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determine and decide doubtful questions as to | aforesaid amendment has been ratified in the the authenticity of the organization of State manner hereinbefore mentioned, and so has legislatures, or as to the power of any State become valid, to all intents and purposes, as a legislature to recall a previous act or resolution part of the Constitution of the United States. of ratification of any amendment proposed to In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set the Constitution ;
my hand, and caused the seal of the Department And whereas it appears from official docu- of State to be affixed. ments on file in this Department that the amend- Done at the City of Washington this 20th ment to the Constitution of the United States,
day of July, in the year of our Lord proposed as 'aforesaid, has been ratified by the (SEAL.) 1868, and of the independence of the legislatures of the States of Connecticut, New
United States of America the ninetyHampshire, Tennessee, New Jersey, Oregon,
third. WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Vermont, New York, Ohio, Illinois, West Vir
Secretary of State. ginia, Kansas, Maine, Nevada, Missouri, Indiana, Minnesota, Rhode Island, Wisconsin,
e Island, Wisconsin, Concurrent Resolation of Congress on the same Pennsylvania, Michigan, Massachusetts, Ne
Subject, July 21, 1868. braska, and Iowa; And whereas it further appears, from docu
Whereas the legislatures of the States of ments on file in this Department that the Connecticut, Tennessee, New Jersey, Oregon. amendment to the Constitution of the United Vermont, West Virginia, Kansas, Missouri, InStates, proposed as aforesaid, has also been rati- diana, Ohio, Illinois, Minnesota, New York. fied by newly-constituted and newly-established Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Michi. bodies avowing themselves to be, and acting as,
gan, Nevada, New Hampshire, Massachusette, the legislatures, respectively, of the States of
Nebraska, Maine, Iowa, Arkansas, Florida, Arkansas, Florida, North Carolina, Louisiana,
North Carolina, Alabama, South Carolina, and South Carolina, and Alabama;
Louisiana, being three-fourths and more of the And whereas it further appears from official / several States of the Union, have ratified the documents on file in this Department that the fourteenth article of amendment to the Constilegislatures' of two of the States first above tution of the United States, duly proposed by enumerated, to wit: Ohio and New Jersey, have
two-thirds of each House of thě Thirty-Ninth since passed resolutions respectively withdraw-/ Congress; therefore , ing the consent of each of said States to the
Resolved by the Senate, (the House of Repreaforesaid amendment: and whereas it is deemed sentatives concurring,) That said fourteenth a matter of doubt and uncertainty whether such article is hereby declared to be a part of the resolutions are not irregular, invalid, and there
Constitution of the United States, and it shall fore ineffectual for withdrawing the consent of
be duly promulgated as such by the Secretary of the said two States, or of either of them, to the
State. aforesaid amendment;
July 21-Passed the SENATE without a count. And whereas the whole number of States in
Same day-Passed the HOUSE—the resoluthe United States is thirty-seven, to wit: New
tion-yeas 126, nays 32; the preamble-yeas Hampshire, M.assachusetts, Rhode Island, Con
127, nays 35. necticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania,
| Georgia has ratified it since, by a majority of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, ten in the Senate, and twenty-four in the House. South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Louisiana, Indiana, Missis
General Blair's Letter to Colonel Brodhead. sippi, Illinois, Alabama, Maine, Missouri, Ar
WASHINGTON, June 30, 1868. kansas, Michigan, Florida, Texas, Iowa, Wis Colonel JAMES 0. BRODHEAD.. consin, Minnesota, California, Oregon, Kansas, | DEAR COLONEL: In reply to your inquiries, I West Virginia, Nevada, and Nebraska;, | beg leave to say, that I leave to you to deter
And whereas the twenty-three States first mine, on consultation with my friends from Mis. herein before named, whose legislatures have souri, whether my name shall be presented to ratified the said proposed amendment, and the the Democratic Convention, and to submit the six States next thereafter named, as having following as what I consider the real and only ratified the said proposed amendment by newly- issue in this contest. constituted and established legislative bodies, The reconstruction policy of the Radicals will together constitute three-fourths of the whole be complete before the next election; the States number of States in the United States :
so long excluded will have been admitted, neNow, therefore, be it known, that I, William gro suffrage established, and the carpet-baggers H. Seward, Secretary of State of the United installed in their seats in both branches of ConStates, by virtue and in pursuance of the second gress. There is no possibility of changing the section of the act of Congress, approved the political character of the Senate, even if the twentieth of April, eighteen hundred and Democrats should elect their President and a eighteen, hereinbefore cited, do hereby certify majority of the popular branch of Congress. We that if the resolutions of the legislatures of cannot, therefore, undo the Radical plan of reOhio and New Jersey ratifying the aforesaid construction by congressional action; the Senate amendment are to be deemed as remaining in will continue a bar to its repeal. Must we subfull force and effect, notwithstanding the subse mit to it? How can it be overthrown? It can quent resolutions of the legislatures of those only be overthrown by the authority of the ExStates which purport to withdraw the consent ecutive, who is sworn to maintain the Constituof said States from such ratification, then the tion, and who will fail to do his duty if he allows
the Constitution to perish under a series of con- the good-will and kindness which that body has gressional enactments which are in palpable shown to me. Its nomination was unsought, and violation of its fundamental principles.
unexpected. It was my ambition to take an If the President elected by the Democracy active part, from which I am now excluded, in enforces or permits others to enforce these recon- the great struggle going on for the restoration struction acts, the Radicals, by the accession of of good government, of peace and prosperity to twenty spurious Senators and fifty Representa-car country. But I have been caught up by tives, will control both branches of Congress, the whelming tide that is bearing us on to a and his administration will be as powerless as great political change, and I find myself vnable the present one of Mr. Johnson.
to resist its pressure. You have also given to There is but one way to restore the Govern-me à copy of the resolutions put forth by the ment and the Constitution, and that is for the convention, showing its position upon all the President elect to declare these acts null and great questions which now agitate the country, void, compel 'the army to undo its usurpations at As the presiding officer of that convention, I the South, disperse the carpet.bag State govern-am familiar with their scope and import, and ments, allow the white people to reorganize as one of its members, I am a' party to their their own governments, and elect Senators and terms; they are in accord with my views, and I Representatives. The House of Representatives stand upon them in the contest upon which we will contain a majority of Democrats from the are now entering; and I shall strive to carry North, and they will admit the Representatives them out in future, wherever I may be placed, elected by the white people of the South, and, in public or private life. I congratulate you, with the co-operation of the President, it will not and all conservative men, who seek to restore be difficult to compel the Senate to submit once order, peace, prosperity, and good government more to the obligations of the Constitution. It to our land, upon the evidences everywhere will not be able to withstand the public judg- shown that we are to triumph at the next elecment, if distinctly invoked and clearly expressed tion. Those who are politically opposed to us on this fundamental issue, and it is the sure way flattered themselves there would be discord in to avoid all future strife to put the issue plainly our councils; they mistook the uncertainties of to the country.
our views as to the best methods of carrying out I repeat, that this is the real and only question our purposes, for difference of opinion with regard whioh we should allow to control us: Shall we to those purposes. They mistook an intense submit to the usurpations by which the Govern- anxiety to do no act which should not be wise ment has been overthrown; or shall we exert and judicious, for a spirit of discord; but during ourselves for its full and complete restoration ? the lengthened proceedings and earnest discussIt is idle to talk of bonds, greenbacks, gold, the ions of the convention there has prevailed an public faith, and the public credit. What can a entire harmony of intercourse, a patient forbearDemocratic President do in regard to any of ance, and a self-sacrificing spirit, which are the these, with a Congress in both branches con- sure tokens of a coming victory. Accept for trolled by the carpet-baggers and their allies ? yourselves, gentlemen, my wishes for your future He will be powerless to stop the supplies by welfare and happiness. "In a few days I will which idle negroes are organized into politi- answer the communication you have just handed cal clubs-by which an army is maintained to me by letter, as is the customary form. protect these vagabonds in their outrages upon
SPEECH OF GENERAL BLAIR. the ballot. These, and things like these, eat up
| Mr. CHAIRMAN: I accept the platform of resothe revenues and resources of the Government
nt lutions passed by the late Democratic Conven
til and destroy its creditmake the difference be
tion, and I accept their nomination with feelings tween gold and greenbacks. We must restore
of profound gratitude; and, sir, I thank you for the Constitution before we can restore the
the very kind manner in which you have already finances, and to do this we must have a Presi
conveyed to me the decision of the Democratic dent who will execute the will of the people by l Convention. I accept the nomination with the trampling into dust the usurpations of Congress
usurpations of Congress conviction that your nomination for the Presiknown as the reconstruction acts. I wish to dency is one which will carry as to certain stand before the convention upon this issue, but | victory, and because I believe that the nom. it is one which embraces everything else that lination is the most proper nomination that is of value in its large and comprehensive re- could be made by the Democratic party. The sults. It is the one thing that includes all that contest which we wage is for the restoration is worth a contest, and without it there is nothing of constitutional government, and it is proper that gives dignity, honor, or value to the strug- that we should make this contest under the lead gle. - . Your friend, FRANK P. BLAIR.
of one who has given his life to the maintenance
of constitutional government. We are to make Speeches of Horatio Seymour and Francis P. the contest for the restoration of those great
Blair, Jr., Accepting the Nominations, July 10, principles of government which belong to our 1868. [From the N. Y. World, July 11, 1868.]
race. And, my fellow-citizens, it is most proper
that we should select for our leader a man not SPEECH OF GOVERNOR SEYMOUR.
from military life, but one who has devoted MR. CHAIRMAN AND GENTLEMEN OF THE COM himself to civil pursuits; who has given himself MITTEE: I thank you for the courteous terms in to the study and the understanding of the Conwhich you have communicated to me the action stitution and its maintenance with all the force of the Democratic National Convention. I have of reason and judgment. My fellow-citizens, I 20 words adequate to express my gratitude for I have said that the contest before us was one for the restoration of our government; it is also one, thirty years shall bear interest at four and a half for the restoration of our race. It is to pre- per centum; and bonds falling due in forty years vent the people of our race from being exiled shall bear interest at four, per centum; which from their homes-exiled from the govern: said bonds and the interest thereon shall be exment which they formed and created for them- empt from the payment of all taxes or duties to selves and for their children, and to prevent the United States, other than such income tax as them from being driven out of the country or may be assessed on other incomes, as well as from trodden under foot by an inferior and semi- taxation in any form by or under State, muni. barbarous race. In this country we shall have cipal, or local authority, and the said bonds shall the sympathy of every man who is worthy to be exclusively used, par for par, for the redemp. belong to the white race. What civilized people tion of or in exchange for an equal amount of on earth would refuse to associate with them any of the present outstanding bonds of the selves in all the rights, and honors and dignity i United States known as the five-twenty bonds, of their country such' men as Lee and Johnston ? and may be issued to an amount, in the aggre. What civilized country on earth would fail to I gate, sufficient to coyer the principal of all such do honor to those who, fighting for an erroneous five-twenty bonds, and no more, in wollen einem cause, yet distinguished themselves by gallantry SEC. 2. That there is hereby appropriated out in that service? In that contest, for which they l of the duties derived from imported goods the are sought to be disfranchised and to be exiled sum of one hundred and thirty-five millions of from their homes--in that contest, they have dollars annually, which sum, during each fiscal proved themselves worthy to be our peers. My year, shall be applied to the payment of the in fellow-citizens, it is not my purpose to make any terest and to the reduction of the principal of long address, (cries of " go on,'') but simply to the public debt, in such a manner as may be de express my gratitude for the great and distin- termined by the Secretary of the Treasury, or as guished honor which has been conferred upon Congress may hereafter direct; and such reducme
tion shall be in lieu of the sinking fund con. A voice. You are worthy of it."
templated by the fifth section of the act entitled • General Blair- and from my heart to reiter-1" An act to authorize the issue of United States ate the words of thanks that fell from my lips notes, and for the redemption or funding thereof, when I arose. Sii s
and for funding the floating debt of the United States," approved February twenty-fifth, eigh.
teen hundred and sixty-two. A The Funding Bill, July 25, 1868.
U sute de
Sec. 3. That from and after the passage of this AN ACT providing for payment of the national act no percentage, deduction, commission, or
debt, and for the reduction of the rate of in compensation of any amount or kind shall be terest thereon.
allowed to any person for the sale, negotiation, Be it enacted, &c., That the Secretary of the redemption or exchange of any bonds or securiTreasury is hereby authorized to issue coupon or ties of the United States, or of any coin or bullion registered bonds of the United States, in such disposed of at the Treasury Department or elseform as he may prescribe, and of denominations where on account of the United States; and all of one hundred dollars, or any multiple of that acts or parts of acts authorizing or permitting, súm, redeemable in coin at the pleasure of the by construction or otherwise, the Secretary of United States after thirty and forty years, res- the Treasury to appoint any agent, other than pectively, and bearing the following rates of some proper officer of his department, to make yearly interest, payable semi-annually in coin, such sale, negotiation, redemption, or exchange that is to say: The issue of bonds falling due in of bonds and securities are hereby repealed. bra
INDEX TO MANUAL OF 1868.
ALAN KMA, orders and action of the military, therein, FOSTER J. G., General, General Grant's order to, respect-
E 5-61; new constitution of, 67; bill for restoration ing order 44, 48; report of, note, 49.
tures on ratifying, 92, 93; certificate of Mr. Seward
ca; new constitution of, 67, 68; restoration to rep- FREEDMEN'S BUREAU, bill to continue, and whole expen-
eral Sehofield's confirmation, 4. ,
GEORGIA, orders and action of the military in, 59-61;
tion, 77; Representatives eleci from, 88; ratification
GORHAM, GEORGE C., Secretary of the Senate, 87..
Vice President, 1.07; letter to Colonel Brodhead, Department ad interim, 1,2; to and from President
Johnson on retiring therefrom, 22-33; on removing
burne on slavery and reconstruction, 34; to Hon. I.
35; on results of peace on any terms,” and filling
the armies, 35; on protecting colored soldiers, 36;
1866, 37; on martial law in Texas, 38; on order 44,
Ord, and Governor Throckmorton, respecting re-
cer at impeachment trial, 11; motions proposing for President, 105. :
from camps, 33; use of colored persons in the army,
ment and control of camps for freedmen, 34; orderg
forbidding the reappointment of removed civil
tures on 14th amendment to, 93; ratification of 14th * Lee's surrender, views upon, 39,
GRANT, ULYSSES S., testimony of, on exchange of pris-
t oners, 36; on reconstruction, 38-46; on Baltimore
others for amnesty, 41-45. **
GRIFFIN, CHARLES, General, jury order of, 63; order
1864, 96-1045 of 1868, 107, and vote for President in orders of, in fifth military district, 64, 65; vote for
nomination for President, 111.
field's confirmation, 4; amendment to Arkansas
vote for nomination for President, 111.
of North Carolina, 59.
clamation of, 62; removal of, 63. ***
'in House and Senate, 4-22.
and Sailor's Convention, 109; vote for nomination 51; actual removal, 60.
JORNSON, ANDREW, Cabinet of. 8
* requesting his resignation, 1; appointing General
Grant Secretary of War ad interim, 1; appointing
Lorenzo Thomas Secretary of War ad interim, 6; to
JOHNSON, ANDREW, MESSAGE announcing the removal of
JOHNSON, ANDREW, proposed impeachment of, votes in
new constitution of, 68–69; restoration to represen 4-22.
87, 88; vote of legislature on 14th amendment, 93. pending Secretary Stanton and designating General
General Thomas Secretary of War ad interim, 6; 1 REPRESENTATIVES IN FORTIETI CONGRESS, 87. 88
on aceepting, 121.
Alabama, on ratification of 14th amendment, note, Texas, note, 38; letters and orders on removal of,
46-48,85; orders and telegrams of and to, on repon:
struction, 48–50; order relieving, 85.
SHERMAN, WILLIAM T., General, telegram declining b fevety
SLAVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION, General Grant's views on,
constitution of, 69, 70; restoration to representa SOUTH CAROLINA, orders and action of military ir, 40-44,
57-59; action on military reconstruction bil, 57-59;
38; General Sheridan's report on subject, note, 38. in, on convention, 62; on constitution, see table on
Representatives elect from, 88.
Humphreys, of Mississippi, 63; order respecting, STANBÉRY, HENRY, Attorney General, 87; of President's
mand of fourth military district, 86; action of, 63. STANTON, EDWIN M., Secretary of War, 87; request for
resignation of, and reply, 1; order of suspension,
Grant, 53, 54; removal of Gov. Jenkins, of Georgia, Senate vote upon, 2, 3; letters to General Grant
60; telegram on test-oath, 60; order assigning, 86. and to President Johnson, 1, 2; letter announcing
partment, and order to General Townsend, 3; Pres.
removal of, 46-48; vote of thanks to, 90; of censure
moval of Gov. Humphreys, 63; new constitution STEWART, WILLIAM M., motion respecting General Scho-
field's confirmation, 4.
constitutional amendments in various States, 93.
SUPPLEMENTAL RECONSTRUCTION MEASURES, 75-77.
SWAYNE, WAGER, General, orders of, 69: order relieve
57-69; new constitution of, 72; restoration to rep: TEN-FORTY BONDS, act authorizing the, 94.
vote of legislature on ratifying 14th amendment, 93. itary order in, 96.
ratification of the 14th amendment, 93; votes on specting, 46, 47, 85; telegram of, declining brevet,
proposed amendment to State constitution, 93. L SR
and from the command of fourth military district, 1. retary of War ad interim, 6; acceptance of, 3.
85; orders of, in fourth military district, 61-63. THROCKMORTON, J. W., Governor, General Grant's tele-
TOWNSEND, É. D., General, order of Secretary Stanton
1 to, 4.
VIRGINIA, orders and action of military in, 56, 57; ap-
pointment of Henry H. Wells as governor, 57; new
constitution of, 73.
General Grant, 30.
WAIG NATIONAL PLATFORM of 1852, 97.
50-53; orders and action of, in third military dis. stitutions, 80, 81.
WILLIAMS, Thomas, proposition respecting Supreme
WILSON, HENRY, motion respecting Secretary Stanton's
* for Vice President, 106.
President Johnson's orders referring to, 85, 86, 119. 80.