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Article 60. Executive Board-Powers and Duties
1. The Executive Board shall be responsible for the execution of the policies of the Organization and shall exercise the powers delegated to it by the Conference. It shall review the activities of the Commissions provided for in this Charter, and shall take such action upon their recommendations as it may deem appropriate. It shall provide adequate machinery to review the work of the Organization as it relates to industrialization and general economic development.
2. The Executive Board may make recommendations to the Conference, to Members of the Organization, or to other international organizations, on any subject falling within the scope of the Organization, and shall approve the preliminary agenda of the Conference.
3. The Executive Board shall recommend to the Conference the admission of new Members of the Organization.
4. The Executive Board may refer to the Commissions such questions as it may deem appropriate.
SECTION E. THE COMMISSIONS
Article 61. Establishment of Commissions The Conference shall establish a Commission on Commercial Policy, a Commission on Business Practices, and a Commodity Commission, and may establish such other commissions as may be required. These Commissions shall be responsible to the Executive Board.
Article 62. Composition and Procedure of Commissions
1. The Commissions shall be composed of persons appointed by the Executive Board who are qualified by training or experience to carry out the functions of the Commissions in accordance with the
purposes of the Organization.
2. The number of members of each Commission and the conditions of office of the members of each Commission shall be determined in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Conference.
3. Each Commission shall elect its Chairman and adopt its own rules of procedure, subject to approval by the Executive Board.
4. The Chairmen of the Commissions shall be entitled to participate, without the right to vote, in the deliberations of the Executive Board and of the Conference.
5. As set forth more fully in Article 71, the Organization may make arrangements for representatives of other public international organizations having a special interest in the activities of any of the Commissions to participate in the work of such Commissions, pursuant to agreements with these organizations.
Article 63. General Functions of Commissions The Commissions shall have the functions set forth in Articles 64, 65 and 66, and shall perform such other functions as the Conference or the Executive Board may assign to them, including such functions as the Executive Board may deem appropriate in connection with the settlement of disputes.
Article 64. Functions of Commission on Commercial Policy The Commission on Commercial Policy shall have the following functions:
1. To investigate and to advise the Executive Board regarding the operation of treaties, agreements, practices and policies affecting international trade.
2. To investigate and to advise the Executive Board regarding the economic aspects of specific proposals involving the exercise by the Organization of the functions described in paragraph 3(a) of Article 50 and paragraph 2 of Article 55.
3. To investigate and to advise the Executive Board regarding the economic aspects of proposed customs unions.
4. To develop and to recommend to the Executive Board programs designed to further the objectives of the Organization in the general field of commercial policy, including cooperative projects of a technical nature in the field of commercial policy.
Article 65. Functions of Commission on Business Practices The Commission on Business Practices shall have the following functions:
1. To receive and consider written complaints concerning restrictive business practices in international trade, as provided in paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 35; to prescribe and call for information relative to such complaints and to notify Members of complaints received, in accordance with paragraph 3 of Article 35; to request data, conduct hearings and make determinations in accordance with paragraph 4 of Article 35 and on the basis thereof to refer to the Executive Board its recommendations for appropriate remedial measures, pursuant to paragraph 5 of Article 35; and to request reports from Members, and to prepare reports for publication by the Executive Board, in accordance with paragraphs 6 and 7 of Article 35.
2. To arrange special consultative conferences between particular Members and to assist in arranging consultations as requested by Members relative to particular complaints, as provided in paragraphs 8 and 9 of Article 35, and to make appropriate reports or recommendations to the Executive Board with reference to the results thereof.
3. To conduct studies relating to business practices which restrain competition, restrict access to markets or foster monopolistic control in international trade, or relating to international conventions or national laws and procedures designed to carry out the objectives of Article 34 or to those which may affect such objectives, pursuant to paragraph 1 of Article 36; and to make recommendations, when appropriate, to the Executive Board for action by Members.
4. To advise the Executive Board as to information, data, and other materials to be obtained from Members or other sources, required in the discharge of the duties and responsibilities of the Commission.
5. To facilitate intergovernmental arrangements for the international exchange, on a nondiscriminatory basis, of technological information not involving national security.
Article 66. Functions of Commodity Commission The Commodity Commission shall have the following functions:
1. To investigate commodity problems and arrangements proposed for solving them.
2. To recommend to the Executive Board appropriate courses of action relating to commodity problems, including recommendations for the establishment of Study Groups for particular commodities. Such Study Groups shall be established, pursuant to paragraph 1 of Article 42, by the Executive Board, upon the recommendation of the Commodity Commission, for the purpose of investigating problems with respect to particular commodities. The Study Groups shall include, in addition to representatives of interested countries, one or more members of the Commodity Commission or other persons designated by the Commission.
3. To advise the Executive Board whether a particular commodity is in burdensome surplus, subject to such procedures as may be established under paragraph 6 of Article 55.
4. To recommend to the Executive Board whether an intergovernmental conference should be convened pursuant to Article 43.
5. To designate members of the Commission, or others, to participate in an advisory capacity in the formulation of intergovernmental commodity agreements.
6. To advise the Executive Board whether or not intergovernmental .commodity agreements under consideration by Members conform to the principles set forth in Chapter VI and to make recommendations to the Executive Board thereon.
7. To approve the rules of procedure governing the activities of each Commodity Council.
8. To designate the Chairman and provide the Secretary for any Commodity Council established to administer an intergovernmental commodity agreement.
9. To receive reports from Commodity Councils; to maintain continuous review of the operation of intergovernmental commodity agreements in the light of the terms of the agreements, the commodity principles in Chapter VI of this Charter, and the general welfare; to investigate such matters in this connection as it may deem appropriate; and to make recommendations to the Executive Board with regard thereto.
SECTION F. THE SECRETARIAT
Article 67. Composition of Secretariat
The Secretariat shall consist of a Director General, three or more Deputy Directors General, and such staff as may be required.
Article 68. Director General
1. The Director General shall be appointed by the Conference upon the recommendation of the Executive Board. His powers, duties, terms and conditions of office shall be in accordance with regulations approved by the Conference. He shall be eligible for reappointment. He shall be the chief administrative officer of the Organization, subject to the general supervision of the Executive Board.
2. The Director General or a Deputy Director General designated by him shall participate, without the right to vote, in all meetings of the Conference and of the Executive Board. The Director General shall have authority to initiate proposals for the consideration of any organ of the Organization. He shall make an annual report to the Conference and to the Executive Board on the work of the Organization and shall prepare the annual budget for submission to the Conference.
Article 69. Deputy Directors General
1. Deputy Directors General shall be appointed by the Director General in accordance with regulations approved by the Conference. They shall be eligible for reappointment.
2. Deputy Directors General shall be ex officio members, without the right to vote, respectively of the Commission on Commercial Policy, the Commission on Business Practices, and the Commodity Commission, and shall, respectively, have charge of the work of the Secretariat related to the activities of these Commissions.
Article 70. Secretariat Staff
1. The Director General shall appoint the staff of the Secretariat and fix its duties and terms and conditions of service. The paramount consideration in the employment of the staff and in the determination of its conditions of service shall be the necessity of securing the highest standards of efficiency, competence and integrity.
2. The conditions of service, such as the provisions governing qualifications, salary, tenure and retirement of members of the staff of the Secretariat shall be fixed, so far as practicable, in conformity with those for members of the Secretariat of the United Nations and of other specialized agencies which -may be brought into relationship with the United Nations, as provided in Article 57 of the Charter of the United Nations.
SECTION G. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Article 71. Relations With Other Organizations 1. The Organization shall be brought into relationship with the United Nations, as soon as practicable, as one of the specialized agencies referred to in Article 57 of the Charter of the United Nations. This relationship shall be effected through an agreement with the United Nations under Article 63 of the Charter of the United Nations, which agreement shall be concluded by the Director General and approved by the Conference. The agreement shall provide for effective cooperation between the two organizations in the pursuit of their common purposes, and at the same time shall recognize the competence of the Organization within its jurisdiction as defined in this Charter. Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 75, any changes in this Charter required under the agreement which do not involve new obligations by Members shall be effective on approval of the agreement by the Conference.
2. The Organization shall cooperate with other international organizations whose interests and activities are related to its purposes, with particular reference to the importance of food and agriculture in relation to the subjects dealt with in Chapter VI. Effective working relationships with such organizations, which may include the establishment of joint committees or provision for reciprocal representa