America's Johannesburg: Industrialization and Racial Transformation in Birmingham

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2000 - 274 páginas
No American city symbolizes the black struggle for civil rights more than Birmingham, Alabama. In this critical analysis of why Birmingham became such a focal point, Bobby M. Wilson argues that AlabamaOs path to industrialism differed significantly from that in the North and Midwest. True to its antebellum roots, no other industrial city in the United States would depend so much upon the exploitation of black labor so early in its development as Birmingham. A persuasive exploration of the links between AlabamaOs slaveholding order and the subsequent industrialization of the state, WilsonOs study demonstrates that arguments based on classical economics fail to take into account the ways in which racial issues influenced the rise of industrial capitalism.
 

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Contenido

Introduction Race and Capitalist Development
1
The Origin of Racism Discursive and Material Practices
7
The States Role in Sustaining RaceConnected Practices
17
Capital Restructuring and the Transformation of Race
29
The Slave Mode of Production
39
An Extensive Regime of Accumulation Based on Slave Labor
49
Reconstruction
57
From Slave to Free Black Labor
65
Accommodating the Racial Order The Rise of Institutionalized Racism
153
Scientific Management and the Growth of BlackWhite Competition
167
The Growth of Corporate Power The Emergence of Fordism
183
The Great Depression and the Transformation of the Planter Regime
197
The New Deal and Blacks
213
The Southern Shift of Fordism and Entrepreneurial Regimes
223
Conclusion
231
Bibliography
237

Development of the Birmingham Regime
83
Industrialization with Inexpensive Labor
107
Noncompetitive Labor Segmentation and LaissezFaire Race Relations
137
Index
261
About the Author
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Acerca del autor (2000)

Bobby M. Wilson is associate professor of geography and public affairs, University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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