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THE EXALTATION

OF THE FLAG

PROCEEDINGS AT THE PATRIOTIC MASS MEETING HELD
BY THE AMERICANS OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS,
WHICH TOOK PLACE IN THE CITY OF MANI-
LA, P. I., ON THE EVENING OF FRIDAY,

AUGUST 23, 1907

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In presenting this little book to the public, we desire to express our sincere thanks to all those friends whose hearty co-operation has made possible its publication in so short a time, and particularly do we desire to express our appreciation of the indefatigable efforts of the editor, Mr. Robert B. Westcott, and the reporter and elaborator, Mr. Edward H. Murphy, for whose invaluable services are deeply indebted.

- THE PUBLISHERS

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FOREWORD

of Congre

Recently, during the political cam. paign in the Philippine Islands, leadUing up to the election of delegates to

the so-called popular Assembly, certain candidates of the Liga de Nacionalista (National League), and to some extent of the Nacionalista (National) Party, publicly charged the American Government with unfairness in not having granted to the Filipino people full and immediate independence. In a political speech, one of these nominees referred to the Americans as “pigs," while another applied more than one opprobrious epithet,

Subsequent to the general election, the adherents of the successful candidates paraded the streets of ‘Manila almost daily, with native bands playing insurgent music, the participants flaunting in the very faces of the American

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population that widely known and best recognized symbol of insurrection—the Katipunan banner. It is true that the American flag also appeared in some of these processions, but too often it was either conspicuous by its total absence or by its insignificant size as compared with the Katipunan standard, which has been, since the establishment of peace, the standard of the roving bands of outlaws, murderers and rapists that terrified the provincials and defied the Government forces. Under this flag the anti-Government agitators marshalled their political forces, and with brazen effrontery heaped insult upon Old Glory: : :

Affairs .caite to such a pass that on August 11 tšie ašti-American and insurrectionary spirit: found its fullest expression: On the afternoon of that day a particularly large and boisterous procession paraded the streets of Manila, Aying the Katipunan flag and

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