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2. The Director General shall have authority to appoint such Deputy Directors General as he deems necessary. Such appointments shall be made in accordance with regulations approved by the Conference.
Article 79. The Director General
1. The Director General shall be appointed by the Conference upon the recommendation of the Executive Board. His powers, duties, terms, and conditions of office shall be in accordance with regulations approved by the Conference. He shall be the chief administrative officer of the Organization, subject to the general supervision of the Executive Board.
2. The Director General or a deputy designated by him shall participate, without the right to vote, in all meetings of the Conference, of the Executive Board, of the Commissions, and of committees of the Organization. The Director General shall have authority to initiate proposals for the consideration of any organ of the Organization. He shall make an annual report to the Conference and to the Executive Board on the work of the Organization and shall prepare the annual budget for submission to the Conference.
Article 80. Employment of Staff 1. The Director General shall appoint the staff of the Secretariat and fix its duties and terms and conditions of service in accordance with regulations approved by the Conference. The paramount consideration in the employment of the staff and in the determination of its conditions of service shall be the necessity of securing the highest standards of efficiency, competence, and integrity, due regard being paid to the importance of recruitment on as wide a geographical basis as possible.
2. The conditions of service, such as the provisions governing qualifications, salary, tenure, and retirement of members of the staff of the Secretariat shall be fixed, so far as practicable, in conformity with those for members of the Secretariat of the United Nations and of other specialized agencies which may be brought into relationship with the United Nations, as provided in article 57 of the Charter of the
SECTION G. Miscellaneous Provisions
Article 81. Relations With Other Organizations 1. The Organization shall be brought into relationship with the United Nations, as soon as practicable
, as one of the specialized agencies referred to in article 57 of the Charter of the United Nations. This relationship shall be effected through an agreement with the United Nations under article 63 of the Charter of the United Nations,
which agreement shall be concluded by the Director General and approved by the Conference. The agreement shall provide for effective cooperation between the two organizations in the pursuit of their common purposes, and at the same time shall recognize the competence of the Organization within its jurisdiction as defined in this Charter. Notwithstanding the provisions of article 85, any changes in this Charter required under the agreement which do not involve new obligations by Members shall be effective on approval of the agreement by the Conference.
2. The Organization shall cooperate with other intergovernmental organizations whose interests and activities are related to its purposes. Effective working relationships with such organizations, which may include the establishment of joint committees or provision for reciprocal representation at meetings, or such other measures as may be necessary to assure effective cooperation, may be established by the Director General. Formal arrangements for cooperation with such organizations may be entered into by the Executive Board.
3. The Organization may make suitable arrangements for consultation and cooperation with non-governmental organizations concerned with matters within its competence and may invite them to undertake specific tasks.
4. Whenever the Conference of this Organization and the competent authorities of any other international organization whose purposes and functions lie within the competence of this Organization deem it desirable to effect a transfer of its resources and functions to the Organization, to incorporate it into the Organization, or to bring it under the supervision or authority of the Organization, the Director General, subject to the approval of the Conference, may enter into mutually acceptable arrangements for this purpose. The Organization may acquire such resources and assume such functions of, or incorporate or exercise such control over, such other organization as may be provided by any convention or agreement appropriate to the purpose. In accordance with their respective constitutional procedures the Members shall take such steps as the Conference may determine to integrate such other international organizations into the structure of the Organization.
Article 82. International Responsibilities of Personnel of
the Organization 1. The responsibilities of the members of the commissions provided for in article 72, of the Director General, of the Deputy Directors General and of the staff shall be exclusively international in character. In the discharge of their duties, they shall not seek or receive instructions from any government or from any authority external to the Organization. They shall refrain from any action which might prejudice their position as international officials.
2. Each Member of the Organization undertakes to respect the international character of the responsibilities of these persons, and not to seek to influence them in the discharge of their duties.
Article 83. Legal Capacity of the Organization The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such legal capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfilment of its purposes.
Artide 84. Privileges and Immunities of the Organization 1. The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the fulfilment of its purposes.
2. Representatives of the Members of the Organization and its officials shall similarly enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in connection with the Organization.
3. The Conference may make recommendations with a view to determining the details of the application of paragraphs 1 and 2 and may propose conventions to the Members for this purpose.
Article 85. Amendments to the Charter 1. Amendments to this Charter shall become effective upon receiving the approval of the Conference by the affirmative votes of two thirds of its Members.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, those amendments which involve new obligations on the part of the Members of the Organization shall take effect upon acceptance on the part of two thirds of the Members for each Member accepting the amendments and thereafter for each remaining Member on acceptance by it. In such cases, the Conference may determine that any Member which has not accepted the amendment, within a period specified by the Conference, shall thereupon be obliged to withdraw from the Organization. In the absence of a determination that a Member shall be obliged to withdraw, a Member shall, notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of article 89, have the right to withdraw on due notice as provided in paragraph 2 of that article.
3. The Conference shall, by the affirmative votes of two thirds of its Members, adopt rules of procedure for carrying out the provisions
of this article.
Article 86. Interpretation and Settlement of Disputes 1. The Chinese, English, French, and Spanish texts of this Charter shall be regarded as equally authoritative.
2. Any question or difference concerning the interpretation of this. Charter or arising out of its operation shall be referred to the Executive Board for a ruling thereon.' The Executive Board may decide either to give a ruling on the matter itself or to refer it, with the consent of the parties, to arbitration upon such terms as may be agreed by the parties. Any ruling of the Executive Board shall, upon the request of any Member directly affected or, if the ruling is of general application, upon the request of any Member, be referred to the Conference.
3. Any justiciable issue arising out of a ruling of the Conference with respect to the interpretation of subparagraphs (c), (d), (e), or (k) of article 37 or of paragraph 2 of article 59 may be submitted by any party to the dispute to the International Court of Justice, and any justiciable issue arising out of any other ruling of the Conference may, in accordance with such procedures as the Conference shall establish, be submitted by any party to the dispute to the International Court of Justice. The Members accept the jurisdiction of the Court in respect of any dispute submitted to the Court under this article.
4. The Organization may, in accordance with paragraph 2 of article 96 of the Charter of the United Nations, request from the International Court of Justice advisory opinions on legal questions arising within the scope of its activities.
Article 87. Payment of Contribution Each Member undertakes to contribute promptly to the Organization its share of the Organization's expenses as apportioned by the Conference. A Member of the Organization which is in arrears in the payment of its financial contributions to the Organization shall have no vote in the Conference if the amount of its arrears equals or exceeds the amount of the contributions due from it for the preceding two full years. The Conference may, nevertheless, permit such a Member to vote if it is satisfied that the failure to pay is due to conditions beyond the control of the Member.
Article 88. Entry Into Force 1. The original of this Charter, as set forth in the Final Act of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who will furnish certified copies thereof to all interested governments.
2. Each government accepting this Charter shall deposit an instrument of acceptance with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who will inform all governments represented at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment and all Members of the United Nations of the date of deposit of each instrument of acceptance and of the date on which this Charter enters into force under paragraph 3.
3. This Charter shall enter into force on the sixtieth day following the day on which the number of governments represented at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment which have deposited acceptance pursuant to paragraph 2 shall reach twenty, and the acceptance of each other accepting government shall take effect on the sixtieth day following the day on which the instrument of such acceptance is deposited: Provided, that if this Charter shall not have entered into force by December 31, 194.-, any of the governments which have made effective the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade dated
194.-, together with any other governments represented at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment may agree to bring this Charter into force among themselves in accordance with arrangements which they may agree upon. Any instrument of acceptance deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall be taken as covering both procedures for bringing this Charter into force, unless it expressly provides to the contrary or is withdrawn.
4. Each government accepting this Charter does so in respect of its metropolitan territory and the oversea territories for which it has international responsibility with the exception of those territories which are self-governing in respect of matters provided for by the Charter. Each Member shall notity the Secretary-General of the United Nations of its acceptance of the Charter on behalf of any such self-governing territory willing to undertake the obligations of the Charter
, and upon such notification the provisions of the Charter shall become applicable to that territory.
Article 89. Withdrawal and Termination 1. Any Member of the Organization may withdraw from the Organization, either on its own behalf or on behalf of an oversea territory which is self-governing in the respect mentioned in paragraph 4 of article 88, at any time after the expiration of three years from the date of the entry into force of this Charter under the provisions of article 88, by written notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2: The Secretary-General will immediately inform all other Members
2. The withdrawal shall take effect six months from the date of the receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General: Provided, that the notification may be withdrawn at any time during that period.
3. This Charter may be terminated at any time by agreement of three fourths of the Members of the Organization.
of the Organization.
* The footnote to par. 2 of art. 67 describes this agreement.