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poses anti-slavery petitions, Chestnutt, Charles
claims State control of mails, shows discrimination against
72; in Tyler's cabinet, leader in negro suffrage, 384.
Texas annexation, 75; returns Child, Lydia Maria, 56; opinion
to Senate, 76; politically isolat of Channing, 63.
ed, 79; opposes war with Eng., Church, the, early, accepts slavery,
80; claims of for nationionaliza works toward abolition, 4;
tion of slavery, 80; last speech casuistical defense of slavery
of, 86; his opinion of struggle by, 5; in America, justifies
bet. North and South, 87.
slavery, 50; split over slavery,
California, taken from Mexico, 53; united in South in defense
79; admission as free State ad of slavery in North divided,
vocated, 88, 90; swift settle 141; labors of in North in be-
ment of; applies for admission half of Union, 277.
with slavery excluded, South Civil rights bill (1866) passed,
opposes, 84; rejects Fifteenth 296; vetoed by Johnson, be-
297 ; of 1875,
Cameron, Simon, candidate for
Presidential nomination; sup Civil war, the, causes of, 211 ff;
ports Lincoln, 190.
237 ff; views on in North and
Carolinas, the (see also North, South, 237; moral results of,
South), slavery foundation of
240, 244, 247; emancipation
aristocracy in, 6; number of measures discussed and adopted
slaves in in 1790, 9.
during, 248 ff; disappointment
Carpenter, Frank, Lincoln's con over protraction of, 254; negroes
versation with, 256.
in, 261, 263; courage of both
'Carpet-baggers," the, 318, 336, North and South in, 262; suffer-
ing in, 265; ended, 270.
Casey, F. F., in government of “ Civil War and the Constitution,
Cass, Lewis, nominated for Pres. Clay, Cassius M., opposes slavery,
ident, 81; resigns from cabinet, 73; in founding of Berea Col-
lege, 73; 170.
Chamberlain, Daniel H., governor Clay, Henry, votes for slavery in
of So. Carolina, 332, 348.
Arkansas, 23; favors Missouri
Chandler, Zachariah, 270; sketch compromise, aspires to Presi-
of, 283; as radical leader, 285; dency, dislikes but supports
party leader, 331; chairman slavery, 26; relations of with J.
Republican national committee; Q. Adams, 29; advocates pro-
disputes Tilden's_election, 348. tective tariff, 31; proposed tariff
Channing, William Ellery, plan of compromise, 33; Whigs nomi-
emancipation, 39; sketch of, nate for President, 75; defeated,
attitude toward anti-slavery 76; opposed to annexation of
movement, 59 ff; treatise on Mexico, 79; disappointed of
Presidential nomination, 81;
Chase, Salmon P., in “Free Soil”. in Senate (1849-50), frames
convention, 82; in Senate, 83; compromise measures of 1850,
against extension of slavery, 85; opposes extension of slavery,
90; in Lincoln's cabinet, 249; denies right of secession, last
attitude of emancipation speech of, 86; denounces threats
proclamation, 257; becomes of secession, 89.
chief justice, 274; candidate for Clayton, Powell, in Grant fac-
Presidential nomination, Lin tion, 344.
coln's opinion of, services of in Cobb, Howell, 138.
supreme court, 313.
Coles, Edward (Gov.), 35.
Colfax, Schuyler, in House, 284; Curtis, Justice, dissents from
Dred Scott decision, 148.
Colonization, Jefferson's schemes Cushing, Caleb, joins seceding
for, 18; Pennsylvania society, Democratic convention,
22; society attacked by New
supports Breckinridge De-
Eng. anti-slavery society, 44. mocracy; bitter words of on
Compromise of 1820, see Mis Mass. election, 193.
SOURI—of 1850, 85; adopted, 90;
causes dissatisfaction in North DABNEY, Thomas, sketch of, 100 ff;
and South, 91.
experiences of after war, 337,
Confederacy, the Southern (see
also South, the, etc.). Seces Davis, David, on Hayes-Tilden
sionists propose to form, 215; commission; in Senate, 349.
convention to organize, 225; Davis, Henry Winter, favors
organized, constitution of, 226; radical reconstruction, 270.
election of officers of, 226, 227; Davis, Jefferson, in Senate, 86, 89;
disregards peace overtures from sketch of life and principles of,
Republicans, 229; courage dis 132 ff; active in politics, in
played in, 262; Lee the chief Mexican war, in Senate, Sec'y
hero of, 263.
of War, leader in secession, 134;
Conkling, Roscoe, in House, 284; hostility toward, 135; final
party leader, 331; favors “force estimate of, 136; presents ulti-
bill,” 345; Presidential candi matum of South in Senate
(1859), 184; residence of at
Connecticut, passes emancipation North, 193; defends secession,
215; opposes Immediate seces-
“ Conscience Whigs," 82.
sion (1860), 221; with others
Constitution (See Convention of withdraws from Congress to or-
1787), proposed convention to ganize Confederacy, 225; elected
Amendments to, President of Confederacy, 226;
North's hatred of, 301; im-
prisoned by Pres. Johnson, 329;
attacked by Blaine, 346.
Convention of 1787, personnel, Davis, Rebecca Harding (Mrs.),
work, and difficulties of, 10 ff; describes terrors of Civil war in
results of, 14 ff.
border states, 242.
Corwin, Thomas, opposes Mex Dawes, Henry L., in House, 284,
ican war, 77.
Cotton gin, invention of stimulates Dayton, William L., Vice-Pres-
cotton growing, 23.
idential candidate (1856), 129.
Credit Mobilier, 344.
Crittenden, John J., Senator, 151, clause in regarding wrongs of
slave trade suppressed, 9.
DeForest, J. W., 209.
posed, refused by Republicans, Delaware, votes against exten-
sion of slave trade, 13; rejects
Cuba, emancipation in, 108; an Thirteenth amendment, 262,
nexation of demanded in Ostend 276; rejects Fifteenth amend-
Curtis, Benj. R., defends Pres Democratic party (see Dem-
ident Johnson, 312.
ocrats), power of South in, 185;
Curtis, George William, editor extreme South breaks up, 187;
Harper's Weekly, 3.30; leads Alex. H. Stephens explains
reform element in Republican move, 189; geographical lines
convention of 1876, 346.
of in campaign of 1860, 192.
Democratic sentiment, growth of,
Democrats, opposed to strong
central gov't, 21; favor annex-
ing Texas, 75; nominate Cass
for President, 81; combine with
Free Soilers, 92; nominate
Pierce for President, desert Free
Soilers, 93; vote for Kansas-
Nebraska bill, 114; in Republi-
can party, 127; platform (1856),
campaign, Buchanan candidate
of, 128; uphold Ostend man-
ifesto, 129; divided over Le-
compton constitution, 151; con-
vention of 1860, 185 ff; delegates
from S. C. and Gulf States
leave, 187; adjourns, 188; regu-
lar convention at re-meeting
nominates Douglas and Johnson,
seceders nominate Breckinridge
and Lane, 188; inharmonious in
North, 253; gain in 1862, 261;
nominate McClellan for Pres-
idency, defeated, 265; in Con-
gress of 1865-6, 284; hold con-
vention of 1868, repudiate
reconstruction acts, favor re-
pudiation, nominate Seymour,
313; regain control in many
Southern States, 323; join In-
dependent Republicans, 328; in-
dorse Greeley's nomination, In-
dependent Democrats nominate
O'Conor, 329; organize resist-
ance to Republicans in South
and begin intimidation, 339 ff;
in Congress of 1875-6, 346;
nominate Tilden for Presi-
Denison, John, Dr., characterizes
Gen. Samuel Armstrong, 357.
Devens, Charles, Attorney-Gen-
eral under Hayes, 353.
Dickinson, Edward, helps organize
Republican party, 114.
Dickinson, John, opinion of slave
“ Disfranchisement,” paper on, by
Charles W. Chestnutt, 384.
District of Columbia, slavery abol-
ished in, 251.
Dix, John A. (Gen.), in Buchan-
an's cabinet, 224.
Dorsey, Stephen W., in Grant
Douglas, Stephen A., sketch of,
braska" bill to aid his Pres.
candidature, 112 ff; doctrine of
"popular sovereignty," 150; sup-
ports Republicans on Lecompton
bill, 151; returns to Democrats
and becomes Senator, 153; fa-
mous debates of with Lincoln,
180; elected U. S. Senator, 181;
struggle of, with extreme South
on Democratic platform (1860),
185; great power of in con-
vention; principles of; follow-
ers defy Southern Democracy,
186; nominated for President,
188; denounces secession; pop.
vote for, 194; assails Lincoln's
position, proposes plans to con-
ciliate South, 233; supports
Douglass, Frederick, 96.
“Dred," anti-slavery novel, 123 ff.
Dred Scott decision, 147 ff.
DuBois, Prof., 5; 379; on need of
higher education for negroes,
Dunbar, Paul Laurence, 379.
Duncan, James, 38.
Durell, E. H. (Judge), in Louisi-
ana election struggle, 341.
EDUCATION, of negroes, 37; urged
by Beecher, 279; natl, of negroes
neglected, 325, 326; higher, for
negroes, 358, 377 ff, 398 ff;
Blair bill for local aid to, on
basis of existing illiteracy, 372,
404; of negroes undertaken by
Southern whites, 373; standard
of in South being raised, 381;
efforts to restrict for negroes,
unjust Kentucky law, 385; esti-
mate of amt. paid out for negro
education to date, 388; improved
industrial for negroes, 388; of
negro presents great difficulty,
396-7; amount spent by South
for edu. of negro in past 30
years, 397; problems of in
South, 397 ff; need of higher for
negroes, 398-9; gov't aid to in
South advocated, 404.
Eggleston, General, Republican
General, Republican Floyd, John B., Secy. of War, re-
leader in Miss., 336.
Eliot, Thomas D., helps organize Foot, Solomon, in Senate, 114.
Republican party, 114.
Force bill, of 1833, 33;-proposed,
Emancipation Proclamation, Lin of 1875, defeated in Senate,
coln presents to cabinet, decides 345.
to delay promulgation of, 257; Fort Moultrie, commanded by
reintroduces, 258; discussed and Anderson, 223; Buchanan re-
approved by cabinet, issued fuses to aid, 224; abandoned by
(1862), 259; goes into effect, im Anderson, 224; occupied by So.
mediate results of, 260 ff.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, in anti Fort Sumter, Anderson removes
slavery movement, 56; in litera to, 224; debate over, 233; Lin-
ture, 94; influence of, 143; pen coln sends aid to, 234; Confed-
picture of John Brown by, 160; erates attack and take, 235.
Fortune, T. Thomas, 379.
“End of an Era, The," 169. Fowler, Senator, votes to acquit
English bill, the, 151.
Pres. Johnson, 312.
Evarts, William M., in Republi Franklin, Benjamin, 8; labors
can convention (1860), 191, 192; against slavery, skill of as a
defends President Johnson, 312; leader, 19.
Secy. of State under Hayes, 353. Freedmen's Bureau, 287, 289;
Everett, Edward, nominated for Pres. Johnson vetoes bill to in-
powers of, 294; bill
amended, passed, 297; labors of,
FEDERALIST PARTY, principles of, “Free Soil” party, previously
"Liberty" party, gains from
Fee, John G., and Berea College, Whigs and Democrats, 81.
“Free Soilers," convention of
Fessenden, William P., in Senate, (1848), nominates Van Buren,
114; in Republican party, 127; 82; form alliance with Demo-
crats, 92; nominate John P.
mittee, 281; in U. S. Senate, Hale for President, lose Demo-
283; sketch of, 284, 285; opposes
cratic allies, 93; vote against
President Johnson's plan of re Kansas-Nebraska bill in House,
construction, 286; votes to ac 114; unite with Whigs in Mich.
quit Pres. Johnson, 312; death in formation of Republican
party, 115; in Republican party,
Fillmore, Millard, becomes Presi-
dent, character of, 90; candidate Free State men, in Kansas strug-
for Presidential nomination, 92; gle, 117 ff; refuse to vote in
nominated (1856) by “Know Kansas, 150; give up separate
organization, and win, 152; tri-
Fish, Hamilton, in Senate, 114; in umph of, 153.
settlement of Alabama claims, Fremont, John C. (Gen.), nomi-
nated for President, 126; sketch
Fisk University, 358.
of, 126 ff; declares martial law,
Florida, secedes, 225; emancipa and emancipation of slaves in
tion in, 260; provisional gov't Missouri, 248; emancipation
of, 275; reconstructed, 310; rel. measure of set aside by Lincoln,
number of negro voters in, 311; results of incident, 249.
Presidential vote of contested Fugitive slave law, demanded by
(1876), 348 ff.
South, 85; resisted in North,
" Flower de Hundred," 100.
dissatisfaction over, 91.
Galveston Bulletin, view of re-
construction in, 267.
Garfield, James A., in House, 284,
Garrison, Wm. Lloyd, becomes in-
terested in emancipation, 39;
early experiences, founds Libe-
rator, principles, 40; founds
New England Anti-Slavery So-
ciety, 44; fight of against slav-
ery, 51 ff; aims and methods of,
52, 53; followers of divided, 54;
personality of, 54; mobbed, 55;
scorns Republican party, 127;
in A a mes
North and South, 207; declares
all war unchristian, 210; favors
disunion, 217, 228.
Geary, John W., governor
Kansas, 117, 121.
Genius of Universal Emancipation,
founded, 38; 39.
Georgia, demands representation
in Congress based slave
numbers, II; refuses to join
Union if slave trade forbidden,
12; forbids entry of free negroes
into State, forbids circulation
of insurrectionary pamphlets,
41; citizens of characterized,
137; becomes pivotal point of
Southern politics, 138; consid-
ers secession (1860), 221, 225;
secedes, 226; emancipation in,
260; provisional govt. formed,
275; signs of promise in during
rights of negro conserved in,
302; readmitted, relative num-
ber of negro voters in, 311;
Democrats regain control in,
323; discrimination against ne-
gro suffrage in, 384.
Giddings, shu in Free Soil"
Godkin, E. L., 327.
Gold, at premium of 250, 264.
Gorman bill to limit suffrage, de-
feated (1905), 383, note.
Grand Army of the Republic,
chooses negro commander in
Grant, Ulysses S. (Gen.), votes
for Buchanan, 130; refuses to
exchange prisoners, 246; report
of on conditions in South after
war, 286; on
toward South, 302; against ex-
clusion clauses of 14th amend.
ment, 310; nominated for Presi-
dent, elected, 314; problems of
administration, displays lack of
statesmanship, 324 ff ; defeats in-
flation policy, 325; personal
honesty of, 326; strong opposi-
tion to develops, 327; promi-
nent men and events of second
term, 331 ff; growth of inde-
pendence of, 332; recommends
State govt. of Arkansas be de-
"Force bill," 345; disinclina-
tion of to further interference
in South, 345; attitude of in dis-
puted States in 1876, 349; re-
marks of to Lee on surrender,
Greeley, Horace, votes for Taylor,
82; helps prolong Whig organ-
ization in N. Y., 115; sketch
of, 140; opposes Seward in Re-
publican canvention (1860), 191;
criticises Lincoln, Lincoln's re-
ply to, 255; supports Independ.
Repub. movement, nominated
for President, 328; nomination
of indorsed by Democrats,
weakness of as candidate, gen-
sentiment of toward
South, 329; bitter opposition to,
defeat and death of, 330.
Grimes, Senator, votes to acquit
President Johnson, 312.
Hale, Edward Everett, in New
Eng. Emigrant Aid Society, 116.
Hale, Eugene, in House, 331.
Hale, John P., nominated for
Hamlin, Hannibal, nominated for
Hampton, Wade, nominated for
governor of So. Carolina; vio-
lence of campaign, 333; claims
governorship, 348; governor,
Hampton Institute, founded, 362;
work at begun, success and
growth of, 363 ff; work of, 377.