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rived here. Several failures have taken place in rowed money to effect large improvements on
the commercial part of the community, but not so his estate, by which he expected to employ a
serious in amount as those which have preced- large number of persons during the coming
ed; and it is confidently hoped that the severity winter. While engaged in this and other bene-
of the crisis has passed. . A steady influx of ficent employments, he was shot down on his
gold and silver has rendered the currency less own estate—an occurrence, among others,
restricted; although discounts still remain at which most painfully shows the disorganized
very high rates, and money very difficult to be state of society. A number of Irish members
obtained. The Directors of the Bank of Eng. of Parliament, and influential persons, organ-
land availed themselves of one portion of the ized, for the purpose of demanding from the
recommendation of the ministry, mentioned in government employment for the people, on the
our last—the charging “a high rate of inter- unfinished improvements which were com-
est ;" but omitted to comply with that which menced last year; and, it is to be hoped, that
urged an enlargement of the amount of dis- in the present state of the peasantry, their ef-
counts and advances ; and their proceedings in forts will be directed to measures of a purely
this respect have called forth considerable ani- practical character, and that no political feeling
madversion. The number of bills drawn in the will be allowed to thwart the measures so im-
colonies, which have been returned in conse peratively demanded.
quence of the late failures, together with the Intelligence has been received of the total
low price of sugar and other colonial products, loss of the packet ship Stephen Whitney, which
will yet cause considerable embarrassment; left New-York on the 8th October. Mistaking
but on the other hand, the slight rise in cotton the light upon Rock Island, near Cape Clear,
and grain, will cause a greater buoyancy in on the South Coast of Ireland, for the old Head
the trade with this country; and, although upon of Kinsale, she went broadside on a rock called
the whole, the amelioration is but small, the the West Calf, about four miles inside the
change will operate to restore confidence, and Cape, and in less than ten minutes was dashed
may prove more stable from being of slow mo to atoms, involving in her destruction, the
tion. Strong hopes are entertained that the melancholy loss of her captain and no less than
Royal Bank of Liverpool and the Bank of North 92 of her crew and passengers-18 only, out of
and South Wales, both of which have suspend- | 110, having escaped with life--the ship with
ed payment, will be enabled to resume business. | many articles on board being totally lost.
Government stocks are more firm in price; and The commercial and financial difficulties of
although the Bank of England still charges England do not appear to have reached France :
eight per cent. discount, many private establish on the contrary securities have been steady,
ments are content with seven and six and a and notwithstanding the negotiation of a loan
half per cent. Accounts from the manufac. of 250 millions of francs which was taken by
turing districts are still unfavorable, and not the Rothschilds, and by which a large amount
withstanding some little improvement has been of fresh stock was created, the price of funds
evinced, it is to be apprehended that short work rose at the Bourse. A political agitation for
and a high price of provisions will be produc- the extension of the elective franchise is active
tive of very great distress among the opera in France, and though greatly discouraged by
tives and the laboring population generally. the government, large meetings are held, at

Ireland still continues to present a melan- which the name of the king is not very respectcholy spectacle, and must cause very consider- fully greeted. Louis Philippe suffers much in able embarrassment to the present Parliament. public estimation from a belief of his interfering Famine appears again to threaten its appear- personally, with all the details of government, ance, while murder and agrarian outrages are in a greater degree than is consistent with a so much on the increase, as to have produced limited and constitutional monarchy, where the a proclamation from the Lord Lieutenant, call responsibility for such acts is exclusively coning on all well-disposed persons to assist in fined to the ministers. Count Bresson, who their repression, and threatening offenders with figured, considerably in negotiating the marthe utmost rigor of punishment. The worst riage of the Queen of Spain, and also of her features in these offences are, that they seem sister to the Duc de Montpensier, lately comto be committed by persons who have not the mitted suicide, while ambassador at Naples; excuse of destitution ; and that in many in- and his immediate predecessor at that post, stances the victims are resident proprietors, Count Mortier, made a like attempt while who are exerting themselves to benefit the laboring under mental alienation. Monsieur peasantry in their neighborhoods. The assas Deschappelles, the celebrated chess-player, died sination of Major Rowan, of Stokestown, in in Paris about the beginning of the past month; the county of Roscommon, appears an offence and Monsieur Parmentier, who was so disof a most unaccountable character. With three gracefully connected with the late proceedings years' rent due from the tenants of his estate, of General Cubieres and Monsieur Teste, died he last year chartered two vessels to assist á of grief at Lure. It is said that the Archportion of them to emigrate, and had just bor- duchess of Parma, Maria Louisa, widow of

Napoleon, has married the Count de Bombelles, | may be considered the first step towards a poone of her ministers. The Commerce announces litical union of the Italian States. The terms that reports from the Prefects have been of this treaty will not be made public until it is received by the Minister of the Interior, which known whether the King of Naples and the state that the potato crop had been gathered Duke of Modena will join the league, proposithroughout France, and that it was abundant tions having been made to them to do so. A and of good quality, the disease having only Paris paper announces that the Sultan has sent shown itself at a few points and its effects being Chebel Effendi on a mission to Rome, to exinsignificant.

press his desire that the protection of the ChrisThe Universal Gazette of Prussia, publishes tians of the Libanus should take place in a dia letter from St. Petersburgh of the 17th No rect manner by the intervention of a represenvember, which stales :

tative of the Holy See; and the Pope has, in “ The cholera makes fresh progress in the consequence, re-established the office of Patritwo directions, which it is following in Russia. arch of Jerusalem, and raised to that dignity a It has just broken out in the governments of simple missionary priest. Simbrisk, Kazan, Nijni, Novogorod, Riasan, Pol The civil war in Switzerland has commenctawa, and Tarnboff. Thus far, it does not ap ed. The troops of the Federal Government pear disposed to spread on the side of Podolia were investing Fribourg, and the bombardment and Gallicia, and it even appears to have very of that place was said to have commenced on little intensity in that neighborhood. In that the 12th inst. ; but the latter fact appears direction it has only shown itself on one point, doubtful, as reports of a later date state that the at Ickaterinoslaf, where it traversed the Dnieper. Grand Council of Fribourg had assembled, and Without counting Georgia, Caucasus, and the demanded a suspension of hostilities, which had country of the Cossacks of the Black Sea, it als been granted by the commander of the Federal ready reigns in sixteen governments. On the forces. Great excitement exists in the Tyrol, 30th nlt. it broke ont at Moscow.”

in consequence of the events taking place in The latest intelligence from the latter place Switzerland, and which is increased by the states the number of cholera patients there on movements of the Austrian troops. It is unthe 16th November, at 105; on the evening of derstood that overtures have been made, by the 17th October, the number was 135.

the representatives of some of the contiSpain still continues the victim of intrigue. nental powers, to the British Cabinet, for an The French party is in the ascendant, and not amicable mediation to terminate the differences withstanding the constant changes in the min now existing in the Helvetic republic. istry, Narvaez appears to be the director of af Mr. Gutzlaff, the missionary to China, has fairs, aided by the queen mother, Christina. An just completed a voluminous history of that apparent reconciliation has been effected be- empire, and sent the manuscript to Mr. Cotta, tween Queen Isabella and her husband, but a the publisher at Stutgardt. He has published strong opinion is maintained in Madrid that at Hong Kong a universal geography, in Chitheir feelings are as much estranged as ever, nese, with sixty large maps; and has begun to and that their present union is only a matter of compose a dictionary of that language. He state necessity. The Carlist and Montemoli- has founded a Chinese society, which already nist parties are endeavoring to excite civil war numbers 600 members, and includes mandarins in Catalonia and other provinces, but meet and native sarans of the first rank; and the sowith litle encouragement from the peasantry, ciety has already published a large number of and are generally routed when met by the popular works. This establishment was instiqueen's troops. Espartero, the exiled general, tuted from a conviction that Christianity, and has been offered the embassy to London ; which its civilizing results, can only be successfully he has refused, it is said, on account of want of propagated in China, by the Chinese themsufficient fortune to sustain the dignity of the selves. station.

Dr. Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, the great The civil war in Portugal having been termi- musical composer, died suddenly, of inflammanated through the combined intervention of the tion of the brain, at Leipsic, on the 4th of Noallies of the queen's government, the parties vember last, aged 30. He was born at Berlin, opposed are busy at the work of intrigue, and on the 3d of February, 1808; and was son of are making great exertions to gain the su the celebrated Archæologist James Solomon premacy at the coming elections.

Bartholdy, and grandson of the philosopher In Italy, Pius IX. still continues to persevere Mendelssohn. At 8 years of age, he had comin his judicious reforms. His views all appear posed some remarkable pieces, and performed to tend towards practical results, and are, for on the piano, at Paris and London, with great that reason, likely to prove more lasting and ef

Six songs for a soprano voice, three fective. A commercial treaty and customs motets for mixed chorusses, (already in the league has lately been concluded between the press,) a large portion of his new Ortario of Pope, the King of Sardinia, and the Grand Christ, and some other works, were found in Duke of Tuscany and Duke of Lucca, which his writing desk, after his decease.

success.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

Old Wine in New Bottles ; or, Spare Hours of what they had not the firmness to do for them

a Student in Paris. By AUGUSTUS KINSLEY selves—rid them of an enormous and perilous GARDNER, M. D. New-York: C. S. Fran burden, not imposed by any dictate of natural cis & Co., 252 Broadway. Boston: J. H. law.” Francis, 128 Washington street. 1848. Here is no sympathy with crime, no inquiry

into palliative circumstances. The man who was This volume is a republication of a series of guillotined had attempted several times to murletters,written by the author when he was a med der his wife, and at last nearly beat her brains ical student in Paris, to the Newark Daily Ad out with a hammer. The doctor was evidently verliser. They are exceedingly entertaining and

glad to see his head cut off. As the reader full of interesting description, good humor and glides over the description he feels so likewise, good sense. The author has an observant eye, and though it is only medical and military men, while his correspondence lets us into the heart whose nerves are educated out of the sympaof life in the gay capital, its thousand excite thetic influence of pain, that can witness such ments evidently did not disturb the serenity of things with a becoming indifference. Perhaps his understanding. He appears the same quiet it is owing more to this sympathetic influence, observer in all the various scenes through which the subtle fancy can any moment image which he takes us—the theatres, the opera, the

to the mind, that we have such discordance of hospitals, the bal masque. One who wishes to opinion respecting capital punishment. The ramble around the city, which seems the phy

easy confidence with which physicians throw out sical and social centre of the world, as London opinions on social questions is often not only endoes its intellectual and moral, could not choose tertaining, but really instructive; we are led to a more agreeable companion. He is always

see the matter in a new light. A lawyer is cheerful and amusing ; not narrow in his views troubled with the uncertainties of jury trials, of French life, but at the same time thoroughly

and the thousand other hindrances to justice; and indisputably American in his observations

doctors consider all that as an accurately workand reflections. Many of his opinions are ing part of the social machine, and look only deeply colored with the mode of thinking pecu

to the abstract question. A man who kills liar to physicians; but that of course does not his wife ought to be hung, they think; most diminish the gratification of the reader. It is people have an instinctive feeling to the same curious to observe how differently the same in effect, because the fact appeals directly to the cident will be regarded by different minds. sense of natural justice. But the doctors go a The following, for example, would hardly have step further : not only do they have the natural come from a young lawyer, after witnessing an

feeling, but, being accustomed to surgical operaexecution by the guillotine :

tions, they have also a feeling that they should be “ An individual, it is agreed, by all people of perfectly willing to officiate in the matter, if no sense, may take life in necessary self-defence. one else were at hand, and that by the mode What may be thus done by one may be done by

least painful to the subject. They are terrible another, and so society becomes invested with slashers. But perhaps their cool mode of thinkthe same high prerogative, as a dernier resort. ing contributes, on the whole, to the health of I do not acknowledge myself under any obliga- the body politic, no less than their science dues tion to incur the trouble, expense and risk of to that of the body individual. At all events, chaining a wild beast of a man, to keep him from

however much any one may differ with Dr. preying on his fellow-men. The virtuous por

Gardner on this and other points, there will be tion of the community is not bound, and some

no difference as to the fact of his having writtimes is not able to waste the fruits of its ten a very readable volume. hard and honest labor in building penitentiaries, in which the worthless, aye, and still dangerous existence of a demon may be carefully pro

The American in Paris. By JOHN SANDERSON, longed, and his body clothed and fed—often

In two volumes. Third edition. Philadelphia : much better than the poor who are taxed to pay

Carey & Hart. 1847. for it—till the culprit shall be pardoned by an Since these letters were originally published impotent or corrupt executive, to vex the coun in 1835, they have had many imitators, some try again with his murders and conflagrations; of them displaying much ability; yet, and also or till a natural death shall do for the people after a lapse of more than ten years, which is

a long immortality for such sketches, they have

“Crabbed age and youth

Cannot live together;" lost none of their original excellence. If it be lawful to use two words utterly outworn, we

and when there comes a young genius, who may express in them a sufficiently comprehen- lives more in a month than others in a year, the sive criticism for a brief notice, and call these proud world is seldom ready to acknowledge him volumes “ graphic” and “racy.” They are

till the struggle of life is past. Then it honors pictnresque, brilliant, sparklingeverything him for bravely dying. that is animated. To read them is like seeing fireworks. And yet they fatigue and cloy us. The Lesson of Life, and other Poems. By The intense ebullience of the fancy, which is GEORGE H. Baker. Philadelphia : George their most remarkable characteristic, affects us, S. Appleton, 148 Chesnut street. 1818. we know not why, sadly and even painfully. We seem to be brought in contact with a burn A very modestly attired little volume, coning soul, that is consuming its over sensitive taining several very gracefully written pieces, and excitable tenement. The vis animi is betokening good sense, a kind heart, and a genial wearing out the body. After reading a few fancy. The longest piece has many passages pages one feels heated and feverish. In this of truly poetic "description, and is nowhere respect these letters are in marked contrast marred by the affectations of style, which are with those of Dr. Gardner, just noticed: they the fashion of the day with many young genare more brilliant, but not so cheerful. It may tlemen who presume to come before the world be, however, that in this respect our perceptions in the character of poets. are too delicate. For those who can bear such writing there is drollery enough, as well as suggestiveness, in these two volumes, to stimulate The Pictorial History of England. Harper & them for a month. “Here, on the Boulevard

Brothers. Puissonniere, or near it, resides Mr. -, of The republication of this great work is drawo New Jersey; he has been sent over (hapless ing to a conclusion, it having reached the thirty, errand !) to convert these French people to third number, the whole being to be completed Christianity. He is a very clever man, and in about forty. It is fairly printed in ample we will ask if he is yet alive: the journals of two-column pages, and the engravings very this morning say three or four missionaries respectable. The usefulness and interest of have been eaten up by the Sumatras." This the work are too obvious to need a comment. and a thousand other bon-bons are in the very It is a compilation from all sorts of histories, spirit of a Parisian feuilletonist. One cannot and presents a view not only of the progress of avoid a momentary smile at the absurdity of the government but also of the people, their the idea, though Mr. may have done a religion, manners and customs, national indusgreat deal of good in Paris, notwithstanding. try, general condition, and gradual advance

ment in literature, science, and the fine arts. The Boys' Winter Book : Descriptive of the For those who rend history only for their own

gratification and mental improvement, and not Season, Scenery, Rural Life, and Country Amusements. By THOMAS MILLER. Harper political or professional employments, such a

to supply themselves with arms to be used in & Brothers.

work must supply a long-felt desideratum. It makes one almost sad to see how much For, in respect of the most picturesque parts of better boys are cared for now than they used English history, we have hitherto relied more to be, especially during the annual holidays upon the old dramatists and the modern novelthat are just past. This little volume is another ists 'than upon Hume and his successors : evidence of the increased attention that is paid Shakspeare and Sir Walter Scott have in this them. It is very neatly printed, and the wood cuts sense been our best historians. are well executed. Mr. Miller evidently loves We have not had time to examine the tone children, and has also excellent taste in matters and merit of the compilation, but it is fair of literature, anecdote, &c. Our only fault to presume that it is of similar excellence with him is that he writes down too far, and is with the many works tending to popularize a little childish and goodyish at times, which learning and spread the love of knowledge boys do not like half so well as strong manly which have issued from the same press in writing, that says what it has to say in plain London ; and if so, it is a work which cannot words, and leaves their own active fancies to fail in this country of doing good service among supply the coloring. Nothing offends their the people. It is attractive and will be read, pride more than to be played baby with ; they and many who are drawn into reading it will always feel that they are not appreciated, and find how many of the noisiest social fancies of that their teacher, who approaches them in that the present day which claim to be great disway, must be weak in perception. But so it is coveries are only new developments of the one through life; the pride of the old stands op- Adam, and are in fact as old as the hills. It posed to that of the young :

will lead to reflection, and that is a habit

which, in feverish and fighting times like these, Posthumous Works, now in course of publiall true men must be glad to see encouraged in cation by the Harpers. The second work of every possible way.

the series is entitled “ Horc Biblicæ Sabbati; or Sabhath Meditations on the Holy Scrip

tures." The third is called Theological Thomson's Seasons; and Goldsmith's Poems.

Institutes,” the fourth is the author's “Lectures Both Illustrated with Engravings by the

on Butler's Analogy;" the fifth embraces Etching Club. Harper & Brothers. 1848.

Discourses.” We mention the names of the To find these two familiar friends ar forthcoming volumes for the convenience of rayed in dresses of such elegance, is like many of our readers, who may wish to make meeting an every-day acquaintance in a ball themselves acquainted with one of the most room : they are so fine one scarcely recognizes distinguished theological writers of his time. them. Yesterday they lay in our chamber, The publishers promise also a Life of Dr. soiled and rusty-one, sooth to tell, with his Chalmers, by his son-in-law Dr. Hanna, Editor coat entirely torn off his back; to-day we be- of the North British Review. hold them in blue and gold, and with their pages filled with elegant engravings. For our own part, we feel constrained and awkward in conversing with them in their new attire ; but The Bethel Flag: a Series of Short Discourses

to Seamen. By GARDINER SPRING, D.D., if there were any young lady friend, or relative,

Pastor of the Brick Presbyterian Church of a cousin for example, upon whom we desired them to make a favorable impression, we

the City of New-York. New-York: Baker

& Scribner. 1848. could not present them to her in more attractive costume. They would surely be welcome

It is unnecessary to examine the literary guests in any parlor.

merits of a series of discourses addressed to The Seasons, especially, is as charming a

seamen by a clergyman whose writings are so book as one could offer to a lady. It is such a beautiful work of art, so gentle and refining, Spring. They are characterized by his usual

highly esteemed by his denomination as Dr. selves to perceive the loveliness of the world plainness and sincerity of style, and hence must around them, and thus to exist in a larger improve the minds of the many readers they

have, aside from their

pious uses, a tendency to and more various sphere of enjoyment. One cannot but rejoice in the republication of

will of course find, among the class for whom so delightful a book in such a garb. Here in

they are intended. the rough outside of life, in the struggles of business and the coarse contacts of the gross and selfish, one almost fears sometimes that all The American Musical Times. A Gazette the refinement of the world is vanishing out of Devoled 10 Music, Literature, The Fine it-that ladies are no longer sensitive to the Arts, and the Drama. Henry C. Watson, music of the poets, and have determined to Editor. New-York: W. B. Taylor, 114 favor only the victors in those less severe and less

Nassau street. exacting conflicts that occur in wars on fields of battle. The publication of these handsome This is the title of the seventh number of a editions is a proof that they have not forgotten new weekly paper devoted, as its name imports, how to estimate the greatness of those who chiefly to music. Mr. Watson is very well conquer in ideal regions, as well as of those known in the city as an accomplished musician who dwell wholly in the actual.

and an able writer on all topics connected with Goldsmith would be less one's choice for the art. The series thus far has been decidedly such a purpose than Thomson, he having been the most interesting literary and musical obliged to see so much of the worser part of melange we have ever seen, and if it is conthe world in his youth, that he never quite re tinued with the same spirit the work must covered of it; yet the Deserted Village is surely succeed. The editor-promises a series excellent reading. Every one knows that of articles on Instrumentation, to be edited by “nihil quod tetigit quod non ornarit :"—it is Mr. George Loder: these will of course be refreshing to see that he is at last beautified both interesting and valuable to musical himself, more according to his deserts than he students. usually was in his lifetime.

The present number of the paper is in

mourning on account of the death of MendelsHore Biblicæ Quotidiana. Daily Scripture sohn, who was the greatest of the cotemporary

Readings. By the late THOMAS CHALMERS, composers,and whose grandest work, the oratorio D.D., L.L.D. In three volumes.—Vol. I. of Elijah, was successfully performed in our Harper & Brothers. 1848.

city, last month, by our best choral society, the

American Musical Institute, under Mr. Loder's This volume forms a number in Dr. Chalmers' direction.

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