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AMERICAN REVIEW:

A WHIG JOURNAL,

DEVOTED TO

POLITICS AND LITERATURE.

“TO STAND BY THE CONSTITUTION.”

NEW SERIES, VOL. 1.-WHOLE VOL. VII.

NEW-YORK:

PUBLISHED AT 118 NASSAU STREET.

1848.

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Next to the interest which our friends Were it possible to explain the difficulfelt in the beginning of this enterprise, ties, delays, and losses, which attend the must be their desire to have recorded, its collection of the dues of such a journal, successful establishment. The patrons of reducing the average value of its subscripthe American Review, who generously and tions by more than a third, the friends of patriotically aided its first struggles into the Review would find less difficulty in unlife, may be desirous of knowing its pres- derstanding why all the necessary improveent position and future intentions. A sad ments were not sooner made. They have decree has forbidden the hand that should been kept constantly in view, but are the have made the record.

work of much time, and of the joint labor The experience of three years, with the and enthusiasm of many persons. counsel and advice of many able and ju In the midst of these plans, and in the dicious friends, had determined the Editor bloom and vigor of his youth, the generous to begin a new Series of his Journal, upon spirit who strove to execute them, and a more liberal scale of expenditure, and thereby to deserve well of his country, with an infusion of greater vigor and at was cut off by a severe and lingering illtention in every department. The proper | ness; but as he was a man free in his conconduct of the whole was found to surpass fidences, and loving to make common cause the abilities of any one person, and a greater with many, he left those behind him who outlay became necessary to obtain the had taken an equal interest in the work, requisite aid. The price paid for valuable and had advised and strenuously labored articles, though it already exceeded what with him for its accomplishment: it was the finances would bear, had to be in their part, therefore, to make this statecreased, that none but good material might ment, both for the regard they bear his be used. The political department, espe- memory, and for the duty they owe to cially, it was found, must be improved in the friends and supporters of the enterquantity, and the standard of the best prise. maintained.

It has always been borne in mind that a To the accomplishment of these ends, it truly national journal must represent the was necessary that the subscription list spirit and principles of the Nation, in its should be increased.

best moods, and as they appear in the VOL. 1. NO. I. NEW SERIES.

1

wisdom of its earlier lawgivers. In every will not suffer themselves to be led by the free nation, two great parties have arisen, example of any other nation, into advocating tending towards opposite extremes. Dif measures suitable, perhaps, to that nation, fering in this particular_from all ancient, but unsuitable and injurious to our own; and even from modern European nations, believing that a judicious regard to the that we are not composed of an inferior, circumstances of a people, should govern politically mingled, and sharing power with its legislation. à superior race—a commonalty with an In a choice of rulers and legislators, aristocracyboth parties, with us, profess they mean to sustain such men as seem to sustain liberty and the common right. fitted to represent, not the will only, but In the spirit and heart of the nation there the virtue and common sense of their concan be no division. The nation, as a body, stituents. extends freedom-political, social, and reli That the power of the Executive be regious—to all men equally; and out of this stricted within its just limits, they will spring all our national and political pecu- strenuously urge. liarities.

That the rights and power

of the States Yet it will happen, for the most part, be preserved inviolate, as the sole defence that even in pursuit of a good, men are of the individual against Executive usurpeasily misled and deceived into radical ex ation, they will also advocate; but no less, tremes.

that individual States be not suffered to The friends and conductors of this jour- impair the high privileges of the citizen, in nal incline not, therefore, hastily to despise his relation to the nation as a whole. and subvert the institutions of our fathers. That every means be employed to preThey mean to abide by the Constitution. vent the converting of offices into political

They believe that reforms should in all agencies, for corrupting and subverting cases grow from, and be limited by, neces the popular will. sity; and that the State, like any natural In brief, the conductors of this journal organization, should gradually shape itself, are Whigs, in principle and practice, and by a healthy and spontaneous growth. mean to use it, as far as in them lies, for

They believe that the designers and sup- the promotion of that cause. porters of schemes of conquest, to be car As a vehicle of opinion to reach all ried on by this government, are engaged classes of intelligent persons, it has been in treason to our Constitution and Decla- found necessary to regard the interests of ration of Rights, giving “aid and comfort" general literature in the Review, equally to the enemies of republicanism, in that with those of politics—the two being they are advocating and preaching the necessary to each other. doctrine of “the right of conquest.” These In regard to sectional questions, a jourtraitors to all humanity, and to God, must | nal professing to be purely national must be met and vanquished, or the principle either avoid them, or discuss them in the which sustains us, as a nation, will be sub- light of general policy and morality: inverted.

difference to the decision of such questions In meeting and discussing new phases would betray either an immoral, or an of opinion, they will favor with their imbecile spirit. whole heart and mind, all plans for the Enough, perhaps, has been said on amelioration of society, and all such new former occasions, of the importance of a ideas of social and physical science, as truly national organ of opinion, whose seem to have their foundation in nature purpose should be to promote union and and experience. Yet they can never for singleness of principle in the Whig party. get that truth is old, and the principles of The sole desire of the conductors of this human nature, like the moral law, by no 1 journal is, that it may in some measure means a discovery of yesterday.

satisfy the want that is felt for such an In questions of political economy, they organ.

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