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STUDENTS ON SOME OF LIFE'S IDEALS. By WilLIAM JAMES, Professor in Harvard University, Author of “The Principles of Psychology,” etc. xi + 301 pp., 12mo,

gilt top. $1.50, net. Contents: Psychology and the Teaching Art; The Stream of Consciousness ; The Child as a Behaving Organism : Education and Behavior ; The Neces. sity of Reactions; Native and Acquired Reactions ; What the Native Reactions Are ; The Laws of Habit ; The Association of Ideas ; Interest ; Attention; Memory ; The Acquisition of Ideas; Apperception; The Will; The Gospel of Relaxation ; On a Certain Blindness in Human Beings; What Makes Life Significant.

In writing these “ Talks" out, the author has gradually weeded out as much as possible of the analytical technicalities of the science. In their present form they contain a minimum of what is deemed "scientific" in psychology and are practical and popular in the extreme.

The Nation : "His style has the quality of a communicable fervor, a clear, grave passion of sincerity and conviction, from which some vibration detaches itself and passes into the reader, and forms him into the writer's mood.”

The Critic: “When pedagogical libraries can show a preponderance of such books, they may well begin to rival the fiction

departments in popularity.”



By the late FRANCIS A. WALKER, President of the Massachu.

setts Institute of Technology. Edited by James PHINNEY MUNROE. 342 pp., 8vo. $3.00, net. The author had hoped himself to collect these papers in a volume.

The Dial: "A fitting memorial to its author. ... The breadth of his experience, as well as the natural range of his mind, are here reflected. The subjects dealt with are all live and practical. . . . He never deals with them in a narrow or so-called 'practical' way."

Literature: “The distinguishing traits of these papers are open-minded. ness, breadth, and sanity. ... No capable student of education will overlook General Walker's book; no serious collection of books on education will be without it. The distinguished author's honesty, sagacity, and courage shine on every page."

The Boston Transcript: "Two of his conspicuous merits characterize these papers, the peculiar power he possessed of enlisting and retaining the altention for what are commonly supposed to be dry and difficult subjects, and the capacity he had for controversy, sharp and incisive, but so candid and generous

ibat ít left no festering wound." HENRY HOLT & CO. 29 West 23d St., New York

378 Wabash Ave., Chicago





acter, 205 ff; ideal of society in, 205; religious life and literature in, 206; inflamed against North, sources of misunderstanding, 207; plantation life in at best, 208; concentration of interest in on national politics, 208; concentrates secession ment, 209; duelling and street affrays_common in, 209; men of in Texas, in Mexican war, and filibusters," 209-10; believes all war-spirit extinct in North, 210; causes of united action in, 211; North impatient of political dominance of, 212; patriotic sentiment still powerful in, 214; disunion sentiment strongest in Gulf and Cotton States, 214; reasons for suc

of secession movement in, 218 ff; leaders of resign from Buchanan's cabinet, 224; leaders of in Congress favor secession, last formal

presentation of ultimatum of in Senate, 225; general sentiment in against armed repression of secession, 227; So. Carolina leader of, 229; views on Civil war in, 237; bitterness against North in, 241; moral effect of war on, 244; courage of in war, 262; advantages of North over, 264; social conditions in after war, 275; State legislatures and conventions resumed in, 275, 276; 13th amendment ratified in 276; Senators from refused admission to Congress, 218; reports of Gen. Grant and Carl Schurz on conditions in after war, 286 ff; views of on negro labor, 287; laws governing negro labor in after war, association of whites and negroes forbidden in, 290; Congressional represent. of conditioned on negro suffrage by 14th amendment, 298; proposed to refuse suffrage to leaders of, 299; mistake of such course, 301; excepting Tennessee, rejects 14th amendment, 304; reconstruction of, see Re

construction; government of under reconstruction bill begins, 307, 310; number of negro voters in various States of, 311; trials and struggles of under new conditions, under martial law, restored to self-government, 316; unfitness of negroes in for suffrage, whites refuse to vote, constitutional conventions held and negro delegates chosen, 317; typical attitude of whites in; under “carpet bag" rule, 318, 332; Northern immigration into, 319; Northern teachers insulted or disdained in; Northerners in politics in; legislation in during reconstruction, 320; extravagance, waste and corruption in under Republican governments; exaggeration of, 321; negro rule in, 319, 321; resumption of white leadership in, 322 ff; continued interference of Congress in, 326; growth of Republican opposition to Federal interference in; repudiation in, 332; Democrats organize resistance to Republican rule in and practice intimidation, 339 ff; Federal troops withdrawn from, 353; regeneration of, 354; whites in driven to labor, 355; end of Federal interference in, 371, 402; negro suffrage practically nullified in, civil rights secured to negroes, 372, 382, 388; refuses social equality to negro, 373, 407-8; fear of race mixture in, *374, 407; development of industrial democracy in, 379; present condition of politics in, 379 ff; why “solid,” 380; life in diversifying, growth of literature in, 380; growth of standard of education in, 381; widening gulf between the races in, 382; legal and practical limitation of suffrage in, 382 ff, 388; efforts in to restrict negro education, 385; negro still has industrial freedom in, 385, 395; pronounced attitude of on social inferiority of negro, 386; hopes for better


conditions, growth of goodwill and confidence in, 389; amount spent by for negro education, 397; educational and industrial problems of, 397 ff; suffrage laws in, 400; politics in, no Longer a struggle between whites and blacks, 401; scheme to reduce representation of under 14th amendment, 403; government aid to education in advocated, 404; disproportionate share of national expense borne by, 405; problem of social

equal. of races in, 406 ff. South Carolina (see also Caroli

NAS, The), demands representation based on slave numbers, II; refuses to join Union if slave trade forbidden, 12; revolts over tariff, claims right of nullification, 32; passes law against negro. seamen, 73; considers secession, 221; passes ordinance of secession, 223; occupies Ft. Moultrie and Castle Pinckney, 224; leads South, 229; emancipation in, 260; provisional government formed in, 275; reconstructed, 310; negro voters in majority in, 311; under "carpetbag,” rule, 332 ff; Presidential and State vote of contested (1876), 348 ff; legal limitation

of suffrage in, 383. Southern Democracy, asserts uni

versal right of slave-holding,

186. “Southern Planter, A," 100. Southern Statesmen of the Old

Régime," 137 Speed, Joshua F., 178; resigns

from cabinet, 303. Springfield Republican, 124 and

note, 127; its opinion of John Brown, 162; state's issue between Democrats and Republic cans in 1864, 265; favors educational test for suffrage, 308, 310; prophesies slave-holding class will regain power, 322;. supports Independent Republicans, 328; on Hayes-Tilden contest,

Stanton, Edwin M., Attorney

General, 224; in Lincoln's cabinet, 249; attitude of on emancipation proclamation, 257; in Johnson's cabinet, 274; supports Johnson in reconstruction plans, 276; becomes bitterly opposed to Johnson, 303; removed by Johnson, 311. Star of the West," sent with supplies to Anderson, driven

from Charleston harbor, 224. State rights, theory of, 133. States, relative power of in Con

gress determined, II. Stearns, George L., supports

John Brown, 160. Stephens, Alexander H., sketch

of his life and views, 137 ff; political activity of, 138; in Congress, and Vice-President of Confederacy, 139, 227; explains defection of Southern Democrats, 189; supports Douglas in 1860 campaign, 193; opposes secession, 211, 215;

labors against secession, 219, 221, 225; Vice-President of Southern Confederacy, 227; pleads for

negro rights, 302. Stevens, Thaddeus, Republican

leader in Penn., 276; leader of House, 281; sketch of, 282; opposes Pres. Johnson's reconstruction plan, 285; his drastic reconstruction bill defeated, 306; House prosecutor of Johnson,

311; death of, 331. Story, Judge, on taxes in Miss.,

336. Stowe, Harriet Beecher, publishes

“Uncle Tom's Cabin,” 97; her views of slavery as pictured therein, 109; publishes Dred,"

123. Suffrage, manhood, adopted, 21;

equal, without test passed in North, 308; negro, representation of South conditioned on, 298; proposal to refuse to leaders of South, 299—see also Amendments, Constitutional; Springfield Republican favors educational test for, 308, 310;




lina, 332.

unfitness of negroes in South provisional govt. of, 275; refor after war, 317; of negroes constructed, 310; relative numpractically nullified in South, ber of negro voters in, 311; un

legal limitation of in der martial law, 316; becomes South, 382 ff; 388.

Democratic, 323. Sumner, Charles, opinion of aboli Thayer, Eli, originates New Eng.

tionists, 54; joins "Free Soil” Emigrant Aid Society; 116. party, 81; in Senate, 92; de Thomas, Lorenzo (Gen.), Sec'y nounces slavery in Congress, as

of War, 311. saulted by Brooks, 122; in Re Thompson, George, aids Garrison, publican party, 127; opposes 51. admission of Senators from Thompson, Richard W., Sec'y of Confederate States, 270; Lin Navy under Hayes, 353. coln refuses to quarrel with, Tilden, Samuel J., leader of 270;

Republican leader in Democrats, 313; nominated for Mass., 276; sketch of, 282; in President; characterized; apparSenate, 284; opposes

Pres. ently elected, 347; election conJohnson's reconstruction plan, tested, 348 ff. 286; belief of in Republican Tomlinson, Reuben, Repub. candiparty, 309; quarrels with Grant, date for governor of S. Caro

328; death of, 331. Sumner, Colonel, in Kansas, 118. Toombs, Robert, sketch of, 136 ff;

political activity of, 138; gives TANEY, Chief Justice, in Dred moral

support to Preston Scott case, 147.

Brooks, 138; in Confederate Tappan, Arthur, 40, 44.

cabinet and army, 139, 227; supTappan, Lewis, 44.

ports Breckinridge in 1860 camTariff, of abominations, 32; pro paign, 193; advocates secession

tective, 31 ff; compromise on, Georgia legislature, 211; 33 ff; supported in Georgia, supports secession movement, 211; adopted by Republican 221; states South's ultimatum party, 190; burden of to South, in Congress, 225; in Confederate 405.

cabinet, 227. Taylor, Zachary (Gen.), 76; nomi Trade unions, attitude of toward

nated by Whigs, 81; elected, 82; negroes, 385, 395; danger of denounces threats of disunion excluding negroes from, 396. as treason, 89; favors admission Trumbull, Lyman, elected Senaof Calif. as free State, 90; tor, 177; favors admission of

death of, 90; in North, 208. Senators from Louisiana, 270; Tennessee, added as slave State, in Senate, 283, 284, 285; favors

23; votes against holding seces Freedmen's Bureau bill, 294; sion convention, 227; secedes, votes to acquit Pres. Johnson, 235; provisional govt. estab. in,


in opposition to adminis267, 275; rights of negro con tration, 331. served in, 302; readmitted un Tuskegee Institute, 378; function der 14th amendment, 303.

of, 398. Tenure of office law, passed; Truth, Sojourner, 96.

Pres. Johnson accused of vio “Twenty Years of Congress," lating, 311.

Blaine's, quoted, 307, 310. Territories, power of Congress Tyler, John, becomes President, over, 149.

71. Texas, annexation of, 74 ff; slav

ery re-estab. in, 75; becomes a "UNCLE Tom's Cabin," 97 ff; restate, 76; emancipation in, 260; ception, 98; “Key to," 99 ; silent on 13th amendment, 262; çriticism of, 99.


Underground railroad, the, 85. Unionism, spirit of strong in

white laboring class of South, 214; strength of at North, 218,

248. Unitarians, 143. “UP

from Slavery," Booker Washington's personal story

told in, 378. Utah, South demands permission

of slavery in, 84.

237 ff.

VAN BUREN, Martin, 30; becomes

President, 71; receives “Free

Soil” nomination, 82. Van Winkle, Senator, votes to

acquit Pres. Johnson, 312. Vardaman, Gov., of Mississippi,

388. Virginia, tries to discourage slave

trade by tax; slave labor foundation of aristocracy in, 6; remonstrates against continuance of slave trade, 8; forbids importation of slaves, passes law regarding manumission of slaves, number of slaves in 1790, 9; against strengthening the slave power, 11; protests against restraint of Congress to forbid slave trade, 12; consents (1778) to abolish slave trade, 18; stops importing slaves, 20; convention for revis. of constitution, 41; general emancipation debated, 42 ff; plans for fail, 43; passes severe laws against incitement to rebel, instruction of slaves, etc., loses leadership of South, 44; Mrs. Burton Harrison's personal reminiscences of before the war, 100; calls convention to consider sion, 222; calls peace congress, 228; secedes, 235; emancipation in, 260; loyal State govt. in recognized, 275; delays her final restoration to Union, 310; relative number of negro voters in, 311; under martial law, 316: Democrats regain, 323; legal limitation of suffrage in, 383; co-operation of whites and negroes for good govt. in, 401,

WADE, Benjamin, in Senate, 114;

in Republican party, 127; favors radical reconstruction, 270; in

U. S. Senate, 283, 285. Walker, Boston

negro, issues Appeal, 41. Walker, Robert J., 117; appointed

governor of Kansas, 150; defeats fraud in ballot, and is de

serted by Buchanan, 152. War, terrors of. See Civil War, “War Between the States," by

Alex. H. Stephens, 189. “War Democrats, 194, 253. Warmouth, Henry C., in govt. of

Louisiana, 341. Warner, Col., in govt. of Miss.,

336. Warren, Henry W., in govt. of

Miss., 336, 337; on conditions and experiences in Miss. during

reconstruction, 337 ff. Washburn, Israel, Jr., helps or

ganize Republican party, 114. Washington, city of, threatened

by Confederates, 237. Washington, George, 2; opinion

of New Englanders, 2; conception of liberty and of slavery, 3; favors Revolution, 8; against strengthening slave power, II; views of on slavery, 15; private life and character of, 15 ff; his treatment of his slaves, frees them, 16; on necessity of abol

ishing slavery, 391. Washington, Booker T., pupil of

and successor to Gen. Armstrong; his aims and methods; personal story of, 378; entertained by Pres. Roosevelt,

386. Watterson, Henry, in Hayes-Til

den contest, 352. Webster, Daniel, defends protec

tive tariff, 32; debate with Hayne, 33; his public life characterized, 64 ff; 7th of March speech on slavery questions, 87; defects of speech, 88; political and moral characteristics of, 88; in Fillmore's cabinet, 90; allied with upper classes, 92; as Pres, candidate defeated in


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