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And whereas the President of the United | free institutions, and exhaustive of the national States, on the eighth day of December, anno resources, and ought not, therefore, to be sancDomini 1863, and on the twenty-sixth day of tioned or allowed, except in cases of actual neces. March, anno Domini 1864, did, with the objects sity for repelling invasion, or suppressing insurof suppressing the then existing rebellion, ofrection or rebellion; inducing all persons to return to their loyalty, And whereas a retaliatory or vindictive aud of restoring the authority of the United policy, attended by unnecessary disqualificaStates, issue proclamations offering amnesty and tions, pains, penalties, confiscations, and dispardon to all persons who had directly or indi- franchisements, now, as always, could only tend rectly participated in the then existing rebellion, to hinder reconciliation among the people and except as in those proclamations was specified national restoration, while it must seriously and reserved ;

embarrass, obstruct, and repress popular enerAnd whereas the President of the United gies and national industry and enterprise; States did, on the twenty-ninth day of May, And whereas, for these reasons, it is now anno Domini 1865, issue a further proclamation deemed essential to the public welfare, and to with the same objects before mentioned, and to the more perfect restoration of constitutional the end that the authority of the Government of law and order, that the said last-mentioned prothe United States might be restored, and that clamation, so as aforesaid issued on the 29th peace, order, and freedom might be established, day of May, A. D. 1865, should be modified, and and the President did, by the said last- that the full and beneficent pardon conceded mentioned proclamation, proclaim and declare thereby should be opened and further extended to that he thereby granted to all persons who a large number of the persons who, by its aforebad directly or indirectly participated in the said exceptions, have been hitherto excluded then existing rebellion, except as therein ex- | from executive clemency: cepted, amnesty and pardon, with restoration of Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew all rights of property, except as to slaves, and Johnson, President of the United States, do except in certain cases where legal proceedings hereby proclaim and declare that the full pardon had been instituted, but upon condition that described in the said proclamation of the 29th such persons should take and subscribe an oath day of May, A. D. 1865, shall henceforth be therein prescribed, which oath should be regis- opened and extended to all persons who, directly tered for permanent preservation;

or indirectly, participated in the late rebellion, And whereas, in and by the said last-mentioned with the restoration of all privileges, immuniproclamation of the twenty-ninth day of May, ties, and rights of property, except as to properanno Domini 1865, fourteen extensive classes of ty with regard to slaves, and except in cases of persons, therein specially described, were alto legal proceedings under the laws of the United gether excepted and excluded from the benefits States; but upon this condition, nevertheless : thereof;

that every such person who shall seek to avail And whereas the President of the United himself of this proclamation shall take and sub. States did, on the second day of April, anno scribe the following oath, and shall cause the Domini 1866, issue a proclamation declaring same to be registered for permanent preservathat the insurrection was at an end, and was tion, in the same manner and with the same thenceforth to be so regarded;

effect as with the oath prescribed in the said And whereas there now exists no organized proclamation of the 29th day of May, 1865, arned resistance of misguided citizens or others namely: to the authority of the United States in the "I do solemnly swear, (or affirm,) in presence States of Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia,

of Almighty God, that I will henceforth faithfully

support, protect, and defend the Constitution of the North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, United States, and the Union of the States thereunder; Arkansas, Mississippi, Florida, and Texas, and and that I will, in like manner, abide by and faithfully

support all laws and proclamations which have been the laws can be sustained and enforced therein

made during the late rebellion with reference to the by the proper civil authority, State or Federal, emancipation of slaves: So help me God.” and the people of said States are well and loyally. The following persons, and no others, are ex. disposed, and have conformed, or, if permitted cluded from the benefits of this proclamation, to do so, will conform in their legislation to the and of the said proclamation of the twenty-nintb condition of affairs growing out of the amend day of May, 1865, namely: ment to the Constitution of the United States First. The chief or pretended chici executive prohibiting slavery within the limits and juris- officers, including the President, Vice President, diction of the United States ;

and all heads of departments of the pretended And whereas there no longer exists any rea- Confederate or rebel Government, and all who sonable ground to apprehend, within the States were agents thereof in foreign States and coun. which were involved in the late rebellion, any tries, and all who held, or pretended to hold, in renewal thereof, or any unlawful resistance by the service of the said pretended Confederate the people of said States to the Constitution and Government, a military rank or title above the laws of the United States ;

grade of brigadier general, or naval rank or And whereas large standing armies, military title above that of captain, and all who were Occupation, martial law, military tribunals, and or pretended to be Governors of States, while the suspension of the privilege of the writ of maintaining, aiding, abetting, or submitting to habeas corpus and the right of trial by jury, and acquiescing in the rebellion. are, in time of peace, dangerous to public liberty, Second. Åll persons who in any way treated incompatible with the individual rights of the otherwise than as lawful prisoners of war percitizen, contrary to the genius and spirit of our sons who in any capacity were employed or en

gaged in the military or naval service of the of the press, and suspension of the privilege of United States.

habeas corpus, and the right of trial by jury-Third. All persons who, at the time they may such encroachments upon our free institutions seek to obtain the benefits of this proclamation, in times of peace being dangerous to public are actually in civil, military, or naval confine liberty, incompatible with the individual rights ment or custody, or legally held to bail, either of the citizen, contrary to the genius and spirit before or after conviction, and all persons who of our republican form of government, and exwere engaged directly or indirectly in the assas- haustive of the national resources ; sination of the late President of the United And whereas it is believed that amnesty and States, or in any plot or conspiracy in any man: pardon will tend to secure a complete and uniner therewith connected.

versal establishment and prevalence of municipal In testimony whereof, I have signed these law and order, in conformity with the Constitupresents with my hand, and have caused the seal tion of the United States, and to remove all of the United States to be hereunto affixed. appearances or presumptions of a retaliatory or Done at the city of Washington, the seventh | vindictive policy on the part of the Government

day of September, in the year of our attended by unnecessary disqualifications, pails,

Lord one thousand eight hundred and penalties, confiscations, and disfranchisements; (SEAL.] sixty-seven, and of the Independence and, on the contrary, to promote and procure

of the United States of America the complete fraternal reconciliation among the whole ninety-second.

people, with due submission to the Constitution ANDREW JOHNSON.

and laws: By the President:

Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew WILLIAM H. SEWARD,

Johnson, President of the United States, do, by Secretary of State.

virtue of the Constitution and in the name of

the people of the United States, hereby proclaim of General Amnesty, July 4, 1868.

and deciare, unconditionally and without reserWhereas in the month of July, A. D. 1861, in vation, to all and to every person who directly accepting the condition of civil war, which was or indirectly participated in the late insurrection brought about by insurrection and rebellion in or rebellion, excepting such person or persons as several of the States which constitute the United may be under presentment or indictment in any States, the two houses of Congress did solemnly court of the United States having competent declare that the war was not waged on the part of jurisdiction upon à charge of treason or other the Government in any spirit of oppression, nor for felony, a full pardon and amnesty for the offence any purpose of conquest or subjugation, nor for of treason against the United States, or of adany purpose of overthrowing or interfering with hering to their enemies during the late civil the rights or established institutions of the States, war, with restoration of all rights of property, but only to defend and maintain the supremacy except as to slaves, and except also as to any of the Constitution of the United States, and to property of which any person may have been preserve the Union with all the dignity, equality, legally divested under the laws of the United and rights of the several States unimpaired; States. and that so soon as these objects should be ac- In testimony wherof I have signed these accomplished, the war on the part of the Govern- presents with my hand, and have caused the ment should cease;

seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed. And whereas the President of the United Done at the city of Washington, the fourth States bas heretofore, in the spirit of that decla

day of July, in the year of our Lord one ration, and with the view of securing for it ulti- (SEAL.] thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, mate and complete effect, set forth several proc

and of the independence of the United lamations, offering amnesty and pardon to persons States of America the ninety-third. who had been or were concerned in the aforesaid

ANDREW JOHNSON. rebellion, which proclamations, however, were

By the President: attended with prudential reservations and excep WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Sec'y of State. tions, then deemed necessary and proper, and which proclamations were respectively issued on

Order Respecting the Transaction of Public the 8th day of December, 1863, on the 26th day

Business, December 17, 1867. of March, 1864, on the 29th day of May, 1865, It is desired and advised that all communi. and on the 7th day of September, 1867; cations in writing intended for the executive

And whereas the said lamentable civil war department of the Government, and relating has long since altogether ceased, with an ac- to public business, of whatever kind, including knowledged guarantee to all the States of the suggestions for legislation, claims, contracts, supremacy of the Federal Constitution and the employment, appointments and removals from Government thereunder; and there no longer office, and pardons, be transmitted directly, in exists any reasonable ground to apprehend a the first instance, to the head of the department renewal of the said civil war, or any foreign to which the care of the subject-matter of the interference, or any unlawful resistance by any communication properly belongs. This regulaportion of the people of any of the States to tion has become necessary for the more convethe Constitution and laws of the United States ; nient, punctual, and regular despatch of the

And whereas it is desirable to reduce the public business. standing army, and to bring to a speedy termi. By order of the President: nation military occupation, martial law, military WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Sec'y of State. tribunals, abridgement of freedom of speech and! WASHINGTON, December 17, 1867.

Correcting an Error of Date in provious Proola-1

(General Orders No. 81.] mation,* October 7, 1867.

HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY, Whereas it has been ascertained that in the nine

ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE, teenth paragraph of the proclamation of the Presi

WASHINGTON, August 27, 1867. dent of the United States, of the 20th of August, . I. The following orders have been received 1866, declaring the insurrection at an end which from the President: had theretofore existed in the State of Texas, the (For these orders see page 308.) previous proclamation of the 13th of June, 1865, L. II. In compliance with the foregoing instrucinstead of that of the 2d of April, 1866, was re- tions of the President of the United States, Major ferred to. Now, therefore, be it known that I, General P. H. Sheridan will, on receipt of this Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, order, turn over his present command to Brevet do hereby declare and proclaim, that the said Major General Charles Griffin, the officer next words "thirteenth of June, one thousand eight in rank to himself, and proceed, without delay, hundred and sixty-five" are to be regarded as to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and will relieve erroneous in the paragraph adverted to, and Major General Hancock in command of the dethat the words “second day of April, one thous-partment of the Missouri. and eight hundred and sixty-six" are to be l III. On being relieved by Major General considered as substituted therefor.

Sheridan, Major General Hancock will proceed, In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set without delay, to New Orleans, Louisiana, and my hand, and caused the seal of the United assume command of the fifth military district, States to be affixed.

and of the department composed of the States of Done at the city of Washington, this 7th day of Louisiana and Texas.

October, in the year of our Lord 1867.) IV. Major General George H. Thomas will (SEAL.) and of the Independence of the United continue in command of the department of the States of America, the ninety-second. ANDREW JOHNSON.

By command of General Grant.
By the President:

WILLIAM H. SEWAKD, Sec'y of State.

Assistant Adjutant General.
Orders Reforring to Reconstruction.t

HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY, [General Orders No. 77.)


WASHINGTON, August 27, 1867.

| I. The following orders have been received WASHINGTON, August 19, 1867. 1. The following orders have been received

dired from the President:

EXECUTIVE MANSION, from the President:

WASHINGTON, D. C., August 26, 1867. (For these orders see page 306.)

Brevet Major General Edward R. S. Canby is hereby assigned to the command of the second military district, created by the act of Congress of March 2, 1867, and of the military department of the South, embrac

ing the States of North Carolina and South Carolina. He over his present command to the officer next in

will, as soon as practicable, relieve Major General Daniel

E. Sickles, and, on assuming the command to which rank to himself, and proceed to New Orleans, he is hereby assigned, will, when necessary to a faith

ful execution of the laws, exercise any and all powers idan of the command of the fifth military dis

conferred by acts of Congress upon district command

ers, and any and all authority pertaining to officers in trict.

command of military departments. III. Major General P. H. Sheridan, on being Major General Daniel E. Sickles is hereby relieved relieved from the command of the fifth military

from the command of the second military district.

The Secretary of War ad interim will give the necegdistrict by Major General G. H. Thomas, will

sary instructions to carry this order into effect. proceed to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and will

ANDREW JOHNSON. relieve Major General W. S. Hancock in the II. In pursuance of the foregoing order of the command of the department of the Missouri. President of the United States, Brevet Major

IV. Major General W. S. Hancock, on being General Canby will, on receipt of the order, turn relieved from the command of the department over his present command to the officer next in of the Missouri by Major General Sheridan, will rank to himself, and proceed to Charleston, proceed to Louisville, Kentucky, and will as- South Carolina, to relieve Major General Sickles sume command of the department of the Cum of the command of the second military district. berland.

III. Major General Sickles, on being relieved, V. Major General G. H. Thomas will continue will repair to New York city, and report by leto to execute all orders he may find in force in the ter to the Adjutant General. fifth military district at the time of his assuming. By command of General Grant. command of it, unless authorized by the General

E. D. TOWNSEND, of the army to annul, alter, or modify them. I

Assistant Adjutant General. VI. Major General Sheridan, before relieving Major General Hancock, will report in person HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY, at these headquarters.

ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE, By command of General Grant.

WASHINGTON, December 28, 1867. E. D. TOWNSEND, A. A. G.

[General Orders, No. 104.]

By direction of the President of the United * See page 70 of the Manual for 1867, or page 196 of States the following orders are made : the combined Manual for the proclamation referred to. + For previous order see page 73 of Political Man

O: I. Brevet Major General E. 0. C. Ord will dal of 1867, or page 199 of the combined Manual. turn over the command of the fourth military dis. trict to Brevet Major General A. C. Gillem, and I Until further orders from the President, you will :19proceed to San Francisco, California, to take litary division of the Missouri.

sign no officer to the permanent command of who milcommand of the department of California.

Respectfully yours,

ANDREW JOHNSON. II. On being relieved by Brevet Major General U. 8. Grant, General Ord, Brevet Major General Irvin Mc

Commdog Armies of United States, Washington, D. C Dowell will proceed to Vicksburg, Mississippi, Major General P. H. Sheridan, the senior offiand relieve General Gillem in command of the cer in the military division of the Missouri, will fourth military district.

temporarily perform the duties of commander III. Brevet Major General John Pope is of the military division of the Missouri, in addi. hereby relieved of the command of the third tion to his duties of department commander. military district, and will report, without delay, By command of General Grant. at the headquarters of the army for further

E. D. TOWNSEND, orders, turning over his command to the next

Assistant Adjutant General. senior officer until the arrival of his successor.

IV. Major General George G. Meade is assigned to the command of the third military February 13—The President nominated Lieut. district, and will assume it without delay. The General Sherman for the brevet rank of general, department of the East will be commanded by for distinguished gallantry, skill, and ability thë senior officer now on duty in it until a com- during the war of the rebellion, to which he mander is named by the President.

responded, as follows: V. The officers assigned in the foregoing

St. Louis, February 14, 1868. criler to command of military districts will ex- | Hon. JOHN SHERMAN. ercise therein any and all powers conferred by Oppose confirmation of myself as brevet gene. act of Congress upon district commanders, and ral, on ground that it is unprecedented and also any and all powers pertaining to military that it is better not to extend the system of department commanders.

brevets above major generals. If I can't avoid VI. Brevet Major General Wager Swayne, I coming to Washington, I may have to resign. colonel 45th United States infantry, is hereby

W. T. SHERMAN, relieved from duty in the Bureau of Refugees,

Lieutenant General. Freedmen, aud Abandoned Lands, and will proceed to Nashville, Tennessee, and assume com

February 19–The President relieved Lieut.

General Sherman from this order. mand of his regiment.

February 21-The President nominated Major By command of General Grant. E. D. TOWNSEND,

General George H. Thomas as brevet lieutenant Assistant Adjutant General.

general and brevet general, with supposed
reference to this command; whereupon General

Thomas declined in these terms:

LOUISVILLE, February 22, 1868.
WASHINGTON, June 30, 1868. Hon. B. F. WADE, President of the Senate.
[General Orders No. 33.]

The morning papers of Louisville announced By direction of the President of the United

officially that my name was yesterday sent to States, the following orders are made:

the Senate for confirmation as brevet lieutenI. Brevet Major General Irvin McDowell is

ant general and brevet general. For the batrelieved from the command of the fourth mili

| tle of Nashville I was appo. nted major general tary district, and will report in person, without

United States army. My services since the war delay, at the War Department.

do not merit so high a compliment, and it is now II. Brevet Major General Alvan C. Gillem is

too late to be regarded as a compliment if conassigned to the command of the fourth military

ferred for services during the war. I, therefore, district, and will assume it without delay.

y earnestly request that the Senate will not confirm the nomination.

GEO. H. THOMAS, By command of General Grant. E. D. TOWNSEND, A. A. G.

Major General Establishing a now Military Division, Fobruary

March 28—Major General Hancock was as. 12, 1868.

signed as follows: [General Orders No. 10.]

(General Orders No. 17.]


WASHINGTON, Feb. 12, 1868.

WASHINGTON, March 28, 1868. The following orders are published for the in. By direction of the President of the United formation and guidance of all concerned : States, Major General W. S. Hancock is relieved


from command of the fifth military district and WASHINGTON, D. C., February 12, 1868. GENERAL: You will please issue an order creating a l of the Atlantic, created by General Orders No. unilitary division, to be called the military division of the Atlantic, to be composed of the department of the Lakes, the department of the East, and the depart By command of General Grant. ment of Washington, and to be commanded by Lieu.

E. D. TOWNSEND, tenant General William T. Sherman, with his head. quarters at Washington.

Assistant Adjutant General.



PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S CABINET. | Maryland-Reverdy Johnson, George Vickers.* Secretary of State—WILLIAM H. SEWARD, of

Ohio-Benjamin F. Wade, John Sherman. New York.

Kentucky-Garrett Davis, Thomas C. McCreery.t.

| Tennessee-David T. Patterson, Joseph S. Fowler Secretary of the Treasury-Hugh McCULLOCI, of Indiana.

| Indiana-Thomas A. Hendricks, Oliver P. MorSecretary of War-John M. SCHOFIELD, of New

ton. York, from June 1, 1868, vice EDWIN M.

Illinois-Richard Yates, Lyman Trumbull. STANTON, of Ohio, who was suspended by the

Missouri-John B. Henderson, Charles D. Drake. President, August 12, 1867, when General

Arkansas 1-Alexander McDonald, Benjamin F. ULYSSES S. GRANT was appointed Secretary

Rice. of War ad interim, and served from that date

Michigan-Zachariah Chandler, Jacob M. How

ard. to January 14, 1868, at which time he vacated the office, and Mr. STANTON resumed the func

Florida-Adonijah S. Welch, (qualified July 2, tions thereof, the Senate having on the pre

1868,) Thomas W. Osborn, (qualified June 30.). vious evening voted a non-concurrence in the

Iowa-James W. Grimes, James Harlan. said suspension. Mr. STANTON remained in

Wisconsin-James R. Doolittle, Timothy 0. the office till May 26, when he “relinquished


California—John Conness, Cornelius Cole. charge."

Minnesota-Alexander Ramsey, Dan'l S. Norton. Secretary of the Navy-GIDEON WELLES, of Con

Oregon-George H. Williams, Henry W. Cornecticut. Postmaster General-ALEXANDER W. RANDALL,


Kansas-Edmund G. Ross, Samuel C. Pomeroy. of Wisconsin. Secretary of the Interior-ORVILLE H. BROWN

West Virginia-Peter G. Van Winkle, Waitman

T. Willey.
ING, of Illinois.
Attorney General

vice HENRY

Neada-William M. Stewart, James W. Nye. STANBERY, of Kentucky, who resigned, March

Nebraska—Thomas W. Tipton, John M. Thayer. 12, 1868, to act as one of the President's counsel, Mr. Secretary BROWNING having been the

House of Representatives. same day appointed Acting Attorney General. SCAU!/LER COLFAX, of Indiana, Speaker. (Mr. Stanbery was nominated for re-appoint

Edward McPherson, of Pennsylvania, Clerk. ment, after the trial, but the Senate rejected

Maine-John Lynch, Sidney Perham, James the nomination.)

G. Blaine, John A. Peters, Frederick A. Pike.

New Hampshire-Jacob H. Ela, Aaron F. SteMEMBERS OF THE FORTIETH CONGRESS. vens, Jacob Benton.

Vermont-Frederick E. Woodbridge, Luke P. Adjourned sessions of First Session-July 3–20, Poland, Worthington C. Smith.

November 21-December 2, 1867. Second Ses- Massachusetts—Thomas D. Eliot, Oakes Ames, sion, December 4, 1867-July , 1868.

Ginery Twichell, Samuel Hooper, Benjamin Sonate.

F. Butler, Nathaniel P. Banks, George S. BENJAMIN F. WADE, of Ohio, President of the

Boutwell, John D. Baldwin, William B. WashSenate, and Acting Vice President.

burn, Henry L. Dawes. George C. Gorham, of California, Secretary, from

| Rhode Island||—Thomas A. Jenckes, Nathan F. June 6, 1868, vice John W. Forney, of Penn


Connecticut&- Richard D. Hubbard. Julius sylvania, resigned. Maine--Lot M. Morrill, William Pitt Fessenden.

Hotchkiss, Henry H. Starkweather, William New Hampshire-Aaron H. Cragin, James W. | Patterson.

New York-Stephen Taber, Demas Barnes, WilVermont-George F. Edmunds, Justin S. Morrill.

liam E. Robinson, John Fox, John Morrissey, Massachusetts-Charles Sumner, Henry Wilson.

Thomas E. Stewart, John W. Chanler, James Rhode Island-William Sprague, Henry B. An

Brooks, Fernando Wood, William H. Robertthony

son, Charles H. Van Wyek, John H. Ketcham, Connecticut-James Dixon, Orris S. Ferry.

Thomas Cornell, John V. L. Pruyn, John A. New York-Edwin D. Morgan, Roscoe Conkling.

Griswold, Orange Ferriss, Calvin T. Hulburd, New Jersey-Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, Alex

*Qualified March 9, 1868, in place of Philip Francis ander G. Cattell.

Thomas, who was denied admission, February 19, 1868 Pennsylvania-Charles R. Buckalew, Simon -yeas 21, nays 28. Cameron.

* Qualified February 28, 1868, in place of James Guth

rie, resigned February 10, 1868. Delaware-James A. Bayard,* Willard Sauls

I Qualified June 23, 1868.

Qualified July 3, 1867.

& Messrs. Hotchkiss and Starkweather qualified *Qualified April 11, 1867, at special session, in place | July 3, 1867; Messrs. Barnum and Hubbard, July 11, of George Read Riddle, deceased.


H. Barnum.


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