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3. Whenever administratively possible, Members shall permit reuired marks of origin to be imposed at the time of importation.

4. The laws and regulations of the Members relating to the marking f imported products shall be such as to permit compliance without eriously damaging the products, or materially reducing their value, r unreasonably increasing their cost.

5. Members shall exempt from their marking requirements the folowing products:

a. Products incapable of being marked; b. Products which cannot be marked except at unreasonable exense; c. Products in transit and their containers; d. Products in bond and their containers; e. Samples and products without commercial value and their conainers;

f. Containers of properly marked products of a type not ordinarily mported and sold at retail in sealed containers;

g. Products of a type ordinarily imported and sold at retail in ealed containers, provided such containers are properly marked; h. Products over 20 years old and their containers;

i. Products intended for the personal use of the importer or his amily or for use in his factory or place of business, and not intended or sale, and the containers of such products;

j. Crude substances and raw materials; and also the containers of ach products if the products are intended for use by the person for hom the importation is made, or for his account in manufacturing ew and different products. 6. No special duty or penalty shall be imposed by any Member for ilure to comply with the marking requirements prior to importation nless corrective marking has been unreasonably delayed or false arks have been intentionally affixed or the required marking has been atentionally omitted.

rticle 15. Publication and Administration of Trade Regulations

Advance Notice of Restrictive Regulations 1. Laws, regulations, decisions of judicial authorities and adminisative rulings of general application made effective by any Member, ertaining to the classification or valuation of products for customs urposes, or to rates of duty, taxes or other charges, or to requireents, restrictions or prohibitions on imports or exports or on the ansfer of payments therefor, or affecting their sale or distribution,

affecting their warehousing, inspection, exhibition, processing,

mixing or other use, shall be published promptly in such a manne to enable traders and governments to become acquainted with t] Agreements in force between the government or a governme agency of any Member country and the government or a governme agency of any other country affecting international trade policy also be published. Copies of such laws, regulations, decisions, ru] and agreements shall be communicated promptly to the Organiza This paragraph shall not require any Member to publish admini tive rulings which would disclose confidential information, impede enforcement, or otherwise be inimical to the public interest.

2. Members shall administer in a uniform, impartial and reasoi manner all laws, regulations, decisions and rulings of the kind scribed in paragraph 1 of this Article. Moreover, they underta maintain, or to establish as soon as practicable, for the review correction of administrative action relating to customs matters, cial or administrative tribunals which are in fact independent o agencies entrusted with administrative enforcement. Finally, Member will enforce all measures necessary to suppress and pri the exaction of charges and the prescription of requirements in re of international trade which are not provided for in its published or regulations.

3. No law, regulation, decision or ruling of any Member effe an advance in a rate of import or export duty or other charge und established and uniform practice, or imposing a new or more bu some requirement, restriction or prohibition on imports or expo on the transfer of payments therefor, shall, as a general rule, be a to products of any other Member already en route at the time of cation thereof in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article: vided, That if any Member customarily exempts from such new creased obligations products entered or withdrawn from warehou consumption, or cleared for export, during a period of after the date of such publication, such practice shall be considere compliance with this paragraph. The provisions of this para shall not apply to antidumping or countervailing duties.

Article 16. Information, Statistics and Trade Terminolog?

1. Members agree to make available promptly to the Organiz in as detailed and accurate a manner as practicable, such sta relating to their foreign trade as the Organization deems necess connection with the fulfillment of its functions, including as the mum essential to the effective discharge of its duties data following subjects:


a. Exports and imports of merchandise, distinguishing in so far as ossible the movement of transit trade, and taking into account the esirability of uniformity in international trade statistics; b. Governmental revenue from import and export duties and from her taxes imposed on products moving in international trade, and ibsidy payments affecting such trade. 2. Statistics of exports and imports of merchandise furnished to the rganization shall so far as practicable be related to tariff classificaons and shall be in such form as to reveal the operation of any strictions on importation or exportation which are based upon or gulated in any manner by quantity or value, or by amounts of exlange made available. 3. Members agree to make available to the Organization, in as deiled and accurate a manner as practicable, such statistics on other onomic subjects as the Organization deems necessary in connection ith the fulfillment of its functions, and in particular statistics relatg to balances of payments and prices, so far as the statistics are ot being furnished to any other international organization having inctions to which the statistics are more particularly related and om which the Organization can obtain the required information. 4. The Organization shall act as a center for the collection and exange of statistical and other information relating to international ade, thus facilitating the preparation of studies designed to assist embers in developing policies which further the purposes of this narter. The Organization shall make such data available to the conomic and Social Council of the United Nations and to other interted international organizations and shall, in cooperation with these ganizations, seek to bring about improvements in the methods of llecting, analyzing and publishing economic statistics, particularly ose relating to international trade, and to promote the international mparability of such statistics, including the international adoption standard commodity classifications. The Organization shall also,

cooperation with such other organizations, compile and publish mmary comparative statistics relating to the subjects specified in ragraph 1 of this Article. 5. Members agree to publish the statistics referred to in paragraph of this Article promptly and in as much detail as practicable and to operate with the Organization in carrying out the objectives of ragraph 1 of this Article. 6. Members undertake to cooperate with the Organization in promotg the international adoption of standard definitions of terms cusmarily used in commercial practice, and in developing standards to nich goods may be manufactured or graded. Members undertake to

cooperate in introducing such standards as are found to be desir and practicable to encourage the freer movement of goods in in national trade.

7. The Organization, in cooperation with the other organizat referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article, may adopt standards, no clature, terms and forms to be used in official documents and stati of Members in the field of international trade. Such standards, menclature, terms or forms shall automatically become effective all Members of the Organization after notice has been given of adoption by the Organization, except for such Members as may n the Director General of rejection or reservations within the pe stated in the notice, which period shall be not less than six month

Article 17. Boycotts

No Member shall encourage, support or participate in boycot other campaigns which are designed to discourage, directly o directly, the consumption within its territory of products of Member countries on grounds of origin, or the sale of product consumption within other Member countries on grounds of des tion. Moreover, each Member shall discourage, by such mea may be available to it, such campaigns by political entities with jurisdiction.


Article 18. Reduction of T'ariffs and Elimination of Preferer

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1. Each Member, other than a Member subject to the provisi Article 28, shall, upon the request of any other Member or Mer enter into reciprocal and mutually advantageous negotiations such other Member or Members directed to the substantial red of tariffs (or of margins of protection afforded by state tradir imports and exports, and to the elimination of import tariff ences. These negotiations shall proceed in accordance with the f ing rules:

a. Prior international commitments shall not be permitted to in the way of action with respect to tariff preferences.

b. All negotiated reductions in most-favored-nation import shall operate automatically to reduce or eliminate margins o erence, so that, in respect of any product on which the most-fa nation rate of duty is reduced or bound against increase purs

the negotiations, the margin of preference which may apply to such product may not exceed the margin by which the most-favored-nation rate, as reduced or bound against increase, exceeds the preferential rate in force on July 1, 1939.

2. Each Member participating in negotiations pursuant to paragraph 1 of this Article shall keep the Organization informed of the progress thereof and shall transmit to the Organization a copy of the agreement or agreements incorporating the results of such negotiations.

3. If any Member considers that any other Member has failed, within a reasonable period of time, to fulfill its obligations under paragraph 1 of this Article, such Member may refer the matter to the Organization, which shall investigate the matter and make appropriate recommendations to the Members concerned. The Organization, if it finds that a Member has, without sufficient justification, failed to negotiate with such complaining Member as required by paragraph 1 of this Article, may determine that the complaining Member, or in exceptional cases the Members of the Organization generally, shall, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 8, be entitled to withhold from the trade of the other Member any of the tariff reductions which the complaining Member, or the Members of the Organization generally, as the case may be, may have negotiated pursuant to paragraph 1 of this Article, and if such reductions are in fact withheld, such other Member shall then be free, within sixty days after such action is taken, to withdraw from the Organization on sixty days' written notice to the Organization. The provisions of this paragraph shall operate in accordance with the provisions of Article 56.


Article 19. General Elimination of Quantitative Restrictions 1. Except as otherwise provided elsewhere in this Chapter, no prohibition or restriction other than duties, taxes or other charges, whether made effective through quotas, licenses or other measures, shall be imposed or maintained by any Member country on the importation of any product of any other Member country, or on the exportation, or sale for export, of any product destined for any other Member country.

2. The provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall not extend to the following:

* See paragraph 2 of Article 19; Article 20; paragraph 1 of Article 22; and Article 29.

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