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Some account of Mr Gibbon's studies at Lausanne,

preparatory to his Italian journey-He travels

into Italy; his feelings and observations upon his

arrival at Rome-He returns to England-His

reflections upon his situation-Some account of

his friend M. Deyverdun-He writes, and com-

municates to his friends, an historical essay upon

the liberty of the Swiss—Their unfavourable

judgment-Mr Hume's opinion....

154

Mr Gibbon and M. Deyverdun engage in a periodical

work, intended as a continuation of Dr Maty's

• Journal Brittannique;' entitled • Mémoires

Littéraires de la Grande Bretagne'-Account of

the work—Mr Gibbon publishes his observations

on the Sixth Æneid of Virgil, in opposition to

bishop Warburton's hypothesis-Mr Heyne's and

Mr Hayley's opinions of that essay-Mr Gibbon

determines to write the History of the Decline

and Fall—His preparatory studies—Reflectior :

on his domestic circumstances; his father's death

and character..

202

Mr Gibbon settles in London Begins his History of

the Decline and Fall- Becomes a Member of the

House of Commons-Characters of the principal

speakers-Publishes his first volume; its recep-

tion-Mr Hume's opinion, in a letter to the

author-Makes a second visit to Paris-His dis-

pute with the abbé Mably-He enumerates and

characterises the writers who wrote against his

fifteenth and sixteenth chapters ...

210

Mr Gibbon, by the desire of ministry, writes the · Mé.

moire Justificatif'-By the interest of lord Lough-

borough is appointed one of the lords of trade

Publishes the second and third volumes of his

History; their reception-Mentions archdeacon

Travis's attack upon him, and coinmends Mr

Porson's answer to the archdeacon-Notices also

bishop Newton's censure ....

224

The author proceeds his History--Leaves London,

and settles at Lausanne, in the house of his

PACS

work on the French revolution--Mr Gibbon
proposes a declaration to be signed by the most
considerable men of all parties in England-
On lord Sheffield's election to represent the
city of Bristol-Alludes pleasantly to an inten-
tion of marrying-His own health and situation
at Lausanne

285
Exhortation to lord Sheffield and family to visit Lau-

sanne-Arranges their route-Mr Gibbon's ab-
horrence of revolutionary principles-Rupture
between Fox and Burke-On the state of affairs

294
Narrative continued by lord Sheffield .

298

1

in Paris ..........

In th tion to en the Tru mo oft and the lab 0W

an

an

MEMOIRS

OF

EDWARD GIBBON.

In the fifty-second year of my age, after the completion of an arduous and successful work, I now propose to employ some moments of my leisure in reviewing the simple transactions of a private and literary life. Truth, naked unblushing truth, the first virtue of more serious history, must be the sole recommendation of this personal narrative. The style shall be simple and familiar: but style is the image of character; and the habits of correct writing may produce, without labour or design, the appearance of art and study. My own amusement is my motive, and will be my rewarų; and if these sheets are communicated to some discreet and indulgent friends, they will be secreted from the public eye till the author shall be removed beyond the reach of criticism or ridicule.*

* This passage is found in one only of the six sketches, and in thai which seems to have been the first writ:ea, and which was laid aside among loose papers. Mr Gibbon, in his communications with me on the subject of his Memoirs, a subject which he had not mentioned to any other person, expressed a determination of publishing them in his lifetime,

VOL. 1.

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