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TENTH BIENNIAL REPORT

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SACRAMENTO:
A. J. JOHNSTON, ::::::: SUPERINTENDENT STATE PRINTING.

1902.

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,

STATE OF CALIFORNIA.

HON. HENRY T. GAGE, Governor of California:

SIR: I have the honor to submit to you herewith the Tenth Biennial

Report of this Bureau, covering the years 1901 and 1902.

Very respectfully yours,

F. V. MEYERS,

Commissioner State Bureau of Labor Statistics.

INTRODUCTION.

The statutes under which this Bureau is organized and maintained, and which prescribe the scope of its work and the duties and powers of its officers and agents, are as follows:

Stats. of Cal., 1883, p. 27.

An Act to ESTABLISH AND SUPPORT A BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

[Approved March 3, 1883.) The People of the State of California, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

Section 1. As soon as possible after the passage of this Act, and every four years thereafter, the Governor of the State shall appoint a suitable person to act as Commissioner of a Bureau of Labor Statistics. The headquarters of said Bureau shall be located in the City and County of San Francisco; said Commissioner to serve for four (4) years, and until his successor is appointed and qualified.

SEC. 2. The Commissioner of the Bureau, before entering upon the duties of his office, must execute an official bond in the sum of five thousand (5,000) dollars, and take the oath of office, all as prescribed by the Political Code for State officers in general.

Sec. 3. The duties of the Commissioner shall be to collect, assort, systematize, and present, in biennial reports to the Legislature, statistical details, relating to all departments of labor in the State, such as the hours and wages of labor, cost of living, amount of labor required, estimated number of persons depending on daily labor for their support, the probable chances of all being employed, the operation of labor-saving machinery in its relation to hand labor, etc. Said statistics may be classified as follows:

First-In agriculture.
Second-In mechanical and manufacturing industries.
Third-In mining.
Fourth-In transportation on land and water.
Fifth-In clerical and all other skilled and unskilled labor not above enumerated.

Sixth—The amount of cash capital invested in lands, buildings, machinery, material, and means of production and distribution generally.

Seventh-The number, age, sex, and condition of persons employed; the nature of their employment; the extent to which the apprenticeship system prevails in the various skilled industries; the number of hours of labor per day; the average length of time employed per annum, and the net wages received in each of the industries and employments enumerated.

Eighth—The number and condition of the unemployed, their age, sex, and nationality, together with the cause of their idleness.

Ninth-The sanitary condition of lands, workshops, dwellings, the number and size of rooms occupied by the poor, etc.; the cost of rent, fuel, food, clothing, and water in each locality of the State; also the extent to which labor-saving processes are employed to the displacement of hand labor.

Tenth-The number and condition of the Chinese in the State; their social and sanitary habits; number of married and of single; the number employed, and the nature of their employment; the average wages per day at each employment, and the gross amount yearly; the amounts expended by them in rent, food, and clothing, and in what proportion such amounts are expended for foreign and home productions, respec

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