Documentary History of Reconstruction: Political, Military, Social, Religious, Educational & Industrial, 1865 to the Present Time, Volumen2

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A.H. Clark Company, 1907
 

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1 The refreshment room 2 The State must take care of its statesmen 3 Supplies for South Carolina
61
4 Some legislative expenses
65
5 Public printing in South Carolina
68
6 The finances of Arkansas
69
7 Taxation in North Carolina
70
8 Taxation in Mississippi 9 County finances
71
The Reconstruction militia
73
3 Negro militia in Arkansas
76
4 An experience with Governor Holdens militia
78
5 The militia in South Carolina elections
79
Political methods of Reconstruction
81
3 Bacon and hams in politics
83
4 Voting early and often
85
5 A Little Joker 6 The ghost of the Confederacy
86
7 Why Adam Kirk was a Democrat 8 Fear of spells and charms
87
9 Negro Democrats in South Carolina
88
10 Political intimidation
89
11 Why the Whigs became Democrats
91
State and national politics
93
2 Division among the Arkansas Republicans
94
3 Reform Republicans in Arkansas
96
4 Anything to defeat Grant 5 Liberal Republican demands
97
6 Republican platform 1872
98
8 Democratic views on the Southern Question 1876
99
9 The Republican standpoint in 1876
100
Federal control in state affairs
102
2 Second Enforcement
112
3 Ku Klux
123
4 Writ of habeas corpus suspended in South Carolina
128
5 The election of a Senator
131
6 The attorney general and the Alabama legislature
133
7 Use of troops and deputy marshals
135
8 Federal interference under the Enforcement Laws
138
Louisiana and Arkansas
141
2 AntiWarmoth handbill 3 The usurpation of 1872
142
4 Either civil war or military rule 5 Preparing for revolution
144
6 Uprising of the people
147
7 The battle In New Orleans
148
8 Appeal to the President
150
9 The revolution fails
151
10 Conditions after the revolution
152
11 An army officers report on conditions in Louisiana
153
12 Legislature broken up by troops
156
13 Sheridans Banditti telegram 14 The Wheeler adjustment
157
15 Two governors in Arkansas
160
16 The riot in Arkansas 17 Presidents proclamation on Arkansas
161
Educational Problems of Reconstruction
163
Introduction The Editor
165
References
169
Northern views of the educational problems of Reconstruction
171
2 The negros capacity for education
174
Attitude of the Southern whites toward negro education
176
2 Shall the negro be educated?
177
3 Why the negroes should be educated
178
4 The Southern churches and negro education
180
5 Southern whites should teach negroes
181
Northern aid to negro education
182
3 A Northern teacher and a Southern editor
183
4 A foreigners observations
184
5 Value of the missionary work
186
Mixed schools
187
2 Constitutional provisions for mixed schools
189
3 The deaf dumb and blind
190
4 The reconstruction of South Carolina University
191
5 Results of the mixed school policy
194
Education during Reconstruction
196
2 School appropriations in South Carolina
197
3 Trials of a negro teacher
198
8 Educational conditions in Mississippi
204
9 A lesson in a Florida school
205
10 The White League after a teacher
206
11 Desire for education fast waning
207
12 The mistakes of the Reconstruction education
208
13 Armstrongs plans for negro education
209
Reconstruction in the Churches
213
Introduction The Editor
215
References
219
Military regulation of churches
221
2 Military regulation of church services
222
3 Closing the Episcopal churches
223
4 A pugnacious Methodist preacher
228
Division or reunion
229
2 The Church situation in Virginia
230
3 Position of the Methodists in regard to reunion
233
4 Northern ministers driven
235
5 Border churches go with the South
236
Organizing Northern churches in the South
238
2 Reconstruction of Church and State
240
3 Disintegration and Absorption
243
The Southern white churches and the negroes
245
2 Organizing a negro church
247
3 A persecuted negro church
260
4 The negro Episcopalians
261
Social and Industrial Conditions during Reconstruction
263
Introduction The Editor
265
References
268
The whites during Reconstruction
269
3 Fear of negro insurrection
270
4 Alarm among the whites
271
5 Thad Stevens is dead 6 Social ostracism of Republicans
272
7 Social conditions in 1875
273
Conditions among the negroes
276
2 Feeling between whites and blacks
277
3 Petty crimes among the blacks 4 The quadroons of Louisiana
279
5 Blacks do not like mulattoes
280
6 The rights of black women 7 Proof of Publicanlsm
281
8 Kissing negro babies for votes
282
9 Social ostracism of negro conservatives 10 After ten years of freedom
283
The Equal Rights issue
285
3 Intermarriage of races in Georgia
288
4 Marrying a nigger school marm
289
5 A mixed marriage at Port Gibson
291
6 Sumners views on equality
292
7 A Southern definition of equal rights
293
8 Political effects of civil rights agitation
294
9 Civil Rights Act 1875
295
Attempts at industrial reorganization
298
2 To encourage immigration
299
3 The effects of emancipation 4 Beginning with free negro labor
300
5 Making contracts with negroes
304
6 The first pay day on a plantation
305
7 The land question in Virginia
307
Conditions in the Black Belt and in the white districts
309
3 Negro opposition to immigration
310
4 The emancipation of white labor
311
5 An Englishmans estimate of free negro labor
312
6 Cities and varied industries
315
8 The credit system
317
9 The deadfall evil
318
10 A Northern estimate of negro industry
320
11 Conditions in 1876
321
12 Cotton production by whites and blacks
323
The Ku Klux Movement
325
Introduction The Editor
327
References
330
Causes of the Ku Klux movement
331
2 Why the Klan was formed in North Carolina
333
3 Dissatisfaction in South Carolina
335
4 An Englishmans statement of the causes
336
5 Stealing and race prejudice
337
6 Desire to get rid of the negro
338
7 A Scalawags opinion of the causes
339
8 Violation of the Appomattox Programme
340
9 General Forrests explanations
342
10 The Whites must and shall rule
344
The declarations of the secret orders
347
2 The Knights of the White Camelia
349
3 Initiation oath of the White Brotherhood
354
4 The 76 Association 5 The Council of Safety
355
6 Young Mens Democratic Club
356
7 A defensive organization
357
8 The White League
358
The methods and work of the secret orders
360
3 Ku Klux costume
364
4 Spreading news of the Klan
365
5 A Ku Klux order
366
6 A Ku Klux parade
367
7 Influence in the elections
370
8 Negro officials ordered to resign 9 Ku Klux discipline
371
10 A decent man is safer
374
The Klans outlawed
375
2 Martial law in Tennessee
376
The Undoing of Reconstruction
377
Introduction The Editor
381
References
385
Conditions in 1874
387
The Mississippi revolution
394
The South Carolina campaign 1876
405
The downfall of the Reconstruction regime
415
Judicial interpretation of the Reconstruc
423
Legislative undoing of Reconstruction
431
10 Coming out of Egypt 11 Criminal negroes
443
12 Societies among the blacks
444
13 Hostility of the low whites 14 The only trouble now
445
15 Jim Crow cars
446
16 Superstition among the blacks
447
17 The negro churches
448
Limitation of the suffrage 45
450
2 South Carolina suffrage plan 3 The Grandfather plan
451
4 Old Soldier and Grandfather plans
453
Index
459
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Página 275 - That all persons within the jurisdiction of the United States shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, public conveyances on land or water, theaters, and other places of public amusement ; subject only to the conditions and limitations established by law, and applicable alike to citizens of every race and color, regardless of any previous condition of servitude.
Página 401 - In this connection it is proper to state that civil rights, such as are guaranteed by the Constitution against state aggression, cannot be impaired by the wrongful acts of individuals, unsupported by state authority in the shape of laws, customs, or judicial or executive proceedings. The wrongful act of an individual, unsupported by any such authority, is simply a private wrong, or a crime of that individual; an invasion of the rights of the injured party, it is true, whether they affect his person,...
Página 107 - ... and to the full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of person and property, as is enjoyed by white citizens...
Página 100 - Republican party stands sacredly pledged. The power to provide for the enforcement of the principles embodied in the recent constitutional amendments is vested by those amendments in the Congress of the United...
Página 122 - Constitution and secured by the laws for the protection of such rights, privileges, or immunities, and the constituted authorities of such State are unable to protect, or, from any cause, fail In or refuse protection of the people in such rights, such facts shall be deemed a denial by such State of the equal protection of the laws to which they are entitled under the Constitution of the United States...
Página 396 - We doubt very much whether any action of a State not directed by way of discrimination against the negroes as a class, or an account of their race, will ever be held to come within the purview of this provision.
Página 153 - Now, therefore, I, Ulysses S. Grant, President of the United States, do hereby make proclamation and command said turbulent and disorderly persons to disperse and retire peaceably to their respective abodes within five days from this date and hereafter to submit themselves to the laws and constituted authorities of said State...
Página 400 - It is State action of a particular character that is prohibited. Individual invasion of individual rights is not the subject-matter of the amendment.
Página 106 - ... shall have authority to summon and call to their aid the bystanders or posse comitatus of the proper county, or such portion of the land or naval forces of the United States, or of the militia, as may be necessary to the performance of the duty with which they are charged...
Página 209 - District whence he escaped ; and the better to enable the said Commissioners, when thus appointed, to execute their duties faithfully and efficiently, in conformity with the requirements of the Constitution of the United States, and...

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