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Harper's Ferry, raid on, by John Hopkins, Samuel (Dr.), de-
Brown, 162 ff.

nounces slave trade, 9.
Harper's Weekly, opposes Greeley, Howard, 0. 0. (Gen.), chief of
330.

Freedmen's Bureau, 289.
Harrison, Mrs. Burton, personal Howard University, 358.

reminiscences of Virginia be Howe, S. G. (Dr.), supports John
fore the war, 100.

Brown, 160, 168.
Harrison, William H.,

Hunter, David (Gen.), attempts
paign of, 74

partial emancipation as
Hart, Albert Bushnell, gives esti measure, 253.

mate of wealth of negroes, 375.
Harvard College, awards class

oratorship to negro (Bruce of ILLINOIS, admitted as free State,
Miss.), 407

23; attempt to introduce
Hawley, Joseph R. (Gen.), in slavery in, 34; anti-slavery riot-
House, 331.

ing in, 74; Abolitionists in, ally
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 242.

themselves with Republicans;
Hayes, Rutherford B., in House, Lincoln the central figure at

284; nominated for President, first State convention, 179.
347; election of claimed, 348 ff; Impending Crisis, The, 109; re-
declared elected, 352; ends mili sumé of, 154 ff; effects of, 157.
tary interference in South, in Independent, The, criticises Lin-

augurates new régime, 353. coln, 254.
Hayne, Robert, debate of with Indiana, admitted as free State,
Webster, 33.

23.
Hedrick, Prof., driven from North Indians, unfitness of for slavery,

Carolina for anti-slavery senti 5.
ments, 129.
Helper, Hinton R., publishes The

Impending Crisis, 109, 154; JACKSON, Andrew, characteristics,
driven from N. C., 157.

administration, 29; denounces
Henderson, Senator, votes to ac nullification, 33; opposes cir-
quit Pres. Johnson, 312.

culation of anti-slavery litera-
Henry, Patrick, 8; views of on ture through U. S. mails, 72.
slavery, 19.

Jackson, Stonewall, 135.
Herndon, William H., Lincoln's Jefferson, Thomas, 8; denounces

partner and friend, 179, 180. slave trade in first draft of Decl.
Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, of Independ.; plans of for grad-
supports John Brown, 160.

ual emancipation, 9, 17-18, and
Hilo (Hawaii) Manual School, for exclusion of slavery from
360.

unorganized territory, 9; polit.
Hoar, George F., characterizes ideals, views on slavery, 17;

Sumner, 282; describes polit. unskillful as President, 21; fears
methods of Henry Wilson, 283; of for Union; sympathies with
in House, 331; on Louisiana in slave States, jealous of State
vestigation committee, 343.

rights, 25, 250; on dangers of
Hoar, Samuel, driven from So. slavery, 391,
Carolina, 73; joins “ Free Soil" Jenkins, Charles J. (Gov.), pleads

for negro rights in inaugural,

. 301.
Holtzclaw,

story of, .
378.

Johnson, Andrew, in Senate, 214;
Hopkins, John H. (Bishop), 141. early life and character of, be-
Hopkins, Mark, as president of comes President, 273; retains
Williams College, 356.

Lincoln's cabinet; Seward's in-

party, 81.

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fluence on, 274; issues procla-
mation of amnesty; appoints
provisional governors in South,
275; favors qualified negro suf-
frage, 276; message (1865), 281;
policy of reconstruction of op-
posed in Congress, 285 ff; sup-
ported by Democrats, 286;
vetoes Freedmen's Bureau bill,
294, 296; loses support of party;
undignified speech of strength-
ens opposition to, 295; vetoes
Civil Rights bill, 297; strong
opposition to reconstruction
policy of, 303; undignified con-
duct of during tour of North,
304; impeachment and trial of,
311 ff; acquitted; in Senate;

place of in history, 312.
Johnson, Herschel V., nominated

for Vice-President, 188; op-

poses immediate secession, 225.
Johnson, Oliver, 44.
Johnson, Reverdy, in U. S. Senate,

284.
Jones, C. C. (Rev.), on condition

of slaves, 49.
KANSAS, struggle for, 116 ff;

stringent slavery laws in, 117;
forms issue of Repub. party's
first campaign, 127; Walker ap-
pointed governor of; struggle
in, 150 ff; admitted to Union,

152.
Kansas-Nebraska bill, 112; effects

of on election (1854), 115; re-

sults of, 116.
Kealing, H. T., 379.
Keitt, Lawrence, with Brooks in

assault on Sumner, 122.
Kellogg, William P., in govern-

ment of Louisiana, 341.
Kemble, Fanny, describes slavery

in "A Residence on a Georgia

Plantation," 103 ff.
Kendall, Amos, 72.
Kentucky, attempt to establish as

free State, 22; refuses to con-
sider secession, but promises to
aid South if invaded, 227; re-
mains in Union, 235; Lincoln
tries to bind faster to Union,
252; rejects 13th amendment,
262, 276; rejects 15th amend-

ment, 315; law in to prohibit

coeducation of races, 385.
Kerr, Michael C., speaker of

House, 346.
Key, David M., Postmaster-Gen-

eral under Hayes, 353.
"Kitchen Cabinet " of Gen. Grant,

325.
Knapp, Isaac, partner of Garrison,

40.
Know-nothings," 115; nominate
ex-President Fillmore (1856);
platform; seceders from nomi-

nate Banks, 129.
Ku Klux Klan, 322, 326, 327.
Lane, Joseph, nominated for Vice-

President, 188.
Lane Seminary, trouble at, over

anti-slavery movement, 37.
Lanier, Sidney, 410.
Lawrence, Kansas, founded, 116;

attack on, 119.
Leavitt, Joshua, 44.
Lecompton constituton framed,

scouted by free State men, 150;
urged by Buchanan administra-

tion, 151; defeated, 152.
LeConte, Joseph, reminiscences of

slavery, 49.
Lee, Fitzhugh, 410.
Lee, Robert E. (Gen.), 95, 135;

captures John Brown, 163; op-
poses secession, 227; chief hero
of Confederacy, 263; surrenders,
270, 354; becomes president of

Washington Univ., 355.
Liberator, The, founded, 40.
Liberia, colony estab., 22.
Liberty, Washington's conception
Liberty party, 75 ff; becomes

“Free Soil” party, 81.
Lincoln, Abraham, views on Dred

Scott decision, 149; nominated
for Senator, defeated, 153; on
endurance of Union, 153; early
life and characteristics of, 172
ff; political career begins, 177
attitude of on slavery, 178, 181;
central figure in Ills. Republican
convention, 179; debates with
Douglas, 180; Cooper Inst. ad-
dress of; proves right of Con-
gress to control slavery in the

of, 3.

Territories; shows stand Re-
publicans must take, 182;
schemes of friends for in Re-
pub. convention (1860), 190;
states principles, 191; nomi-
nated for President, 192;
elected, 194; answers secessionist
arguments, 215; personal in-
terest of in slavery, 217; im-
mediate results of election of,
221; pronounces inaugural, 231;
forms cabinet, difficulties, 233;
sends aid to Ft. Sumter, 234;
issues call for militia, 235; atti-
tude of toward emancipation,
249, 252, 253, 255; tact and
shrewdness of, 249, 256, 257; in
close touch with people, 249;
his conception of his mission,
249; difficulties of administra-
tion, 249, 251; his detestation
of slavery, 250; scheme of for
compensated emancipation, 252;
announces his power as Com-
mander-in-chief to emancipate
slaves as war measure, 253;
criticism of, 253 ff; replies to
Greeley's criticisms, 255; lays
emancipation proclamation be-
fore cabinet, 256; adopts
Seward's advice to delay pro-
mulgation of, 257; reintroduces
to cabinet after McClellan's
victory, 258; issues prelim. pro-
clamation; embodies views on
emancipation in message to
Congress, 259; administration
of repudiated in election of
1862, 261; re-elected, 262, 265;
delivers second inaugural, 266;
offers amnesty to Confederates,
268; invites return of seceded
States; leaves reconstruction
bill (1864) unsigned, 269; plans
of opposed in Congress, 270;
makes public statement of views
on reconstruction, 271; assassi-
nation of, 271; summary of po-

litical achievements of, 272.
Literature, growth of Southern,

380 ff.
Longfellow, Henry W., work of,

145.
Longstreet, Gen., advises accept-

ance of inevitable, acts with

Republicans, denounced and os

tracized, 318.
Louisiana, admitted as free State,

23; secedes, 226; emancipation
in, 260; new Constitution and
State govt. in, 271; provisional
govt. established in, 269, 275;
applies for admission of U. S.
Senators (1864-5), 270; recon-
structed, 310; negro votes in
majority in, 311; Presidential
vote of contested (1876), 348
ff; State vote of contested, 349;

carpet-bag" rule in, 341 ff;
Conservatives" organize op-
position in, struggle over gov.
ernorship in, 341; cruelty and
corruption in, 342; Federal in-
tervention in, 343; legal limita-

tion of suffrage in, .,83.
Louisiana purchase, 23, 24.
Lovejoy, Elijah P., 74.
Lowell, attacks slavery and war in

Biglow Papers,” 77; labors of
for freedom; edits Atlantic, 144;
upbraids Lincoln in "Biglow
Papers," 254; war poems of,

265.
Lundy, Benjamin, sketch of, 38 ff.
Lynch, John R., speaker of the

House, 336.
Lyon, Mary, founds Mt. Holyoke

Seminary, 362.
MCCLELLAN, George B. (Gen.),

leader of Conservatives, warns
Lincoln not to move against
slavery, 255; success of against
Lee, 258; Democrats nominate

for President.
McCrary, George W., Secy. of

War under Hayes, 353.
McEnery, John, claims governor-

ship of Louisiana, 341, 342.
McLean, Justice, dissents from

Dred Scott decision, 148.
Madison, James, against strength-

ening slave power, 11; as Presi-

dent, 21.
Mails, U. S., circulation of anti-

slavery documents through, 72.
Marcy, William L., Secretary of

State, 128.
Maryland, forbids importation of

slaves, 9; stops importation, 20;

elects anti-slavery members to mobs form in struggle for
House of Delegates, 36; ir Kansas, 116; votes not to secede,
regular secession convention in, 227; remains in Union, 235;
227; remains in Union, 235; Lincoln tries to bind faster to
Lincoln tries to bind faster to Union; Republican party breaks
Union, 252; rejects amendment up in, 327.
against negro suffrage (1905), Morgan, Edwin P. (ex-Gov.), sup-
383 note; rejects 15th amend ports Pres. Johnson, 294.
ment, 385.

Morton, Oliver P., party leader,
Mason, George, opposes strength-

331; favors

“Force bill ” in
ening of slave power, II, 12. Senate, 345; Presidential candi-
Mason, James M., 89; with Bu date, 346.

chanan and Soulé issues Ostend Moses, F. J., Jr., governor of So.
manifesto, 128.

Carolina, 332.
Massachusetts, slaves freed in, 9; Mott, Lucretia, 56.

negroes granted suffrage in, Mount Holyoke Seminary, found-
number of negroes in, 1780; ed, plan for students to earn
in slave trade, 9; aids extreme expenses fails at, 362.
South to prolong slave trade, Murphy, Edgar G., " The Present
13; indifferent to slave trade, South,” 388; on negro problem,
20; “Know-nothings” carry 408.
election of 1854 in, 115; leads
North in opposing secession, NASHVILLE convention, to pre-
229; Republicans in fail to in mote interests of South, 90, 138.

dorse Pres. Johnson, 276. Nation, The, supports Independent
May, Samuel J. (Rev.), 44; con Republicans, 327; refuses to

versation with Dr. Channing on support Greeley, 329.
anti-slavery, 61 ff.

Nat Turner insurrection, 41.
Mexico, war with, 76 ff; ends, 79; Nebraska, 112.
proposal to annex, Calif. taken Negroes (see also SLAVES,

SLAVERY, EDUCATION), superior-
Middle States, in slave trade, 9; ity of over Indians as slaves, 5;
slavery abolished in, 20.

advantages and disadvantages
Mississippi, admitted slave of slavery to, 5; granted suf-

State, 23; considers secession frage in Mass. and other States,
(1860), 221; secedes, 225; 9; number of in Mass. in 1780,
emancipation in, 260; gives 9; number of in other States,
qualified assent to 13th amend see Slaves; condition of in
ment, 262; provisional gov't North before the war, 37; (for
formed in, 275; delays her re condition of in South, see SLAV-
turn to Union, 310; negro voters ERY, Slaves); proposed college
outnumber white in, 311; under for, 37; violence against in
martial law, 316; "carpet-bag North, 74; status of in America
rule in, 333 ff; statistics on mis defined by Dred Scott decision,
government in, 334 ff; misgovt. 147, 148; citizenship rights of
and corruption in exaggerated, declared in New York, 149; U.
338; Democrats organize oppo S. army and navy opened to en-
sition and practice intimidation listment of, 260; enlist in Union
in, 339 ff; legal limitation of armies, martial qualities of, 261;
suffrage in, 383.

good qualities of displayed in
Missouri, bill to organize as State, war, 263; Pres. Johnson favors

23; geographical relation of to qualified suffrage for, 276;
free States, 24; debate on ad Henry Ward Beecher's views on
mission, 24 ff; Compromise, 25 suffrage for, 278; education of
ff: admitted as slave State, 27; urged by Beecher, 279; South's

from, 79.

as

estimate of after war, 280, 287;
behavior of after emancipation,
287; repressive laws against, fol-
lowing war, 287, 288; their mis-
conception of freedom, 289;
laws governing labor of after
war, 290 ff; law against associa-
tion of whites with, 290; abuse
of by Southern whites, 292;
their necessities force them to
labor, 293; leaders in Georgia
plead for rights of, 301; suf-
frage for in South the central
feature of Reconstruction bill,
308; suffrage for favored by
North, 308, 309; broad concep-
tion of, 309; number of voters
among in Southern States com-
pared to white voters, 311;
many Northern States refuse
suffrage to, 314; unfitness of in
South for suffrage, choose
delegates to const. conventions,
317; sudden political power of
doubtful benefit to, 318; as a
body lack independence; affiliate
with Republican party; become
estranged from old masters,
319; in high political offices, 321,
333, 336; not guilty of physical
violence, 323; national education
of neglected, 325, 326; manner of
toward whites, 338; organized
resistance to voting of in South,
340; intimidated at polls, 352;
problem of disposition of, 355;
views on in North and South,
356; condition and needs of
after war, 357, 358; beginnings
of higher education for, 358;
religion of, 359; Gen. Arm-
strong's labors in behalf of, see
Armstrong, Samuel; problem
disappears as central feature in
national politics, 371; polit. pre-
ponderance of in South ended,
371; suffrage of practically
nullified in South, but large de-
gree of civil rights secured to,
372; Southern whites under-
také education of with energy
and success, 373; refused social
equality at South, and often at
North, 373 ff; improved social
conditions, and increased num-

bers of, 374 ff; present wealth,
skill, intelligence, and moral
status of, 375 ff; development
of leadership among, 376 ff., 379;
legal limitation of suffrage of
in South, 382 ff; practical dis-
franchisement of, 384, 388;
threatened narrowing of indus-
trial opportunities the greatest
danger to, 385; unfortunate
social position of, 386; hopes of
future betterment, 387; esti-
mated amt. paid out for educa-
tion of to date; better industrial
education for, 388;

neces-
sity for all to face the problem
of; great responsibility on lead-
ers of, 392 ff; present phase of
problem, necessity of abolishing
caste spirit, 393; industrial posi-
tion of, 394 ff; attitude of trade
unions toward, 385, 395; dangers
consequent upon exclusion from
unions, 396; need of higher edu-
cation for, 398; present polit.
status of, 400; attitude of
toward suffrage, 401; should
have fair share of public offices,
403; government aid in educa-
tion advocated, 404; growing
recognition of in North, 406 ff;
results of social ostracism on,
suggested means to avoid, 408.
Negro Problem, The, by Book-

er Washington and others, 379.
New England (See also North,
MASSACHUSETTS,) Washington's
opinion of, 2; slave labor un-
profitable in; industries in, 6;
negroes granted suffrage in, 9;
aids extreme South in exten-

sion of slave trade, 13.
New England Anti-slavery Soci-

ety,_founded, 44.
New England Emigrant Aid Soci-

ety, formed, 116.
New Hampshire, number of slaves

in in 1790, 9; slavery abolished

in, 21.
New Haven, labors in for negroes,

36.
New Jersey, votes against exten-

sion of slave trade, 13; passes
emancipation law, 22; counted

free State, 23; declares for

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