« AnteriorContinuar »
legislature as unconstitutional: who has per-| Grant to the confidence of the American peor le, sistently and corruptly resisted, by every means and believing that its victories under his guidance in his power, every proper attempt at the re-in war will be illustrated by him in peace by construction of the States lately in rebellion ; such measures as shall secure the fruits of our who has perverted the public patronage into an exertions and the restoration of the Union upon engine of wholesale corruption; and who has a loyal basis, we declare it as our deliberate conbeen justly impeached for high crimes and mis- viction that he is the choice of the soldiers and demeanors, and properly pronounced guilty sailors of the Union for the office of President of thereof by the vote of thirty-five Senators. the United States.
9. The doctrine of Great Britain and other Eu- 2. That in the maintenance of those principles ropean powers, that because a man is once a which underlie our Government, and for which subject he is always so, must be resisted at every we fought during four years, we pledge our hazard by the United States, as a relic of feudal earnest and active support to the Republican times, not authorized by the laws of nations, party as the only political organization which, and at war with our national honor and inde in our judgment, is true to the principles of loypendence. Naturalized citizens are entitled to alty and equality before the law. protection in all their rights of citizenship, as 3. That speaking for ourselves and the soldiers though they were native-born; and no citizen and sailors who imperilled their lives to preserve of the United States, native or naturalized, the Union, we believe that the impeachment of must be liable to arrest and imprisonment by Andrew Johnson by the House of Representaany foreign power for acts done or words spoken tives, for high crimes and misdemeanors in office, in this country; and, if so arrested and impris- and his trial before the United States Senate, oned, it is the duty of the Government to inter have presented unmistakable proofs of his guilt, fere in his behalf.
and that whatever may be the judgment of the 10. Of all who were faithful in the trials of tribunal before which he is arraigned, the verdict the late war, there were none entitled to more of guilty has been rendered by the people, and especial honor than the brave soldiers and sea- we regard any Senator who has voted for acquitmen who endured the hardships of campaign tal as falling short of the proper discharge of and cruise, and imperilled their lives in the ser- his duty in this hour of the nation's trial, and vice of the country; the bounties and pensions as unworthy of the confidence of a brave and provided by the laws for these brave defenders loyal people. of the nation are obligations never to be for- 4. That the soldiers and sailors recognize no gotten; the widows and orphans of the gallant difference between native and adopted citizens, dead are the wards of the people sacred and they demand that the Government shall legacy bequeathed to the nation's protecting protect naturalized citizens abroad as well as care.
| those of native birth. 11. Foreign immigration, which in the past has added so much to the wealth, development,
| LETTERS OF ACCEPTANCE OF THE REPUBand resources, and increase of power to this re
LICAN NOMINEES. public, the asylum of the oppressed of all na. tions, should be fostered and encouraged by a
General Grant's Letter. liberal and just policy. 12. This convention declares itself in sym
WASHINGTON, D. C., May 29, 1868. pathy with all oppressed peoples struggling for
General JOSEPH R. HAWLEY, their rights.
President Nat. Union Republican Convention : 13. That we highly commend the spirit of
In formally accepting the nomination of the magnanimity and forbearance with which men
National Union Republican Convention of the who have served in the rebellion, but who now
21st of May instant, it seems proper that some frankly and honestly coöperate with us in re
statement of views beyond the mere acceptance storing the peace of the country and reconstruct
of the nomination should be expressed. ing the southern State governments upon the
The proceedings of the convention were marked basis of impartial justice and equal rights, are
with wisdom, moderation, and patriotism, and I received back into the communion of the loval I believe express the feelings of the great mass of people; and we favor the removal of the dis
those who sustained the country through its qualifications and restrictions imposed upon the
on the recent trials. I endorse their resolutions. If late rebels in the same measure as the spirit of
pirit of elected to the office of President of the United disloyalty will die out, and as may be consistent
Deistant. States, it will be my endeavor to administer all with the safety of the loyal people.
the laws in good faith, with economy, and with 14. That we recognize the great principles laid the view of giving peace, quiet, and protection down in the immortal Declaration of Independ
everywhere. In times like the present it is imence, as the true foundation of democratic gov.
possible, or at least eminently improper, to lay ernment; and we hail with gladness every effort
down a policy to be adhered to, right or wrong, toward making these principles a living reality
through an administration of four years. New
political issues, not foreseen, are constantly on every inch of American soil.
arising; the views of the public on old ones are
constantly changing, and a purely administraSoldiers and Sailors' National Convention, at
ional Convention, at tive officer should always be left free to execute Chicago, May.
| the will of the people. I always have respected 1. Resolved, That the soldiers and sailors, stead that will and always shall. fast now as ever to the Union and the flag, and Peace and universal prosperity, its sequence, fully recognizing the claims of General Ulysses S. I with economy of administration, will lighten the burden of taxation, while it constantly reduces | living brethren in the enjoyment of that nationthe national debt. Let us have peace.
ality, for which, side by side with the nativeWith great respect, your obedient servant, | born, our soldiers of foreign birth laid down
U. S. GRANT. their lives.
It was fitting, too, that the representatives of
a party which had proved so true to national Hon. J. R. HAWLEY,
duty in time of war should speak so clearly in President Nat. Union Republican Convention.
time of peace for the maintenance untarnished DEAR SIR : The platform adopted by the pa
of national honor, national credit, and good triotic convention over which you presided, and
faith as regards its debt, the cost of our national the resolutions which so happily supplement it,
existence. 80 entirely agree with my views as to a just
I do not need to extend this reply by further national policy, that my thanks are due to the
comment on a platform which has elicited such delegates, as much for this clear and auspicious
| hearty approval throughout the land. The debt declaration of principles as for the nomination
of gratitude it acknowledges to the brave men
, gratitude with which I have been honored, and which I
who saved the Union from destruction-the gratefully accept.
frank approval of amnesty based on repentance When a great rebellion, which imperilled the
nad the land loyalty-the demand for the most thorough national existence, was at last overthrown, the economy and he
economy and honesty in the Government-the duty of all others devolving on those intrusted sympa
med sympathy of the party of liberty with all with the responsibilities of legislation evidently
throughout the world who long for the liberty was to require that the revolted States should be
we here enjoy-and the recognition of the subreadmitted to participation in the Government
lime principles of the Declaration of Indepen. against which they had warred only on such a
dence, are worthy of the organization on whose basis as to increase and fortify, not to weaken
banners they are to be written in the coming
contest. or endanger, the strength of the nation. Certainly no one ought to have claimed that
Its past record cannot be blotted out or forthey should be readmitted under such rules that gotten. If there had been no Republican party. their organization as States could ever again be slavery would
slavery would to-day cast its baleful shadow
over the republic. If there had been no Repubused, as at the opening of the war, to defy the national authority, or to destroy the national
lican party, a free press and free speech would unity. This principle has been the pole star of
| be as unknown from the Potomac to the Rio those who have inflexibly insisted on the con
Grande as ten years ago. If the Republican gressional policy your convention so cordially
party could have been stricken from existence endorsed. Baffled by executive opposition, and
when the banner of rebellion was unfurled, and by persistent refusals to accept any plan of re
when the response of “no coercion” was lıeard construction proffered by Congress, justice and
j at the North, we would have had no nation topublic safety at last combined to teach us that
day. But for the Republican party daring to
risk the odium of tax and draft laws, our flag only by an enlargement of suffrage in those States could the desired end be attained, and
could not have been kept flying on the field till that it was even more safe to give the ballot to
the long-looked-for victory came. Without a those who loved the Union than to those who had Republican party, the civil rights bill, the guarsought ineffectually to destroy it. The assured antee of equality under the law to the humble a
| the defenceless as well as to the strong, would success of this legislation is being written on the the adamant of history, and will be our trium
not be to-day upon our national statute-book. phant vindication. More clearly, too, than ever
With such inspirations from the past, and before does the nation now recognize that the
following the example of the founders of the
republic, who called the victorious general of greatest glory of a republic is, that it throws the shield of its protection over the humblest and
the Revolution to preside over the land his tri
umphs had saved from its enemies, I cannot the weakest of its people, and vindicates the rights of the poor and the powerless as faithfully
doubt that our labors will be crowned with suc
cess. And it will be a success that will bring as those of the rich and the powerful.
restored hope, confidence, prosperity and proI rejoice, too, in this convention, to find in your platform the frank and fearless avowall gress, South as well as North, West as well as that the naturalized citizens must be protected!
wa | East, and above all, the blessings under Provi.
| dence of national concord and peace. abroad, " at every hazard, as though they were native-born.” Our whole people are foreigners
Very truly, yours, SCHÜYLER COLFAX, or descendants of foreigners. Our fathers established by arms their right to be called a nation. The nomination of General Grant was made ch It remains for us to establish the right to wel- the first ballot. That of Mr. Colfax occurred of come to our shores all who are willing by oaths the fifth ballot, as follows: of allegiance to becojne American citizens. Per
1st. 2d. 3d. 4th 5th hrood is only Schuyler Colfax, of Indiana. 115 petual allegiance, as claimed abroad, is only
145 165 186 54.
Benj. F. Wade, of Ohio........ 147 170 178. 206 another name for perpetual bondage, and would Reuben E. Fenton, of N. Y. 126 make all slaves to the soil where first they saw Henry Wilson, of Mass...... 1 the light. Our national cemeteries prove how
Andrew G. Curtin, of Pa.....
Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine. faithfully these oaths of fidelity to their adopted James Speed, of Kentucky. land have been sealed in the life blood of thous- James Harlan, of Iowa....... ands upon thousands. Should we not then be John A.J.Creswell, of Md.... 14
William D. Kelley, of Pa...... faithless to the dead if we did not protect their Samuel C. Pomeroy, of Kas..
Democratic, at New York, July.* | upon foreign imports, and such equal taxation The Democratic Party, in National Convention under the Internal Revenue laws as will afford assembled, reposing its trust in the intelligence, incidental protection to domestic manufactures, patriotism, and discriminating justice of the peo- and as will, without impairing the revenue, imple, standing upon the Constitution as the foun-pose the least burden upon and best promote dation and limitation of the powers of the Gov- and encourage the great industrial interests of, ernment, and the guarantee of the liberties of the country. the citizen, and recognizing the questions of Seventh-Reform of abuses in the administraslavery and secession as having been settled, for tion, the expulsion of corrupt men from office, all time to come, by the war or the voluntary the abrogation of useless offices, the restoration action of the Southern States in constitutional of rightful authority to, and the independence conventions assembled, and never to be renewed of, the executive and judicial departments of the or reagitated, do with the return of peace, de-Government, the subordination of the military mand:
to the civil power, to the end that the usurpations First-Immediate restoration of all the States of Congress and the despotism of the sword may to their rights in the Union under the Constitu- cease. tion, and of civil government to the American Eighth-Equal rights and protection for nat. people.
uralized and native-born citizens at home and Second-Amnesty for all past political offences, abroad, the assertion of American nationality and the regulation of the elective franchise in which shall command the respect of foreign the States by their citizens.
powers, and furnish an example and encourageThird-Payment of the public debt of the ment to people struggling for national integrity, United States as rapidly as practicable; all | constitutional liberty, and individual rights and moneys drawn from the people by taxation, ex- the maintenance of the rights of naturalized cept so much as is requisite for the necessities citizens against the absolute doctrine of immutaof the Government, economically administered, ble allegiance, and the claims of foreign powers being honestly applied to such payment, and to punish them for alleged crime committed where the obligations of the Government do not beyond their jurisdiction. expressly state upon their face, or the law under In demanding these measures and reforms, we which they were issued does not provide that arraign the Radical party for its disregard of they shall be paid in coin, they ought, in right right, and the unparalleled oppression and tyand in justice, to be paid in the lawful money of ranny which have marked its career. the United States."
After the most solemn and unanimous pledge Fourth-Equal taxation of every species of of both Houses of Congress to prosecute the war property according to its real value, including exclusively for the maintenance of the GovernGovernment bonds and other public securities. ment and the preservation of the Union under
Fifth-One currency for the Government and the Constitution, it has repeatedly violated that the people, the laborer and the office-holder, the most sacred pledge under which alone was rallied pensioner and the soldier, the producer and the that noble volunteer army which carried our bondholder.
flag to victory. Instead of restoring the Union Sixth-Economy in the administration of the it has, so far as in its power, dissolved it, and Government; the reduction of the standing army subjected ten States, in time of profound peace, and navy; the abolition of the Freedmen's Bu- to military despotism and negro supremacy. It reau and all political instrumentalities designed has nullified there the right of trial by jury; it to secure negro supremacy; simplification of the has abolished the habeas corpus, that most sacred system, and discontinuance of inquisitorial modes writ of liberty; it has overthrown the freedom of assessing and collecting Internal Revenue, 80 of speech and the press; it has substituted arbithat the burden of taxation may be equalized trary seizures and arrests, and military trials and lessened; the credit of the Government and and secret star-chamber inquisitions for the conthe currency made good; the repeal of all enact- stitutional tribunals ; it has disregarded in time ments for enrolling the State militia into national of peace the right of the people to be free from forces in time of peace; and a tariff for revenue searches and seizures; it has entered the post
and telegraph offices, and even the private rooms * Unanimously reported from this Committee on of individuals, and seized their private papers and Resolutions: Alabama-Charles C. Langdon. Arkansas-A. H. Garland. California-A. H. Rose. Connecticut-Tilton E. Doolittle. Delaware-James A. Bayard. affidavit, as required by the organic law; it Florida-Wilkerson Call. Georgia-Henry S. Fitch. Illinois-Wiliam J. Allen. Indiana Joseph E. McDonald. Iowa—John H. O'Neil. Kansas-George W. Glick. Kentucky-William Preston. Louisiana-James B. Eustis. Maine-Richard D. Rice. MarylandStevenson Archer. Massachusetts-Edward Avery.
monarchy of Europe would now dare to resort; Michigan-Charles E. Stuart. Minnesota-James J. Green. Mississippi Ethelbert Barksdale. Missouri tant constitutional questions to the supreme Charles Mansur. Nebraska-Charles F. Porter. Nerada-J. A. St. Clair. New Hampshire-J. M. Campbell.
min have judicial tribunals, and threatens to curtail or New Jersey-Jacob R. Wortendyke. New York-Henry C. Murphy. North Carolina-Robert Strange. Ohio- cably vested by the Constitution, while the William G. Gilmore. Oregon-R. D. Fitch. Pennsylvania-Franklin W. Hughes. Rhode Island - Thomas
| learned Chief Justice has been subjected to the Steere. South Carolina-Wade Hampton. Tennessee most atrocious calumnies, merely because he Edmund Cooper, Texas-George W. Smith. Vermont--Charles N. Davenport. Virginia-Thomas S. Bocock. West Virginia-John Davis. Wisconsin-James
I port of the false and partisan charges preferred A. Mallory
Tagainst the President. Its corruption and ex
travagance have exceeded anything known in cordially with the workingmen of the United history, and, by its frauds and monopolies, it States in their efforts to protect the rights and has nearly doubled the burden of the debt interests of the laboring classes of the country. created by the war. It has stripped the Presi-| [Offered by Mr. Vallandigham, and adopted dent of his constitutional power of appoint- the last day of the convention.] ment, even of his own cabinet. Under its re- Resolved, That the thanks of the convention peated assaults the pillars of the Government are tendered to Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase, are rocking on their base, and should it succeed for the justice, dignity, and impartiality with in November next and inaugurate its President, which he presided over the court of impeachwe will meet as a subjected and conquered peo- ment on the trial of President Andrew Johnson. ple, amid the ruins of liberty and the scattered [This last was offered by Mr. Kernan, of New fragments of the Constitution.
York, after the nominations and immediately And we do declare and resolve that ever since before the final adjournment, and was carried the people of the United States threw off all | by acclamation.] subjection to the British Crown the privilege and trust of suffrage have belonged to the several
Soldiers and Sailors, at New York, July. 'States, and have been granted, regulated, and Whereas a mutual interchange of views be
controlled exclusively by the political power of tween members of this Convention and delegates each State respectively, and that any attempt by to the Democratic National Convention, has Congress, on any pretext whatever, to deprive fully confirmed us in our previously entertained any State of this right, or interfere with its ex- opinion of the purity and patriotism of that ercise, is a flagrant usurpation of power which body, and fully justifies the belief that in the can find no warrant in the Constitution, and, if selection of candidates and in the construction sanctioned by the people, will subvert our form of a platform the Convention will be governed of government, and can only end in a single by the spirit of the address adopted by this centralized and consolidated government, in body on the 6th inst.; therefore, relying upor which the separate existence of the States will this belief, be entirely absorbed, and an unqualified despo- Resolved, That we will support its nominees tism be established in place of a Federal union for President and Vice President of the United of co-equal States.
States, and that on our return home we wirl And that we regard the reconstruction acts induce our late comrades in arms to unite with (so called) of Congress, as such, as usurpations us in yielding to them a united support. and unconstitutional, revolutionary, and void. [Reported from the Committee on Resolutions That our soldiers and sailors, who carried the and adopted-yeas 287, nays 7.) flag of our country to victory against a most Resolved, That the declaration of principles gallant and determined foe, must ever be grate- adopted by the Democratic National Convention fully remembered, and all the guarantees given be and the same is hereby ratified and approved, in their favor must be faithfully carried into and that the secretary communicate to that execution.
Convention a copy of this resolution forth with. That the public lands should be distributed as Resolved, That the President of the Convenwidely as possible among the people, and should tion appoint a committee of five to wait upon be disposed of either under the pre-emption of General George B. McClellan, and assure him homestead lands, or sold in reasonable quanti- that although we are called upon by duty to ties, and to none but actual occupants, at the support the nominee for the Presidency of the minimum price established by the Government. National Democratic party now in Convention, When grants of the public lands may be allowed, our confidence in him is unimpaired, and that necessary for the encouragement of important our love for him is as ardent as ever, and that public improvements, the proceeds of the sale of the highest honor that this Convention could such lands, and not the lands themselves, should confer upon him would but poorly express our be so applied.
esteem for him. Also, that the said committee That the President of the United States, be requested to ask him to come and assist us Andrew Johnson, in exercising the power of his with all his ability during the coming campaign. high office in resisting the aggressions of Con- Resolved, That the thanks of this Convention, gress upon the constitutional rights of the States and of all patriotic and right-ininded citizens. aud the people, is entitled to the gratitude of are due to the President of the United States for the whole American people, and in behalf of the the removal of E. M. Stanton from the War DeDemocratic party we tender him our thanks for partment of the Government, a position which bis patriotic efforts in that regard.
the said Stanton has disgraced and dishonored Upon this platform the Democratic party ap- ever since his appointment to that office, by his peal' to every patriot, including all the con many acts of cruelty — both to the Union and servative element and all who desire to support Confederate soldiers and by his official acts of the Constitution and restore the Union, forget tyranny; and that the soldiers and sailors should, ting all past differences of opinion, to unite with on all occasions, meet him with the same feelings us in the present great struggle for the liberties of outraged dignity and patriotism that he was of the people; and that to all such, to what received with, on an ever-memorable occasion, ever party they may have heretofore belonged, in the city of Washington, from that great and we extend the right hand of fellowship, and glorious soldier - General William Tecumseh hail all such co-operating with us as friends and Sherman. brethren.
| [The last three resolutions were offered in the Resolvot, That this convention sympathize Convention, and adopted unanimously, under a
suspension of the rule requiring the reference of in defiance of the express language of the Conall resolutions to the committee on resolutions.] stitution, have erected a military despotism in
Pending the resolutions reported from the ten of the States of the Union, have taken from committee above, General Thomas Ewing, jr., the President the powers vested in him by the of Kansas, offered this resolution:
supreme law, and have deprived the Supreme Resolved, That the faith of the republic to its Court of its jurisdiction. The right of trial by creditors, as pledged in its laws, is inviolable, jury, and the .great writ of right, the habeas and the public burdens should be lightened by corpusąshields of safety for every citizen, and vigilant economy in expenditures, and never by which have descended to us from the earliest repudiation; that all the bonds of the United traditions of our ancestors, and which our revoStates issued after the passage of the legal ten- lutionary fathers sought to secure to their pos. der act, and not by law expressly payable in terity forever in the fundamental charter of our coin, should be paid when redeemable in legal-liberties—have been ruthlessly trampled under tender notes, but without undue inflation of the foot by the fragment of a Congress. Whole currency, or at the option of the holders, con- States and communities of people of our own verted into bonds bearing a low rate of interest; race have been attainted, convicted, condemned, that the national bank currency should be re- and deprived of their rights as citizens, without tired and its place supplied by legal tenders, so presentment, or trial, or witnesses, but hy conas to save to the Government interest upon the gressional enactment of ex post facto laws, and amount of that circulation, and that the policy in defiance of the constitutional prohibition deof permitting banks to supply nearly half of the nying even to a full and legal Congress the aunational currency — allowing the five-twenty thority to pass any bill of attainder or ex post bonds, bearing, as they do, interest at the rate facto law. The same usurping authority has of nearly nine per cent. per annum, to run be- substituted as electors in place of the men of yond the date when they become redeemable, our own race, thus illegally attainted and disand of contracting the currency until it shall | franchised, a host of ignorant negroes, who are rise to the value of gold, is a policy which favors supported in idleness with the public money, the few against the many, is oppressive to the and combined together to strip the white race of laboring and the debtor classes, and tends to their birthright, through the management of bring upon the country the dishonor of repu- freedmen's bureaus and the emissaries of condiation.
spirators in other States; and, to complete the [He moved for the suspension of the rule re. oppression, the military power of the nation has quiring reference to the committee, which was been placed at their disposal, in order to make lost-yeas 78, nays 197; and the resolution was this barbarism supreme. accordingly referred, and not again considered.] The military leader under whose prestige this
usurping Congress has taken refuge since the General Blair's Letter.
condemnation of their schemes by the free peo. OMAHA, NEBRASKA, July 13, 1868. ple of the North in the elections of the last General GEORGE W. MORGAN, Chairman Com- year, and whom they have selected as their can
mittee National Democratic Convention. didate to shield themselves from the result of
GENERAL: I take the earliest opportunity of their own wickedness and crime, has announced replying to your letter, notifying me of my his acceptance of the nomination, and his willnomination for Vice President of the United ingness to maintain their usurpations over eight States by the National Democratic Convention, millions of white people at the South, fixed to recently held in the city of New York.
the earth with his bayonets. He exclaims : I accept without hesitation the nomination "Let us have peace." "Peace reigns in Wartendered in a manner so gratifying, and give saw” was the announcement which heralded you and the committee my thanks for the very | the doom of the liberties of a nation. “The kind and complimentary language in which you empire is peace," exclaimed Bonaparte, when have conveyed to me the decision of the con- freedom and its defenders expired under the vention.
sharp edge of his sword. The peace to which I have carefully read the resolutions adopted Grant invites us is the peace of despotism and by the convention, and most cordially concur in death. every principle and sentiment they announce. Those who seek to restore the Constitution by
My opinion upon all of the questions which executing the will of the people condemning. the discriminate the great contending parties have reconstruction acts, already pronounced in the been freely expressed on all suitable occasions, elections of last year, and which will, I am and I do not deem it necessary at this time to convinced, be still more emphatically expressed reiterate them.
by the election of the Democratic candidate as The issues upon which the contest turns are the President of the United States, are declear, and cannot be obscured or distorted by the nounced as revolutionists by the partisans of sophistries of our adversaries. They all resolve this vindictive Congress. Negro suffrage, which themselves into the old and ever-renewing the popular vote of New York, New Jersey, struggle of a few men to absorb the political Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Connecticut, and power of the nation. This effort, under every other States have condemned as expressly conceivable name and disguise, has always char- against the letter of the Constitution, must acterized the opponents of the Democratic party, stand, because their Senators and Representabut at no time has the attempt assumed a shape tives have willed it. If the people shall again 80 open and daring as in this contest. The ad. condemn these atrocious measures by the elecversaries of free and constitutional government, tion of the Democratic candidate for President,