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to senates dumb and disinherited of all high sentiments and aspirations.
Voting this motion, the Chamber of Peers associates itself in the grief of all civilized nations. The crime which shortened the days of President Lincoln, martyr to the great principles in which our age most glories, is almost, is in essence, a regicide; and a monarchical country cannot refrain from detesting and condemning it.
The descendants of those who first revealed to the Europe of the sixteenth century the new way, which, through the barriers of stormy and unknown seas, opened the gates of the kingdom of the Aurora, will not be the last to bend over the gravestone of a great magistrate, who was likewise the guide of his people through fearful tempests, and who succeeded in conducting them triumphantly to the overthrow of the last vestige of the citadel of slavery. To each epoch and its people, its task and its meed of glory; to each illustrious hero, his crown of laurel, or his civic crown.
• Translated for the Christian Register, Boston, August 12, 1865.
LETTER FROM DR. MERLE D'AUBIGNE:
THE New-York Evening " Post” reports that Mr. Henry A. 1 Smythe, President of the Central National Bank of that city, has received from George G. Fogg, American Minister to Switzerland, a letter of condolence addressed to Mr. Fogg by the author of the “History of the Reformation.” Mr. Fogg says, — ce Of the many letters sent to me from the most eminent men in letters and science, I have thought that you, and other of our friends in America, would be interested in one from the great historian of the Reformation.”
GENEVA, April 27, 1865. MONSIEUR LE MINISTRE, — At the moment when our hearts were excited at the great deliverance which God has accorded for your people; at the moment when we were rendering thanksgiving to him, for putting an end in your noble country to the two greatest evils with which humanity can be afflicted, — war and slavery, - a terrible news comes to change our joy into deepest mourning. The blow which has struck Mr. Lincoln strikes all the friends of justice, order, liberty, and religion. He has been the instrument of God for the accomplishment of one of the greatest acts, perhaps the very greatest, which will illustrate our century,—the definitive abolition of slavery throughout Christendom. He is not only the instrument, but the victim. While not venturing to compare him with the great sacrifice of Golgotha, which gave liberty to the captives, is it not just, in this hour, to recall the word of an apostle (1 John, iii. 16): "In this we have known love, in that Christ has laid down his life for us; and therefore ought we also to lay down our lives for our brethren.” Who can say that the President did not lay down his life by the firmness of his devotion to a great duty? The name of Lincoln will remain one of the greatest that history has to inscribe on its annals.
Parricidal hands, in striking down the Chief of your people, have thought to be able thereby to arrest the great work he had commenced. But if men pass away, God remains. God, whose minister Lincoln was, will crown the work of peace, order, and liberty, which has cost this generous man a life so precious. We weep with you, my dear sir: but we hope also with you; and our hope shall not be deceived. May God himself assuage the wounds of your people. May the ægis of his gospel restore to them union, harmony, peace, and prosperity. Among the legacies which Lincoln leaves to us, we shall all regard, as the most precious, his spirit of equity, of moderation, and of peace, according to which he will still preside, if I may so speak, over the restoration of your great nation.
Excuse me, if I dare avail myself of the liberty you have given me on other occasions to correspond with you, in order to pray you to receive, in these painful circumstances, the expression of my condolence and of my profound respect.
To the Hon. GEORGE G. Fogg, Minister Resident
of the United States of America in Switzerland.
To the Free People of the United States of America.
MAY 18, 1865. ROTHERS OF THE AMERICAN UNION, – A few > days have passed since your people prepared themselves to celebrate, in the decisive victory of Richmond, the proximate, infallible triumph of liberty and of the Union over servitude and division, when sad intelligence troubled the sincere joy of all the friends of liberty, and stopped on our lips the festive expressions of triumph, and our glad wishes for the future.
Lincoln, the honest, the magnanimous, citizen, the most worthy chief magistrate of your glorious Federation, a victim of an execrable treason, is no more.
The furies of despotism and of servitude, deceived in their · infamous hopes, incapable of sustaining any longer their combat against liberty, before falling into the abyss which threatened them, strengthened the arm of a murderer; and as they opened the fratricidal war with the gibbet of the martyr of the cause of abolition, John Brown, so they ended it, worthy of themselves, in the most ferocious and stupid of all crimes, — the murder of a great citizen.
Now, liberty, in stigmatizing the cause of her enemies, will have only to point out this deed, and the masses of the people everywhere cannot fail to remember that European despots have
had a share in it; that in some courts of Europe, Mason, Slidell, and the infamous pirates of the " Alabama," found protection and encouragement, and the wicked instigator of the civil war, Jefferson Davis, obtained praises and applause.
Brothers of the American Union, — Courage! The great cause for which you have supported four years of titanic combat is the cause of humanity; its triumph can never more be doubted, and has been delayed only for a moment by the worst of actions, committed by an abject murderer.
Tyranny, it is true, could sometimes be destroyed by the murder of the tyrant, because it has life only in him; but liberty, which lives in the people, has, like the people, an immortal origin and destiny.
For the Committee.
A. CORTI, Secretary.
To the Democratic Association of Florence.
FLORENCE, May 23, 1865. GENTLEMEN, - I have had the gratification of transmitting to my Government the address to the people of the United States, : presented to me last week by your Association; and I have re- . quested that this gratifying evidence of your sympathy and good feeling may be made known to my countrymen through the public journals.
In the profound sorrow which the American nation has been called upon to endure through the death of our beloved President, it is a source of the greatest consolation to know how highly his public acts were appreciated by the liberal citizens of all nations, and especially by those of Italy, whose people have done