nder Secretary of State for Economic

Affairs...

::---. 1, 253

Knutson, Hon. Harold, a Representative from the State of Minnesota. 241

Reed, Hon, Daniel A., a Representative from the State of New York..

254

Briefs, statements, letters, and other information supplied for the informa-

tion of the committee:

Committee for Reciprocity Information, letter in regard to briefs filed

with..

Concessions obtained in reciprocal trade agreements on agricultural

products.

Cummings, Mrs. Malcolm E., letter from..
Customs collected per capita in United States and leading countries,
1929

217

Delegation to the second meeting at Geneva, list of members.

243

Dutiable tariff items, list of most important, etc.---.

247

Export-Import Bank, summary of loans and authorizations, 1946.-- 176

Glossary of International Trade Organization charter...---..

267

Heming, Lucile W., director, League of Women Voters, statement..

International Trade Organization of the United Nations, suggested

charter...

(Inserted in whole with “Foreword” and original "Table of con-

tents.” Original page numbers appear in brackets at top of

page.)

International Trade Organization of the United Nations, preliminary

draft of charter.

(Inserted in whole with "Foreword” and original “Table of

contents.” Original page numbers appear in brackets at top

of page.)

Juggling figures and contorting facts to justify trade-agreements
program, remarks by Mr. Gearhart, of California. -

238

Mitigation of trade barriers in trade agreements.

156

Canada.--

156

United Kingdom.---

157

France.-

158

Belgium-Luxembur

159

Netherlands

159

Switzerland.

160

Finland

160

Sweden.

161

Turkey.

161

Brazil....

162

Cuba...

163

Colombia

163

Costa Rica

164

Ecuador.-

Haiti....

165

Honduras..

165

Guatemala

165

Nicaragua

166

El Salvador.

166

Venezuela....

Argentina. -----

Peru.-----------

Uruguay..-...-----

167

RECIPROCAL TRADE AGREEMENTS PROGRAM

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 26, 1947

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS,

Washington, D. C. The committee met at 10 a. m., pursuant to notice, in the hearing room of the Committee on Ways and Means, New House Office Building, Hon. Harold Knutson (chairman) presiding.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order..

If Vír. Clayton is here, I will ask him to come forward. Will you give your name and position to the reporter, please? STATEMENT OF HON. WILLIAM L. CLAYTON, UNDER SECRETARY

OF STATE FOR ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Mr. CLAYTON. My name is William L. Clayton, Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, Department of State.

The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Clayton, we are glad to have you with us again. Our purpose in opening the hearings at this time is to give you an opportunity to appear before the committee before you leave for Geneva. We have no disposition to delay matters at all, and I say again we are glad to have you before us.

Mr. REED. I would like to ask: When do you expect to leave for Geneva?

Mr. CLAYTON. I think I personally will leave on the 8th of April. The principal part of the delegation will leave on the 5th or 6th of April.

Mr. REED. May I ask just how large your delegation will be?

Mr. CLAYTON. I think about 80. Counting the secretarial service, stenographers, and so on, I think it will be about 100.

Mr. EBERHARTER. Mr. Chairman, I wonder if the chairman would state for the record just what the purpose of these hearings is, or for what purpose these hearings are being held. We have nothing before us this morning at all. We have no resolution and we do not have a bill and we have no understanding of the purpose of these hearings.

The CHAIRMAN. It was clearly stated at a previous meeting that we would open hearings on the reciprocal trade law, the way it has been administered, and also to get some information if we can from the State Department as to what it contemplates doing at Geneva. Of course, we wanted to get some information regarding this International Trade Organization they are planning to set up during the conference. The Chair was under the impression that it was quite generally understood among the membership because it has been discussed.

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