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April 13–Remits to civil courts jurisdiction | cution of the reconstruction act, was removed of any violation of the laws of the State of Mis- as Governor of Louisiana, and Thomas J. Durant sissippi in relation to carrying concealed appointed thereto. William Baker appointed weapons.
street commissioner of New Orleans, in place of May 19—An election was ordered to be held the incumbent, removed for neglecting to keep in Mississippi, June 22, on the ratification of the the streets of the city clean. constitution and for the election of members of June 6 Benjamin F. Flanders appointed GovCongress and State officers.
ernor, in place of Mr. Durant declined. June 4 General McDowell assumed command June 10—The act of the Legislature of Texas, of the department.
October 11, 1866, passed to get rid of Judge June 16–He removed Governor Humphreys Thomas H. Stribling and W. P. Bacon, Union of Mississippi and Attorney General Hooker, men, because of their political opinions, was and appointed General Adelbert Ames military annulled. governor, and Captain Jasper Myers attorney | June 29—Registration extended till further general.
orders, by direction of President Johnson,
July 19—Registration ordered to cease on the Fifth Military District-Louisiana and Texas. 31st instant.
March 28-No elections will be held till the | July 27—The old board of levee commissionreconstruction laws shall have been complied ers reinstated. with.
| July 30-J. W. Throckmorton, Governor of April 8-An election in the parish of Living- Texas, removed as an impediment to reconstrucston, Louisiana, annulled.
tion, and E. M. Pease appointed. April 20—Registration boards appointed. August 3—Civil tribunals in Texas ordered to
April 27-General Griffin, reciting that per- disregard an act of legislation, November 1, 1866, sons disqualified by law are drawn to serve as regulating contracts for labor. jurors in the civil courts of Texas, directed that August 8-Judge Edward Dougherty, 12th hereafter no person shall be eligible to serve as I district of Texas, removed for denying the sua juryman until he shall have taken the test premacy of the laws of Congress, and Edward oath of July 2, 1862. The second section of Basse appointed. the civil rights act was published for the guid- August 17–Election ordered in Louisiana on ance of officials authorized to impannel jurors. a convention and for delegates, September 27 General Griffin vindicated this order, May 29, and 28, the Convention to consist of 98 members. stating it was not his intention to prescribe Commissioners of election ordered to do everywhether jurors should be white or black; but to thing requisite to secure a full and impartial prevent the filling the jury-boxes with men of expression of the opinions and wishes of the secession antecedents, inimical to the General people through the ballot-box. Government, and hostile towards Union citizens, ✓ August 22-General Griffin issued an order, at who were applying from all parts of the State for Galveston, that all distinctions on account of protection against the unjust action of the courts.] color, race, or previous condition, by railroads,
May 2-An order issued, reciting that an act or other chartered companies, that are common of the Legislature of Louisiana, of February 12, carriers, are forbidden in the district of Texas. 1866, providing that officers and men of the po- August 24-Registration being complete, no lice force of New Orleans shall read and write person not registered in accordance with law the English language, and have resided upwards shall be considered "a duly qualified voter of of five consecutive years in the city, having been the State of Louisiana." Only those duly regispassed for the purpose of excluding ex-Union tered are eligible, under the laws of Louisiana, soldiers from the police force, and every ex-Union as jurors; and the necessary revision of the jury soldier had been discharged from it to make lists is ordered to be made immediately, the State room for those of rebellious antecedents, so much exemption from jury duty to remain in force. of the act as requires the five years' residence September 1-General Sheridan relieved. was suspended, and a residence of two years September 6-General Charles Griffin, upon adopted. The mayor, Edward Heath, ordered whom the command temporarily devolved, teleto adjust the police force so that at least one-graphed General Hartsuff, A. A. G., from Galhalf shall be composed of ex-Union soldiers. veston, to transact all business as if General
May 3-New board of levee commissioners Sheridan had remained in command and received appointed.
his anticipated leave of absence. * May 11-Registration boards notified that September --General Joseph A. Mower asfalse certificates of naturalization have been is- sumed command. sued from some of the district courts of New September 17-The assembling of armed men Orleans, and to report them whenever found. for political and other purposes, and posting
May 16—The carrying of fire-arms in New them as sentinels or videttes, prevalent in variOrleans prohibited except by those authorized or ous parts of Louisiana, are prohibited. required by law to do so in discharging official September 19—All persons subject to parole, daties.
now domiciled in Louisiana and Texas, ordered May 25-Collection of taxes in Texas levied to give their paroles within thirty days. during the rebellion prohibited.
September 28-All persons duly registered in June 3-The order appointing a new board of Texas, and no others, will be eligible as jurors. levee commissioners suspended, under President October 21-Convention declared carried, and Johnson's directions. J. Madison Wells having delegates ordered to meet in New Orleans Nomade himself an impediment to the faithful exe- I vember 23.
November 16–Harry T. Hays removed as district to protect all persons in these rights, to Sheriff of New Orleans, and George W. Avery suppress disorder and violence, and to punish, appointed.
or cause to be punished, all disturbers of the November 12—R. King Cutler appointed judge, public peace and criminals. in place of A. Cazabat, resigned.
The commanding general has been officially November 21-Albert Voorhies removed as informed that the administration of justice, and Lieutenant Governor, and several other State especially of criminal justice, in the courts is officers; and, November 22, this order was sus-clogged, if not entirely frustrated, by the eupended.
forcement of paragraph No. 2 of the military November 29-General Winfield S. Hancock order numbered : Special Orders 125, current assumed command. He issned this order: series, from these headquarters, issued on the
II. The general commanding is gratified to 24th of August, A. D. 1867, relative to the learn that peace and quiet reign in this departo qualifications of persons to be placed on the jury ment. It will be his purpose to preserve this lists of the State of Louisiana. condition of things. As a means to this great! To determine who shall and who shall not be end, he regards the maintenance of the civil | jurors appertains to the legislative power; and authorities in the faithful execution of the laws until the laws in existence regulating this subject as the most efficient, under existing circum- shall be amended or changed by that departe stances.
ment of the civil government, which the conIn war it is indispensable to repel force by stitutions of all the States under our republican force, and overthrow and destroy opposition to system vest with that power, it is deemed best lawful anthority. But when insurrectionary to carry out the will of the people as expressed force has been overthrown and peace established, in the last legislative act upon this subject. and the civil authorities are ready and willing The qualification of a juror under the law is to perform their duties, the military power a proper subject for the decision of the courts. should cease to lead, and the civil administra- The commanding general, in the discharge of the tion resume its natural and rightful dominion. trust reposed in him, will maintain the just Solemnly impressed with these views, the gen-power of the judiciary, and is unwilling to per eral announces that the great principles of mit the civil authorities and laws to be embarAmerican liberty still are the lawful inheritance rassed by military interference; and as it is an of this people and ever should be. The right of established fact that the administration of justice trial by jury, the habeas corpus, the liberty of in the ordinary tribunals is greatly embarrassed the press, the freedom of speech, and the natural by the operations of Paragraph No. 2, Special rights of persons, and the rights of property, Orders No. 125, current series, from these headmust be preserved.
quarters, it is ordered that said paragraph, which Free institutions, while they are essential to relates to the qualifications of jurors to be placed the prosperity and happiness of the people, on the jury-lists of the State of Louisiana, be, always furnish the strongest inducements to and the same is hereby, revoked, and that the peace and order. Crimes and offenses committed trial by jury be henceforth regulated and conin this district must be referred to the consider-trolled by the Constitution and civil laws, withation and judgment of the regular civil tribu- out regard to any military orders heretofore is. nals, and those tribunals will be supported in sued from these headquarters. their lawful jurisdiction.
December 18–Election ordered in Texas on a Should there be violations of existing laws, convention, and for delegates, February 10, 11, which are not inquired into by the civil magis 12, 13, and 14, 1868. trates, or should failures in the administration 1868, January 1-General Hancock issued this of justice by the courts be complained of, the order: cases will be reported to these headquarters, Applications have been made at these head. when such orders will be made as may be deemed quarters implying the existence of an arbitrary necessary
authority in the commanding general touching While the general thus indicates his purpose purely civil controversies. One petitioner soto respect the liberties of the people, he wishes licits this action, another that, and each refers all to understand that armed insurrections or to some special consideration of grace or favor, forcible resistance to the law will be instantly which he supposes to exist and which should in. suppressed by arms.
fluence this department. The number of such By command of Major General W. S. Hancock. applications, and the waste of time they involve,
W. G. MITCHELL, make it necessary to declare that the adminisBut. Lieut. Col., Acting Assist. Adj't Gen. tration of civil justice appertains to the regular December 2 R. King Cutler's appointment as courts. The rights of litigants do not depend on judge revoked; and, December 3, A. Cazabat the views of the general. They are to be adappointed.
judged and settled according to the laws. Arbi* December 5—This order was issued by General trary power, such as he has been urged to as. Hancock:
sume, has no existence here. It is not found in The true and proper use of military power, the laws of Louisiana or Texas. It cannot be besides defending the national honor against derived from any act or acts of Congress. It is foreign nations, is to uphold the laws and civil restrained by a constitution, and prohibited from government, and to secure to every person re-action in many particulars. siding among us the enjoyment of life, liberty, The major general commanding takes occasion and property. It is accordingly made, by act of to repeat that, while disclaiming judicial funcCongress, the duty of the commander of this tions in civil cases, he can suffer no forcible resistance to the execution of processes of the tion of the State provides that the terms of courts.
office of all civil officers elected under it shall By command of Major General Hancock. date from the first Monday in November follow
G. L. HARTSUFF, A. A. G. ing the election. Therefore, the officers whose January 2–Mr. Joshua Baker appointed Gov
election is herein announced will only enter ernor in place of Hon. B. F. Flanders, resigned. upon and hold their offices from that date. A
January 8-Mr. Baker took the oath of office vacancy occurring in any office in the meantime as Governor of Louisiana.
will be filled preferably by the person who has In May, 1867, General Sheridan distributed | been elected to it. memoranda of disqualifications, and questions. If any of the officers whose election is herein to be proposed for the registers. Their sub announced shall be disqualified on the first Monstance was to de:lare disqualiûed all who had day in November, 1868, to hold office, the inacted as United States Senators or Representa-cumbent at that date will hold over until the tives, electors, officers of the army and navy, disability shall have been removed or a new civil officers of the United States, and all State election held. officers provided for by the constitution of the June 6- The municipal officers chosen were State prior to January 26, 1861, who had after- / announced and ordered to be installed in New wards engaged in the rebellion, and all who, in Orleans on the 10th inst., and in other places on 1862 and 1864, claimed protection of foreign
the seventh day after the receipt of the order. Powers. If any person applying to be regis
June 6—The chairman of the board of registered, having held such office, declared that he tration, S. B. Packard, issued a proclamation had been engaged in the rebellion, or if the reg. reciting the provisons of the constitution requiristers knew them to have been so, they must noting all civil officers to enter on their duties on be registered.
the second Monday after the official promul. On the 11th of January, 1868, General Han- gation of the election returns, and requiring the cock set aside these memoranda, declaring that General Assembly tormeet on the third Monday he disseuted from the construction given to the after such promulgation ; declaring that the reconstruction laws therein, inasmuch as it ap. commanding general had violated such proplied to the officers of municipal and charitable vision, and that to the board of registration had corporations, which were not included in the act been delegated by the Convention the power to of March 23, 1867, and whose exclusion is di- inaugurate the new State government; notifies rectly contrary to that of July 19. Orders the all officers to take possession of their offices, and regisiers to be guided by their own interpreta- the General Assembly to meet, on the days above tion of the laws and the XIVth Constitutional named. Amendment.
The same day Mr. Packard was arrested, but February 7-For proceeding to hold an elec. released on recognizance to appear before a milition, in contempt of orders from headquarters. tary commission to be immediately organized. certain members of the board of aldermen of June 8-General Grant telegraphed to General New Orleans were removed and others appoint- Buchanan as follows: ed in their place.
In view of the legislation now pending relative to
e-l the admission of Louisiana, I would suggest suspenvoked by direction of General Grant.
sion of all action in case of Packard's arrest and trial. March 11-Election ordered in Louisiana on
U. S. GRANT, General. April 17 and 18, on the constitution adopted by Same day-General Buchanan accordingly the Convention.
announced a suspension of arrest and further March 13–It was decided that a pardon did action respecting Packard and the other mem. not entitle a person to be registered, if he would bers of the board of registration. have been disqualified without the pardon, L. June 16 The Constitutional Convention of
March 25- Election ordered for State officers | Texas passed a resolution urging upon Cougress and Representatives in Congress at the same time the necessity of authorizing the organization by with the vote on the constitution.
that body of a military force in the several May 13-The result of the election declared, counties of Texas, to act in conjunction with, 17,413 majority for the constitution.
and under the direction of, the military comJune 2-The names of the members of the mander therein, for the protection of the lives General Assembly, State officers, parish officers, and property of the citizens now every day and judicial officers were announced. The Gen- being preyed upon by assassins and robbers to eral Assembly was forbidden to convene till the an extent unparalleled in the history of civilcommanding general was officially notified of ized communities in times of peace, and which, the acceptance by Congress of the constitution, if not speedily arrested, must result in the deafter which he would appoint a day for their struction of social order; and that if protection meeting to act on the XIVth constitutional be not speedily provided in some form by the amendment. The civil government hereby national Government to the loyal and law-abidprovided for is provisional in its character until ing citizens of Texas, they will be compelled, in after the adoption of the XIVth constitutional the sacred right of self-defence, to organize for amendment. “Article 158 of the new constitu. I their own protection
ABSTRACTS OF THE NEW CONSTITUTIONS
OF MARYLAND AND NEW YORK, ALABAMA, ARKANSAS, FLORIDA, LOUISIANA, GEOR
GIA, NORTH CAROLINA, SOUTH CAROLINA, VIRGINIA AND MISSISSIPPI.
Constitution of Maryland adopted in 1867. The general assembly shall pass no law providing
for payment by this State for slaves emancipated from servitude in this State; but they shall adopt such measures as they may deem expedient to obtain from
the United States compensation for such slaves, and xclusive right of regulating the internal gov
to receive and distribute the same equitably to the ernment and police thereof, as a free, sovereign, 1 persons entitled. and independent State.
| Sec. 41 disqualifies from office of profit or That the levying of taxes by the poll is griey. I trust any person fighting a duel or participating ous and oppressive, and ought to be prohibited ;) as second, or knowingly aiding or assisting those that paupers ought not to be assessed for the offending. Sec. 43 protects the property of the support of the government.
wife from the debts of her husband. Sec. 44 That slavery shall not be re-established in
protects $500 worth of property from execution. this State; but having been abolished under the
Sec. 46 is in these words: policy and authority of the United States, com
The general assembly shall have power to receive pensation in consideration thereof is due from from the United States any grant or donation of land, the United States.
money, or securities for any purposo designated by
the United States, and shall administer or distribute That no religious test ought ever to be re
the same according to the conditions of the said grant. quired, as a qualification for any office of profit Sec. 53 provides that no person shall be in. or trust in this State, other than a declaration
competent, as a witness, on account of race or of belief in the existence of God; nor shall the
color, unless hereafter so declared by act of genLegislature prescribe any other oath of office
eral assembly. Sec. 55 prohibits the general than the oath prescribed by the constitution.
assembly from passing any law suspending the All elections by ballot; voters are white male citizens of the United States, twenty one years
privilege of the writ of habeas corpus. of age and upwards, who have resided in the State one year and six months in the district in Constitution of the State of Now York. which he offers to vote. Sec. 5 provides a uni- Adopted in convention, but not yet submitted form registration of voters. Sec. 6 fixes the for ratification. oath of office to support the Constitution of The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus United States, and bear true allegiance to the shall not be suspended, unless when, in cases of State of Maryland, and support its constitution rebellion or invasion, the public safety may reand laws, &c.
quire its suspension. Art. 2, sec. 17 gives governor the veto power ;]Every male inhabitant, of the age of twentya three-fifths vote of the members elected to each one years, who shall have been a citizen for ten house necessary to pass a bill over the veto. days and a resident of the State for one year
Art. 3, sec. 3, gives each county a senator, and next preceding an election, and for the last four Baltimore city 3, one for each district. Allegany months a resident of the county where he may county, till the next census, is to have five dele- offer his vote, shall be entitled to vote at such gates in the house of delegates; Anne Arundel, election in the election district of which he shall 3; Baltimore county, 6; Baltimore city 18, elect- be at the time a resident, and not elsewhere, for ed in three districts; Calvert, 2; Caroline, 2; all officers that now are or hereafter may be Carroll, 4; Cecil, 4; Charles, 2; Dorchester, 3; elective by the people, and upon all questions Frederick, 6; Harford, 4; Howard, 2; Kent, 2; which may be submitted to the vote of the people Montgomery, 3; Prince George's, 3; Queen of the State; provided that such citizen shall Anne's, 2; St. Mary's, 2; Somerset, 3; Talbot, have been for thirty days next preceding the 2; Washington, 5; Worcester, 3. Sect. 4 pro-election a resident of the town or ward, and, for vides that after the next census each county with ten daye, of the election district in which he of. a population of 18,000 souls, or less, shall have fers his vote. two delegates; of 18,000 and less than 28,000, Registration of voters authorized. Thirty. 3; of 28,000 and less than 40,000, 4 ; of 40,000 two senators, and one hundred and thirty-nine and less than 55,000, 5; of 55,000 and upwards, assemblymen. No bill shall pass except upon 6, and each of the legislative districts of Balti- | the assent of a majority of the members elected more shall have a number of delegates equal to to each house. Governor has veto, with twothe largest county. The term of senators is fixed thirds vote of members elected necessary to reat four years and delegates two. Three years' pass the vetoed bill. Legislature shall not aucitizenship in Maryland necessary to make a per- thorize the consolidation of railroad corporations son eligible as senator or delegate.
owning parallel or competing lines of road. No Art. 4, sec. 28, requires a majority of the law shall be passed authorizing or sanctioning whole number of members elected to each house the suspension of specie payments. All ableto pass a bill, and by yeas and nays. Sec. 37 | bodied male citizens, between eighteen and forty. is in these words:
five, shall be annually enrolled, as a militia
force, to be divided into active and reserve torces | men before the law; provided, that the general -the active to be called the National Guard of assembly shall have power to remove the disthe State of New York, and not to exceed, in abilities incurred under this clause. 3d. Crimipeace, thirty thousand men.
nals. 4th. Idiots and insane persons.
All persons, before registering, must take and Constitution of Alabama.
subscribe the following oath : Adopted in convention, November 5, 1867, I, — do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will sup
port and maintain the Constitution and laws of the voted on by the people, February 4, 1868.
United States, and the constitution and laws of the State
of Alabama; that I am not excluded from registering by verso
any of the clauses in sec. 3, article 7, of the constitu
tion of the State of Alabama; that I will never counteStates, or naturalized, or who shall have legally
nance or aid in the secession of this State from the United States; that I accept the civil and political equality of all men; and agree not to attempt to de
prive any person or persons, on account of race, color, sessing equal civil and political rights and
or previous condition, of any political or civil right, public privileges. Freedom of speech and ivilege, or immunity enjoyed by any other class of
men; and, furthermore, that I will not in any way abuse ; also the right to bear arms in defence of
injure, or countenance in others any attempt to in. jure, any person or persons on account of past or
present support of the Government of the United slavery or involuntary servitude except as pun
States, the laws of the United States, or the principle ishment for crime. Asserts that the State has | tion with any political party.
of political and civil equality of all men, or for affiliano right to sever its relations to the Federal
The militia shall consist of all able-bodied Union, or to pass any law in derogation of the male inhabitants between eighteen and fortyparamount allegiance of the citizens of this
this five, to be divided into two classes, volunteer
five State to the Government of the United States.
overnment of the United States. and reserve. The common schools and other The president of the senate and speaker of educational institutions shall be under the manthe house shall hold their offices until their
agement of a board of education. Certain funds successors shall be qualined. The legislature are inviolably appropriated to educational purhas power to suppress duelling. The State shall
poses. One fifth of the annual revenues of the not engage in any internal improvements. The state shall be devoted exclusively to the maingovernor has the veto power, but a majority
tenance of public schools, the whole tax on real of the whole number of members of each house
and personal property not, however, to exceed may pass a bill over the veto. The governor
two per cent. of the assessed value. Corporashall have a pardoning power in all cases except
tions to be formed under general laws. Personal treason, but his pardon shall not relieve from
property to the value of $1,000 to be exempted civil or political disability.
from sale on execution for debt hereafter conArt. 7, sec. 2.-Every male person, born in
tracted ; also every homestead in the country, the United States, and every male person who
not exceeding eighty acres of land, and the has been naturalized, or who has legally declared
dwelling and appartenances thereon ; or, in lieu bis intention to become a citizen of the United thereof.a lot in a city, town, or village, with States, twenty-one years old or upwards, who
the appurtenances thereon, and occupied by the shall have resided in this State six months next
owner, not exceeding $2,000 in value, such expreceding the election, and three months in the
emption not to extend to any mortgage lawfully county in which he offers to vote, except as obtained. hereinafter provided, shall be deemed an elector; provided that no soldier, or sailor, or marine, in
Constitution of Arkansas. the military or naval service of the United Adopted by convention February 11, 1868, States, shall hereafter acquire a residence by and ratified by the people March 13, 1868. reason of being stationed on duty in this State. It provides, among other things, that the par.
Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the general as. amount allegiance of every citizen is due to the sembly to provide, from time to time, for the Federal Government, in the exercise of all its conregistration of all electors, but the following stitutional powers, as the same may have been or classes of persons shall not be permitted to regis- may be defined by the Supreme Court of the ter, vote, or hold office : 1st. Those who, during United States, and no power exists in the people the late rebellion, inflicted, or caused to be in- of this or any other State of the Federal Union to flicted, any cruel or unusual punishment upon dissolve their connection therewith, or perform any soldier, sailor, marine, employé, or citizen any act tending to impair, subvert, or resist the of the United States, or who, in any other way, supreme authority of the United States. The violated the rules of civilized warfare. 2d. Those equality of all persons before the law is recog. who may be disqualified from holding office by nized and shall ever remain in violate ; nor shall the proposed amendment of the Constitution of any citizen ever be deprived of any right, privithe United States, known as “ Article XIV," lege, or immunity, nor exempted from any burand those who have been disqualified from regis- den orduty, on account of race, color, or previous tering to vote for delegates to the Convention to condition. frame a constitution for the State of Alabama, The general assembly shall not grant to any under the act of Congress" to provide for the citizen or class of citizens privileges or immumore efficient government of the rebel States," nities which, upon the same terms, shall not passed by Congress March 2, 1867, and the acts equally belong to all citizens. No religious or supplementary thereto, except such persons as property test shall be required for voting or aided in the reconstruction proposed by Con-holding office. gress, and accept the political equality of all Sec. 25 declares null and void the ordinance