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PREFACE.

DURING the summer of 1881 I was à sojourner for a few weeks at a popular hotel in the White Mountains. Among the two hundred or more guests who were enjoying its retirement and good cheer were from twelve to twenty lads, varying in age from ten to fifteen years. When tea had been disposed of, and darkness had put an end to their daily romp and hurrah without, they were wont to take in charge a gentleman from Chicago, formerly a gallant soldier in the Army of the Cumberland, and in a quiet corner of the spacious hotel parlor, or a remote part of the piazza, would listen with eager attention as lie related chapters of his personal experience in the Civil War.

Less than two days elapsed before they pried out of the writer the acknowledgment that he too had served Uncle Sam; and immediately followed up this bit of information by requesting me to alternate evenings with the veteran from the West in entertaining them with stories of the war as I saw it. I assented to the plan readily enough, and a more interested or interesting audience of its size could not be desired than that kuot of boys who clustered around us on alternate nights, while we related to them in an offhand way many facts regarded as too commonplace for the general histories of the war.

This trifling piece of personal experience led to the preparation of these sketches, and will largely account for the didactic manner in which they are written. They are for from complete. Many topics of interest are left untreated - they will readily suggest themselves to veterans; but it

was thought best not to expand this volume beyond its present proportions. It is believed that what is herein written will appeal largely to a common experience among soldiers. In full faith that such is the case, they are now presented to veterans, their children, and the public as an important contribution of warp to the more majestic woof which comprises the history of the Great Civil War already written. That history, to date, is a history of battles, of campaigns and of generals. This is the first attempt to record comprehensively army life in detail; in which both text and illustrations aim to permanently record information which the history of no other war has preserved with equal accuracy and completeness.

I am under obligations to many veterans for kindly suggestions and criticisms during the progress of this work, to Houghton & Mifflin for the use of Holmes' “Sweet Little Man," and especially to Comrade Charles W. Reed, for his many truthful and spirited illustrations. The large number of sketches which he brought from the field in 1865 has enabled him to reproduce with telling effect many sights and scenes once very familiar to the veterans of the Union armies, which cannot fail to recall stirring experiences in their soldier's life.

Believing they will do this, and that these pages will appeal to a large number to whom the Civil War is yet something more than a myth, they are confidently put forth, the pleasant labor of spare hours, with no claim for their literary excellence, but with the full assurance that they will partially meet a want hitherto unsupplied:

CAMDRIDGEPORT, Mass., March 30, 1887.

CONTENTS.

CILAPTER III.

JON AUS AND BEATS.

Were They Adequate ? — Their Quality - A List of Them - What was

Included in a Single Ration — What was a Marching Ration ?

oscers' Allowance – The “Company Fund" Hardtack"
Described — Its Faults Three in Number — Served in Twenty
Different Ways - Song of the Harı tack — "Soft Bread” - The
Capitol as a Bake-house - The Ovens at Alexandria and Fort
Monroe – Grant's Immense Bake-house at City Point - Coffee
and Sugar llow Dealt Out - How Stored - Condensed Milk -
Company Cooks - The Coffee-Dipper - The Typical Coffee-Boiler
- Bivouac and Coffee - How the Government Beat the Speculators

How a Contractor Underbid Himself - Fresh Meat - How
Served — Army Frying-Pans Steak from a Steer's Jaw-Bone -
"Salt forse" Not a Favorite Dish - Salt Pork and its Uses
The Army Bean - How it was Baked — Song of the Army Bean
Desiccated Vegetables — The Whiskey Ration - A Suggestion as to
the Inadequacy of the Marching Ration

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CHAPTER VIII.

OFFENCES AND PUNISIIMENTS.

The Offences Enumerated “ Back Talk” – Absence from Camp

without Leave - The Punishments — The Guard Tent - The
Black List - Its Occupations Buck and Gag - The Barrel
and its Uses The Crucifixion - The Wooden Horse - The
Knapsack Drill — Tied up by the Thumbs — The Sweat-Box -
The Placard — The Spare Wheel – Log-Lugging - Double Guard
- The Model Regiment – Commanders often Tyrants by Nature,
or from Effects of Ruin, or Ignorance – A Regiment with
Ilundreds of Colonels — Inactivity Productive of Offences and
Punishments - Kid-Glove Warfare — Drumming out of Camp —
Rogue's March — Ball and Chain - Sleeping on Post - Desertion
- Death of a Deserter Described - Death of a Spy Described
Bounty-jumpers - Amnesty to Deserters — Desertion to Enemy -
Hanging of Three Criminals at Once for this Offence Described -
Number of Executions in the War .

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CIIAPTER IX.

A DAY IN CAMP. ASSEMBLY OF BUGLERS." TURN OUT !"" ASSEMBLY."
llow the Men Came into Line - A Canteen Waslı — The Shirks — “I

Can't Get 'Em Up" -"All Present or Accounted For"-“Stable
Call” — Kingly Cannoneers and Spare Horses — “Breakfast Call".

“ Sick Call” –“Fall In for Your Quinine" - The Beats again

“Lack of Woman's Nursing-“ Water Call" - Where the
Animals were Watered Number of Animals in the Army –
Scarcity of Water — “Fatigue Call” — What it Included - Army
Stables — The Picket-Rope - Mortality of Horses Scarcity of
Wood – “Drill Call” – Artillery Drill — Standing Gun Drill –

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