Imágenes de páginas
PDF

And whereas the President of the United States, on the eighth day of December, anno Domini 1863, and on the twenty-sixth day of March, anno Domini 1864, did, with the objects of suppressing the then existing rebellion, of inducing all persons to return to their loyalty, aud of restoring the authority of the United States, issue proclamations offering amnesty and pardon to all persons who had directly or indirectly participated in the then existing rebellion, except as in those proclamations was specified and reserved;

And whereas the President of the United States did, on the twenty-ninth day of May, anno Domini 1865, issue a further proclamation with the same objects before mentioned, and to the end that the authority of the Government of the United States might be restored, and that peace, order, and freedom might be established, and the President did, by the said lastmentioned proclamation, proclaim and declare that he thereby granted to all persons who had directly or indirectly participated in the then existing rebellion, except as therein excepted, amnesty and pardon, with restoration of all rights of property, except as to slaves, and except in certain cases where legal proceedings had been instituted, but upon condition that such persons should take and subscribe an oath therein prescribed, which oath should be registered for permanent preservation;

And whereas, in and by the said last-mentioned proclamation of the twenty-ninth day of May, anno Domini 1865, fourteen extensive classes of persons, therein specially described, were altogether excepted and excluded from the benefits thereof;

And whereas the President of the United States did, on the second day of April, anno Domini 1866, issue a proclamation declaring that the insurrection was at an end, and was thenceforth to be so regarded;

And whereas there now exists no organized armed resistance of misguided citizens or others to the authority of the United States in the States of Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Florida, and Texas, and the laws can be sustained and enforced therein by the proper civil authority, State or Federal, and the people of said States are well and loyally disposed, and have conformed, or, if permitted to do so, will conform in their legislation to the condition of affairs growing out of the amendment to the Constitution of the United States prohibiting slavery within the limits and jurisdiction of the United States;

And whereas there no longer exists any reasonable ground to apprehend, within the States which were involved in the late rebellion, any renewal thereof, or any unlawful resistance by the people of said States to the Constitution and laws of the United States;

And whereas large standing armies, military occupation, martial law, military tribunals, and the suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus and the right of trial by jury, are, in time of peace, dangerous to public liberty, incompatible with the individual rights of the citizen, contrary to the genius and spirit of our

free institutions, and exhaustive of the national resources, and ought not, therefore, to be sanctioned or allowed, except in cases of actual necessity for repelling invasion, or suppressing insurrection or rebellion;

And whereas a retaliatory or vindictive policy, attended by unnecessary disqualifications, pains, penalties, confiscations, and disfranchisements, now, as always, could only tend to hinder reconciliation among the people and national restoration, while it must seriously embarrass, obstruct, and repress popular energies and national industry and enterprise;

And whereas, for these reasons, it is now deemed essential to the public welfare, and to the more perfect restoration of constitutional law and order, that the said last-mentioned proclamation, Bo as aforesaid issued on the 29th day of May, A. D. 1865, should be modified, and that the full and beneficent pardon conceded thereby should be opened and further extended to a large number of the persons who, by its aforesaid exceptions, have been hitherto excluded from executive clemency:

Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby proclaim and declare that the full pardon described in the said proclamation of the 29th day of May, A. D. 1865, shall henceforth be opened and extended to all persons who, directly or indirectly, participated in the late rebellion, with the restoration of all privileges, immunities, and rights of property, except as to property with regard to slaves, and except in cases of legal proceedings under the laws of the United States; but upon this condition, nevertheless: that every sucri person who shall seek to avail himself of this proclamation shall take and subscribe the following oath, and shall cause the same to be registered for permanent preservation, in the same manner and with the same effect as with the oath prescribed in the said proclamation of the 29th day of May, 1865, namely:

"I, —--, do solemnly swear, (or affirm,) in presence of Almighty God, that I will henceforth faithfully support, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States, and the Union of the States thereunder; and that I will, in like manner, abide by and faithfully support all laws and proclamations which have been made during the late rebellion with reference to the emancipation of slaves: So help me God."

The following persons, and no others, are excluded from the henefits of this proclamation, and of the said proclamation of the twenty-nintb day of May", 1865, namely:

First. The chief or pretended chief executive officers, including the President, Vice President, and all heads oi departments of the pretended Confederate or rebel Government, and all who were agents thereof in foreign States and countries, and all who held, or pretended to hold, in the service of the said pretended Confederate Government, a military rank or title above the grade of brigadier general, or naval rank or title above that of captain, and all who were or pretended to be Governors of States, while maintaining, aiding, abetting, or submitting to and acquiescing in the rebellion.

Second. All persons who in any way treated otherwise than as lawful prisoners of war persons who in any capacity were employed or engaged in the military or naval service of the

United States.

Third. All persons who, at the time they may seek to obtain the benefits of this proclamation, are actually in civil, military, or naval confinement or custody, or legally held to bail, either before or after conviction, and all persons who were engaged directly or indirectly in the assassination of the late President of the United States, or in any plot or conspiracy in any man: ner therewith connected.

In testimony whereof, I have signed these

presents with my hand, and have caused the seal

of the United States to be hereunto affixed.

Done at the city of Washington, the seventh

day of September, in the year of our

Lord one thousand eight hundred and

[seal.] sixty-seven, and of the Independence

of the United States of America the

ninety-second.

Andrew Johnson. By the President:

William H. Seward,

Secretary of State.

Of General Amnesty, July 4,1868.

Whereas in the month of July, A. D. 1861, in accepting the condition of civil war, which was brought about by insurrection and rebellion in several of the States which constitute the United States, the two houses of Congress did solemnly declare that the war was not waged on the part of the Government in any spirit of oppression,nor for any purpose of conquest or subjugation, nor for any purpose of overthrowing or interfering with the rights or established institutions of the States, but only to defend and maintain the supremacy of the Constitution of the United States, and to preserve the Union with all the dignity, equality, and rights of the several States unimpaired; and that so soon as these objects should be acaccomplished, the war on the part of the Government should cease;

And whereas the President of the United States has heretofore, in the spirit of that declaration, and with the view of securing for it ultimate and complete effect, set forth several proclamations, offering amnesty and pardon to persons who had been or were concerned in the aforesaid rebellion, which proclamations, however, were attended with prudential reservations and exceptions, then deemed necessary and proper, and which proclamations were respectively issued on the 8th day of December, 1863, on the 26th day of March, 1864, on the 29th day of May, 1865, and on the 7th day of September, 1867;

And whereas the said lamentable civil war has long since altogether ceased, with an acknowledged guarantee to all the States of the supremacy of the Federal Constitution and the Government thereunder; and there no longer axists any reasonable ground to apprehend a renewal of the said civil war, or any foreign interference, or any unlawful resistance by any portion of the people of any of the States to the Constitution and laws of the United States;

And whereas it is desirable to reduce the standing army, and to bring to a speedy termination military occupation, martial law, military tribunals, abridgement of freedom of speech and

of the press, and suspension of the privilege of habeas corpus, and the right of trial by jury— such encroachments upon our free institutions in times of peace being dangerous to public liberty, incompatible with the individual rights of the citizen, contrary to the genius and spirit of our republican form of government, and exhaustive of the national resources;

And whereas it is believed that amnesty and pardon will tend to secure a complete and universal establishment and prevalence of municipal law and order, in conformity with the Constitution of the United States, and to remove all appearances or presumptions of a retaliatory or vindictive policy on the part of the Government attended by unnecessary disqualifications, pair,<s, penalties, confiscations, and disfranchisements; and, on the contrary, to promote and procure complete fraternal reconciliation among the whole people, with due submission to the Constitution and laws:

Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do, by virtue of the Constitution and in the name of the people of the United States, hereby proclaim and declare, unconditionally and without reservation, to all and to every person who directly or indirectly participated in the late insurrection or rebellion, excepting such person or persons as may be under presentment or indictment in any court of the United States having competent jurisdiction upon a charge of treason or other felony, a full pardon and amnesty for the offence of treason against the United States, or of adhering to their enemies during the late civil war, with restoration of all rights of property, except as to slaves, and except also as to any property of which any person may have been legally divested under the laws of the United States.

In testimony wherof I have signed these

presents with my hand, and have caused the

seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed.

Done at the city of Washington, the fourth

day of July, in the year of our Lord one

[seal.] thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight,

and of the independence of the United

States of America the ninety-third.

Andrew Johnson. By the President:

William H. Seward, Sec'y of State.

Order Respecting the Transaction of Public
Business, December 17, 1867.

It is desired and advised that all communications in writing intended for the executive department of the Government, and relating to public business, of whatever kind, including suggestions for legislation, claims, contracts, employment, appointments and removals from office, and pardons, be transmitted directly, in the first instance, to the head of the department to which the care of the subject-matter of the communication properly belongs. This regulation has become necessary for the more convenient, punctual, and regular despatch of the public business.

By order of the President:

William H. Seward, Sec'y of State. Ivashington, December 17, 1867.

Correcting an Error of Date in previous Proclamation,* October 7, 1867.

Whereas it has been ascertained that in the nineteenth paragraph of the proclamation of the President of the United States, of the 20th of August, 1866, declaring the insurrection at an end which had theretofore existed in the State of Texas, the previous proclamation of the 13th of June, 1865, instead of that of the 2d of April, 1866, was referred to. Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby declare and proclaim, that the said words " thirteenth of June, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five " are to be regarded as erroneous in the paragraph adverted to, and that the words " second day of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-six" are to be considered as substituted therefor.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington, this 7th day of October, in the year of our Lord 1867, [seal.] and of the Independence of the United States of America, the ninety-second. Andrew" Johnson.

By the President:

William H. Seward, Sec'y of State.

Orders Referring to Reconstruction.!
[General Orders No. 77.]
Headers Op Army, Adj't Gen's Office,
Washington, August 19, 1867.

I. The following orders have been received From the President:

(For these orders see page 306.)

II. In pursuance of the foregoing order of the President of the United States, Major General G. H. Thomas will, on receipt of the order, turn over his present command to the officer next in rank to himself, and proceed to New Orleans, Louisiana, to relieve Major General P. H. Sheridan of the command of the fifth military district.

III. MajorGaneral P H. Sheridan, on being relieved from the command of the fifth military district by Major General G. H. Thomas, will proceed to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and will relieve Major General W. S. Hancock in the command of the department of the Missouri.

IV. Major General W. S. Hancock, on being relieved from the command of the department of the Missouri hy Major General Sheridan, will proceed to Louisville, Kentucky, and will assume command of the department of the Cumberland.

V. .Major General G. H. Thomas will continue to execute all orders he may find in force in the filth military district at the time of his assuming command of it, unless authorized by the General of the army to annul, alter, or modify them.

VI. Major General Sheridan, before relieving Major General Hancock, will report in person at these headquarters.

By command of General Grant.

E. D. Towhsesi), A. 4 Q.

* See page 70 of the Manual for 1867, or page 196 of the combined Manual for the proclamation referred to,

t For previous order see page 73 of Political Manual of 1867, or page 199 of the combined Manual.

[General Orders No. 81.] Headquarters Op The Army, Adjutant Generabs Office, Washington, August 27, 1867.

I. The following orders have been received from the President:

(For these orders see page 308.)

II. In compliance with the foregoing instructions of the President of the United States, Major General P. H. Sheridan will, on receipt of this order, turn over his present command to Brevet Major General Charles Griffin, the officer next in rank to himself, and proceed, without delay, to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and will relieve Major General Hancock in command of the department of the Missouri.

III. On being relieved by Major General Sheridan, Major General Hancock will proceed, without delay, to New Orleans, Louisiana, and assume command of the fifth military district, and of the department composed of the States of Louisiana and Texas.

IV. Major General George H. Thomas will continue in command of the department of the Cumberland.

By command of General Grant.

E. D. Townsend, Assistant Adjutant General.

Headquarters Of The Army,

Adjutant Generab" Office,
Washington, August 27, 1867.

I. The following orders have been received from the President:

Executive Mansion, Washington, D. C., August 26,1867.

Brevet Major General EdwardR.S.Canby is hereby assigned to the command of the second military district, created by the act of Congress of March 2,18G7, and of tho military department of the South, embracing the States of North Carolina and South Caroliua. He will, as soon as practicable,relieve Major General Daniel E. Sickles, and, on assuming the command to which he is hereby assigned, will, when necessary to a faithful execution of the laws, exercise any and all powers conferred by acts of Congress upon district commanders, and any and all authority pertaining to officers in command of military departments.

Major General Daniel E. Sickles is hereby relieved from the command of the second military district.

The Secretary of War ad interim will give the necessary instructions to carry this order into effect.

Andrew Johnson.

II. In pursuance of the foregoing order of the President of the United States, Brevet Major General Canby will, on receipt of the order, turn over his present command to the officer next in rank to himself, and proceed to Charleston, South Carolina, to relieve Major General Sickle* of the command of the second military district.

III. Major General Sickles,on being relieved, will repair to New York city, and report by letter to the Adjutant General.

By command of General Grant.

E. D. Townsend,
Assistant Adjutant General.

Headquarters Op The Army,
Adjutant Generabs Office,

Washington, December 28, 1867.
[General Orders, No. 104.]
By direction of the President of the United
States the following orders are made:

I. Brevet Major General E. O. C. Ord will turn over the command of the fourth military dintrict to Brevet Major General A. C. Gillem, and proceed to San Francisco, California, to take command of the department of California.

II. On being relieved by Brevet Major General Ord, Brevet Major General Irvin McDowell will proceed to Vicksburg, Mississippi, and relieve General Gillem in command of the fourth military district.

III. Brevet Major General John Pope is hereby relieved of the command of the third military district, and will report, without delay, at the headquarters of the army for further orders, turning over his command to the next senior officer until the arrival of his successor.

IV. Major General George G. Meade is assigned to the command of the third military district, and will assume it without delay. The department of the East will be commanded by the senior officer now on duty in it until a commander is named by the President.

V. The officers assigned in the foregoing order to command of military districts will exercise therein any and all powers conferred by act of Congress upon district commanders, and also any and all powers pertaining to military department commanders.

VI. Brevet Major General Wager Swayne, colonel 45th United States infantry, is hereby relieved from duty in the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, and will proceed to Nashville, Tennessee, and assume command of his regiment.

By command of General Grant.

E. D. Townsend, Assistant Adjutant General.

Headquarters Op The Aemt, Adjutant Generabs Office, Washington, June 30, 1868. [General Orders No. 33.] By direction of the President of the United States, the following orders are made:

I. Brevet Major General Irvin McDowell is relieved from the command of the fourth military district, and will report in person, without delay, at the War Department.

II. Brevet Major General Alvan C. Gillem is assigned to the command of the fourth military district, and will assume it without delay.

By command of General Grant.

E. D. Townsend, A. A. G.

Establishing a now Military Division, Fobruary

13, 1868.

[General Orders No. 10.]

Headquarters Op The Army,
Adjutant Generabs Office,

Washington, Feb. 12, 1868. The following orders are published for the information and guidance of all concerned: Executive Mansion, Washington, D. C, February 12,1868. General: You will please issue an order creating a military division, to be called the military division of the Atlantic, to bo composed of the department of the Lakes, the department of the East, and the department of Washington, and to be commanded by Lieutenant General William T. Sherman, with his headquarters at Washington.

Until further orders from the President, you will assign no officer to the permanent command of vhe military division of the Missouri.

Respectfully yours, Andrew Johnson.

General U. S. Grant,

Oommd'g Armies of United States, Washington D. C

Major General P. H. Sheridan, the senior officer in the military division of the Missouri, will temporarily perform the duties of commander of the military division of tho Missouri, in addition to his duties of departmsnt commandtr. By command of General Grant.

E. D. Townsend, Assistant Adjutant General.

February 13—The President nominated Lieut. General Sherman for the brevet rank of general, for distinguished gallantry, skill, and ability during the war of the rebellion, to which he responded, as follows:

St. Louis, February 14, 1868. Hon. John Sherman.

Oppose confirmation of myself as brevet general, on ground that it is unprecedented and that it is better not to extend the system of brevets above major generals. If I can't avoid coming to Washington, I may have to resign. W. T. Sherman, Lieutenant General.

February 19—The President relieved Lieut. General Sherman from this order.

February 21—The President nominated Major General George H. Thomas as brevet lieutenant general and brevet general, with supposed reference to this command; whereupon General Thomas declined in these terms:

Louisville, February 22, 1868. Hon. B. F. Wade, President of the Senate.

The morning papers of Louisville announced officially that my name was yesterday sent to the Senate for confirmation as brevet lieutenant general and brevet general. For the battle of Nashville I was appi. nted major general United States army. My st rviees since the war do not meritso high a compliment, and it is now too late to be regarded as a compliment if conferred for services during the war. I, therefore, earnestly request that the Senate will not confirm the nomination. Geo. H. Thomas,

Major General

March 28—Major General Hancock was assigned as follows:

[General Orders No. 17.] Headquarters Op The Army, Adjutant Generabs Office, Washington, March 28, 1868. By direction of the President of the United States, Major General W. S. Hancock is relieved from command of the fifth military district and assigned to command of the military division of the Atlantic, created by General Orders No. 10, of February 12. 1868. By command of General Grant.

E. D. Townsend, Assistant Adjutant General. PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S CABINET.

XXXI.

MEMBERS OF THE CABINET OF PRESIDENT JOHNSON,

AND OF THE FORTIETH CONGRESS.

Secretary of StateWilliam H. Seward, of New York.

Secretary of the TreasuryHugh Mcculloce, of Indiana.

Secretary of WarJohn M. Schofield, of New York, from June 1, 186S, vice Edwin M. Stanton, of Ohio, who was suspended by the President, August 12, 1867, when General Ulysses S. Grant was appointed Secretary of War ad interim, and served from that date to January 14, 1868, at which time he vacated the office, and Mr. Stanton resumed the functions thereof, the Senate having on the previous evening voted a non-concurrence in the said suspension. Mr. Stanton remained in the office till May 26, when he " relinquished charge."

Secretary of the NavyGideon Welles, of Connecticut.

Postmaster GeneralAlexander W. Randall, of Wisconsin.

Secretary of the InteriorOrville H. BrownIng, of Illinois.

Attorney Generalvice Henry

Stanrery, of Kentucky, who resigned, March 12, 1868, to act as one of the President's counsel, Mr. Secretary Browning having been the same day appointed Acting Attorney General. (Mr. Stanbery was nominated for re-appointment, after the trial, but the Senate rejected the nomination.)

MEMBERS 0F THE FORTIETH CONGRESS.

Adjourned sessions of First Session—July 3-20, November 21-December 2,1867. Second Session, December 4, 1867-July , 1868.

Senate.

Benjamin F. Wade, of Ohio, President of the Senate, and Acting Vice President.

George C. Gorham, of California, Secretary, hom June 6, 1868, vice John W. Forney, of Pennsylvania, resigned.

Maine—LotM. Morrill, William PittFessenden.

New Hampshire—Aaron H. Cragin, James W. Patterson.

Vermont—George F. Edmunds, Justin S. Morrill.

Massachusetts—Charles Sumner, Henry Wilson.

Rhode Island—William Sprague, Henry B. Anthony.

Connecticut—James Dixon, Orris S. Ferry.

New York—Edwin D. Morgan, Roscoe Conkling.

New Jersey—Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, Alexander G. Cattell.

Pennsylvania—Charles R. Buckalew, Simon Cameron.

Delaware—James A. Bayard,* Willard Saulsbury.

•Qualified April 11,1867, at special session, in place of George Read Riddle, deceased.

Maryland—Reverdy Johnson, George Vickers.*

O/uo—Benjamin F. Wade, John Sherman.

Kentucky—Garrett Davis, Thomas C. McCreery.f

Tennessee—David T. Patterson, Joseph S. Fowler

Indiana—Thomas A. Hendricks, Oliver P. Morton.

Illinois—Richard Yates, Lyman Trumbull.

Missouri—John B. Henderson, Charles D. Drake.

Arkansas^—Alexander McDonald, Benjamin F. Rice.

Michigan—Zachariah Chandler, Jacob M. Howard.

Florida—Adonijah S. Welch, (qualified July 2, 1868,) Thomas W. Osborn, (qualified June 30.)

Iowa—James W. Grimes, James Harlan.

Wisconsin—James R. Doolittle, Timothy 0. Howe.

California—John Conness, Cornelius Cole.

Minnesota—Alexander Ramsey, Dan'l S. Norton.

Oregon—George H. Williams, Henry W. Corbett.

Kansas—Edmund G. Ross, Samuel C Pomeroy.

West Virginia—Peter G. Van Winkle, Waitman T. Willey.

Nyada—William M. Stewart, James W. Nye.

Nebraska—Thomas W. Tipton, John M. Thayer.

House of Representatives.

SchU'.rLER Colfax, of Indiana, Speaker.

Edward McPherson. of Pennsylvania, Clerk.

Maine— -John Lynch, Sidney Perham, James G. Blaine, John A. Peters, Frederick A. Pike.

New Hampshire—Jacob H. iEla, Aaron F. Stevens, Jacob Benton.

Vermont—Frederick E. Woodbridge, Luke P. Poland, Worthington C Smith.

Massachusetts—Thomas D. Eliot, Oakes Ames, Ginery Twichell, Samuel Hooper, Benjamin F. Butler, Nathaniel P. Banks, George S. Boutwell, John D. Baldwin, William B. Washburn, Henry L. Dawes.

Rhode Island^—Thomas A. Jenckes, Nathan F. Dixon.

Connecticut^,— Richard D. Hubbard, Julius Hotchkiss, Henry H. Starkweather, William H. Barnum.

New York—Stephen Taber, Demas Barnes, William E. Robinson, John Fox, John Morrissey, Thomas E. Stewart, John W. Chanler, James Brooks, Fernando Wood, William H. Robertson, Charles H. Van Wytk, John H. Ketcham, Thomas Cornell, John V. L. Pruyn, John A. Griswold, Orange Ferriss, Calvin T. Hulburd,

[merged small][graphic]
« AnteriorContinuar »