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e 25. General undertaking regarding subsidies-elimination of exort subsidies—exceptions .

SECTION F. STATE TRADING e 26. Nondiscriminatory administration of state-trading enterrises e 27. Expansion of trade by state monopolies of individual products. e 28. Expansion of trade by complete state monopolies of import rade. ECTION G. EMERGENCY PROVISIONS-CONSULTATION_NULLIFI

CATION OR IMPAIRMENT e 29. Emergency action on imports of particular products. e 30. Consultation-nullification or impairment

SECTION H. RELATIONS WITH NON-MEMBERS le 31. Contractual relations with non-Members—treatment of trade of non-Members.

SECTION I. GENERAL EXCEPTIONS le 32. General exceptions to Chapter IV.

SECTION J. TERRITORIAL APPLICATION le 33. Territorial application of Chapter IV-customs unions--frontier traffic..

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CHAPTER V. RESTRICTIVE BUSINESS PRACTICES

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cle 34. Policy toward restrictive business practices.
cle 35. Procedure with respect to complaints .
cle 36. Studies and conferences relating to restrictive business prac-
tices.
cle 37. Obligations of Members .
cle 38. Supplementary enforcement arrangements
cle 39. Continued effectiveness of domestic measures against restric-
tive business practices .
cle 40. Exceptions to provisions of Chapter V.

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CHAPTER VI. INTERGOVERNMENTAL COMMODITY

ARRANGEMENTS

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cle 41. General statement regarding intergovernmental commodity
arrangements.
cle 42. Special commodity studies .
cle 43. Commodity conferences
cle 44. Objectives of intergovernmental commodity agreements .
cle 45. Principles governing the institution of intergovernmental
commodity agreements.
cle 46. Principles and requirements of intergovernmental commodity
agreements.
cle 47. Commodity Councils .
.cle 48. Additional obligations of Members in respect of intergovern-
mental commodity agreements
icle 49. Exceptions to provisions relating to intergovernmental com-
modity agreements

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CHAPTER VII. ORGANIZATION

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SECTION A. FUNCTIONS Article 50. Functions of the Organization

SECTION B. STRUCTURE
Article 51. Structure of the Organization .

SECTION C. THE CONFERENCE
Article 52. Conference-membership
Article 53. Conferencevoting . .
Article 54. Conference-sessions, procedure and officers
Article 55. Conference-powers and duties.
Article 56. Interim Tariff Committee

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SECTION D. THE EXECUTIVE BOARD

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Article 57. Executive Board-membership .
Article 58. Executive Board—voting.
Article 59. Executive Board—sessions, procedure and officers.
Article 60. Executive Board-powers and duties

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SECTION E. THE COMMISSIONS

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- Article 61. Establishment of commissions.
Article 62. Composition and procedure of commissions.
Article 63. General functions of commissions..
Article 64. Functions of Commission on Commercial Policy
Article 65. Functions of Commission on Business Practices.
Article 66. Functions of Commodity Commission. :

SECTION F. THE SECRETARIAT

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Article 71. Relations with other organizations.
Article 72. International responsibilities of personnel of Organization
Article 73. Legal capacity of Organization.
Article 74. Privileges and immunities of Organization .
Article 75. Amendments to Charter .
Article 76. Interpretation and settlement of legal questions.
Article 77. Contributions of Members.
Article 78. Entry into force.
Article 79. Withdrawal and termination.

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VII

Suggested Charter for an International Trade Organiza

of the United Nations

ESTABLISHMENT

The International Trade Organization of the United Natio hereby established and shall operate in accordance with the follo provisions :

CHAPTER I. PURPOSES

Article 1. General Purposes of the Organization The purposes of the Organization shall be:

1. To promote the solution of problems in the field of internat commercial policies and relations through consultation and colla tion among Members.

2. To enable Members to avoid recourse to measures destructi world commerce by providing, on a reciprocal and mutually a tageous basis, expanding opportunities for their trade and econ development.

3. To encourage and assist the industrial and general econ development of Member countries, particularly of those still i early stages of industrial development.

4. In general, to promote national and international action fo expansion of the production, exchange and consumption of good the reduction of tariffs and other trade barriers, and for the eli tion of all forms of discriminatory treatment in international merce; thus contributing to an expanding world economy, t establishment and maintenance in all countries of high lev employment and real income, and to the creation of economic ditions conducive to the maintenance of world peace.

5. To provide a centralized agency for the coordination work of Members to the above ends.

CHAPTER II. MEMBERSHIP

Article 2. Membership 1. The original Members of the Organization shall be those tries represented at the United Nations Conference on Trad Employment which accept the provisions of this Charter by De 710906-46

(1)

194.-, or, in the event that this Charter has not entered into force that date, the countries which have agreed to bring this Charter to force pursuant to the proviso to paragraph 3 of Article 78. 2. Membership in the Organization shall be open to such other untries as accept the provisions of this Charter, subject to the apoval of the Conference on recommendation of the Executive Board. 3. The Conference shall establish procedures that will open a memrship in the Organization to the United Nations on behalf of the ust territories for which the United Nations is the administering thority.

CHAPTER III. EMPLOYMENT PROVISIONS

Article 3. Relation of Employment to Purposes of Organization The Members recognize that the attainment and maintenance of seful employment opportunities for those able, willing, and seeking - work are essential to the full realization of the purposes of the rganization. They also recognize that domestic programs to main. in or expand employment should be consistent with these purposes.

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Article 4. General Undertaking to promote Full Employment

Each Member shall take action designed to achieve and maintain ill employment within its own jurisdiction through measures apropriate to its political and economic institutions.

Article 5. Avoidance of Certain Employment Measures

In seeking to maintain or expand employment, no Member shall dopt measures which would have the effect of creating unemploynent in other countries or which are incompatible with undertakings esigned to promote an expanding volume of international trade and vestment.

rticle 6. Consultation and Exchange of Information on Matters

Relating to Employment

The Members agree that they will: (1) make arrangements for the ollection, analysis, and exchange of information on employment roblems, trends, and policies and for the submission at regular inervals of reports on the measures adopted to give effect to Article 4; 2) consult regularly on employment problems; and (3) hold special onferences in case of threat of widespread unemployment.

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