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BY

ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE.

TRANSLATED BY

HENRY REEVE, ESQ.

EDITED, WITH NOTES,

THE TRANSLATION REVISED AND IN GREAT PART REWRITTEN, AND THE ADDITIONS

MADE TO THE RECENT PARIS EDITIONS NOW FIRST TRANSLATED,

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1802, by

JOHN BARTLETT, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

UNIVERSITY PRESS:
WELCI, BIGELOW, AND COMPANY,

CAMBRIDGE

ADVERTISEMENT

TO THE SECOND PART.

T \HE Americans have a democratic state of

society, which has naturally suggested to them certain laws and certain political manners. It has also created in their minds many feelings and opinions which were unknown in the old aristocratic societies of Europe. It has destroyed or modified the old relations of men to each other, and has established new ones.

The aspect of civil society has been as much altered as the face of the political world.

I have treated of the former subject in the work which I published, five years ago, upon American Democracy; the latter is the object of the present book. These two Parts complete each other, and form but a single work.

But I must warn the reader immediately against an error which would be very prejudicial to me. Because I attribute so many different effects to the principle of equality, it might be inferred that I consider this principle as the only cause of everything that takes place in our day. This

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