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may be made to last from 20 to 25 days. In the proper season, the bread ration may be partially dispensed with by substituting green corn, which can be foraged in the fields. Movable columns in the field should be furnished with hand and horse mills for grinding the grain which they procure in the country.

Within one week after the receipt of this order at their respective Headquarters, Inspectors of Armies and Army Corps will report directly to the Adjutant General of the Army every violation of this order, certifying in their reports that they have thoroughly inspected the several commands, and have reported therein every deviation from this order in regard to allowance and transportation.

IV. The attention of all officers commanding forces in the field is called to the foregoing details, and they will adopt them as instructions in fitting out their command for movements which are to be made rapidly and without ordinary transportation. This order will be published at the head of every Regiment.

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General.

General Orders,

No. 275.

WAR DEP'T, Adjutant GENERAL'S OFFICE,

Washington, August 7, 1863.

By an act of the General Assembly of the State of Iowa, approved September, 11, 1862, the right to vote for certain State officers, is given to volunteers or soldiers from that State in the military service of the United States, and provision is made for the appointment of one commissioner to each regiment of Iowa Volunteers for the purpose of carrying out this act. It is hereby ordered that all such duly accredited commissioners from Iowa be furnished with proper facilities for visiting the Volunteers from that State, and allowed access to them for the purpose indicated.

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General.

General Orders,

No. 276.

WAR DEP'T, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,

Washington, August 8, 1868.

To secure and preserve discipline, provide against disaster from the elements or attack by the enemy, the Senior Officer in the military service of the United States, present with troops upon any transport, will assume command, unless he finds, on going on board, a commander already designated by proper authority.

All troops on board the transport will, at the earliest moment after embarking, be inspected and organized into detachments or companies. The Senior Officer will assign officers to each detachment or company, and take all measures necessary to put his command into the best state of efficiency to meet any emergency.

This order applies to all troops on board of transports, whether on duty or furlough, or in separate detachments; and the Senior Officer on board will be held responsible for any failure in the performance of the duties above imposed upon him, and for the enforcement in his command of strict observance of the Article 37, Revised Army Regulations, for the government of troops on transports.

He will require, when arriving in sight of port, a report of the voyage from the Senior Officer or acting officer of each staff department on board, and will transmit it with his own report, through the proper channel to the Adjutant General of the Army.

These reports should give any facts of interest touching the accommodation and health of the troops, the manner in which the officers and crew of the transport have performed their duties, and the length of the voyage; and any observations which may enable the War Department to detect and correct abuses and punish neglect.

This Order will be placed in a conspicuous position in every chartered or purchased transport.

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General.

General Orders, }

No. 277.

WAR DEP'T, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,

Washington, August 8, 1863. I-No officers are entitled to cavalry pay, emoluments and allowances, under the 1st section of the act of July 17, 1862, unless they be assigned by the War Department specially, under that act, “to duty which requires them to be mounted."

II.-Officers falling in temporary command of bodies of troops, to command which they should be mounted, or employed temporarily on staff or special duty which, for the occasion, requires them to be furnished with horses, will, upon the certificate to that effect, and order of a General Officer commanding a corps or department, or of the highest independent commander on the spot, not being less than a brigade commander, be provided with the requisite horses and horse equipments for the service required of them by the Quartermaster's Department. These will be receipted and accounted for by the officer receiving them, and will be turned in again to the Quartermaster's Department when the mounted service for which they were drawn shall have terminated.

BY ORDER OF the Secretary of War:

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General.

NOTE. See General Orders, No. 161, in relation to Ordnance equipments and arms.

General Orders,}

No.

WAR DEP'T, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE, Washington, August 8, 1863. Paragraph 1106, Regulations for the Army, is modified so as to allow the General Commanding an Army, or the Commander of a Military Department, to authorize the officers of the Quartermaster's Department, under his control, to furnish transportation, in light or spring-wagons, for Paymasters, their clerks and funds, over routes where railways, steamboats and stage lines are not available, when such paymasters are ordered on such journeys for the payment of troops, and are not serving immediately with forces operating in the field. Such means of transportation will be in full for the Paymaster, his clerks, personal baggage, public funds, and official books and papers. No more than one light or spring-wagon will be furnished to any one Paymaster for the above purposes for any one journey; but the Commander authorizing this transportation may direct that more than one Paymaster be transported in the same manner.

The means of transportation thus provided will remain in charge of the Quartermaster's Department, and will be turned over to that department when the special journey for which it was furnished has been performed.

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General.

General Orders,

No. 279.

WAR DEP'T, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Washington, August 8, 1863.

I.-Before a General Court Martial, which convened at Indianapolis, Indiana, May 14, 1863, pursuant to Special Orders, No. 98, dated November 4, 1862; No. 43, dated January 23, 1863, Headquarters, Department of the Ohio, Cincinnati, Ohio; and Order from Headquarters U. S. Forces, Indianapolis, November, 1862, and of which Colonel JOHN S. WILLIAMS, 63d Indiana Volunteers, is President, was arraigned and tried

Private Reuben Stout, Company "K," 60th Indiana Vounteers.
CHARGE I.-"Killing in violation of the laws of war."

Specification 1st-"In this; that he, Reuben Stout, Private of Company 'K.' of the 60th Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, did, with malice aforethought, wantonly and maliciously kill and murder Solomon Huffman, a citizen of the United States, by shooting him with a ball from a gun or pistol. This at Madison Township, Carroll county, Indiana, on or about the 14th day of March, 1863."

Specification 2d-"In this; that he, Reuben Stout, Private of Company 'K,' of the 60th Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, having deserted his Company and Regiment, did, VOL II.-23

while such deserter, with malice aforethought, wantonly and maliciously kill and murder Solomon Huffman, a citizen of the United States, by shooting him with a ball from a gun or pistol, and while he, the said Huffman, was engaged in the lawful attempt to arrest the said Reuben Stout as such deserter, the said Solomon Huffman having at the time lawful authority to assist in the arrest. This at Madison Township, Carroll county, Indiana, on or about the 14th day of March, 1863."

CHARGE II." Desertion."

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Specification 1st-"In this; that Private Reuben Stout, of Company K,' a regularly enlisted man of the 60th Regiment Indiana Volunteers, did desert his Company and Regiment. This at or near Indianapolis, Indiana, on or about the first day of April, 1862.

Specification 2d-"In this; that Private Reuben Stout, of Company 'K,' of the 60th Regiment Indiana Volunteers, did desert his Company and Regiment, and remain away until his arrest, on or about the 24th day of March, 1863. This at or near Indianapolis, Indiana, on or about the 24th day of November, 1862."

To which charges and specifications the accused, Private William Stout, Company "K," 60th Indiana Volunteers, pleaded “Not Guilty."

FINDING.

The Court, having maturely considered the evidence adduced, finds the accused, Private Reuben Stout, Company "K," 60th Indiana Volunteers, as follows:

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And the Court does therefore sentence him, Private Reuben Stout, Company "K," 60th Indiana Volunteers, "To forfeit all pay that may be due him, and that he be shot to death with musketry, at such time and place as shall be fixed by the Commandant of this Department; more than two-thirds of the Court concurring in the finding and sentence."

II. The proceedings of the Court in the above case have been submitted for the action of the President of the United States, who approves the sentence awarded Pri vate Reuben Stout, of Company "K," 60th Indiana Volunteers, and directs that it be carried into execution.

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General.

General Orders,

No. 280.

WAR DEP'T, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Washington, August 10, 1863.

The following regulation, promulgated in paragraph II., General Orders, No. 208, from the War Department, is rescinded:

"II.-Hereafter no officer or agent under the control of the War Department, disbursing public money, will pay any claim or account presented through agents or collectors, except on regular power of attorney, executed after the account or claim is due and payable, and unless such agent or collector is considered by the disbursing officer amply able to reimburse the United States, or the disbursing officer, in case such claim or account shall, subsequent to payment, prove to be unjust or fraudulent; and when an account is presented in person by an individual who is not known to the disbursing officer, the latter will require such evidence of identity as will secure the Government against fraud." BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General.

General Orders,

WAR DEP'T, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE, No. 281. Washington, August 11, 1863. I.-Before a General Court Martial, which convened at the Headquarters, 6th Corps, April 22, 1863, pursuant to Special Orders, No. 107, dated Headquarters, 6th Corps, April 21, 1863, and of which Brigadier General FRANK WHEATON, United States Volunteers, is President, was arraigned and tried

Surgeon Alfred Wynkoop, United States Volunteers.

CHARGE.—“ Conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline."

Specification "That Surgeon Alfred Wynkoop, United States Volunteers, did inform William Pollock, a citizen of Virginia known to be friendly to the enemy, and others of the same family, of certain important movements of our troops that had already taken place, and of others which there was reason to expect would take place soon." This at the house of William Pollock, on the picket front of the Army of the Potomac, on or about April 14, 1863."

To which charge and specification the accused, Surgeon A. Wynkoop, United States Volunteers, pleaded “Not Guilty."

FINDING.

The Court, having maturely considered the evidence adduced, finds the accused, Surgeon A. Wynkoop, United States Volunteers, as follows:

Of the Specification, "Guilty."

Of the Charge, "Guilty."

SENTENCE.

And the Court does therefore sentence him, Surgeon Alfred Wynkoop, United States Volunteers, "To be dismissed the service of the United States."

IL-The proceedings of the Court in the case of Surgeon Alfred Wynkoop have been approved by the proper commanders, and forwarded for the action of the President of the United States. The members of the Court having joined in a statement, concurred in by the Army Corps Commander, that the loyalty of the accused was not doubted by them, and commending the accused to clemency, the Major General Commanding the Army of the Potomac, has suspended the execution of the sentence, under the 89th Article of War, and forwarded the record of the court to the President, with the recommendation that the sentence be mitigated to a severe reprimand, to be published in general orders."

The President, in reviewing the record, is willing to believe there was less intentional criminality than there was indiscretion in the conduct of Surgeon Wynkoop; but he does not find any excuse for so grave an offence in the fact that the information conveyed by him was not proved to have been put to an improper use. Surgeon Wynkoop was visiting professionally a family residing near the rebel lines, when he conversed with them in reference to the movements of the United States troops. An officer who justly appreciates his military obligations would require no reminder that such indiscretion, admitting it to be nothing worse, is reprehensible in the highest degree, and might have caused serious disaster to the Army.

In order that Surgeon Wynkoop may have an opportunity to justify the opinion of the members of the Court as to his loyalty, and to retrieve what he has lost in the estimation of his fellow officers by reason of his culpable disregard of the confidential trust belonging to his official position, the President directs that his sentence be remitted with this reprimand.

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General.

General Orders,

WAR DEP'T, ADJutant GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Washington, August 11, 1863.

\ No. 282.
L-Before a General Court Martial, which convened at the Headquarters, 3d Corps,
May 13, 1862, pursuant to Special Orders No. 128, dated Headquarters Army of the
Potomac, camp near Falmouth, Virginia, May 12, 1863, and of which Major General
W. S. Hancock, U. S. Volunteers, is President, was arraigned and tried―
Brigadier General Joseph W. Revere, U. S. Volunteers.

CHARGE L-" Misbehavior before the enemy."

Specification-"In this; that Brigadier General J. W. Revere, U. S. Volunteers, commanding Excelsior (2d) Brigade, 2d Division, 3d Corps, while said Division was engaged with the enemy at Chancellorsville, Virginia, did march his command an unnecessary distance to the rear to reform it, and did then march with his Brigade, and such fragments of other regiments of the said Division as he could assemble, to United States Ford, about five miles from the scene of action. All this without orders from his superior officers, about 8 o'clock on the morning of May 3d, 1863."

CHARGE II." Neglect of duty to the prejudice of good order and military disci'pline."

Specification" In this; that Brigadier General J. W. Revere, U. S. Volunteers, commanding Excelsior (2d) Brigade, 2d Division, 3d Corps, did allow public property, to the amount of 189 muskets, 178 sets of accoutrements, 259 bayonets, 28,440 rounds of small arm ammunition, 1,779 knapsacks, 836 haversacks, 494 canteens, 2,000 shelter tents, and 55 pioneer tools, in the service of his command, to be abandoned, and to fall into the hands of the enemy, All this without orders from his superior officers, at Chancellorsville, Virginia, on or about May 3d, 1863."

To which charges and specifications the accused, Brigadier General J. W. Revere, U. S. Volunteers, pleaded "Not Guilty."

FINDING.

The Court having maturely considered the evidence adduced, finds the accused, Brig dier General J. W. Revere, U. S. Volunteers, as follows:

CHARGE I.

Of the Specification, "Guilty, except the words 'while said Division was engaged with the enemy at Chancellorsville, Virginia, did march his command an unnecessary distance to the rear to reform it, and' then,' and 'to United States Ford, about five miles from the scene of action,' substituting for the latter clause, 'To about three miles from the scene of action, towards United States Ford.'"

Of the Charge, "Not Guilty; but guilty of conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline."

Of the Specification, "Not Guilty."
Of the Charge, "Not Guilty."

CHARGE II.

SENTENCE.

And the Court does therefore sentence him, Brigadier General Joseph W. Revere, U. S. Volunteers, "To be dismissed from the military service of the United States." II. The proceedings of the Court in the case of Brigadier General Joseph W. Revere, U. S. Volunteers, have been submitted to the President of the United States, who approves the sentence, and directs that it be carried into execution from the 10th day of August, 1863. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

General Orders,

No. 283.

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General

WAR DEP'T, Adjutant General'S OFFICE,

Washington, August 11, 1863. The following named non-commissioned officers and privates, having been duly examined and declared unfit for further field service, but fit for duty in the Invalid Corps, are hereby transferred from their respective regiments and companies to the Invalid Corps, to take effect August 1, 1863, and from and after that date will be dropped from their Regimental rolls. Commanding officers of Companies to which these men have heretofore belonged will at once furnish the Provost Marshal General at Washington a descriptive list, clothing account, and complete military history in each case: Kelly, John, Private, Company M, 2d U. S. Artillery. Conard, Warren, Private, Company K, 3d U. S. Artillery. Byran, Patrick, Sergeant, Company A, 4th U. S. Cavalry. Hastings, Rufus, Private, Company A, 4th U. S. Cavalry. Thorne, Elijah, Private, Company L, 4th U. S. Cavalry. Rice, Charles, Private, Company G, 6th U. S. Cavalry. Faltz, Gottfried, Private, Company K, 2d U. S. Infantry.

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