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The English roads were such in 1703, that it | a lieutenant of a company in Pulaski's letook fourteen hours to go from Windsor to gion; then a major, and colonel ; distinguishing London, forty miles. The population of the himself in the various battles of the Revolution entire kingdom, at the time of the Revolu- which were fought in the South. Towards tion, is estimated at seven millions. In the the close of the war he was appointed Commisrural districts there were thousands of supersti- sary-general of his State ; and en the Contious notions among young people, relating to vention met at Philadelphia, for forming a courtship and marriage, some of which yet re constitution, he was present as delegate. At main.

length he was elected Governor, and was after“ Thus a young damsel who was anxious to

wards appointed Minister to the French Direcknow something of the husband whom fate had tory, with Ellsworth, in place of Patrick Henry. destined for her, was directed to run until she

He was a man of commanding person, dignified was out of breath, as soon as she heard the first manners, an eminent lawyer, and an unblemnotes of the cuckoo ; after which, on pulling off ished gentleman. In 1803 he was a candidate her shoe, she would find in it a hair of the same for Congress, and lost his election by not being color with that of her future mate. If she wisho | in favor of Jefferson. The remainder of his life ed to see his full appearance, she was to sow was passed on his estate, where he died in 1820. hemp seed on midsummer eve, and command her Samuel Kirkland was the father of John lover, in a rhyming couplet, to follow and mow;

Thornton Kirkland, for several years President and behold, on looking over her shoulder, she would see him at her heel, scythe in hand! On

of Harvard University. He was born in 1741, Valentine's morning, the first bachelor whom a

and after graduating at Princeton, became a girl accidentally met, was supposed to be her des missionary among the Indians, within the limits tined husband.* Another way was for her to

of New York, chiefly among the Oneidas. In pare a pippin, and throw the rind over her head; this work, and its perils and vicissitudes, he on falling it would show his initials. Or if she spent the whole of the active part of his life. had two lovers, she could decide between them He died at Clinton, in this ptate, in 1808. by burning two hazel nuts or sticking pippin The second series of Mr. Sparks's work, seeds on her cheeks, to see which would remain which this fifteenth volume concludes, shows longest.”

that the materials for American biography are All these things make pleasant reading, and

yet by no means exhausted. The list of the serve to keep up the good old family feeling.

lives at the end, exhibits names respecting Conceited and disagreeable as Englishmen, or

which there is no less curiosity than attached to rather English snobs, sometimes make them those which were selected for the previous selves, it creates a warming of the heart towards

series; and there can be no doubt that another that uncomfortable people, to consider how very

series might be made, without at all encroachsimple the “old folks,” our common great-great ing upon the boundary that separates the presgrandfathers and grandmothers, used to be, a ent from the past, which would be equally few hundred years ago. We think it argues

popular and instructive. It is intended, probno want of nationality in us to look with par

ably, that the work shall go on as heretofore. ticular kindness on the manifold infirmities of We have need enough, as a people, in the Queen Victoria's subjects, and still to cherish

rapid fluctuations of events, to keep an eye towards them a becoming brotherly regard,

backward, in order to preserve our identity. Compared with the M -but there is no need For, as when stout vessels sail before the wind, of making a comparison so odorous.

over the stormy ocean, they seem to be riding faster than the waves, when, in reality, it is not

so, and sometimes a heavy roll overtakes and The Library of American Biography. Con- bears them down--so it may be with nations,

ducted by JARED Sparks. Second Series, sailing with the wings of Time, over the restVol. XV. Boston: Charles C. Little and less commotion of human Passions, (and intent James Brown. 1848.

on Progress,) suddenly, if the helmsmen reThis volume contains the lives of William gard only the dim light in the binnacle of ReaRichardson Davie, by Fordyce M. Hubbard, son, and do not consider the mountains of and of Samuel Kirkland, by Samuel K. Loth- | Ambition, ever outstripping their speed, the rop. Governor Davie was, as none of our

ship of State is driven under, or lies at the southern readers will need to be informed, one

mercy of the raging billows. Hence it is of the most distinguished men in the early his

necessary to the prosperity of a state, it might tory of South Carolina. He was born in Eng- be argued, to treasure the lives of its distinland, his father emigrating to the Catawba guished men, as well as proper in individuals country in 1763, when his son was seven years

to desire to read of them. old. He studied at Nassau Hall, and in 1776,

The present volume is embellished with a while a student, served as a volunteer in the

well engraved portrait of Mr. Kirkland, from vicinity of New York. He afterwards became

an old picture, and is marked by the neatness

and typographical accuracy by which the books * The reader will remember the Fair Maid of of the Messrs. Little and Brown can be generPerth.

ally distinguished.

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The period has come when the country that, precede it, unless it be Sunday, for a is about to enter on another Presidential month. And thus our Republican King is canvass, or campaign, as it is usually call- chosen. At the proper time, with simple ed. The canvass, of course, does not ceremonies, he is installed in office, when actually begin till candidates are put in he enters on his high trusts, and moves fornomination, and are in the field. But al. ward in the majesty of as much power, to ready there is a hum of busy preparation say the least of it, as any mortal man ought all over the land. Parties are beginning ever to be clothed with. This, we say, is to marshal their forces, and count their a great moral spectacle—this matter of numbers, and there is an active inquiry electing, in this quiet way, our own Chief, everywhere after the great Captains who our own ruler and monarch, for the time are to lead out these hosts to the sanguine, being, from out of the body of the people. not sanguinary-encounter. Truly, these For a monarch he is, and a great potenPresidential elections of ours in this coun tate, as experience has abundantly shown, try are great political, and great moral whose will, or whose caprice, directs the spectacles. The President of the United most important and eventful public mcasStates, though we call him our Chief Mag; ures, and shapes the career and destiny istrate, as if he were only our principal of the country. Justice of the Peace, is, nevertheless, a A President of the United States, even great potentate, and actually exercises when he keeps himself within the letter of more power than the Sovereign of Great the Constitution, rises as the chief executive Britain, the head of the most powerful officer of the nation, to the height of tremenempire in the world. And yet we elect dous power. He is invested with many of our Sovereign every fourth year by uni the higher attributes of sovereignty in govversal suffrage, without tumult, without ernment, as such sovereignty is commonly confusion, without civil commotion. The exhibited in the persons of monarchs in other people go to the polls in their respective countries—at least where constitutional districts, and deposit their ballots, and the limitations have found any place whatever. thing is done. The people stay at home It is worth our while to refer for a moand do this thing. The day of voting, ment to some of these attributes of emiwhen it comes, is usually a more quiet day, nent power. except perhaps in the great cities, or in The President may take the Initiative in particular localities, than many of the days Legislation, under the clause of the ConstiVOL. I. NO. V. NEW SERIES.

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