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his songs, or DuBois speaks in the tones of scholar and poet, we all listen. The great emancipators of the successive generations,
Woolman, Lundy, Channing, Mrs. Stowe, Lincoln, Armstrong, Booker Washington-do we not all claim a share in them? Just as all Englishmen feel themselves heirs alike of the Puritan Hampden and the Royalist Falkland, so we Americans all pay our love and reverence to the heroes of our war,-Grant and Lee, Jackson and Sheridan, Johnston and Thomas, and all their peers.
And we are one by the common tasks that confront us. This problem of the races,-it is a challenge to do our best. “ Impossible? What are we put into the world for, but to do the impossible in the strength of God?” The rich man and the poor man, the employer and the laborer, must find some common ground of justice and harmony. The nation must be steered away from commercial greed and military glory, toward international arbitration, toward peace, toward universal brotherhood. Knowledge and faith are to join hands, and the human spirit is to reach nobler heights. These are the tasks which we Americans are to meet and master-together.
The hope of Lincoln is finding its late fulfillment: “The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battle-field and patriot grave ”—Northern and Southern graves alike" to every living heart and hearth-stone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.” The pathetic melody of the negro spirituals, the brave and rollicking strains of “Dixie," and the triumphant harmony of “The Star Spangled Banner," blend and interweave in the Symphony of America.
ABBOTT, Ernest Hamlin, on in Amendments, constitutional,
dustrial problem of South, 397. Thirteenth, 262; ratified, 268,
Abolition, see Emancipation. 276; declared adopted, 276;
Abolitianists (Cf. Anti-slavery Fourteenth formulated and dis-
men), in England, 38; opinions cussed, 297 ff ; prob. reason for
of North and South on, 54; in mistake of exclusion art. in, 301 ;
clusiveness of term,
disqualifications under removed
characterized, 56 ff ; conserva by Congress, 302; restoration
tives ally themselves with Re offered to South upon adoption
publicans, 130; extremists not of, 303; rejected by South, 304,
opposed to secession, 212; favor 310; Grant against exclusion
clauses in, 310; scheme to ap-
Adams, Charles Francis, joins ply to reduction of Southern
“ Free Soil” party, 81; nomi representation, 403 ff; Fifteenth
nated for Vice-President, 82; proposed, 314; adopted, 315,
proposes compromise on slava
ery, 229; candidate for Presi American Missionary Asso'n,
dential nomination, 328.
labors of for freedmen, 362.
Adams, John Quincy, character American Party. (See Know-
istics, 28; relations with Clay, NOTHING PARTY), 115, 151; death
29; in Congress, 72; believes
abol. of slavery as war measure American system,” 31.
Ames, Adelbert, governor of Mis-
Adams, Nehemiah (Dr.), 141. sissippi, 336; calls for Federal
Adams, Samuel, 8.
troops; impeached; driven from
Alabama, admitted as slave State, state, 340.
23; forbids importation of Ames, Charles G., characterizes
slaves, later repeals, 36; Stroud's Slave Laws, 110.
secedes, 225; emancipation in, Amherst agricultural college,
260; gives qualified assent to chooses negro foot ball captain,
thirteenth amendment, 262; pro 406.
visional govt. formed, 275; re Anderson, Major, at Ft. Moul-
constructed, 310; negro voters trie, 223; Buchanan refuses aid
in majority in, 311; Federal in to; withdraws to Ft. Sumter;
terference in election (1872), supported, 224; surrenders, 235.
323; Democrats regain control Andersonville, terrors of, 245.
in, 324; legal limitation of suf Andrew, John A. (Gov.), de-
frage in, 383, 384.
nounces slavery, 154; on John
Alabama Claims, the, settled, Brown, 165; strongly opposes
secession, 230; course as
Alcorn, J. M., first. Republican governor, 279; suggests princi-
governor of Mississippi, 336. ples of reconstruction, 280; en-
Alcott, Amos Bronson, charac deavors to interest Northern
terizes John Brown, 160; fu capital in South, 319.
tile views of on war, 242.
Allen, Charles, refuses to sup Anti-secessionists, in North and
port Whig paroi, 81.
(Cf. ABO Banks, Nathaniel P., joins "Free
LITIONIST), distinguished from Soil party, 81; speaker of
abolitionists, . 55; disheartened House, 115; in Republican
by “ Free Soil” nomination, 82; party, 127; refuses nomination
outbreaks against in South, 16), of Know-nothing seceders,
supports Fremont, 129; gover-
Anti-slavery movement grows, 35 nor of Mass., 193; in House,
ff, 37, 51, 52, 71, 91; women and 284.
literary men in, 56; public Baptists, champion cause of free-
leaders keep aloof from, 57; pe dom, 22.
titions, 71; documents excluded “ Barnburners," the, 82.
from Southern mails, 72, 73; Barnwell, Senator, advocates se-
made political issue, 74; strong cession, 89.
growth of in North, 113 ff; Bates, Edward, candidate for
assumed by Republican party, Presidential nomination (1860),
127; tabooed at South, 129.
191; attitude of on emancipation
Anti-slavery society, American, proclamation, 257.
founded, 44; purposes of, 45; Beauregard, Gen., leads attack on
dissolution of, 367.
Arkansas, admitted as slave state, Beecher, Edward, 36.
23; postpones action on seces Beecher, Henry Ward, character-
sion, 227; secedes, 235; eman ization of, 141 ff; active in
cipation in, 260; provisional political discussion, 142; criti-
govt. estab. in, 269, 275; recon cises Lincoln in Independent,
structed, 310; relative number 254; labors in behalf of Union,
of negro voters in, 311; becomes 277; outlines plan of reconstruc-
Democratic, 323; Grant recom tion, 277 ff; views on suffrage,
mends state govt. be declared
illegal, 344; bill defeated, 345. Bell, John, nominated for Pres-
Chapman ident, 189; popular vote for
(Gen.), birth and early life of, (1860), 194; 214.
356; in Union Army; begins Bennett, James Gordon, 141.
labors for freedmen in Virginia; Berea College, beginnings of, 73;
characterization of, 357; special discriminated against by Ken-
fitness for work, 359; religious tucky educational law, 385.
views, 360; forms ideals of Bernard, John, meets Washing-
negro education, 360 ff; founds
ton, I ff.
Hampton Institute, 362 ff; per “ Biglow Papers," Lowell attacks
sonality, 364 ff; labors of for slavery and war in, 77; 144; 254.
school, 365 ff; death of; sum Birney, James G., 36; incidents in
mary of life work; personal ap life of, 58 ff; political ideas of,
pearance, 366; sayings of, 367; 59; nominated for President,
Booker Washington, pupil and 74; views of on slavery ques-
successor to, 378.
tion, 74; again nominated, 75.
Arnold, Matthew, poem
Black, Jeremiah S., Attorney-
General, 222; Secretary of
Atchison, Senator, of Missouri, State, 244; defends Johnson,
Atlanta University, 358, 398. “Black Codes” of 1865-6, 281 ff,
Atlantic Monthly, begun, 144
Aycock, Governor, of N. C., 388. Blaine, James G., in House, 284;
proposes amend. to Stevens's
BACON, Leonard, 36.
reconstruction bill, 306; on de-
Baltimore, Maryland, Mass. bate of bill, 307; on negro suf-
troops attacked at, 237.
frage, 310; leader in House,
characterized, 331; speaks
against Davis, reputation dis-
credited, Presidential candidate,
Blair, Francis P. (Gen.), nom-
inated for Vice-Presidency; de-
Blair, Senator, of N. H., bill of
for aid to local education on
basis of existing illiteracy, 372,
Border Ruffians," the, 116, 118.
Border States, severity of war
greatest in, 242; Lincoln's
scheme for compensated eman-
cipation in, 252; slave owners
in alienated by emancipation
Boston Courier, denounces Re-
publican party in 1860 campaign,
Bourne, George (Rev.), denounces
Boutwell, George S., governor of
in House, 284;
House prosecutor of Johnson,
Bowles, Samuel, 124; “Life and
Times of," 124 note; gives
opinion of Johnson imbroglio,
Bradley, Joseph (Justice), on
Hayes-Tilden commission, 349.
Breckinridge, John C., nominated
for President, 188; scheme for
electing, 189; popular vote for
(1860), 194; declines to repudi-
ate secession, 194.
Bristow, Benjamin H., Presiden-
tial candidate, Sec'y of Treas-
ury, 346, 347.
Brooks, John Graham, observa-
tions of on Virginia politics, 401.
Brooks, Preston S., assaults Sum-
ner, 122; re-elected and hon-
ored, effect on North, 123.
Brown, B. Gratz, leads independ-
ent movement in Mo., 327;
aspirant for Presidential nomi-
Brown, John, sketch of, 119 ff;
leads massacre in Kansas, 120;
schemes for extinction of
slavery, 159 ff; in Springfield,
Mass., 159, 162; aided by lead
ing anti-slavery men, 160; pen
pictures of by Alcott and Emer-
son, 160; characterization of,
161 ff; makes raid on Harper's
Ferry, 162; captured, 163;
hanged, 164; honored as martyr,
164 ff; eulogized by Emerson,
165, 167; characterization of his
acts and schemes, 166 ff.
Bruce, B. K., U. S. Senator, 336.
Bruce, R. C., of Miss., awarded
class oratorship at Harvard,
Bryant, William Cullen, editor of
Ń. Y. Evening Post, 327.
Buchanan, James, 72; Democratic
Presidential candidate, charac-
terized, 128; with Mason and
Soulé issues Ostend manifesto,
128; administration of (1857-
61), 147; sends Gov. Walker to
Kansas, 150; supports Lecomp-
ton constitution, 151 ; announces
position on secession, 222; re-
fuses aid to Ft. Moultrie, 224;
Burgess, J. W. (Prof.), shows ef-
fects of John Brown's raid, 170;
comments on laws governing
negroes after war, 291.
Burns, Anthony, fugitive slave,
Butler, Senator, from S. C., Sum-
ner attacks in Congressional
Butler, Benjamin F., joins se-
ceding Democratic convention
(1860), 188; candidate for gov-
ernor of Mass., 192; declares
fugitive slaves contraband of
war," 248; House prosecutor of
Johnson, 311; in Congress, char-
acterized, 331; labors for “force
bill ” (1875), 345.
Butler, Fanny Kemble. See Kem-
Calhoun, John C., Vice-Presi-
dent, relations with Jackson, 30;
defends right of nullification, 32;
prophesies concerning relations
between North and South, 34;
becomes leader of South, 34, 44;
characterization of, 47 ff; social
theories of, 50; in Senate, op-